Inter-ocean transports of heat, salt and carbon.
El Niño diversity and its remote impact on North American climate.
Atlantic Niño diversity.
Atmosphere-ocean processes conducive to extreme weather.
Antarctic sea-ice and ocean interactions.
Sang-Ki Lee, Ph.D.
Oceanographer, Physical Oceanography Division
4301 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, Florida 33149
“The Atlantic Niño is just one member of a big extended family that covers much of the tropical and subtropical oceans. Just like El Niño, Atlantic Niño has a sister, Atlantic Niña, that brings cooler-than-average equatorial Atlantic conditions and the opposite climate impacts as her brother. There are many other siblings, cousins, and distant relatives spanning the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans who share a feature in common: ocean surface temperature anomalies along eastern boundaries linked to changes in the upwelling of cooler water from below. Climate scientists have learned a lot about the atmosphere and ocean interactions that give rise to each of these patterns, but there is still so much more to learn about this extended family.”
Dr. Sang-Ki Lee is a physical oceanographer at NOAA’s AOML. His research involves a range of topics related to the ocean, climate, and extreme weather events. Dr. Lee aims to better understand atmosphere-ocean processes that affect and control the Earth’s physical, chemical, and biological systems by using both observations and mathematical modeling tools.
Java-Sumatra Nino/Nina and associated regional rainfall variability
On the role of Atlantic Nino/Nina in seasonal Atlantic tropical cyclone activity
Projections of faster onset and slower decay of El Nino in the 21st century
A robust slowdown of the AMOC inferred from a data-constrained ocean model
High-resolution ocean-biogeochemistry modeling for the East & Gulf coasts of the U.S.
S2S U.S. severe weather outlook
An optimized hybrid seasonal forecast system for U.S. regional precipitation
1991, B.S. Oceanography, Inha University, Incheon, South Korea
1993, M.S. Oceanography, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA
1995, Ph. D. Oceanography, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA
- Gomez, F.A., S.-K. Lee, C.A. Stock, A.C. Ross, L. Resplandy, S.A. Siedlecki, F. Tagklis, and J.E. Salisbury. RC4USCoast: A river chemistry dataset for regional ocean model applications in the US east, Gulf of Mexico, and west coasts. Earth System Science Data, 15(5):2223-2234, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-15-2223-2023 2023
- Lee, S.-K., R. Lumpkin, F. Gomez, S. Yeager, H. Lopez, F. Tagklis, S. Dong, W. Aguiar, D. Kim, and M. Baringer. Human-induced changes in the global meridional overturning circulation are emerging from the Southern Ocean. Communications Earth & Environment, 4:69, https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-023-00727-3 2023
- Zavadoff, B.L., K. Gao, H. Lopez, S.-K. Lee, D. Kim, and L.M. Harris. Improved MJO forecasts using the experimental global-nested GFDL SHiELD model. Geophysical Research Letters, 50(6):e2022GL101622, https://doi.org/10.1029/2022GL101622 2023
NOAA’s Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Employee of the Year Award 2022
For groundbreaking scientific research that evaluates how El Niño-Southern Oscillation events will evolve in all seasons as a result of anthropogenic climate change, with significant implications for future Atlantic hurricane season intensities and springtime tornado outbreaks in the United States.
South Florida Federal Executive Board Employee of the Year (Scientific Category) 2017
For research that has demonstrated a relationship between sea surface temperatures in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans and the likelihood of severe tornado outbreaks in the United States, enabling vulnerable communities and first responders to plan for likely severe seasons with a lead time of approximately 1-3 months.
NOAA’s Team Member of the Month Award 2012
For research identifying a relationship between La Niña conditions in the tropical Pacific and increased tornadic activity in the United States.