Western Boundary Time Series

Florida Current Transport Time Series and Cruises

Recent scientific papers using the Florida Current cable and section data:

  • McDonagh, E.L., King, B.A., Bryden, H.L., Courtois P., Szuts, Z., Baringer, M.O., Cunningham, S.A., Atkinson C., McCarthy G.D.: Continuous Estimate of Atlantic Oceanic Freshwater Flux at 26.5N, Journal of Climate, Vol. 28, No. 22, November 2015: 8888-8906. doi:
  • Park, J. and Sweet, W.: Accelerated sea level rise and Florida Current transport, Ocean Sci., 11, 607-615, doi:10.5194/os-11-607-2015, 2015.
  • McCarthy, G.D., Smeed, D.A., Johns, W.E., Frajka-Williams, E., Moat, B.I., Rayner, D., Baringer, M.O., C.S. Meinen, Collins, J., Bryden, H.L.: Measuring the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26N, Progress in Oceanography, Vol. 130, January 2015: 91-111.
  • Duchez, A., J. J.-M. Hirschi, S. A. Cunningham, A. T. Blaker, H. L. Bryden, B. de Cuevas, C. P. Atkinson, G. D. McCarthy, E. Frajka-Williams, D. Rayner, D. Smeed, and M. S. Mizielinski: A New Index for the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26N, Journal of Climate, Vol. 27, No. 17, September 2014: 6439-6455.
  • Zhao, Jian, William Johns, 2014: Wind-Driven Seasonal Cycle of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 1541-1562. doi: , 2014.
  • Garcia, R.F., and C.S. Meinen: Accuracy of Florida Current volume transport measurements at 27N using multiple observational techniques. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31, 1169-1180. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00148.1, 2014.
  • Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G. D., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S. , Baringer, M. O., Moat, B. I., Duchez, A., and Bryden, H. L.: Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004-2012, Ocean Sci., 10, 29-38, doi:10.5194/os-10-29-2014, 2014.
  • Rousset, C., and L. M. Beal: Closing the transport budget of the Florida Straits, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL059498, 2014.
  • Mildner, T. C., C. Eden, and L. Czeschel: Revisiting the relationship between Loop Current rings and Florida Current transport variability, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 6648-6657, doi:10.1002/2013JC009109, 2013.
  • Ezer, T.: Sea level rise, spatially uneven and temporally unsteady: Why the U.S. East Coast, the global tide gauge record, and the global altimeter data show different trends, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 40, 5439-5444, doi:10.1002/2013GL057952, 2013.
  • Frajka-Williams, E., W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, L. M. Beal, and S. A. Cunningham: Eddy impacts on the Florida Current, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 40, 349-353, doi:10.1002/grl.50115, 2013.
  • Ezer, T., L. P. Atkinson, W. B. Corlett and J. L. Blanco: Gulf Stream's induced sea level rise and variability along the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/jgrc.20091, 2013.
  • Czeschel, L., C. Eden, and R. Greatbatch: On the driving mechanism of the annual cycle of the Florida Current transport. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42(5), 824-839, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-11-0109.1, 2012.
  • Longworth, H.R., H.L. Bryden, and M.O. Baringer: Historical variability in Atlantic meridional baroclinic transport at 26.5N from boundary dynamic height observations. Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 58(17-18):1754-1767, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.057, 2011.
  • Atkinson, C. P., Bryden, H. L., Hirschi, J. J-M., and Kanzow, T.: On the seasonal cycles and variability of Florida Straits, Ekman and Sverdrup transports at 26N in the Atlantic Ocean, Ocean Sci., 6, 837-859, doi:10.5194/os-6-837-2010, 2010.
  • Meinen, C. S., M.O. Baringer, and R. F. Garcia, "Florida Current Transport Variability: An Analysis of Annual and Longer-Period Signals", Deep Sea Research I, 57, 835-846, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.04.001, 2010.
  • Baehr, J., "Influence of the 26N RAPID-MOCHA Array and Florida Current Cable Observations on the ECCO-GODAE State Estimate", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(5), 865-879, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4118.1, 2010.
  • Sturges, W., Hoffmann, N. G., Leben, R. R., "A Trigger Mechanism for Loop Current Ring Separations", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(5), 900-913, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4245.1, 2010.
  • Kanzow, T., S. A. Cunningham, W. E. Johns, J. J-M. Hirschi, J. Marotzke, M.O. Baringer, C.S. Meinen, M. P. Chidichimo, C. Atkinson, L. M. Beal, H. L. Bryden, and J. Collins, "Seasonal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N", J. Clim., doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3389.1, 2010.
  • Kanzow, T., H. L. Johnsons, D. P. Marshall, S.A. Cunningham, J. J-M. Hirschi, A. Mujahid, H. L. Bryden, and W. E. Johns, "Basinwide Integrated Volume Transports in an Eddy-Filled Ocean", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(12), 3091-3110, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4185.1, 2009.
  • DiNezio, P. N., L. J. Gramer, W. E. Johns, C.S. Meinen, and M.O. Baringer, "Observed Interannual Variability of the Florida Current: Wind Forcing and the North Atlantic Oscillation", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(3), 721-736, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO4001.1, 2009.
  • Peng, G., Z. Garra, G. R. Halliwell, O. M. Smedstad, C.S. Meinen, V. Kourafalou, and P. Hogan, "Temporal variability of the Florida Current transport at 27N", in "Ocean Circulation and El Nino: New Research", J.A. Long and D.S. Wells (ed.), Nova Science Publishers, New York, 119-137, 2009.
  • Beal, L. M., J. M. Hummon, E. Williams, O. B. Brown, W. Baringer, and E. J. Kearns, "Five years of Florida Current structure and transport from the Royal Caribbean Cruise Ship Explorer of the Seas", J. Geophys. Res., 113, C06001, doi:10.1029/2007JC004154, 2008.
  • Kanzow T., J. J-M. Hirschi, C.S. Meinen, D. Rayner, S. A. Cunningham, J. Marotzke, W. E. Johns, H. L. Bryden, L. M. Beal, and M.O. Baringer, "A prototype system for observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation - scientific basis, measurement and risk mitigation strategies, and first results", Journal of Operational Oceanography, 1 (1), 19-28, 2008.
  • Cunningham, S. A., T. Kanzow, D. Rayner, M.O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, J. Marotzke, H. R. Longworth, E. M. Grant, J. J-M. Hirschi, L. M. Beal, C.S. Meinen, and H. L. Bryden, "Temporal Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5N", Science, 317, 935. DOI: 10.1126/science.1141304, 2007.
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  • Kanzow, T., S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, J. J-M. Hirschi, W. E. Johns, M.O. Baringer, H. L. Bryden, L. M. Beal, C.S. Meinen, and J. Marotzke, "Observed flow compensation associated with the Meridional Overturning at 26.5N in the Atlantic", Science,317, 938. DOI: 10.1126/science.1141293, 2007.
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  • Mourre, B., L. Crosnier, and C. Le Provost, "Real-time sea level gauge observations and operational oceanography", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 364(1841), 867-884, 2006.
  • Mooers, C.N.K., C.S. Meinen, M.O. Baringer, I. Bang, R. Rhodes, C.N. Barron, and F. Bub, " Cross-Validation of Ocean Prediction and Monitoring Systems", EOS, 86(29), 269,272-273, 2005.
  • Shoosmith D. R., M.O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, "A continuous record of Florida Current temperature transport at 27N", Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L23603,,DOI:10.1029/2005GL024075, 2005.
  • Baringer, M.O. and J.C. Larsen, "Sixteen Years of Florida Current Transport at 27N". Geophysical Research Letters, 28(16), 3,179-3,182, 2001.
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Suggested Reading:

To learn more about the use of electromagnetic fields and cables for monitoring ocean currents, and the history of cable work near Florida, we suggest looking at the following papers