Dr. Marlos Goes


Cooperative Institute of Marine and Atmospheric Studies
4301 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149 USA
Phone: (305) 361-4533

Research Interests

  • Meridional overturning circulation.
  • Data analysis and uncertainty estimation.
  • Large-scale Ocean circulation.
  • Tropical Atlantic Variability.
  • Climate change and climate modeling.




Refereed Journals


M. Goes, L. N. Murphy, and A. Clement, 2019: The stability of the AMOC during Heinrich events is not dependent on the AMOC strength in an intermediate complexity Earth System model ensemble, Paleoceanography, doi: 10.1029/2019PA003580.

Volkov, D. L., Lee, S.‐K., Domingues, R., Zhang, H., and Goes, M., 2019: Interannual sea level variability along the southeastern seaboard of the United States in relation to the gyre‐scale heat divergence in the North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 7481-7490, doi:10.1029/2019GL083596.

Majumder, S., Goes, M., P. Polito, R. Lumpkin, C. Schmid, and H. Lopez, 2019: Propagating modes of variability and their impact on the western boundary current in the South Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans., 124, 3168-3185. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC014812.

Goes, M., M. Cirano, M.M.Mata, S. Majumder, 2019: Long-term monitoring of the Brazil Current at 22{degree sign}S from XBT and altimetry data: seasonal, interannual and extreme variability, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans., 124, 3645-3663. doi:10.1029/2018JC014809.

Todd, R.,F. P. Chavez, S. Clayton, S. Cravatte, M. Goes, et al., 2019: Global Perspectives on Observing Ocean Boundary Current Systems, Frontiers in Marine Science (Oceanobs' 2019), 6, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00423.

Goni, G.J., J. Sprintall, F. Bringas, L. Cheng, M. Cirano, S. Dong, R. Domingues, M. Goes et al., 2019: More Than 50 Years of Successful Continuous Temperature Section Measurements by the Global Expendable Bathythermograph Network, Its Integrability, Societal Benefits, and Future, Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00452.

Lee, S-K., R. Lumpkin, M. Baringer, C. Meinen, M. Goes, S. Dong, H. Lopez, S. Yeager, 2019: Global meridional overturning circulation inferred from a data-constrained ocean & sea-ice model, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1521-1530, doi:10.1029/2018GL080940.


Goes, M., J. Christophersen, S. Dong, G. Goni, and M. Baringer, 2018: An updated estimate of salinity for the Atlantic Ocean sector using Temperature-Salinity relationships, J. Ocean. and Atmos. Tech, 35, 1771-1784, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-18-0029.1.


Murphy, L. N., M. Goes, and A. Clement, 2017: Role of African dust in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during Heinrich events, Paleoceanography, 32, 1291-1308, doi:10.1002/2017PA003150.

Goes M., E. Babcock, F. Bringas, P. Ortner, and G. Goni, 2017: The impact of improved thermistor calibration on the Expendable Bathythermograph profile data, Journal of Oceanic and Atmospheric Technology, 34, 1967-1961, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0024.1.


Lima, M., M. Cirano, M. Mata, M. Goes, G. Goni, and M. O. Baringer, 2016: An assessment of the Brazil Current baroclinic structure and variability near 22°S in distinct Ocean Forecasting and Analysis systems, Ocean Dynamics, 66:893, doi:10.1007/s10236-016-0959-6.

Li, H., R. L. Sriver, and M. Goes, 2016: Modeled Sensitivity of the Northwestern Pacific upper-ocean response to tropical cyclones in a fully-coupled climate model with varying ocean grid resolution , J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans.,121, 586-601, doi:10.1002/2015JC011226.

Cheng, L., J. Abraham, G. Goni, T. Boyer, S. Wijffels, R. Cowley, V. Gouretski, F. Reseghetti, S. Kizu, S. Dong, F. Bringas, M. Goes, L. Houpert, J. Sprintall, and J. Zhu, 2016: XBT Science: Assessment of instrumental biases and errors , Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, 924-933, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00031.1.


Goes, M. , G. Goni , and S. Dong, 2015: An optimal XBT-based monitoring system for the South Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 34°S. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans., 120, 1, 161-181, doi:10.1002/2014JC010202.

Goes, M., M. Baringer, and G. Goni, 2015: The impact of historical biases on the XBT-derived meridional overturning circulation estimates at 34°S. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 1848-1855, doi:10.1002/2014GL061802.

Perez, R., M. O. Baringer, S. Dong, S. L. Garzoli, M. Goes, G. J. Goni, R. Lumpkin, C. S. Meinen, i R. Msadek, U. Rivero, 2015: Measuring the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Mar. Tech. Sci., 49, 2, 167-177.


Goes, M., I. Wainer, N. Signorelli, 2014: Investigation of the causes of historical changes in the sub-surface salinity minimum of the South Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 5654-5675, doi: 10.1002/2014JC009812.


Goes, M., G. Goni, V. Hormann, R. Perez, 2013: Variability of the Atlantic off-equatorial eastward currents during 1993-2010 using a synthetic method, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 118, 6, 3026-3045, doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20186.

Goes, M., G. Goni, K. Keller, 2013: Reducing biases in XBT measurements by including discrete information from pressure switches, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 30, 810-824, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00126.1.


Wainer, I., M. Goes, L. N. Murphy, and E. Brady, 2012: Changes in the Intermediate Water Mass Formation Rates in the Global Ocean for the Last Glacial Maximum, Mid-Holocene and Pre-Industrial Climates, Paleoceanography, Vol. 27, PA3101, doi:10.1029/2012PA002290.

Olson, R., R. Sriver, M. Goes, N. M. Urban, H. D. Matthews, M. Haran and K. Keller, 2012: A climate sensitivity estimate using Bayesian fusion of instrumental observations and an Earth System model, J. Geophys. Res.- Atmospheres, 117, D4,doi:10.1029/2011JD016620.


Svoboda, T., K. Keller, M. Goes, and N. Tuana, 2011: Sulfate Aerosol Geoengineering: The Question of Justice. Public Affairs Quarterly, 25, 3.

Goes, M., K. Keller, and N. Tuana, 2011: The economics (or lack thereof) of aerosol geoengineering, Climatic Change, doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9961-z.


Goes, M., N. M. Urban, R. Tonkonojenkov, M. Haran, A. Schmittner, and K. Keller, 2010: What is the skill of ocean tracers in reducing uncertainties about ocean diapycnal mixing and projections of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation?, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, v. 115, C12006, doi:10.1029/2010JC006407.

Sriver, Ryan L., M. Goes, M. E. Mann, and K. Keller, 2010: Climate response to tropical cyclone-induced ocean mixing in an Earth system model of intermediate complexity, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, v. 115, C10042, doi:10.1029/2010JC006106.


Goes, M. , D. Marshall, and I. Wainer, 2009: Eddy formation and its importance with respect to abrupt changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. J. Physical Oceanogr., 39, 3021-3031, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4004.


Goes, M. , I. Wainer, P. Gent, and F. O. Bryan, 2008: Changes in Subduction in the South Atlantic Ocean During the 21st Century in the CCSM3. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L06701, doi: 10.1029/2007GL032762.


Goes, M., R. Molinari, I. C. A. da Silveira, and I. Wainer, 2005: Retroflections of the North Brazil Current during February 2002. Deep Sea Res - Part 1. Oceanographic Research Papers, 52, 3, 647-667, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2004.10.010.


Goes, M. , and I. Wainer, 2003: Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 5, 8006, doi:10.1029/2002GL015707.

Goes, M. P. A., C. N. Campos, A. S. Taschetto, and I. Wainer, 2003: Relação Entre o Modo Equatorial e a Tendência de Aquecimento da Bacia Atlântica Tropical. Revista Atlântica, FURG, 25, 1, 21-25.


Book chapters

Bhat, K.S., M. Haran, and M. Goes, 2010: Computer model calibration with multivariate spatial output , in "Frontiers of Statistical Decision Making and Bayesian Analysis", eds. M-H. Chen et al., New York: Springer-Verlag, . bibtex



Foltz, G. R., M. J. McPhaden, T. Lee, G. C. Johnson, and M. Goes, 2012: The Tropical Ocean Observing System., U. S. IOOS Summit Community White Paper.

Goes, M., D. P. Marshall, and I. Wainer, 2006: Impact of the meridional overturning circulation on the tropical Atlantic circulation. , Proceedings of 8 ICSHMO, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, April 24-28, 2006, INPE, p. 1269-1272.

Campos, C. N., M. P. A. Goes, A. S. Taschetto, and I. Wainer, 2001: Shift in Atlantic Ocean Warm Events: A Preliminary Study. Subtle Signals Newsletter, v. 1, n. 1.

Depra, P., R. Brenzikofer, M. Goes, and R. Barros, 1998: Fluid Mechanics analysis in volleyball services. ISBS - Conference Proceedings Archive, 16 International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports.