Dr. Claudia Schmid


4301 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149, USA
Phone: (305) 361-4313

Research Interests

  • Ocean heat storage and atmosphere ocean interactions.
  • Ocean circulation and water masses.
  • Analysis of Lagrangian and Hydrographic observations.
  • Analysis of model results.
  • Ocean observing systems.

Current Work

  • Managing the US Argo Data Assembly Center.
  • Analysis of the mixed-layer budgets in the tropical Atlantic using data from PIRATA, Argo and surface drifters.
  • Analysis if the three-dimensional flow in the South and North Atlantic using data from Argo and AVISO.
  • Member of the Executive Committee of the International Argo Data Management Team.
  • Co-Principal Investigator of the US Argo Project
  • Co-Principal Investigator of the PIRATA Northeast Extension Project
  • Collaborator in the project "Development and Demonstration of a Relocatable Ocean OSSE System: Optimizing Ocean Observations for Hurricane Forecast Improvement and Broader Applications"


Boyer T., S. Levitus, J. Antonov, J.Reagan, C. Schmid, R. Locarnini 2013: Sub-surface salinity. State of the Climate in 2012, Global Oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, in press.

Foltz, G. R., C. Schmid and R. Lumpkin, 2013: Seasonal cycle of the mixed layer heat budget in the northeastern tropical Atlantic Ocean. J. Climate, in press.

Boyer T., S. Levitus, J. Antonov, J. Reagan, C. Schmid, and R. Locarnini, 2012: State of the Ocean in 2011: Subsurface salinity. Blunden, J., D. S. Arndt (eds.), Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 93(7):S72-S75. [pdf]

Kamenkovich I.V., W. Cheng, C. Schmid and D. Harrison 2011: Effects of eddies on an ocean observing system with profiling floats: Idealized simulations of the Argo array. J. Geophys. Res., 116:C06003, doi:10.1029/2010JC006910. [pdf]

Levitus, S., J. Antonov, T. Boyer, J. Reagan, and C. Schmid, 2011: Global oceans: Subsurface salinity. In "State of the Climate in 2010", J. Blunden, D.S. Arndt, and M.O. Baringer (eds.). Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 92(6):S88-S92 [pdf]

Brandt, P., V. Hormann, A. Kortzinger, M. Visbeck, G. Krahmann, L. Stramma, R. Lumpkin, and C. Schmid, 2010: Changes in the ventilation of the oxygen minimum zone of the tropical North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(8):1784-1801. [pdf]

Pouliquen, C. Schmid, A. Wong, S. Guinehut, M. Belbeoch, and Argo Data Management Team, 2010: Argo Data Management. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306. [pdf]

Testor, P., G. Meyers, C. Pattriaratchi, R. Bachmayer, D. Hayes, S. Pouliquen, L Petit de la Villeon, T. Carval, A. Ganachaud, L. Gourdeau, L. Mortier, H. Claustre, V. Taillandier, P. Lherminier, T. Terre, M. Visbeck, J. Karstensen, G. Krahmann, A. Alvarez, M. Rixen, P-M. Poulain, S. Osterhus, J. Tintore, S. Ruiz, B. Garau, D. Smeed, G. Griffiths, L. Merckelbach, T. Sherwin, C. Schmid, J.A. Barth. O. Schofield, S. Glenn, J. Kohut, M.J. Perry, C. Eriksen, U. Send, R. Davis, D. Rudnick, J. Sherman, C. Jones, D. Webb, C. Lee, and B. Owens, 2010: Gliders as a component of future observing systems. In Proceedings of the "Ocean'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306. [pdf]

Johnson G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, S. Levitus, T. Boyer, J. Antonov, C. Schmid and G. J. Goni, 2009: Ocean Heat Content. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., S49-S54. [pdf]

Roemmich, D., G. C. Johnson, S. Riser, R. Davis, J. Gilson, W.B. Owens, S. Garzoli, C. Schmid, M. Ignaszewski, 2009: The Argo Program: Observing the Global Oceans with Profiling Floats. Oceanography Vol. 22, No. 2, June 2009. Special Issue on the Tenth Anniversary of the National Oceanographic Partnership Program. [pdf]

Schmid, C. and S.L. Garzoli, 2009: Spreading and Variability of the Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Atlantic. J. Mar. Res., 67(6):815-843. [pdf]

Schmid, C., 2005: On the impact of combining temperature profiles from different instruments on an analysis of mixed layer properties. J. Atmos. Oceanic. Techn., 22(10):1571-1587. [pdf]

Schmid, C., B. Bourlés and Y. Gouriou, 2005: Impact of the deep equatorial jets on the zonal transport in the Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 52(3-4):409-428. [pdf]

Boebel, O., J. R. E. Lutjeharms, C. Schmid, W. Zenk, T. Rossby, and C. Barron, 2003: The Cape Cauldron: A regime of turbulent interocean exchange. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 50(1):57-86. [pdf]

Schmid, C., O. Boebel, W. Zenk, J. R. E. Lutjeharms, S. L. Garzoli, P. L. Richardson, and C. Barron, 2003: Early evolution of an Agulhas Ring. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 50(1):141-166 [pdf]

Schmid, C., Z. D. Garraffo, E. Johns, and S. L. Garzoli, 2003: Pathways and Variability at intermediate depths in the tropical Atlantic. ed. by G. J. Goni and P. Malanotte-Rizzoli. EOS,, 68:233-268. [pdf]

Schmid, C., R.L. Molinari, and S.L. Garzoli, 2001: New observations of the intermediate depth circulation in the tropical Atlantic. J. Mar. Res., 59(2):281-312. [pdf]

Schmid, C., G.W. Siedler, and W. Zenk, 2000: Dynamics of Intermediate Water Circulation in the Subtropical South Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30:3191-3211. [pdf]

Boebel, O., C. Schmid,and W. Zenk, 1999: Kinematic elements of Antarctic Intermediate Water in the western South Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 46(1-2):355-392. [pdf]

Boebel O., C. Schmid, G. Podesta, and W. Zenk, 1999: Intermediate water in the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence Zone: A Lagrangian view. J. Geophys. Res., 104(C9):21,063-21,082 [pdf]

Boebel, O., R.E. Davis, M. Ollitrault, R.G. Peterson, P.L. Richardson, C. Schmid, and W. Zenk, 1999: The intermediate depth circulation of the Western South Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(21):3329-3332. [pdf]