National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory

Physical Oceanography Division



Cracking the code of a long-distance swimmer

A scientist holds juvenile American eels. Almost indistinguishable from the European eel, the American eel is also born in the Sargasso Sea. It makes a similar long-distance migration to North American fresh water rivers. Researchers of the new study on European eels theorize the American eel might also tune into the magnetic field to assist its migration. (Courtesy of Virginia Institute of Marine Science).

Not all eels are electric, but some might actually be magnetic. Full story>>


Award ceremony

Joaquin Trinanes recently received the IMarEST (Institute of Marine Engineering Science and Technology) 2016 Denny Medal of the Journal of Operational Oceanography. Full story>>


Woods Hole Gulf Stream Glider Deployed from Miami

Scientists with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) visited AOML in November to prepare an underwater glider for deployment in the Gulf Stream. Full story>>


Study Concludes Crash Site of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370 Likely Falls Within Official Search Area

On March 8, 2014, Malaysian Airlines flight MH370 from Kuala Lumpur, the capital city of Malaysia, to Beijing, China went missing with 239 people aboard. The circumstances surrounding the aircraft’s disappearance led to various hypotheses to explain the event and to suggest the location of where the plane entered the water. Full story>>


Transition of the Global Drifter Array from Argos to Iridium transmissions

NOAA's Global Drifter Program is transitioning the array from Argos to Iridium, and including the newer Iridium data in its quality-controlled data set. Full story>>


Argentina-US Ocean Science Meeting Opens Doors for Collaboration

Drs. Gustavo Goni and Silvia Garzoli of AOML, together with 18 other scientists from the US, participated in the Argentina-US Ocean Science Meeting in Mar del Plata, Argentina during the week of August 22nd. Dr. Goni was the co-organizer of the meeting on the US side, while Dr. Garzoli led a science panel on ocean observations. Full story>>


NOAA 2016 Administrator's and Technology Transfer Awards winners and April 2016 NOAA Employee & Team Member of the Month

The recipients of the NOAA’s 2016 Administrator’s and Technology Transfer Awards winners for the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research are: Pedro Pena, Francis Bringas, Ulises Rivero and Gustavo Goni. For developing and implementing an Iridium-based real-time transmission system for oceanographic and meteorological observations from ships. Full story>>


AOML Researchers Attend First NOAA's Emerging Technologies Workshop

Several AOML researchers attended First NOAA's Emerging Technologies Workshop in Full story>>


Underwater Gliders Deployed for Atlantic Hurricane Season

The gliders enable researchers to study the thermal structure of the upper ocean in regions linked to the rapid intensification of tropical cyclones. Full story>>


AOML scientists lead and participate in workshop on South Atlantic circulation

Drs. Christopher Meinen and Renellys Perez of AOML's Physical Oceanography Division led a one-day workshop for the international South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation ("SAMOC") initiative on February 21, 2016 in New Orleans, LA. Full story>>


Fourth Underwater Glider Mission begins

PHOD initiated the fourth underwater glider mission last Thursday with the deployments of two gliders in the Caribbean Sea off Puerto Rico. Full story>>


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NOAA Researchers from AOML's Physical Oceanography Division and the Southeast Fisheries Science Center's (SEFSC) Early Life History Lab (ELH) present preliminary work from a collaborative research cruise to an international audience in Havana, Cuba

In November, Ryan Smith (AOML/PhOD), John Lamkin, Trika Gerard, Estrella Malca, Sarah Privoznik, Aras Zygas, Leif Rasmuson, and Kathryn Shulzitski (SEFSC/ELH) presented preliminary results from a collaborative NOAA research cruise at the 10th Congress on Marine Science (MarCuba'2015) held in Havana, Cuba. Full story>>


Exciting early success from ABIISS deep ocean test

One of the major challenges facing the oceanographic community is the difficulty in maintaining long-term ocean measurement systems in an era of reduced research vessel availability. Full story>>


Underwater Glider Retrieved After Successful Third Mission

On November 16th-18th, AOML physical oceanographers partnered with the University of Puerto Rico to successfully recover two  underwater gliders  from the Caribbean Sea aboard the R/V  La Sultana  of the University of Puerto Rico Mayaguez. Full story>>


AOML engineer leads crucial mooring turn-around during South Atlantic research cruise

Mr. Ulises Rivero, the chief engineer in AOML's Physical Oceanography Division Instrumentation Group, joined with partners from the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, on a recent cruise to recover, refurbish, and redeploy a crucial moored instrument in the NOAA-funded Southwest Atlantic MOC (“SAM”) array at 34.5S in the South Atlantic. Full story>>


100th successful dropsonde cruise for the Western Boundary Time Series project

On October 15, 2015, the scientists, technicians and engineers involved in the PhOD Western Boundary Time Series (WBTS) project completed the 100th successful dropsonde cruise in the Florida Current since the project began in the year 2000. Full story>>


Data Buoy Cooperation Panel in Geneva, Switzerland, October 19-23, 2015

Dr. Rick Lumpkin, Mayra Pazos, Erik Valdes and Shaun Dolk attended the Data Buoy Cooperation Panel in Geneva, Switzerland, October 19-23, 2015. Full story>>


Field Activities: 2015 October Western Boundary Time Series cruise

Six AOML/PhOD scientists, Chris Meinen, Uli Rivero, Pedro Peña, Grant Rawson, Jay Hooper, and Tom Sevilla joined with colleagues from UM/RSMAS aboard the R/V Endeavor for a 17 day research cruise to study the western boundary components of the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) at 26N during October 3-19, 2015. Full story>>


Automatic Shortwave Radiometer Cleaner

The Prediction and Research Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA) consists of 18 moorings spanning the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Several of the moorings are directly downwind from the Sahara and Sahel regions of Africa, which together represent the largest source of mineral dust on the planet. Full story>>


Patrick Halsall has started as a new CIMAS Research Associate employee in PhOD. Full story>>


Welcome Aboard

Mr. Thomas Sevilla is joining CIMAS/AOML/PHOD as an Electrical Engineer on August 24th, 2015. Full story>>


Longstanding Collaboration with Maersk Line Supports NOAA's Observational Efforts

NOAA-AOML plays a leadership role in the international effort to collect environmental data in the global ocean. As part of this effort, widely known as the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), scientists deploy oceanographic instruments such as Argo floats, expendable bathythermographs (XBTs), and surface drifters to collect information about the ocean’s currents, temperature, and salinity. The data obtained are critical for weather forecasts and climate studies. Full story>>


Drifter Program Catches a Lift to the Southern Ocean with the Volvo Ocean Race

NOAA's latest partner is not your typical research vessel or cargo ship: it's the six yachts currently competing in the around the world Volvo Ocean Race. As one of the world's major global sailing events, accurate predictions of ocean currents and marine weather are critical to ensuring the safety of crew members during the eight-month long, 38,000+ nautical mile voyage from Alicante, Spain to Gothenburg, Sweden. The fifth leg of the Volvo Ocean Race from Auckland, New Zealand to Itajaí, Brazil by way of the Southern Ocean ­began on ­March 17th. Full story>>


Hollings Scholar internship

Allyson Rugg with her advisors Dr Renellys Perez, Dr. Gregory Foltz and divison director Dr. Gustavo Goni Full story>>


Underwater gliders begin third mission

On July 14th, 2015, AOML physical oceanographers deployed one of two sea gliders in the Caribbean from the University of Puerto Rico's R/V La Sultana. Full story>>


Hydrographic Survey Conducted in the Florida Straits


AOML physical oceanographers and interns conducted a hydrographic survey along the 27th north parallel in the Florida Straits aboard the R/V F.G. Full story>>


The PHOD retreat

The PHOD retreat was held on Tuesday May 12 at the map room of the RSMAS Library. Full story>>


May 2015 Employee and Team Member of the Month

Employee and Team Member of the Month (OAR) : Jay Harris Full story>>


2015 AOML Open House

2015 AOML Open House Full story>>


JCOMM Ship Observations Team (SOT) Meeting

PHOD and CIMAS personnel Gustavo Goni, Shenfu Dong, Francis Bringas, and Joaquin Trinanes participated at the biannual JCOMM Ship Observations Team (SOT) Meeting that will be held in Cape Town, April 20-24. Full story>>


Symposium in honor of Prof. Randy Watts

PhOD scientists Libby Johns and Chris Meinen recently attended a one-day symposium at the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography in honor of their graduate adviser, Prof. Randy Watts, on Friday April 10, 2015. Full story>>


AOML personnel celebrating Earth Day 2015 on land and at sea!

The Second leg of GO-SHIP Repeat Hydrography cruise P16N started Monday, May 25 after a short delay for repairs to the ship and set sail from Honolulu, Hawaii on its way to Kodiak, Alaska. Full story>>


Western Boundary Time Series cruise

Pedro Pena, Erik Valdes, and Robert Roddy, all with AOML's Physical Ocea nography Division, and AOML communications intern Ed Pritchard conducted a hydrographic survey along 27 0N in the Florida Straits on April 9-10. Full story>>


February 2015 Employee and Team Member of the Month

Team Member of the Month (OAR) : Ricardo Domingues and his colleagues at NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory developed a ship reporting system, designed to protect North Atlantic right whales, a critically endangered species with an estimated population of only 300 to 400. Full story>>


Women in Oceanography

Women in Oceanography: A Decade Later was published as a stand-alone supplement to Oceanography magazine. The volume contains a series of very interesting articles depicting the past and present challenges that women in modern oceanography face and the evolution of the role of women in the field. Full story>>


Western Boundary Times Series cruise aboard the UNOLS R/V Endeavor

A CTD (conductivity-temperature-depth) instrument is lowered to gather vertical profiles of salinity, temperature, and oxygen Full story>>


Underwater glider deployment

On Feb 5th AOML deployed their two underwater gliders in the Caribbean Sea south of Puerto Rico on their 2nd mission. This was performed from the R/V La Sultana of the University of Puerto Rico Mayaguez. Full story>>


2013 OAR Employee of the Year Award

Rick Lumpkin and Mayra Pazos of PhOD won the 2013 OAR Employee of the Year Award. Full story>>


Spring persistence, transition and resurgence of El Nino

Although the onset and decay phases of ENSO typically occurring in boreal spring and summer play very important roles in forcing climate variability around the globe, the great majority of recent studies on ENSO diversity have focused on the peak phase in boreal winter. A team of scientists led by Sang-Ki Lee, a PhOD/CIMAS scientist, presented a new approach to efficiently summarize the diversity of ENSO during the onset, peak and decay phases as a whole in terms of two spatio-temporal orthogonal modes. Full story>>


US-Argentina Joint Commission Meeting on Ocean Sciences.

Drs. Gustavo Goni and Silvia Garzoli participated in the US-Argentina Joint Commission Meeting (JCM) on Science and Technology, organized by and held at the US State Department, on October 22-23. Full story>>


AOML scientist participates in joint South Atlantic research cruise

Mr. Rigoberto Garcia, a CIMAS/UM employee working with AOML's Physical Oceanography Division, joined with partners from Argentina and Brazil on a recent cruise to study the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) at 34.5?S in the South Atlantic during October 4-16, 2014. This cruise, onboard the Argentine research vessel ARA Puerto Deseado, was the ninth joint cruise in support of the NOAA-funded Southwest Atlantic MOC (“SAM”) project since the beginning of the project in March 2009. Participants in the cruise included researchers from the Universidade de Buenos Aires (UBA), the Servicio de Hidrografía Naval (SHN), the Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP), the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), and the Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), as well as NOAA-AOML. Full story>>


New SEAS XBT Data Recorder and Iridium modem dual GPS combo tested in the AX10 XBT transect

The SEAS XBT Data Recorder component of the AMVERSEAS version 9.2 and the new Iridium modem dual GPS combo were installed and successfully tested on the Horizon Navigator during the August 2014 AX10. A total of 120 XBT's were deployed and transmitted in real-time using the new setup. Meteorological observations and AMVER reports were also transmitted. Full story>>


Panel Discussion on the Future of Fort Lauderdale

Dr. Renellys Perez, a CIMAS scientist working in PhOD, gave a presentation on "Sea Level Rise" during a panel discussion on "The Future of Fort Lauderdale: Protecting our Paradise against Rising Seas and Stronger Storms" to foster discussion on the impact of sea-level rise on the Ft. Lauderdale coastal community. Full story>>


Two Underwater Gliders Successfully Deployed off Puerto Rico

Two underwater gliders have been successfully deployed off Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea and in the North Atlantic Ocean during the week of July 14, 2014. These new observational platforms are part of the multi-institutional "Sustained and Targeted Ocean Observations with Underwater Gliders" Project, which is lead by AOML. Full story>>


New OceanWatch node at NOAA/AOML

AOML will host one of the two nodes of the NESDIS OceanWatch Program. The overall goal of OceanWatch is to provide integrated data and tools to scientists to better understand the physical, biological, and chemical processes in the oceans. Full story>>


AOML conducts sea trial of new underwater glider

AOML researchers met with partners from NOAA's National Data Buoy Center, the University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez, and ANAMAR in the Dominican Republic on March 25-26 to plan for how they will deploy, pilot, recover, refurbish, and store the underwater gliders. During the second day of the meeting, participants conducted an at-sea test to train for how to deploy and recover the underwater gliders. Full story>>


PhOD hosts the Mandatory Ship Reporting System

The Mandatory Ship Reporting System aims to reduce the risk of ship strikes with northern right whales, and it requires all commercial vessels heavier than 300 gross tons to report to the Coast Guard upon entering two designated areas along the east coast of United States. Reporting ships receive an automated response containing instructions on how to reduce the risk of collisions. The new MSR v2.0, which is fully developed and maintained by PhOD personnel, started its operations on April 1, 2014. Full story>>


Silvia Garzoli receives the NOAA Distinguished Career Award

Dr. Silvia Garzoli is an internationally respected member of the physical oceanographic community whose research brings credit to NOAA and AOML. She continues to be an outstanding member of the NOAA science team and for her past federal service has been awarded the NOAA FY13 Distinguished Career Award. Full story>>


New Gliders Project at AOML

PhOD will lead a multi-institutional project geared towards improving seasonal forecasts of Atlantic tropical cyclones and tropical cyclone intensification using gliders. Full story>>


New Gliders Project at AOML

PhOD will lead a multi-institutional project geared towards improving seasonal forecasts of Atlantic tropical cyclones and tropical cyclone intensification using gliders. Full story>>


PhOD Researchers on the PIRATA Northeast Extension cruise

Researchers from the Physical Oceanography Division of AOML participated in a tropical Atlantic cruise beginning in November to collect oceanographic and atmospheric data and service five surface moorings, in support of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA) Northeast Extension project (PNE). Full story>>


PhOD hosts XBT Science Team web page

The XBT Science Team web page was created to provide easy access to eXpendable BathyThermographs (XBTs) data, XBT-derived products, and other XBT-related scientific and operational information; and to also bring together scientists to highlight the uses of XBT data including upper ocean thermal structure and variability, and ocean current transport. Full story>>


New AMVERSEAS 9.1 tested in the NOAA vessel Gordon Gunter

Two meteorological components of the new AMVERSEAS 9.1 were installed and sucessfully tested on the NOAA fleet vessel Gordon Gunter. This was the first AMVERSEAS 9.1 test in a shipboard environment performed by volunteer observers. Full story>>


Two Summer Interns at PhOD

Mr. Dillon Amaya and Ms. Alexandra Ramos have recently started a two-month summer internship at PhOD. During this period, they will be advised by scientists at PhOD in Ocean-Climate studies. Full story>>


PhOD Employees at the South Florida Federal Executive Board's Employee of the Year

Two PhOD employees have been recognized by the South Florida Federal Executive Board Employee of the Year Award. Mr. Andrew Stefanick has been nominated in the Professional and Technology/IT categories, and Dr. Chunzai Wang has been nominated and won the Scientific Category. Full story>>


Adopt a Drifter Program on the Weather Channel

In celebration of Earth Day, three students from the Key Biscayne K-8 Center, Key Biscayne, FL deployed a NOAA drifter on April 27 as part of the Adopt-A-Drifter Program, in partnership with students from the International Preparatory School in Santiago, Chile. The three Florida students were top winners in a competition to describe the significance of the ocean in their lives. As part of this event, Rick Lumpkin was interviewed on the Weather Channel where he described NOAA's Global Drifter Program and the Adopt-A-Drifter outreach effort. Full story>>


AOML Tests New Technology for The Collection of Underway Oceanographic Data

Researchers at the Physical Oceanography Division at AOML are testing a new observational platform for measuring the upper ocean thermal and salinity structure. This new observational platform named UCT Depth (UCTD) will enable researchers to collect temperature and salinity profiles of the upper ocean at underway speeds, to depths of up to 500 m. Full story>>


Sucessful Testing of Deep Ocean Monitoring System

A classic conundrum of physical oceanographic and climatic research has been how to measure the deep ocean and record data with instruments on the bottom of the ocean while also getting the data back to land quickly enough to be used in climate analysis and prediction. A deep ocean data retrieval system developed at the Physical Oceanography Division of AOML has been recently tested and once fully operational will allow scientific instruments anchored on the ocean bottom to send their data back via expendable data pods that will release from the ocean floor on a programmable schedule. Full story>>