2021 Hurricane Field Program data

Hurricane Field Program Data

2021 Storms

Jump to data collected during each storm.

Please review HRD’s Data Policy prior to downloading data. Most data available on this page are Level 2, quality controlled, data. Details on the Tail-Doppler Radar data can be found here.

Atlantic Basin

Claudette

Tropical Storm Claudette

Thursday, June 17 – Saturday, June 19

Three Air Force operationally tasked missions by NHC into Claudette.

Flight Info and Data

No wind center track available.

20210617U1

Thursday, June 17

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes: 2 drops, 2 transmitted

Take Off: 1744Z Tail: AF302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2344Z Mission ID: 0103A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data

20210618U1

Friday, June 18

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes: 2 drops, 2 transmitted

Take Off: 1131Z Tail: AF302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1924Z Mission ID: 0203A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data

20210618U2

Friday, June 18

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes: 2 drops, 2 transmitted

Take Off: 2320Z Tail: AF300 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0109Z Mission ID: 0303A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data
Danny

Tropical Storm Danny

Monday, June 28 – Tuesday, June 29

One Air Force operationally tasked mission by NHC into Tropical Storm Danny.

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20210628U1

Monday, June 28

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes: 2 drops, 2 transmitted

Take Off: 1614Z Tail: AF301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2154Z Mission ID: 0104A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data
Elsa

Hurricane Elsa

Friday, July 2 – Friday, July 9

Nine Air Force operationally tasked missions by NHC and six NOAA missions into Hurricane Elsa.

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20210702U1

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 0715Z Tail: AF300 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1603Z Mission ID: 0105A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde

20210702H1

 

Friday, July 2

Take Off: 1432Z Aruba Aircraft: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 2031Z Aruba Mission ID: 0205A Pattern: Figure-4

Download Data:

Radar SFMR Flight-Level (NetCDF) Flight-Level (Text)
Dropsonde Data Microphysics

Mission Logs:

Scientist Log Flight Director Radar Dropsonde

Plots:

20210702H1 final track

20210702N1

Synoptic Surveillance mission from Lakeland, FL

Dropsondes: 35

Take Off: 1733Z Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0132Z Mission ID: 0305A Pattern: Circumnavigation

Download Data:

Radar Flight-Level (NetCDF) Flight-Level (text) Dropsonde

Mission Logs & Plots:

Flight Director Dropsonde Log

20210702U2

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 1922Z Tail: AF304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0423Z Mission ID: 0405A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde

20210703U1

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 0840Z Tail: AF304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1815Z Mission ID: 0505A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde

20210703H1

 

Saturday, July 3

Take Off: 1540Z Aruba Aircraft: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 2238Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0605A Pattern: Figure-4

Download Data:

Radar SFMR Flight-Level
(NetCDF)
Flight-Level
(text)
Dropsonde Microphysics

Mission Logs & Plots:

Lead Scientist Flight Director Report Dropsonde Log Radar Log
20210703H1 final track
Elsa Flight Level Winds over Satellite. Clicking Links to Large Image. Image Credit: NOAA AOML.
20210703H1 TDR plan view
Elsa TDR wind field. Click to see large image. Image Credit: NOAA AOML.

20210703N1

Synoptic Surveillance mission from Lakeland, FL

Dropsondes: 0

Take Off: 1730Z Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1805Z Mission ID: 0705A Pattern: Circumnavigation

Flight aborted!

Download Data:

Flight-Level (NetCDF) Flight-Level (text) No Dropsonde Data

Mission Logs:

Flight Director

20210703U2

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 2203Z Tail: AF300 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0725Z Mission ID: 0805A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde

20210704H1

EMC-tasked mission from Lakeland, FL

Take Off: 0828Z Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1617Z Mission ID: 0905A Pattern: Figure-4

Download Data:

Radar SFMR Flight-Level (NetCDF) Flight-Level (text)
Dropsonde

Mission Logs & Plots:

Lead Scientist Flight Director Dropsonde log
20210704H1 final track
20210704H1 final track
20210704H1 TDR analysis
20210704H1 TDR analysis

20210704U1

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 1951Z Tail: AF304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0526Z Mission ID: 1005A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde

20210705H1

EMC-tasked mission from Lakeland, FL

 

Take Off: 0903Z Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1530Z Mission ID: 1105A Pattern: Figure-4

Download Data:

Radar Flight-Level (NetCDF) Flight-Level (text) SFMR
Dropsonde

Mission Logs & Plots:

Lead Scientist Flight Director Dropsonde Log
20210705H1 final track
20210705H1 final track
20210705H1 TDR analysis
20210705H1 TDR analysis

20210705U1

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 2256Z Tail: AF300 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0221Z Mission ID: 1205A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde

20210706U1

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 1506Z Tail: AF302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1856Z Mission ID: 1305A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde

20210706U2

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 2234Z Tail: AF302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0523Z Mission ID: 1405A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde

20210707U1

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

 

Take Off: 0943Z Tail: AF309 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1608Z Mission ID: 1505A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Flight-Level Dropsonde
Danny

Tropical Disturbance

Saturday, July 24

Two Air Force operationally tasked missions by NHC into a Tropical Disturbance off the Florida coast.

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20210724U1

Saturday, July 24

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes: 2 drops, 2 transmitted

Take Off: 1636Z Tail: AF304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2244Z Mission ID: 01BBA Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data

20210725U1

Sunday, July 25

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes: 2 drops, 2 transmitted

Take Off: 1509Z Tail: AF304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2016Z Mission ID: 02BBA Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data
Elsa
Tropical Storm Fred

Tuesday, August 11 – Monday, August 16

10 Air Force operationally tasked missions by NHC and  6 NOAA missions into Tropical Storm Fred.  For the 5 P3 and 1 GIV NOAA flights there were:

  • 75 GPS dropsondes transmitted to the GTS
  • 16 TDR analyses transmitted to EMC & NHC

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20210810I1

Tuesday, August 10

EMC-tasked mission from Lakeland to Aruba

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0930Z Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1641Z Mission ID: 0106A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

Mission Summary AOC Manifest LPS form Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210810U1

Tuesday, August 10

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2000Z Tail: AF302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0200Z Mission ID: 0206A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

20210811I1

Wednesday, August 11

EMC-tasked mission from Lakeland to Aruba

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0837Z Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1557Z Mission ID: 0306A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210811H1

Tuesday, August 10

EMC-tasked mission from Lakeland to T.S. Fred

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1946Z Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0306Z Mission ID: 0406A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210812H1

Thursday, August 12

EMC-tasked mission from Lakeland, FL

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0805Z Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1600Z Mission ID: 0506A Pattern: Modified Figure-4

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210812U1

Thursday, August 12

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0934Z Tail: AF307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1734Z Mission ID: 0606A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

20210812N1

Thursday, August 12

NHC-tasked mission from Lakeland, FL

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1730Z Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0130Z Mission ID: 0706A Pattern: Synoptic

Download Data:

Mission Summary Radar Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data
20210812N1 track
20210812N1 track

20210812H2

Wednesday, August 12

EMC-tasked mission from Lakeland to T.S. Fred

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2000Z Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0430Z Mission ID: 0806A Pattern: Modified Butterfly

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210812U2

Thursday, August 12

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2159Z Tail: AF304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0402Z Mission ID: 0906A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

20210813H1

Friday, August 13

EMC-tasked mission from Lakeland, FL

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0808Z Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1247Z Mission ID: 0906A Pattern: Modified Figure-4

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210813U1

Friday, August 13

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0839Z Tail: AF301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1700Z Mission ID: 1006A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

20210813U2

Friday, August 13

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2100Z Tail: AF30? Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0400Z Mission ID: 1106A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report No Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

20210814U1

Saturday, August 14

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0930Z Tail: AF30? Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1700Z Mission ID: 1206A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

Radar SFMR Flight-Level
(NetCDF)
Flight-Level
(ASCII)
Dropsonde Microphysics

20210814U2

Saturday, August 14

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2115Z Tail: AF30? Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0500Z Mission ID: 1306A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

20210815U1

Sunday, August 15

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0954Z Tail: AF305 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1741Z Mission ID: 1306A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

20210815U3

Sunday, August 15

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2202Z Tail: AF305 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0503Z Mission ID: 1406A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

20210816U3

Monday, August 16

Reconnaissance mission from Keesler AFB

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1046Z Tail: AF303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 17??Z Mission ID: 1506A Pattern: Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data
Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Hurricane Grace

Friday, August 14 – Thursday, August 20

Nine Air Force missions and eleven NOAA missions into Hurricane Grace.

  • 8 P-3 missions, 3 G-IV missions (2 NHC, 6 EMC, 3 HRD)
    • 218 GPS dropsondes transmitted to the GTS
    • 32 TDR analyses transmitted to EMC & NHC

Flight Info and Data

AOML HRD missions for Tropical Storm (TS) Grace began on August 14th and continued until August 19th, 2021. Multiple observation systems were deployed during the missions for TS Grace. There were a total of 30 dropsondes and five airborne expendable bathythermographs (AXBTs) deployed. 

During the first flight on August 14th, an interesting observation was that the disturbance appeared to exhibit multiple vorticity centers at low-levels. The “southern” low-level vorticity center was actually aligned with the midlevel center. The goal of the second flight, which flew on August 15th, was to identify the center of circulation of Hurricane Grace. Rather than finding a clear center, data showed that the storm had an elongated circulation center or wave axis that made it challenging to fix an actual closed center. 

Wind Centers | Track

20210813I1

Friday, August 13

Ferry flight for missions into PTC#7

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1710Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2129Z Aruba Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210813N1

Friday, August 13

Ferry flight from Lakeland, FL  to Aruba

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1730Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2130Z Aruba Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download Data:

 

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210814I1

Saturday, August 14

Recco missions into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1441Z Aruba Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2108Z Aruba Mission ID: 0107A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210814N1

Saturday, August 14

HRD-tasked APHEX mission from Aruba returning to Aruba

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1637Z  Aruba Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 0018Z Aruba Mission ID: WA07A Pattern: Lawnmower

20210814N1 track
20210814N1 track with drop points

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210815N1

Sunday, August 15

HRD-tasked APHEX mission from Aruba returning to Aruba into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1500Z  Aruba Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 2200Z Aruba Mission ID: WB07A Pattern: Rotating Fig 4

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210815N1 track

20210815I1

Sunday, August 15

TDR missions into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1553Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2200Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0207A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210815U2

Sunday, August 15

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1903Z Homestead Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0255Z Homestead Mission ID: 0307A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210816U1

Monday, August 16

Recco mission into Tropical Depression Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0055Z Homestead Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0914Z Homestead Mission ID: 0407A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210816H1

Monday, August 16

TDR missions into Tropical Depression Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0753Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1527Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0507A Pattern: Butterfly

20210816H1 track
20210816H1 track

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210816U2

Monday, August 16

Recco mission into Tropical Depression Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0820Z Homestead Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1806Z Homestead Mission ID: 0607A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210816N1

Monday, August 16

NHC-tasked Synoptic surveillance mission from Aruba returning to Lakeland

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1730Z  Aruba Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0130Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0307A Pattern: Synoptic

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210816N1 track

20210817U1

Monday, August 16

Recco mission into Tropical Depression Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0203Z Homestead Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0858Z Homestead Mission ID: 0707A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210817H1

Tuesday, August 17

TDR missions into Tropical Depression Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0757Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1500Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0807A Pattern: Butterfly

20210817H1 track
20210817H1 track

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210817I1

Tuesday, August 17

TDR missions into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2000Z Aruba Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2200Z Lakeland Mission ID: 1107A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

20210817I1 track

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210817U2

Tuesday, August 17

Recco mission into Tropical Depression Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0930Z Homestead Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1852Z Homestead Mission ID: 0907A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210818I1

Wedneesday, August 18

TDR missions into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0800Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1520Z Lakeland Mission ID: 1207A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

20210818I1 track
20210818I1 track
LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210818U1

Wednesday, August 18

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0915Z Homestead Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1757Z Homestead Mission ID: 1307A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report No Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210818N1

Wednesday, August 18

HRD-tasked APHEX mission from Aruba returning to Aruba into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1645Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 0007Z Lakeland Mission ID: WC07A Pattern: Star within a star

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data
20210818N1 track
20210818N1 track

20210818H1

Wednesday, August 18

TDR missions into Hurricane Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1953Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0217Z Lakeland Mission ID: 1407A Pattern: Butterfly

20210818H1 track
20210818H1 track

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210818U2

Wednesday, August 18

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2053Z Homestead Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0607Z Homestead Mission ID: 1507A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210819H1

Thursday, August 19

TDR missions into Hurricane Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2000Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0500Z Lakeland Mission ID: 14707A Pattern: Butterfly

20210819H1 No Land Option
20210819H1 No Land Option

20210819H1 Land Option
20210819H1 Land Option

Download Data:

LPS report Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210819U2

Thursday, August 19

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2024Z Homestead Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0734Z Homestead Mission ID: 1707A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210820U1

Friday, August 20

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0845Z Homestead Tail: AF 303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1916Z Homestead Mission ID: 1807A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210820U2

Friday, August 20

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Grace.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2101Z Homestead Tail: AF 309 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0634Z Homestead Mission ID: 1907A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Hurricane Henri

Wednesday, August 18 – Sunday, August 22

7 Air Force recco missions and 4 NHC-tasked G-IV flights. There were 3 NOAA operationally tasked missions by EMC into Henri that deployed:

  • 62 GPS dropsondes / 60 transmitted to the GTS
  • 20 NRL AXBTs (18 good)
  • 9 TDR analyses transmitted to EMC & NHC

Flight Info and Data

AOML HRD missions for Hurricane Henri occurred on August 20th to 21st, 2021. During the missions into Hurricane Henri, there was also a Saildrone passing through Henri’s track at the ocean surface leading to the collection of data and observations above, within, and below the hurricane.  Additional technology from AOML PHOD was used during Hurricane Henri, such as multiple hurricane gliders, one saildrone, and three drifters with pressure sensors.

Wind Centers | Track

20210819U1

Thursday, August 19

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1455Z Keesler Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2119Z Keesler Mission ID: 0108A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210819N1

Thursday, August 19

NHC-tasked Synoptic surveillance mission from Lakeland into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1730Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0130Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0208A Pattern: Synoptic

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1sec Data Dropsonde Data
20210819N1 drop location map
20210819N1 drop location map

20210820N1

Friday, August 20

NHC-tasked Synoptic surveillance mission from Lakeland into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0530Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1330Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0308A Pattern: Synoptic

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

 

20210820N1 dropsonde location map

20210820N1 final track
20210820N1 final track

20210820U2

Friday, August 20

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0916Z Keesler Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2300Z Keesler Mission ID: 0408A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210820H1

Friday, August 20

TDR missions into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2003Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0232Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0608A Pattern: Butterfly

 

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210820N2

Friday, August 20

NHC-tasked Synoptic surveillance mission from Lakeland into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1730Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0100Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0608A Pattern: Synoptic
20210820N2 track and drops
20210820N2 track and drops

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210820U3

Friday, August 20

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2114Z Keesler Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0625Z Keesler Mission ID: 0708A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210821N1

Saturday, August 21

NHC-tasked Synoptic surveillance mission from Lakeland into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0530Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1330Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0908A Pattern: Synoptic
20210821N1 track and drops
20210821N1 track and drops

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210821H1

Friday, August 20

TDR missions into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0757Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1500Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0908A Pattern: Butterfly
20210821H1 flight track
20210821H1 flight track

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210821U1

Saturday, August 21

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0854Z Keesler Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1556Z Keesler Mission ID: 1008A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210821U2

Saturday, August 21

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1703Z Savannah, GA Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1799Z Savannah, GA Mission ID: 1108A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210821H2

Saturday, August 21

TDR missions into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1842Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0452Z Lakeland Mission ID: 1208A Pattern: Butterfly

20210821H2 flight track
20210821H2 flight track

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210822U1

Sunday, August 22

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0254Z Savannah, GA Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1313Z Savannah, GA Mission ID: 1308A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210822U2

Sunday, August 22

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Henri.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1134Z Savannah, GA Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1738Z Savannah, GA Mission ID: 1408A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Hurricane Ida

Thursday, August 26 – Sunday, August 29

Nine NOAA and Nine Air Force operationally tasked missions by NHC into Hurricane Ida.  Of the 6 EMC-tasked P3 flights:

    • 169 GPS dropsondes / 160 transmitted to the GTS
    • 42 NRL AXBTS (TBD good)
    • 30 UM AXBTS (26 good)
    • 27 TDR analyses transmitted to EMC & NHC

Flight Info and Data

Hurricane Ida, one of the most notable storms of the 2021 hurricane season, was monitored by both CPHEX and APHEX missions spanning from August 24th to August 29th. The CPHEX mission carried out on August 24th followed a “lawnmower” track which sampled convection in the southern Caribbean associated with AL99, which became Ida. Dropsondes were deployed and detected significant dropouts below 850 mb. On this mission, CEPHEX also completed an ADM-Aeolus underflight. During the second CEPHEX mission on August 26th, the crew flew another ADM-Aeolus transect where the images showed data from HALO (High Altitude Lidar Observatory) and HAMSR. 

APHEX missions into Hurricane Ida began on August 27th and went until August 29th. The goals of the first mission were to work on Convective Burst Structure and Evolution and the Stratiform Spiral Module all in collaboration with ONR and TCRI. During this flight the crew sampled a newly forming region of thunderstorms on the north side of Cuba as Ida was coming offshore to see how this new region would impact the eyewall development. There were multiple missions flying into the eye of Hurricane Ida as it approached the Louisiana coast on August 29th. The data collected during these flights were very important for better understanding rapid intensification of tropical cyclones. 

Reports from AOML PHOD showed that Ida travelled over several Argo floats during its full track and over one hurricane glider in the northern Gulf of Mexico.

Wind Centers | Track

20210826U1

Thursday, August 26

Recco mission into Tropical Depression #9.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1655Z KeeslerAFB Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0109Z KeeslerAFB Mission ID: 0109A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210827N1

Friday, August 27

NHC-tasked Synoptic surveillance mission from Lakeland into Tropical Storm Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0527Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1317Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0209A Pattern: Synoptic

 

20210827N1 drops
20210827N1 drops

20210827N1 final track
20210827N1 final track

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

20210827I1

Friday, August 27

TDR missions into Tropical Storm Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0747Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1600Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0309A Pattern: Butterfly
20210827I1 track
20210827I1 track

Download Data:

ManifestRadar DataDropsonde DataFlight level Data1 sec DataSFMR

 

20210827U1

Friday, August 27

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0808Z KeeslerAFB Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1600Z KeeslerAFB Mission ID: 0409A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210827H1

Friday, August 27

TDR missions into Tropical Depression #9.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1955Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0400Z Lakeland Mission ID: WA09A Pattern: Butterfly
20210827H1 track
20210827H1 track

Download Data:

ManifestRadar DataDropsonde DataFlight level Data1 sec DataSFMR

 

20210827N2

Friday, August 27

NHC-tasked Synoptic surveillance mission from Lakeland into Tropical Depression #9.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1732Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0119Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0509A Pattern: Synoptic

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

20210827U2

Friday, August 27

Recco mission into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2316Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0927Z Keesler AFB Mission ID: 0609A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210828N1

Saturday, August 28

NHC-tasked Synoptic surveillance mission from Lakeland into Tropical Depression #9.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0520Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1209Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0709A Pattern: Synoptic
20210828N1 revised drops
20210828N1 revised drops

Download Data:

ManifestRadar DataDropsonde DataFlight level Data1 sec Data

20210828I1

Saturday, August 28

TDR missions into Tropical Storm Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0757Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1543Z Lakeland Mission ID: 0809A Pattern: Butterfly
20210828I1 track
20210828I1 track

Download Data:

ManifestRadar DataDropsonde DataFlight level Data1 sec DataSFMR

 

20210828U1

Saturday, August 28

Recco mission into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0926Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 305 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1742Z Keesler AFB Mission ID: 0909A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210828H1

Saturday, August 28

TDR missions into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1955Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0156Z Lakeland Mission ID: 1009A Pattern: Butterfly
20210828H1track
20210828H1track

Download Data:

ManifestRadar DataDropsonde DataFlight level Data1 sec DataSFMR

 

20210828U3

Saturday, August 28

Recco mission into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2050Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0111Z Keesler AFB Mission ID: 1109A Pattern: Butterfly

Flight aborted

Download Data:

ARWO Report No Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210829U1

Sunday, August 29

Recco mission into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0226Z San Antonio Tail: AF 303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0813Z San Antonio Mission ID: 1209A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210829U2 Aborted

Sunday, August 29

Recco mission into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0557Z San Antonio Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0800Z San Antonio Mission ID: 1309A Pattern: Butterfly

Flight Aborted

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210829I1

Sunday, August 29

TDR missions into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0738Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1606 Lakeland Mission ID: WB09A Pattern: Butterfly
20210829I1 track
20210829I1 track

Download Data:

ManifestRadar DataDropsonde DataFlight level Data1 sec DataSFMR

 

20210829U3

Sunday, August 29

Recco mission into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0840Z San Antonio Tail: AF 305 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1612Z San Antonio Mission ID: 1409A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210829U4

Sunday, August 29

Recco mission into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1409Z San Antonio Tail: AF 303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2012Z San Antonio Mission ID: 1509A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210829H1

Sunday, August 29

TDR missions into Hurricane Ida.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1703Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 2304Z Lakeland Mission ID: WC09A Pattern: Butterfly
20210829H1 track
20210829H1 track

20210829H1 detail track
20210829H1 detail track

Download Data:

ManifestRadar DataDropsonde DataFlight level Data1 sec DataSFMR

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Hurricane Larry

Sunday, September 5 – Thursday, September 9

5 Air Force NHC-tasked reconnaissance flights. There was one NASA DC-8 mission for their CPEX-AW project. 2 NOAA P3 and 3 GIV missions for APHEX were flown into Hurricane Larry.

  • 2 P-3 missions (1 HRD, 1 NESDIS), 3 G-IV missions (HRD)
    • 134 GPS dropsondes / 128 transmitted to the GTS
    • 8 NRL AXBTS (7 good)
    • 16 TDR analyses transmitted to EMC & NHC
    • 1 DC-8 mission, flown on 4 September, 1 day before NOAA

Flight Info and Data

Flights into Hurricane Larry were held September 5th through 7th, 2021. The first mission on September 5th and the second mission on September 6th were successful in targeting the early stage of the tropical cyclone diurnal cycle evolution and targeting the later stage of the TC diurnal cycle evolution, respectively. On the third mission the goal was to collect dropsonde observations in the environment/near environment of Hurricane Larry to validate against NOAA NUCAPS temperature and moisture soundings from the Aqua satellite and TDR data. At the end of the mission Chris Barnett, JPSS collaboration Co-lead, said “All-in-all this was a great investment and I already sent these summaries to the JPSS management so they know we got something valuable here.” 

Wind Centers | Track

20210904N1

Saturday, September 4

Ferry flight from Lakeland to St. Croix for APHEX missions around Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1304Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 1554Z St. Croix, USVI Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

 

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210905N1

Sunday, September 5

APHEX missions around Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes: 36 drops, all good

Take Off: 0851Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 1604Z St. Croix Mission ID: WA12A Pattern: Star
20210905N1 track
20210905N1 track

20210905N1 final track with drops
20210905N1 final track with drops

The NOAA G-IV flew a successful Tropical Cyclone Diurnal Cycle Experiment to examine how day-night fluctuations in radiation affect the intensity and structure of hurricanes.  One component of these oscillations is a phenomenon called the tropical cyclone diurnal cycle where the cloud fields of storms are seen to expand and contract each day.  

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210905I1

Sunday, September 5

Ferry flight for  missions into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1340Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1717Z St. Croix Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210905H1

Sunday, September 5

Ferry flight for  missions into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1505Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1831Z Lakeland Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210906I1

Monday, September 6

APEX missions into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1448Z St.  Croix Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 2157Z St.  Croix Mission ID: WB12A Pattern: Butterfly
20210906I1 track
20210906I1 track

20210906I1 track details
20210906I1 track details

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210906H1 Cancelled

Monday, September 6

APEX missions into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1500Z St.  Croix Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 2300Z St.  Croix Mission ID: 12A Pattern: Butterfly

Flight Cancelled due to mechanical problems.

20210906N1

Monday, September 6

APHEX missions around Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1544Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 2204Z St. Croix Mission ID: WC12A Pattern: Star
20210906N1 track
20210906N1 track

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210907U1

Tuesday, September 07

Recco mission into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0912Z St. Croix Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1615Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0112A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210907N1

Tuesday, September 7

APHEX missions around Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1442Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 2155Z St. Croix Mission ID: WD12A Pattern: Star
20210907N1 track
20210907N1 track

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210907I1

Tuesday, September 7

APEX missions into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1709Z St.  Croix Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0109Z St.  Croix Mission ID: WE12A Pattern: Alpha
20210907I1 track
20210907I1 track

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

20210907U2

Tuesday, September 07

Recco mission into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2054Z St. Croix Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0328Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0212A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210908U1

Wednesday, September 08

Recco mission into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0809Z St. Croix Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1513Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0312A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210908N1 Cancelled

Wednesday, September 8

APHEX missions around Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1500Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 0300Z St. Croix Mission ID: WF12A Pattern: Lawnmower
20210908N1 track
20210908N1 track

20210908N1 track detail
20210908N1 track detail

Mission Cancelled

20210908U2

Wednesday, September 08

Recco mission into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1928Z St. Croix Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0228Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0412A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210909U1

Thursday, September 09

Recco mission into Hurricane Larry.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0824Z St. Croix Tail: AF 309 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1530Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0512A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210909N1

Thursday, September 9

Ferry home from missions into Hurricane Larry.

Take Off: 1431Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 1751Z Lakeland, FL Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210909I1

Thursday, September 9

Ferry home from Hurricane Larry missions.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1438Z St.  Croix Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: AOC
Landing: 1818Z Lakeland, FL Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download Data

Mission Summary Manifest FltDir log Radar Data SFMR Data Flight-Level Data 1 sec Data Dropsonde Data

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Tropical Storm Nicholas

Sunday, September 12 – Monday, September 13

Air Force NHC-tasked missions into Tropical Storm Nicholas.

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20210912U1

Sunday, September 12

Recco mission into Tropical disturbance.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1100Z St. Croix Tail: AF 303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2045Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0114A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210912U2

Sunday, September 12

Recco mission into Tropical disturbance.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2050Z St. Croix Tail: AF 305 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0640Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0214A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210913U1

Monday, September 13

Recco mission into Tropical disturbance.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1040Z St. Croix Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1818Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0314A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210913U2

Monday, September 13

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Nicholas.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2209Z St. Croix Tail: AF 304 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0619Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0414A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Tropical Disturbance 96

Wednesday, September 15 – Thursday, September 16

Two Air Force NHC-tasked recco missions into Tropical Disturbance 96.

Flight Info and Data

20210915U1

Wednesday, September 15

Recco mission into Tropical disturbance.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1658Z Biloxi, MS Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0128Z Biloxi, MS Mission ID: 01EEA Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

No Flight-Level DataSFMR DataDropsonde Data

 

20210916U1

Thursday, September 156

Recco mission into Tropical disturbance.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1453Z Biloxi, MS Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2149Z Biloxi, MS Mission ID: 02EEA Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

No Flight-Level DataSFMR DataDropsonde Data

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Tropical Storm Peter

Sunday, September 19 – Tuesday, September 21

Five Air Force NHC-tasked missions into Tropical Storm Peter.

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20210919U1

Sunday, September 19

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Peter.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0946Z St. Croix Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1841Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0116A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210919U2

Sunday, September 19

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Peter.Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2301Z St. Croix Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0608Z St, Croix Mission ID: 0216A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210920U1

Monday, September 20

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Peter.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1032Z St. Croix Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1733Z St, Croix Mission ID: 0316A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210920U2

Monday, September 20

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Peter.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2229Z St. Croix Tail: AF 303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0250Z St, Croix Mission ID: 0416A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210921U1

Tuesday, September 21

Recco mission into Tropical Storm Peter.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1037Z St. Croix Tail: AF 303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1459Z St, Croix Mission ID: 0516A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Hurricane Sam

Thursday, September 23 – Friday, October 01

9 USAF & 2 NOAA G-IV NHC tasked operational flights, 6 NOAA P-3 missions (1 HRD, 5 EMC tasked), and 1 NOAA G-IV research mission (HRD tasked) into Hurricane Sam.

  • 216 GPS dropsondes / 209 transmitted to the GTS
  • 36 NRL AXBTS (31 good, 86% success rate)
  • 4 ALAMO floats (2 Navy – 1 failed, 2 AOML/PhOD – both failed)
  • 20 TDR analyses transmitted to EMC & NHC
  • Experiments & Modules
    • ADM-Aeolus Satellite Validation Module
    • Gravity Wave Module
    • Hurricane Boundary Layer Module
    • Ocean Survey
    • Rainband Complex Module
    • Stratiform Spiral Module
    • Surface Wind and Wave Validation Module (WSRA)
    • Sustained and Targeted Observations: AXBTs and ALAMO Floats (Navy & AOML/PhOD)

Flight Info and Data

Hurricane Sam was the strongest storm to date in the 2021 hurricane season. During these missions, scientists found Sam to be a small storm that packed a punch, measuring up to category 5 wind speeds. There was also frequent inner core lightning and graupel (frozen rain) at 10 kft. 

During the flight on September 26th, the crew captured secondary eyewall formation. However, post-flight the storm weakened dramatically with a possibility of undiagnosed shear forcing dry air into the core. The mission on the 29th was a treasure trove for research. The APHEX team focused on the Mature Stage Modules such as the stratiform spiral, sainband complex, gravity wave,  surface wind and wave validation (WSRA), and sustained & targeted ocean observations using AXBTs and  ALAMO floats. Hurricane Sam passed over a saildrone which collected the first-of-its-kind ocean surface data. This included videos of 50 ft waves and 120+mph winds. 

Wind Centers | Track

20210923N1

Thursday, September 23

Ferry flight from Lakeland to St. Croix for APHEX missions around Tropical Storm Sam.

Dropsondes: 0

Take Off: 1425Z  Lakeland Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 1734Z St. Croix, USVI Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

 

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Dropsonde
Flight level (NetCDF) Flight level (text) SFMR

20210923H1

Thursday, September 23

Ferry flight for  missions into Tropical Storm Sam.

Dropsondes: 0

Take Off: 1453Z Lakeland Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1802Z Lakeland Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Dropsonde
Flight level (NetCF) Flight Level (text) SFMR

 

20210925N1

Saturday, September 25

APHEX missions around Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1824Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: HRD
Landing: 0150Z St. Croix Mission ID: WA18A Pattern: Concentric hexs
20210925N1 revised track
20210925N1 revised track

20210925N1 final drops
20210925N1 final drops

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

20210925H1

Saturday, September 25

TDR missions into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1848Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0311Z St. Croix Mission ID: WB18A Pattern: Butterfly
20210925H1 track
20210925H1 track

20210925H1 plan details
20210925H1 plan details

20210925H1 final track
20210925H1 final track

Download Data:

Mission Summary Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data SFMR

20210926I1

Sunday, September 26

Ferry flight for missions into Hurricane Sam.

Take Off: 1652Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 2011Z St. Croix Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry
Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

 

20210926N1

Sunday, September 26

Synoptic surveillance missions around Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1734Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0130Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0118A Pattern: Synoptic boxes
20210926N1 revised drops
20210926N1 revised drops

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

20210926H1

Sunday, September 26

TDR missions into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes: 34 deployed, 34 good

Take Off: 1942Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0414Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0218A Pattern: Butterfly
20210926H1 track details
20210926H1 track details

20210926H1 track
20210926H1 track

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data SFMR

20210927I1

Monday, September 27

TDR missions into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1139Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1812Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0318A Pattern: Butterfly
20210927I1 flight track
20210927I1 flight track

20210927I1 plan details
20210927I1 plan details

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data SFMR

 

20210927U1

Monday, September 27

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1516Z St. Croix Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2237Z St, Croix Mission ID: 0418A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20210927N1

Monday, September 27

Synoptic surveillance missions around Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1722Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0142Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0518A Pattern: Synoptic boxes
20210927N1 drops
20210927N1 drops

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

20210927N1

Monday, September 27

Synoptic surveillance missions around Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1722Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0142Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0518A Pattern: Synoptic boxes
20210927N1 drops
20210927N1 drops

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

20210927H1

Monday, September 27

TDR missions into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2000Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0334Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0618A Pattern: Butterfly
20210927H1 track
20210927H1 track

20210927H1 plan details
20210927H1 plan details

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data SFMR

20210928U1

Tuesday, September 28

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0241Z St. Croix Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0926Z St, Croix Mission ID: 0718A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20210928U2

Tuesday, September 28

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1452Z St. Croix Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2011Z St, Croix Mission ID: 0818A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20210928I1 Cancelled

Tuesday, September 28

TDR missions into Hurricane Sam.

Mission Cancelled

Take Off: 0930Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1800Z St. Croix Mission ID: 0818A Pattern: Butterfly
20210928I1 track
20210928I1 track

20210928I1 plan details
20210928I1 plan details

 

20210928N1

Tuesday, September 28

Ferry home after missions around Hurricane Sam.

Take Off: 1723Z  St. Croix Tail: NOAA49 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2016Z Lakeland, FL Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

20210928H1 Cancelled

Tuesday, September 28

TDR missions into Hurricane Sam.

Mission Cancelled

Take Off: 1939Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0400Z St. Croix Mission ID: 1018A Pattern: Butterfly
20210928H1 track
20210928H1 track

20210928H1 plan details
20210928H1 plan details

20210927H1 final track
20210927H1 final track

20210929H1

Wednesday, September 29

TDR missions into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0800Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1600Z St. Croix Mission ID: 1018A Pattern: Butterfly
20210929H1 track
20210929H1 track

20210929H1 plan details
20210929H1 plan details

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data SFMR

20210929U1

Wednesday, September 29

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0800Z St. Croix Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1640Z St, Croix Mission ID: 0918A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20210929H2

Wednesday, September 29

TDR missions into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1938Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 0342Z St. Croix Mission ID: 1218A Pattern: Butterfly
20210929H2 track
20210929H2 track

 

Download Data:

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data SFMR

20210929U2

Wednesday, September 29

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1338Z St. Croix Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1935Z St, Croix Mission ID: 1118A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20210930U1

Thursday, September 30

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0228Z St. Croix Tail: AF 302 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0756Z St, Croix Mission ID: 1318A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20210930I1

Thursday, September 30

Ferry home after missions into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1146Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 1600Z Lakeland Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download data:

 

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

 

20210930U2

Thursday, September 30

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1550Z St. Croix Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2115Z St, Croix Mission ID: 1418A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20210930H1

Thursday, September 30

Ferry home after missions into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1825Z St. Croix Tail: NOAA42 Tasking: EMC
Landing: 2207Z Lakeland Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Ferry

Download data:

 

Mission Manifest Manifest Radar Data Dropsonde Data Flight level Data 1 sec Data

 

20211001U1

Friday, October 01

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0301Z St. Croix Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0835Z St, Croix Mission ID: 1518A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20211001U2

Friday, October 01

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1317Z St. Croix Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2010Z St, Croix Mission ID: 1618A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

20211001U3

Friday, October 01

Recco mission into Hurricane Sam.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 2358Z St. Croix Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0811Z St, Croix Mission ID: 1718A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Dropsonde Data SFMR 1 sec Data

 

Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous

Wednesday, June 30 – Friday, July 9

NOAA miscellaneous missions for calibration or non-operational projects.

Flight Info and Data

20210630I1

Wednesday, June 30

LIDAR calibration mission from Linder-Lakeland

Dropsondes: 0

Take Off: 1301Z Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: AOC
Landing: 1557Z Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Racetrack

Download Data:

Flight Dir Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data

 

20210702I1

Friday, July 02

LIDAR calibration mission from Linder-Lakeland

Dropsondes: 4

Take Off: 1200Z Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: AOC
Landing: 1544Z Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Racetrack

Download Data:

Flight Dir Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data

Flight track for flight 20210702I1

20210708I1

Thursday, July 08

LIDAR calibration mission from Linder-Lakeland

Dropsondes: 7

Take Off: 1220Z Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: AOC
Landing: 2006Z Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Box

Download Data:

Flight Dir Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data

Flight track for 20210708I1

20210709I1

Thursday, July 08

LIDAR calibration mission from Linder-Lakeland

Dropsondes: 7

Take Off: 1200Z Tail: NOAA43 Tasking: AOC
Landing: 1929Z Mission ID: WXWXA Pattern: Box

Download Data:

Flight Dir Report SFMR Data Flight-Level Data Dropsonde Data

Flight track for 20210709I1

East Pacific Basin

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Hurricane Nora

 Sunday, August 29

One Air Force operationally tasked mission by NHC into Nora.

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20210828U2

Saturday, August 28

Recco mission into Hurricane Nora.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1442Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 301 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2239Z Zacatecas, MX Mission ID: 0113A Pattern: Butterfly

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Hurricane Pamela

Tuesday, October 12 -Wednesday October 13

Two Air Force operationally tasked mission by NHC into Pamela.

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20211012U1

Tuesday, October 23

Recco mission into Hurricane Rick.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1254Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 305 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2330Z Keesler AFB Mission ID: 0117E Pattern:Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20211013U1 Aborted

Wednesday, October 13

Recco mission into Hurricane Pamela.

Mission aborted due to computer problems

Take Off: 0105Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 0440Z Keesler AFB Mission ID: 0216E Pattern:Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

Potential Tropical Cyclone 07
Hurricane Rick

Saturday, October 23 -Monday October 25

Three Air Force operationally tasked mission by NHC into Rick.

Flight Info and Data

Wind Centers | Track

20211023U1

Tuesday, October 23

Recco mission into Hurricane Rick.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 1258Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 305 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 2330Z Keesler AFB Mission ID: 0117E Pattern:Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20211024U1

Tuesday, October 24

Recco mission into Hurricane Rick.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0059Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 307 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1200Z Keesler AFB Mission ID: 0217E Pattern:Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data

 

20211025U1

Tuesday, October 24

Recco mission into Hurricane Rick.

Dropsondes:

Take Off: 0118Z Keesler AFB Tail: AF 303 Tasking: NHC
Landing: 1028Z Keesler AFB Mission ID: 0317E Pattern:Alpha

Download Data:

ARWO Report Flight-Level Data SFMR Data Dropsonde Data