Western Boundary Time Series

Reports and Publications



  • Ezer, T., L. P. Atkinson, W. B. Corlett and J. L. Blanco: Gulf Stream's induced sea level rise and variability along the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/jgrc.20091, 2013


  • Baringer, M. O., S. A. Cunningham, C. S. Meinen, S. Garzoli1, J. Willis, M. Lankhorst, A. Macdonald, U. Send, W. R. Hobbs, E. Frajka-Williams, T. O. Kanzow, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, and J. Marotzke, 2012. [Global Oceans] Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heat Transport Observations in the Atlantic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2011"], Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 93 (7), S78-81.
  • Blaker, A. T., J. J. M. Hirschi, B. Sinha, B. de Cuevas, S. Alderson, A. Coward, and G. Madec, 2012: Large near-inertial oscillations of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Ocean Modelling, 42.
  • Callies, J., and J. Marotzke, 2012: A simple and self-consistent geostrophic-force-balance model of the thermohaline circulation with boundary mixing. Ocean Science, 8.
  • Czeschel, L., C. Eden, and R. J. Greatbatch, 2012: On the Driving Mechanism of the Annual Cycle of the Florida Current Transport. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42.
  • Danabasoglu, G., S. G. Yeager, Y.-O. Kwon, J. J. Tribbia, A. S. Phillips, and J. W. Hurrell, 2012a: Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in CCSM4. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Danabasoglu, G., and Coauthors, 2012b: The CCSM4 Ocean Component. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Delworth, T. L., and Coauthors, 2012: Simulated Climate and Climate Change in the GFDL CM2.5 High-Resolution Coupled Climate Model. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Duerr, A. E. S., and M. R. Dhanak, 2012: An Assessment of the Hydrokinetic Energy Resource of the Florida Current. Ieee Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 37.
  • Garzoli, S.L., M.O. Baringer, S. Dong, R.C. Perez, and Q. Yao (2012). South Atlantic meridional fluxes. Deep-Sea Res. II, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2012.09.003
  • Gastineau, G., and C. Frankignoul, 2012: Cold-season atmospheric response to the natural variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Climate Dynamics, 39.
  • Govin, A., and Coauthors, 2012: Persistent influence of ice sheet melting on high northern latitude climate during the early Last Interglacial. Climate of the Past, 8.
  • Grist, J. P., S. A. Josey, and R. Marsh, 2012: Surface estimates of the Atlantic overturning in density space in an eddy-permitting ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
  • Haertel, P., and A. Fedorov, 2012: The Ventilated Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42.
  • Haines, K., M. Valdivieso, H. Zuo, and V. N. Stepanov, 2012: Transports and budgets in a 1/4 A degrees global ocean reanalysis 1989-2010. Ocean Science, 8.
  • Hobbs, W. R., and J. K. Willis, 2012: Midlatitude North Atlantic heat transport: A time series based on satellite and drifter data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
  • Huang, B., Y. Xue, A. Kumar, and D. W. Behringer, 2012a: AMOC variations in 1979-2008 simulated by NCEP operational ocean data assimilation system. Climate Dynamics, 38.
  • Huang, B., Z.-Z. Hu, E. K. Schneider, Z. Wu, Y. Xue, and B. Klinger, 2012b: Influences of tropical-extratropical interaction on the multidecadal AMOC variability in the NCEP climate forecast system. Climate Dynamics, 39.
  • Iwi, A. M., L. Hermanson, K. Haines, and R. T. Sutton, 2012: Mechanisms Linking Volcanic Aerosols to the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Jackson, L. C., M. Vellinga, and G. R. Harris, 2012: The sensitivity of the meridional overturning circulation to modelling uncertainty in a perturbed physics ensemble without flux adjustment. Climate Dynamics, 39.
  • Koehl, A., F. Siegismund, and D. Stammer, 2012: Impact of assimilating bottom pressure anomalies from GRACE on ocean circulation estimates. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
  • Koenigk, T., C. K. Beatty, M. Caian, R. Doscher, and K. Wyser, 2012: Potential decadal predictability and its sensitivity to sea ice albedo parameterization in a global coupled model. Climate Dynamics, 38.
  • Kourafalou, V. H., and H. Kang, 2012: Florida Current meandering and evolution of cyclonic eddies along the Florida Keys Reef Tract: Are they interconnected? Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
  • Kroeger, J., W. A. Mueller, and J.-S. von Storch, 2012: Impact of different ocean reanalyses on decadal climate prediction. Climate Dynamics, 39.
  • Kwon, Y.-O., and C. Frankignoul, 2012: Stochastically-driven multidecadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in CCSM3. Climate Dynamics, 38.
  • Lin, Y., J. Sheng, and R. J. Greatbatch, 2012: A numerical study of the circulation and monthly-to-seasonal variability in the Caribbean Sea: the role of Caribbean eddies. Ocean Dynamics, 62.
  • Lozier, M. S., 2012: Overturning in the North Atlantic. Annual Review of Marine Science, Vol 4, C. A. Carlson, and S. J. Giovannoni, Eds.
  • Mata, Mauricio M., Mauro Cirano, Mathias R. van Caspel, Caio S. Fonteles, Gustavo Goni and Molly Baringer, 2012. Observations of Brazil Current baroclinic transport near 22?S: variability from the AX97 XBT transect. Clivar Exchanges, 58, 17, 1, 5-10.
  • Matei, D., J. Baehr, J. H. Jungclaus, H. Haak, W. A. Mueller, and J. Marotzke, 2012: Multiyear Prediction of Monthly Mean Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5 degrees N. Science, 335.
  • McCarthy, G., E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, H. L. Bryden, D. Rayner, A. Duchez, C. Roberts, and S. A. Cunningham, 2012. Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L19609, 12 October 2012, doi:10.1029/2012GL052933, 2012.
  • Medhaug, I., H. R. Langehaug, T. Eldevik, T. Furevik, and M. Bentsen, 2012: Mechanisms for decadal scale variability in a simulated Aulanlic meridional overturning circulation. Climate Dynamics, 39.
  • Meehl, G. A., and Coauthors, 2012: Climate System Response to External Forcings and Climate Change Projections in CCSM4. Journal of Culmali, 25.
  • Menary, M. B., W. Park, K. Lohmann, M. Vellinga, M. D. Palmer, M. Latif, and J. H. Jungclaus, 2012: A multimodel comparison of centennial Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variability. Climate Dynamics, 38.
  • Miettinen, A., D. Divine, N. Koc, F. Godtliebsen, and I. R. Hall, 2012: Multicentennial Variability of the Sea Surface Temperature Gradient across the Subpolar North Atlantic over the Last 2.8 kyr. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Mulet, S., M. H. Rio, A. Mignot, S. Guinehut, and R. Morrow, 2012: A new estimate of the global 3D geostrophic ocean circulation based on satellite data and in-situ measurements. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 77-80, 70-81.
  • Myers, P. G., and N. Kulan, 2012: Changes in the Deep Western Boundary Current at 53 degrees N. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42.
  • Nunez-Riboni, I., M. Bersch, H. Haak, J. H. Jungclaus, and K. Lohmann, 2012: A multi-decadal meridional displacement of the Subpolar Front in the Newfoundland Basin. Ocean Science, 8.
  • Piecuch, C. G., and R. M. Ponte, 2012: Importance of Circulation Changes to Atlantic Heat Storage Rates on Seasonal and Interannual Time Scales. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Purkey, S. G., and G. C. Johnson, 2012: Global Contraction of Antarctic Bottom Water between the 1980s and 2000s. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Rasmussen, T. L., and E. Thomsen, 2012: Changes in planktic foraminiferal faunas, temperature and salinity in the Gulf Stream during the last 30,000 years: influence of meltwater via the Mississippi River. Quaternary Science Reviews, 33.
  • Robson, J., R. Sutton, K. Lohmann, D. Smith, and M. D. Palmer, 2012: Causes of the Rapid Warming of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Mid-1990s. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Russell, L. M., and Coauthors, 2012: Ecosystem Impacts of Geoengineering: A Review for Developing a Science Plan. Ambio, 41.
  • Sakamoto, T. T., and Coauthors, 2012: MIROC4h-A New High-Resolution Atmosphere-Ocean Coupled General Circulation Model. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 90.
  • San Antolin Plaza, M. A., J. L. Pelegri, F. Jose Machin, and V. Benitez Barrios, 2012: Inter-decadal changes in stratification and double diffusion in a transatlantic section along 7.5 degrees N. Scientia Marina, 76.
  • Shields, C. A., D. A. Bailey, G. Danabasoglu, M. Jochum, J. T. Kiehl, S. Levis, and S. Park, 2012: The Low-Resolution CCSM4. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Sinha, B., and Coauthors, 2012: Mountain ranges favour vigorous Atlantic meridional overturning. Geophysical Research Letters, 39.
  • Szuts, Z. B., 2012: Using motionally-induced electric signals to indirectly measure ocean velocity: Instrumental and theoretical developments. Progress in Oceanography, 96.
  • Szuts, Z. B., J. R. Blundell, M. P. Chidichimo, and J. Marotzke, 2012: A vertical-mode decomposition to investigate low-frequency internal motion across the Atlantic at 26A degrees N. Ocean Science, 8.
  • Srokosz, M., M. Baringer, H. Bryden, S. Cunningham, T. Delworth, S. Lozier, J. Marotzke snd R. Sutton, 2012. Past, present and future change in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00151.1.
  • Thomas, M. D., A. M. de Boer, D. P. Stevens, and H. L. Johnson, 2012: Upper ocean manifestations of a reducing meridional overturning circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, 5.
  • Tracey, K. L., D. R. Watts, K. A. Donohue, and H. Ichikawa, 2012: Propagation of Kuroshio Extension Meanders between 143 degrees and 149 degrees E. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42.
  • Treguier, A. M., J. Deshayes, C. Lique, R. Dussin, and J. M. Molines, 2012: Eddy contributions to the meridional transport of salt in the North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
  • Tulloch, R., and J. Marshall, 2012: Exploring Mechanisms of Variability and Predictability of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in Two Coupled Climate Models. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • van Aken, H. M., and M. F. de Jong, 2012: Hydrographic variability of Denmark Strait Overflow Water near Cape Farewell with multi-decadal to weekly time scales. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 66.
  • van Sebille, E., W. E. Johns, and L. M. Beal, 2012: Does the vorticity flux from Agulhas rings control the zonal pathway of NADW across the South Atlantic? Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
  • Weijer, W., M. E. Maltrud, M. W. Hecht, H. A. Dijkstra, and M. A. Kliphuis, 2012: Response of the Atlantic Ocean circulation to Greenland Ice Sheet melting in a strongly-eddying ocean model. Geophysical Research Letters, 39.
  • Weller, R. A., S. P. Bigorre, J. Lord, J. D. Ware, and J. B. Edson, 2012: A Surface Mooring for Air-Sea Interaction Research in the Gulf Stream. Part I: Mooring Design and Instrumentation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29.
  • Wu, L., and Coauthors, 2012: Enhanced warming over the global subtropical western boundary currents. Nature Climate Change, 2.
  • Xu, X., W. J. Schmitz, Jr., H. E. Hurlburt, and P. J. Hogan, 2012: Mean Atlantic meridional overturning circulation across 26.5 degrees N from eddy-resolving simulations compared to observations. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
  • Yang, J., W. R. Peltier, and Y. Hu, 2012: The Initiation of Modern "Soft Snowball" and "Hard Snowball" Climates in CCSM3. Part I: The Influences of Solar Luminosity, CO2 Concentration, and the Sea Ice/Snow Albedo Parameterization. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Yeager, S., and G. Danabasoglu, 2012: Sensitivity of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Variability to Parameterized Nordic Sea Overflows in CCSM4. Journal of Climate, 25.
  • Yeager, S., A. Karspeck, G. Danabasoglu, J. Tribbia, and H. Teng, 2012: A Decadal Prediction Case Study: Late Twentieth-Century North Atlantic Ocean Heat Content. Journal of Climate, 25.


  • Carton, J. A., and S. Hakkinen, 2011: Introduction to: Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58.
  • Garzoli, S. L., and R. Matano, 2011: The South Atlantic and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58.
  • Johns, W.E., Baringer, M.O., Beal, L.M., Cunningham, S.A., Kanzow, T., Bryden, H.L., Hirschi, J., Marotzke, J., Meinen, C., Shaw, B., Curry, R. Continuous, array-based estimates of Atlantic Ocean heat transport at 26.5° N. Journal of Climate [in press] (PDF)
  • Longworth, H.R., H.L. Bryden, and M.O. Baringer: Historical variability in Atlantic meridional baroclinic transport at 26.5N from boundary dynamic height observations. Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 58(17-18):1754-1767, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.057, 2011.
  • Meinen, C. S., William E. Johns, Silvia L. Garzoli, Erik van Sebille, Darren Rayner, Torsten Kanzow, and Molly O. Baringer, 2011. Variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current at 26.5 N during 2004-2009. Deep-Sea Res. II, 10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.07.036
  • Rousset, C., and L. M. Beal, 2011: On the seasonal variability of the currents in the Straits of Florida and Yucatan Channel. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116.
  • van Sebille, Erik, Molly O. Baringer, William E. Johns, Christopher S. Meinen, Lisa M. Beal, M. Femke de Jong, and Hendrik M. van Aken, 2011. Propagation pathways of classical Labrador Sea Water from its source region to 26deg N, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 116, C12027, doi:10.1029/2011JC007171.


  • Atkinson, C. ., Bryden, H. L., Hirschi, J. J-M., and Kanzow, T.: On the seasonal cycles and variability of Florida Straits, Ekman and Sverdrup transports at 26N in the Atlantic Ocean, Ocean Sci., 6, 837-859, doi:10.5194/os-6-837-2010, 2010.
  • Baehr, J., "Influence of the 26N RAPID-MOCHA Array and Florida Current Cable Observations on the ECCO-GODAE State Estimate", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(5), 865-879, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4118.1, 2010.
  • Kanzow, T., S. A. Cunningham, W. E. Johns, J. J-M. Hirschi, J. Marotzke, M.O. Baringer, C.S. Meinen, M. P. Chidichimo, C. Atkinson, L. M. Beal, H. L. Bryden, and J. Collins, "Seasonal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N", J. Clim., doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3389.1, 2010.
  • Meinen, C. S., M.O. Baringer, and R. F. Garcia, "Florida Current Transport Variability: An Analysis of Annual and Longer-Period Signals", Deep Sea Research I, 57, 835-846, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.04.001, 2010.
  • Sturges, W., Hoffmann, N. G., Leben, R. R., "A Trigger Mechanism for Loop Current Ring Separations", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(5), 900-913, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4245.1, 2010.


  • DiNezio, P. N., L. J. Gramer, W. E. Johns, C.S. Meinen, and M.O. Baringer, "Observed Interannual Variability of the Florida Current: Wind Forcing and the North Atlantic Oscillation", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(3), 721-736, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO4001.1, 2009.
  • Kanzow, T., H. L. Johnsons, D. P. Marshall, S.A. Cunningham, J. J-M. Hirschi, A. Mujahid, H. L. Bryden, and W. E. Johns, "Basinwide Integrated Volume Transports in an Eddy-Filled Ocean", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(12), 3091-3110, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4185.1, 2009.
  • Peng, G., Z. Garra, G. R. Halliwell, O. M. Smedstad, C.S. Meinen, V. Kourafalou, and P. Hogan, "Temporal variability of the Florida Current transport at 27N", in "Ocean Circulation and El Nino: New Research", J.A. Long and D.S. Wells (ed.), Nova Science Publishers, New York, 119-137, 2009.


  • Baehr J., McInerney, Keller K., Marotzke J. Optimization of an observing system Design for the North Atlantic overturning circulation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25: 625-634, 2008.
  • Beal, L. M., J. M. Hummon, E. Williams, O. B. Brown, W. Baringer, and E. J. Kearns, "Five years of Florida Current structure and transport from the Royal Caribbean Cruise Ship Explorer of the Seas", J. Geophys. Res., 113, C06001, doi:10.1029/2007JC004154, 2008.
  • Johns, W.E., L.M. Beal, M.O. Baringer, J.R. Molina, S.A. Cunningham, T. Kanzow, and D. Rayner, 2008: Variability of Shallow and Deep Western Boundary Currents off the Bahamas during 2004-05: Results from the 26°N RAPID-MOC Array. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 605-623. (PDF)
  • Kanzow T., J. J-M. Hirschi, C.S. Meinen, D. Rayner, S. A. Cunningham, J. Marotzke, W. E. Johns, H. L. Bryden, L. M. Beal, and M.O. Baringer, "A prototype system for observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation - scientific basis, measurement and risk mitigation strategies, and first results", Journal of Operational Oceanography, 1 (1), 19-28, 2008.


  • Baehr, J., H. Haak, S. Alderson, S.A. Cunningham, J.H. Jungclaus, and J. Marotzke, 2007: Timely Detection of Changes in the Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N in the Atlantic. J. Climate, 20, 5827-5841. (PDF)
  • Baehr J., Keller K. and Marotzke J., 2007: Detecting potential changes in the meridional overturning circulation at 26°N in the Atlantic. Climatic Change, p. doi: 10.1007/s10584-006-9153-z. (PDF)
  • Cunningham, S. A., T. Kanzow, D. Rayner, M.O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, J. Marotzke, H. R. Longworth, E. M. Grant, J. J-M. Hirschi, L. M. Beal, C.S. Meinen, and H. L. Bryden, "Temporal Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5N", Science, 317, 935. DOI: 10.1126/science.1141304, 2007.
    PDF File
  • Hadfield R. E., N. C. Wells, S. A. Josey, J. J.-M. Hirschi, 2007: On the accuracy of North Atlantic temperature and heat storage fields from Argo, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C01009, doi:10.1029/2006JC003825. (PDF)
  • Hirschi, J.J.M., P.D. Killworth, and J.R. Blundell, 2007: Subannual, Seasonal, and Interannual Variability of the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 1246-1265. (PDF)
  • Hirschi J. and Marotzke J., 2007:Reconstructing the meridional overturning circulation from boundary densities and the zonal wind stress. J. Phys. Oceanog., 37, 3, 743-763. (PDF)
  • Kanzow, T., S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, J. J-M. Hirschi, W. E. Johns, M.O. Baringer, H. L. Bryden, L. M. Beal, C.S. Meinen, and J. Marotzke, "Observed flow compensation associated with the Meridional Overturning at 26.5N in the Atlantic", Science,317, 938. DOI: 10.1126/science.1141293, 2007.
    PDF File
  • Kanzow T., Send U. and McCartney M.S., 2007: On the variability of the deep meridional transports in the tropical North Atlantic. Deep Sea Research I, Volume 55, Issue 12, 1601-1623.


  • Hirschi J., Lynch-Stieglitz J., 2006: Ocean margin densities and paleoestimates of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation: a model study. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 7, doi:10.1029/2006GC001301. (PDF)
  • Kanzow T., Send U., Zenk W., Chave A. and Rhein M. 2006: Monitoring the deep integrated meridional flow in the tropical North Atlantic: Long-term performance of a geostrophic array. Deep Sea Research I, 2006, 53, 528-546. (PDF)
  • Meinen, C.S., M.O. Baringer, and S.L. Garzoli., 2006: Variability in Deep Western Boundary Current transports: Preliminary results from 26.5°N in the Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Letters, 33: p. doi:10.1029/2006GL026965. (PDF)
  • Mourre, B., L. Crosnier, and C. Le Provost, "Real-time sea level gauge observations and operational oceanography", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 364(1841), 867-884, 2006.


  • Bryden H.L., Johns W.E. and Saunders P.M., 2005: Deep Western Boundary Current East of Abaco: Mean structure and transport, J. Mar. Research, 63: p. 35-57. (PDF)
  • Bryden H.L., Longworth H.R. and Cunningham S.A., 2005: Slowing of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation at 25°N. Nature, 438, pp 655-657. (PDF)
  • Johns W.E., Kanzow T. and Zantopp R., 2005: Estimating ocean transports with dynamic height moorings: An application in the Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current. Deep Sea Research, 52(8): p. 1542-1567. (PDF)
  • Kanzow T., Flechtner F., Chave A., Schmidt R., Schwintzerm P. and Send U., 2005: Seasonal variation of ocean bottom pressure derived from GRACE: Local validation and global patterns. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110(C09001): p. doi:10.1029/2004JC002772. (PDF)
  • Longworth, H., J. Marotzke, and T.F. Stocker, 2005: Ocean gyres and abrupt change in the thermohaline circulation: a conceptual analysis. J. Climate, 18(13): p. (PDF)
  • Mooers, C.N.K., C.S. Meinen, M.O. Baringer, I. Bang, R. Rhodes, C.N. Barron, and F. Bub (2005): Cross-Validation of Ocean Prediction and Monitoring Systems, EOS, 86(29), 269,272-273. PDF File
  • Shoosmith D. R., M.O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, " A continuous record of Florida Current temperature transport at 27N", Geophys. Res. Leul.,li2, L23603,,DOI:10.1029/2005GL024075, 2005.


  • Baehr J., Hirschi J., Beismann J.O. and Marotzke J., 2004:Monitoring the meridional overturning circulation in the North Atlantic: A model-based array design study. J. Mar. Research 62, No 3, pp 283-312. (PDF)
  • Fonseca, C. A. and M. Barringer (2004): CTD/O2 and LADCP measurements c ollected aboard the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, June 2002: Deep Western Boundary Current Climate Time Series (ABACO-02). Cruise Report, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida, USA
  • Fonseca, C. A. and M. Barringer (2004): CTD/O2 and LADCP measurements collected aboard the R/V Oceanus , April-May 2001: Deep Western Boundary Current Climate Time Series (ABACO-01). Cruise Report, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida, USA.
  • Frye, D., N. Hogg, and C. Wunsch, 2004: A Long duration mooring for ocean observation. Sea Technology, 45(6): p. 29-39.
  • Hansell, D.A., H.W. Ducklow, A.M. Macdonald, and M.O. Baringer (2004): Metabolic poise in the North Atlantic Ocean diagnosed from organic matter transports. Limnology and Oceanography, 49(4):1084-1094 PDF File
  • Meinen, C.S., S.L. Garzoli, W.E. Johns, and M.O. Baringer (2004): Transport variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current and the Antilles Current off Abaco Island, Bahamas. Deep-Sea Research, Part I, 51(11):1397-1415 PDF File


  • Hirschi J., Baehr J., Marotzke J., Stark J., Cunningham S.A. and Beismann J.O., 2003: A monitoring design for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 30, No 7, doi:10.1029/2002GL016776. (PDF)
  • Macdonald, A.M., M.O. Baringer, R. Wanninkhof, K. Lee, and D.W.R. Wallace (2003): A 1998-1992 comparison of inorganic carbon and its transport across 24.5°N in the Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 50(22-26):3041-3064 PDF File


  • Macdonald, A.M., M.O. Baringer, K. Lee, D.W. Wallace, and R.H. Wanninkhof (2002): Subtropical Atlantic carbon transport. International WOCE Newsletter, 42:14-19
  • Macdonald, A.M., R.H. Wanninkhof, M.O. Baringer, P.E. Robbins, and D.W. Wallace (2002): Oceanic biogeochemical fluxes: A summary of the JGOFS portion of the WOCE/JGOFS Transport Workshop, Southampton, June 25-29, 2001. International WOCE Newsletter, 42:20-21
  • Molinari, R.L., R. Lusic, S.L. Garzoli, M.O. Baringer, and G.J. Goni (2002): Benchmarks for Atlantic Ocean circulation. CLIVAR Exchanges, 7(3/4):6-9 PDF File


  • Baringer, M.O. and J.C. Larsen (2001): Sixteen Years of Florida Current Transport at 27°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(16), 3,179-3,182 PDF File
  • Mayer, D.A., R.L. Molinari, M.O. Baringer, and G.J. Goni (2001) Transition regions and their role in the relationship between sea surface height and subsurface temperature structure in the Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(20):3943-3946
  • Peltola, E., K. Lee, R.H. Wanninkhof, R. Feely, M. Roberts, D. Greeley, M.O. Baringer, G. Johnson, J. Bullister, C. Mordy, J.-Z. Zhang, P. Quay, F. Millero, D. Hansell, and P. Minnett (2001): Chemical and hydrographic measurements on a Climate and Global Change Cruise along 24°N in the Atlantic Ocean WOCE Section A5R (repeat) during January-February 1998. NOAA Data Report, OAR AOML-41 (PB2001-107645), 210 pp.


  • Baringer, M.O., and R.L. Molinari (1999): Atlantic Ocean baroclinic heat flux at 24-26°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 26(3):353-356 PDF File
  • McTaggart, K.E., G.C. Johnson, C.I. Fleurant, and M.O. Baringer (1999): CTD/O2 measurements collected on a Climate and Global Change cruise along 24°N in the Atlantic Ocean (WOCE section A6) during January-February 1998. NOAA Data Report, ERL PMEL-68 (PB99-155194), 368 pp.


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