Dr. Claudia Schmid

Oceanographer


NOAA/AOML/PHOD
4301 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149, USA
Phone: (305) 361-4313
claudia.schmid@noaa.gov


Research Interests

  • Ocean heat storage and atmosphere ocean interactions.
  • Ocean circulation and water masses.
  • Analysis of Lagrangian and Hydrographic observations.
  • Analysis of model results.
  • Ocean observing systems.

Current Work

  • Managing the US Argo Data Assembly Center.
  • Analysis of the mixed-layer budgets in the tropical Atlantic using data from PIRATA, Argo and surface drifters.
  • Analysis if the three-dimensional flow in the South and North Atlantic using data from Argo and AVISO.
  • Member of the Executive Committee of the International Argo Data Management Team.
  • Co-Principal Investigator of the US Argo Project
  • Co-Principal Investigator of the PIRATA Northeast Extension Project
  • Collaborator in the project "Development and Demonstration of a Relocatable Ocean OSSE System: Optimizing Ocean Observations for Hurricane Forecast Improvement and Broader Applications"


Publications

G. C. Johnson, J. Reagan, J. M. Lyman, T. Boyer, C. Schmid, and R. Locarnini (2019): Salinity. in State of the Climate in 2018, Global Oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 100 (9), S77-S80, doi:10.1175/2019BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 [pdf]


Dean Roemmich, Matthew H Alford, Hervé Claustre, Kenneth Johnson, Brian King, James Moum, Peter Oke, W Brechner Owens, Sylvie Pouliquen, Sarah Purkey, Megan Scanderbeg, Toshio Suga, Susan Wijffels, Nathalie Zilberman, Dorothee Bakker, Molly Baringer, Mathieu Belbeoch, Henry C Bittig, Emmanuel Boss, Paulo Calil, Fiona Carse, Thierry Carval, Fei Chai, Diarmuid Conchubhair, Fabrizio d'Ortenzio, Giorgio Dall'Olmo, Damien Desbruyeres, Katja Fennel, Ilker Fer, Raffaele Ferrari, Gael Forget, Howard Freeland, Tetsuichi Fujiki, Marion Gehlen, Blair Greenan, Robert Hallberg, Toshiyuki Hibiya, Shigeki Hosoda, Steven Jayne, Markus Jochum, Gregory C Johnson, Ki-Ryong Kang, Nicolas Kolodziejczyk, Arne Koertzinger, Pierre-Yves Le Traon, Yueng-Djern Lenn, Guillaume Maze, Kjell Arne Mork, Tamaryn Morris, Takeyoshi Nagai, Jonathan Nash, Alberto Naveira Garabato, Are Olsen, Rama Rao Pattabhi, Satya Prakash, Stephen Riser, Catherine Schmechtig, Claudia Schmid, Emily Shroyer, Andreas Sterl, Philip Sutton, Lynne Talley, Toste Tanhua, Virginie Thierry, Sandy Thomalla, John Toole, Ariel Troisi, Thomas W Trull, Jon Turton, Pedro Joaquin Velez-Belchi, Waldemar Walczowski, Haili Wang, Rik Wanninkhof, Amy F Waterhouse, Stephanie Waterman, Andrew Watson, Cara Wilson, Annie PS Wong, Jianping Xu, Ichiro Yasuda (2019): On the future of Argo: A global, full-depth, multi-disciplinary array. Frontiers in Marine Science, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00439 [pdf]


Perez, R. C., G.R. Foltz, R. Lumpkin and C. Schmid, 2019: Direct measurements of upper ocean horizontal velocity and vertical shear in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean at 4N, 23W. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, doi:10.1029/2019JC015064 [pdf]


Foltz, G.R., Brandt, P., Richter, I., Rodrìguez-Fonseca, B., Hernandez, F., Dengler, M., Rodrigues, R.R., Schmidt, J.O., Yu, L., Lefevre, N., Da Cunha, L.C., McPhaden, M.J., de Araujo Filho, M.C., Karstensen, J., Hahn, J., Martin-Rey, M., Patricola, C.M., Poli, P., Zuidema, P., Hummels, R., Perez, R.C., Hatje, V., Luebbecke, J., Polo, I., Lumpkin, R., Bourlès, B., Asuquo, F.E., Lehodey, P., Conchon, A., Chang, P., Dandin, P., Schmid, C., Sutton, A.J., Giordani, H., Xue, Y., Illig, S., Losada, T., Grodsky, S., Gasparin, F., Lee, T., Mohino, E., Nobre, P., Wanninkhof, R., Keenlyside, N.S., Garcon, V., Sànchez-Gòmez, E., Nnamchi, H.C., Drèvillon, M., Storto, A., Remy, E., Lazar, A., Speich, S., Goes, M., Dorrington, T., Johns, W.E., Moum, J.N., Robinson, C., Perruche, C., de Souza, R.B., Gaye, A., Lopez-Parages, J., Monerie, P.-A., Castellanos, M., Benson, N.U., Hounkonnou, M.N., Trotte Duha, J., Laxenaire, R., and Reul, N. 2019: The tropical Atlantic observing system. Frontiers in Marine Science, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00206 [pdf]


Sudip Majumder, Marlos Goes, Paulo S. Polito, Rick Lumpkin, Claudia Schmid and Hosmay Lopez (2019): Propagating modes of variability and their impact on the western boundary current in the South Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124 (5), doi:10.1029/2018JC014812 [pdf]


Marion Kersalá, Renellys C. Perez, Sabrina Speich, Christopher S. Meinen, Tarron Lamont, Matthieu Le Hánaff, Marcel A. van den Berg, Sudip Majumder, Isabelle J. Ansorge, Shenfu Dong, Claudia Schmid, Thierry Terre and Silvia L. Garzoli (2019): Shallow and Deep Eastern Boundary Currents in the South Atlantic at 34.5°S: Mean Structure and Variability. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans,124. 1-26, doi:10.1029/2018JC014554 [pdf]


G. C. Johnson, J. Reagan, J. M. Lyman, T. Boyer, C. Schmid, and R. Locarnini (2018): Salinity. in State of the Climate in 2017, Global Oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 99 (8), S77-S81, doi:10.1175/2018BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 [pdf]


C. Schmid and Majumder, S. (2018): Transport variability of the Brazil Current from observations and a data assimilation model, Ocean Sci., 14, 417-436, doi:10.5194/os-14-417-2018 [pdf]


Majumder, S. and C. Schmid (2018): A Study of the Variability of the Benguela Current. Ocean sciences, 14, 273-283, doi:10.5194/os-14-273-2018 [pdf]


Foltz, G.R., C. Schmid, and R. Lumpkin, 2018: An enhanced PIRATA dataset for tropical Atlantic ocean-atmosphere research. Journal of Climate, 31(4):1499-1524 (doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0816.1). [pdf]


G. C. Johnson, J. Reagan, J. M. Lyman, T. Boyer, C. Schmid, and R. Locarnini (2017): Salinity. in State of the Climate in 2016, Global Oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98 (8), S69 - S71, doi:10.1175/2017BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 [pdf]


Sudip Majumder, C. Schmid, George Halliwell, 2016: An Observations and Model Based Analysis of Meridional Transports in the South Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/2016JC011693 [pdf]


Johnson, G. C., J. Reagan, J. M. Lyman, T. Boyer, C. Schmid, and R. Locarnini (2016): Salinity. in State of the Climate in 2015, Global Oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (8), S70-S74. doi:10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 [pdf]


Foltz, G.R., C. Schmid, and R. Lumpkin (2015): Transport of surface freshwater from the equatorial to the subtropical North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-114-0189.1 [pdf]


Garzoli, S.L., S. Dong, R. Fine, C. Meinen, R.C. Perez, C. Schmid, E. van Sebille, and Q. Yao (2015):. The fate of the Deep Western Boundary Current in the South Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research, Part I., 103, 125-136, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2015.05.008. [pdf]


Tim Boyer, John Antonov, James Reagan, C. Schmid, Ricardo Locarnini (2015): Sub-surface salinity. State of the Climate in 2014, Global Oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95 (7), S74-S76, doi:10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 [pdf]


Tim Boyer, John Antonov, James Reagan, C. Schmid, Ricardo Locarnini (2014): Sub-surface salinity. State of the Climate in 2013, Global Oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95 (7), S62-S65 (S1-S279), doi:10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1 [pdf]


C. Schmid (2014): Mean vertical and horizontal structure of the subtropical circulation in the South Atlantic from three-dimensional observed velocity fields. Deep Sea Research I, 91 (9), 50-71, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2014.04.015. [pdf]


Renellys C. Perez, Verena Hormann, Rick Lumpkin, Peter Brandt, William E. Johns, Fabrice Hernandez, C. Schmid, Bernard Bourlès (2014): Mean meridional currents in the central and eastern equatorial Atlantic. Climate Dynamics, 43, 2943-2962, doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1968-5. [pdf]


Gregory R. Foltz, C. Schmid, and Rick Lumpkin (2013): Seasonal cycle of the mixed layer heat budget in the northeastern tropical Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 26, 8169 - 8188, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00037.1. [pdf]


Tim Boyer, Sydney Levitus, John Antonov, James Reagan, C. Schmid, Ricardo Locarnini (2013): Sub-surface salinity. State of the Climate in 2012, Global Oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94 (8), S60-S62 (S1-S238), doi: 10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1. [pdf]


Foltz, G. R., C. Schmid and R. Lumpkin, 2013: Seasonal cycle of the mixed layer heat budget in the northeastern tropical Atlantic Ocean. J. Climate.


Boyer T., S. Levitus, J. Antonov, J. Reagan, C. Schmid, and R. Locarnini, 2012: State of the Ocean in 2011: Subsurface salinity. Blunden, J., D. S. Arndt (eds.), Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 93(7):S72-S75. [pdf]


Kamenkovich I.V., W. Cheng, C. Schmid and D. Harrison 2011: Effects of eddies on an ocean observing system with profiling floats: Idealized simulations of the Argo array. J. Geophys. Res., 116:C06003, doi:10.1029/2010JC006910. [pdf]


Levitus, S., J. Antonov, T. Boyer, J. Reagan, and C. Schmid, 2011: Global oceans: Subsurface salinity. In "State of the Climate in 2010", J. Blunden, D.S. Arndt, and M.O. Baringer (eds.). Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 92(6):S88-S92 [pdf]


Brandt, P., V. Hormann, A. Kortzinger, M. Visbeck, G. Krahmann, L. Stramma, R. Lumpkin, and C. Schmid, 2010: Changes in the ventilation of the oxygen minimum zone of the tropical North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(8):1784-1801. [pdf]


Pouliquen, C. Schmid, A. Wong, S. Guinehut, M. Belbeoch, and Argo Data Management Team, 2010: Argo Data Management. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306. [pdf]


Testor, P., G. Meyers, C. Pattriaratchi, R. Bachmayer, D. Hayes, S. Pouliquen, L Petit de la Villeon, T. Carval, A. Ganachaud, L. Gourdeau, L. Mortier, H. Claustre, V. Taillandier, P. Lherminier, T. Terre, M. Visbeck, J. Karstensen, G. Krahmann, A. Alvarez, M. Rixen, P-M. Poulain, S. Osterhus, J. Tintore, S. Ruiz, B. Garau, D. Smeed, G. Griffiths, L. Merckelbach, T. Sherwin, C. Schmid, J.A. Barth. O. Schofield, S. Glenn, J. Kohut, M.J. Perry, C. Eriksen, U. Send, R. Davis, D. Rudnick, J. Sherman, C. Jones, D. Webb, C. Lee, and B. Owens, 2010: Gliders as a component of future observing systems. In Proceedings of the "Ocean'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306. [pdf]


Johnson G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, S. Levitus, T. Boyer, J. Antonov, C. Schmid and G. J. Goni, 2009: Ocean Heat Content. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., S49-S54. [pdf]


Roemmich, D., G. C. Johnson, S. Riser, R. Davis, J. Gilson, W.B. Owens, S. Garzoli, C. Schmid, M. Ignaszewski, 2009: The Argo Program: Observing the Global Oceans with Profiling Floats. Oceanography Vol. 22, No. 2, June 2009. Special Issue on the Tenth Anniversary of the National Oceanographic Partnership Program. [pdf]


Schmid, C. and S.L. Garzoli, 2009: Spreading and Variability of the Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Atlantic. J. Mar. Res., 67(6):815-843. [pdf]


C. Schmid, R. L. Molinari, R. Sabina, Y.-H. Daneshzadeh, X. Xia, E. Forteza and H. Yang (2007): The Real-Time Data Management System for Argo Profiling Float Observations, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24(9), 1608-1628 [pdf]


Schmid, C., 2005: On the impact of combining temperature profiles from different instruments on an analysis of mixed layer properties. J. Atmos. Oceanic. Techn., 22(10):1571-1587. [pdf]


Schmid, C., B. Bourlés and Y. Gouriou, 2005: Impact of the deep equatorial jets on the zonal transport in the Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 52(3-4):409-428. [pdf]


Boebel, O., J. R. E. Lutjeharms, C. Schmid, W. Zenk, T. Rossby, and C. Barron, 2003: The Cape Cauldron: A regime of turbulent interocean exchange. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 50(1):57-86. [pdf]


Schmid, C., O. Boebel, W. Zenk, J. R. E. Lutjeharms, S. L. Garzoli, P. L. Richardson, and C. Barron, 2003: Early evolution of an Agulhas Ring. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 50(1):141-166 [pdf]


Schmid, C., Z. D. Garraffo, E. Johns, and S. L. Garzoli, 2003: Pathways and Variability at intermediate depths in the tropical Atlantic. ed. by G. J. Goni and P. Malanotte-Rizzoli. EOS,, 68:233-268. [pdf]


Schmid, C., R.L. Molinari, and S.L. Garzoli, 2001: New observations of the intermediate depth circulation in the tropical Atlantic. J. Mar. Res., 59(2):281-312. [pdf]


Schmid, C., G.W. Siedler, and W. Zenk, 2000: Dynamics of Intermediate Water Circulation in the Subtropical South Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30:3191-3211. [pdf]


Boebel, O., C. Schmid,and W. Zenk, 1999: Kinematic elements of Antarctic Intermediate Water in the western South Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 46(1-2):355-392. [pdf]


Boebel O., C. Schmid, G. Podesta, and W. Zenk, 1999: Intermediate water in the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence Zone: A Lagrangian view. J. Geophys. Res., 104(C9):21,063-21,082 [pdf]


Boebel, O., R.E. Davis, M. Ollitrault, R.G. Peterson, P.L. Richardson, C. Schmid, and W. Zenk, 1999: The intermediate depth circulation of the Western South Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(21):3329-3332. [pdf]


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