Dr. Shenfu Dong


4301 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149, USA
Phone: (305) 361-4372

Research Interests

  • Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, in particular its characteristics in the South Atlantic.
  • Water mass formation/subduction and its climate impact.
  • Satellite oceanography from altimeter, microwave SST, etc.
  • Upper ocean salinity processes.
  • Frontal variability and dynamics in the Atlantic and Southern Ocean.

Current Work

  • Dynamics of Eighteen Degree Water from CLIMODE Observations and its Climate Implications. (NSF, funded)
  • Assessing the Sensitivity of Northward Heat Transport/Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation to Forcing in Existing Numerical Model Simulations. (NOAA/CPO, funded)
  • Monitoring South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation


  • Domingues, R., G. Goni, S. Swart, and S. Dong, 2014: Wind forced variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa between 1993-2010. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JC008908.

  • Baringer, M. O., W. E. Johns, G. McCarthy, J. Willis, S. Garzoli, M. Lankhorst, C. S. Meinen, U. Send, W. R. Hobbs, S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, D. A. Smeed, T. O. Kanzow, P. Heimbach, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Macdonald, S. Dong and J. Marotzke, 2013. Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heat Transport Observations in the Atlantic Ocean. [Global Oceans] Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heat Transport Observations in the Atlantic Ocean [in State of the Climate in 2011], Bull. Am. Met. Soc.,94 (8) S65-68.

  • Dong, S., and K. A. Kelly, 2013: How Well Do Climate Models Reproduce North Atlantic Subtropical Mode Water?J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43 , 2230 - 2244. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-12-0215.1.

  • Goes, M., G. Goni, S. Dong, 2013: An optimal XBT-based monitoring system for the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 34S, submitted to J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech.

  • Meinen, C, S ., S. Speich, R. C. Perez , S. Dong , A. R. Piola, S. L. Garzoli , M. O. Baringer , S. Gladyshev, and E. J. D. Campos, 2013: Temporal variability of the Meridional Overturning Circulation at 34.5S: Results from two pilot boundary arrays in the South Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 118, 6461-6478, doi:10.1002/2013JC009228.

  • Dong, S., and K. A. Kelly, 2013: How Well Do Climate Models Reproduce North Atlantic Subtropical Mode Water? J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43 , 2230 - 2244. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-12-0215.1.

  • Kelly, K.A., and S. Dong, 2013: The Contributions of atmosphere and ocean to North Atlantic Subtropical Mode Water volume anomalies. Deep-Sea Res., 91:111-127(doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013,02. 020). [pdf]

  • Garzoli, S.,M.O. Baringer, S. Dong, R. Perez, and Q. Yao, 2012: South Atlantic meridional fluxes. Deep-Sea Res., Part I, 71:21-32, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2012.09.003. [pdf]

  • Wang, C., S. Dong, A. T. Evan, G.R. Foltz, and S.-K. Lee, 2012: Multidecadal covariability of North Atlantic sea surface temperature, African dust, Sahel rainfall and Atlantic hurricanes. J. Clim., 25:5404-5415, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00413.1. [pdf]

  • Dong, S., M. Baringer, G. Goni, and S. Garzoli, 2011: Importance of the assimilation of Argo Float Measurements on the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the South Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L18603, doi:10.1029/2011GL048982. [pdf]

  • Dong, S., S.L. Garzoli, and M.O. Baringer, 2011: The role of inter-ocean exchanges on decadal variations of the northward heat transport in the South Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 41(8):1498-1511. [pdf]

  • Dong, S., S. T. Gille, J. Sprintall, and E. J. Fetzer (2010): Assessing the potential of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) surface temperature and specific humidity in turbulent heat flux estimates in the Southern Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C05013, doi:10.1029/2009JC005542. [pdf]

  • Wang, C., and S. Dong, 2010: Is the basin-wide warming in the North Atlantic Ocean related to atmospheric carbon dioxide and global warming? Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L08707, doi:10.1029/2010GL042743. [pdf]

  • Wang, C., S. Dong, and E. Munoz, 2010: Seawater density variations in the North Atlantic and the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Clim. Dynam., 34:953-968, doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0560-5 [pdf]

  • Dong, S. S. L. Garzoli, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, and G. J. Goni, 2009: Interannual variations in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and its relationship with the net northward heat transport in the South Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L20606, doi:10.1029/2009GL039356. [pdf]

  • Dong, S., S. L. Garzoli, and M. O. Baringer, 2009: An Assessment of the Seasonal Mixed-Layer Salinity Budget in the Southern Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 114, C12001, doi:10.1029/2008JC005258. [pdf]

  • Wang, C.,Z. Song, F. Qiao, and S. Dong, 2009: What signals are removed and retained by using an anomaly field in climatic research? Int. J. Oceanogr., 2009, Article ID 329754, 7 pages, doi:10.1155/2009/329754. [pdf]

  • Xu, Y., J. Li, and S. Dong, 2009: Ocean circulation from altimetry: Progress and challenges. In Ocean Circulation and El Nino: New Research, J.A. Long and D.S. Wells (ed.). Nova Science Publishers, New York, Inc. 291pp. [pdf](/li>

  • Dong, S., J. Sprintall, S.T. Gille, and L. Talley, 2008: Southern Ocean mixed-layer depth from Argo float profiles. J. Geophys. Res., 113(C6):C06013, doi:10.1029/2006JC004051. [pdf]

  • Dong, S., S.L. Hautala, and K.A. Kelly, 2007: Interannual variations in upper-ocean heat content and heat transport convergence in the western North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37(11):2682-2697. [pdf]

  • Dong, S., S.T. Gille, and J. Sprintall, 2007: An assessment of the Southern Ocean mixed layer heat budget. J. Clim., 20(17):4425-4442. [pdf]

  • Dong, S., J. Sprintall, and S. T. Gille, 2006. Location of the Polar Front from AMSR-E Satellite sea surface temperature measurements. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 36:2075-2089.

  • Dong, S., S. T. Gille, J. Sprintall, and C. L. Gentemann, 2006. Validation of the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for the Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) sea surface temperature in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111:C04002, doi:10.1029/2005JC002934.

  • Kelly, K. A., and S. Dong, 2004. The Relationship of Western Boundary Current Heat Transport and Storage to Mid-Latitude Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, in . Earth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, edited by C. Wang, S.-P. Xie, and J. A. Carton, pp. 347-363, American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 147.

  • Dong S., and K. A. Kelly, 2004. Heat budget in the Gulf Stream region: the importance of heat storage and advection. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 34:1214-1231.

  • Dong S., and K. A. Kelly, 2003. Annual and interannual variations in geostrophic velocity in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(c6), doi:10.1029/2002JC001357, 3172-3180.

  • Frankignoul C., G. D. Coetlogon, T. M. Joyce, and S. Dong, 2001. Gulf Stream variability and ocean -atmosphere interaction. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31:3516-3529.

  • Du, Y., H. Lu, S. Dong, and T. Ling, 1999. Observation and fuzzy mathematics analysis of the skin-bulk temperature difference in the coastal area of Qingdao. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 30(1):81-87.