Data & Products
AOML's data collection efforts provide the foundation for much of our research. We maintain a variety of databases that provide access to a wide range of publicly available oceanographic and meteorological datasets and products. A brief description and list of the websites that house these data and products is provided below.
Data & Products
AOML’s data collection efforts provide the foundation for much of our research. We maintain a variety of databases that provide access to a wide range of publicly available oceanographic and meteorological datasets and products. A brief description and list of the websites that house these data and products is provided below.
Jump to Data
Global Drifter Program
For a complete list of Global Drifter Program products and resources, please visit the Drifter Homepage.
For a complete list of Global Drifter Program products & resources, please visit the Drifter Homepage.
For a complete list of Global Drifter Program products & resources, please visit the Drifter Homepage.
NOAA/AOML distributes on its web server several products for ocean and weather studies. The data used to derive these products come from a wide array of observing platforms. Satellite-derived sea height anomaly (SHA) and sea surface temperature (SST), temperature profiles from profiling floats and expendable bathythermographs (XBTs), and surface currents from drifters are used to develop these products.
Hover over/tap image to see more.
Argo is a long-term ocean observation program that measures temperature and salinity in the upper 2,000m of the ocean providing 100,000 T/S profiles and reference velocity measurements per year. This broad-scale global array of profiling floats has already grown to be a major component of the ocean observing system. It has changed the way scientists think about collecting data and has prompted other discussions about international collaboration in the scientific community. This kind of data is crucial for weather forecasts and it provides information related to climate and biology of the ocean. The Argo community has a web portal to access project information. Visit it by going to the portal below.
PIRATA Northeast Extension
The PIRATA Northeast Extension (PNE) project is a joint AOML and PMEL effort to expand the PIRATA array of tropical Atlantic ATLAS moorings into the northern and northeastern sectors of the Tropical Atlantic Ocean. Links below provide more information on PIRATA, the climate significance of the Tropical North Atlantic, PNE cruises, and related projects such as AMMA, TACE and AEROSE.
Western Boundary Time Series
This project consists of two components to monitor the western boundary currents in the subtropical Atlantic: the Florida Current transport measurements using a submarine telephone cable plus calibration cruises and the Deep Western Boundary Current transport and property measurements using dedicated research ship time and moorings.
South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
Several projects, which include analysis of in-situ observations, satellite observations, and modelling efforts, are being carried out at PhOD to monitor and investigate the variability of the MOC in the South Atlantic. In addition, a series of international workshops were conducted to discuss how the present observation systems may contribute to estimate the meridional and inter-basin fluxes of mass, heat and salt; how the present array ought to be upgraded to better capture these fluxes and their variability; and how to transition from the initial array to a long-term sustained program.
The Global Carbon Cycle
AOML participates in NOAA’s Global Carbon Cycle Program by assessing the oceans role in controlling atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). We focus on the exchange of CO2 between the air and the ocean surface and how it gets to the deep ocean. The Global Carbon Cycle data includes measurements of dissolved inorganic compounds (DIC) from long-line and short cruises and partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) from Ships of Opportunity and NOAA ships.
Hover over image to see more.
Hurricane Ocean Viewer
NOAA AOML and NESDIS/CoastWatch and OceanWatch are releasing a new version of the OceanViewer interface, in support of tropical cyclone studies and forecasts. This interface provides easy access to ocean and atmospheric observations during hurricane season. It allows users to display a suite of ocean and atmospheric observations, both in situ and satellite, and some derived products, all useful to assess ocean and atmospheric conditions prior, during, and after tropical cyclones. This large set of targeted ocean observations (including gliders and floats) is dedicated to monitor ocean conditions in support of hurricanes. Built by Dr. Joaquin Trinanes.
State of the Ocean Observing System
Every year, the Office of Climate Observations (OCO) at OGP/NOAA publishes an Annual Report on the State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate. This Annual Report provides an overview of the ocean, its role in climate, and the connections between ocean observations and economic and societal impact, based on the observations collected and analysis performed as part of the NOAA Ocean Observing System.
AOML contributes to the OCO’s report through its varied data collection efforts, and as of 2005, through Quarterly Reports on certain key ocean state variables: Global Heat Storage, Global Surface Currents, and Atlantic Meridional Heat Transport. Visit the Portal below.
AOML studies the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) in the tropical Atlantic. This research allows us to learn about the physical structure of the gyre and its currents (such as the Gulf Stream). It also allows us to measure the thermal structure in the center of the gyre, and to characterize its average properties and its changes over time.
Ocean Acidification Product Suite
Scientists at AOML have constructed a tool to monitor ocean acidification over the wider Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. This tool utilizes satellite data and a data-assimilative hybrid model to map the components of the carbonate system of surface water.
Hover/ tap to see more.
South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Data
The saltwater recreational fishery adjacent to the Everglades generates approximately $880 million and greater then 6,000 jobs per year. This area includes Florida Bay, which not only supports a substantial recreational fishing industry within its waters, but also serves as a nursery ground for many of the adjacent commercial and recreational reef fishery species. These commercial and recreational fishery species within Florida Bay will be affected by Everglades restoration as it aims to restore Florida Bay to a less disturbed state by minimizing hypersalinity. One of the best indicators for estuarine health is spotted seatrout (Cynscion nebulosus). Cynscion nebulosus is a good indicator, because it spends its entire life within the bay it was spawned and is sensitive to fluctuations in water quality including salinity. Additionally, Cynscion nebulosus is the second most commonly caught sportfish in Florida Bay, accounting for approximately 30% of all catch.
We have partnered with NOAA’s Southeast Fisheries Science Center (NOAA/SEFSC) to investigate how juvenile sportfish in Florida Bay respond to water quality and habitat. This project conducts otter trawls to sample the juvenile sportfish populations, along with water quality and seagrass measurements in Florida Bay. The objectives are to:
- Develop reference conditions that can be used as a baseline to evaluate trends in juvenile spotted seatrout populations and quantify the impacts of Everglades Restoration;
- Develop a juvenile abundance index (mean abundance and frequency of occurrence) and determine if annual differences in abundance occur among areas in the Bay;
- Examine the relationship between juvenile spotted seatrout abundance, salinity, temperature, and seagrass; use this analysis to gain insights into the potential response of spotted seatrout to the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP); and
- Determine the salinity preferences for other juvenile sportfish species in Florida Bay.
*Downloads an .xlsx workbook.
*Data Use Terms: The user shall notify designated NOAA-AOML South Florida Program (SFP) researchers when any future work based on or derived from this data is published. The User agrees not to redistribute original NOAA-AOML South Florida Program (SFP) data. The User will acknowledge the support of the NOAA-AOML South Florida Program (SFP) in any publication using these data with the following citation: ‘Data were provided by the NOAA-AOML South Florida Program. The user agrees to send two reprints of any publication resulting from the use of these data and/or documentation to both Chris Kelble and Libby Johns.
The National Coral Reef Monitoring Program is co-funded by NOAA’s Coral Reef Conservation Program and Ocean Acidification Program. Our goal is to provide sustained and long‐term measurement of key variables to gauge the status and trends of coral reef health. We are leading the in-situ climate change and ocean acidification monitoring for the Atlantic Ocean in collaboration with NOAA’s Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory in Seattle, Washington and the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center in Honolulu, Hawaii. This includes monitoring of seawater temperatures and the progression of ocean acidification, as well as the ecological impacts of these variables, at key sites. This monitoring is being conducted at sites in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Florida, and the Flower Garden Banks.
Each sentinel site has a moored autonomous pCO2 (MApCO2) buoy that measures the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) in seawater, temperature, salinity and pH every three hours and relays these data in near-real-time. These efforts are part of and adhere to the data quality requirements of the larger Global Ocean Acidification Monitoring Network. Some of the key ecosystem variables being measured at each sentinel site to gauge the impacts of climate change and ocean acidification are:
- Ecosystem and species-specific calcification rates
- Calcium carbonate budgets
- Bioerosion rates
The Omics program at AOML works to promote coral resilience, develop and transfer emerging technologies, advance Omics for fisheries and microbiome applications, and foster the bioinformatics and infrastructure capabilities upon which all Omics research and operations rely. This work engages coral, fisheries, and microbiome experts across the agency and through international engagement. See published data below.
Click the buttons below each project to access the data. To access the code associated with our research projects, visit our Visit Github Account.
The Microbiome of Disease Resistant and Susceptible Acropora
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the microbiomes of corals that were tested for disease resilience and susceptibility in nursery-reared Caribbean Acropora spp. Diseased coral were grafted onto healthy fragments and diseased fragments may have harbored distinct pathogens. In 2017, three histological samples were examined that suggested that disease fragments were causing rapid tissue loss. To identify potential disease agents and identify bacteria associated with resilience we used 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing to evaluate these data.
The Earth Microbiome Project
The Earth Microbiome Project (EMP) is a systematic attempt to characterize global microbial taxonomic and functional diversity for the benefit of the planet and humankind. Most of the data generated to this point are from 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, but the project also includes data from 18S and ITS amplicon sequencing, metagenomics, and metabolomics. An analysis of the first 27,000 samples, with insights about the global distribution of bacteria and archaea, was published in Nature in 2017. More information about the project is found at earthmicrobiome.org.
Red Sea Single-Cell Genomes
This project contains new microbial genomes and an analysis of these genomes in the context of global ocean metagenomes and metatranscriptomes. Reported are 21 new SAR11 single-cell genomes, including the first genomes from subclades Ib and Id, and 5 new Prochlorococcus single-