AOML
NOAA

Western Boundary Time Series

Reports and Publications

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2017

  • Baringer, M. O., D. A. Smeed, J. Willis, M. Lankhorst, W. R. Hobbs, S. Dong, G. McCarthy, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, G. Goni, C. S. Meinen, and U. Send, 2017. Meridional overturning and oceanic heat transport circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean. In State of the Climate in 2016, J. Blunden and D.S. Arndt (eds.). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98(8), S84- S87, doi:10.1175/2017BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.
  • McCarthy, G. D., D. A. Smeed, S. A. Cunningham, and C. D. Roberts, 2017: Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership: Science Review, doi:10.14465/2017.arc10.002-atl

2016

  • Andres, M. (2016) On the recent destabilization of the Gulf Stream path downstream of Cape Hatteras, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 9836-9842, doi:10.1002/2016GL069966.
  • Baringer, M. O., M. Lankhorst, D. Volkov, S. Garzoli, S. Dong, U. Send, and C. Meinen, 2016. Global oceans: Meridional oceanic overturning circulation and heat transport in the Atlantic Ocean. In State of the Climate in 2015, J. Blunden and D.S. Arndt (eds.). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(8):S84-S87 (2016).
  • Domingues, R., M. Baringer, and G. Goni (2016) Remote sources for year-to-year changes in the seasonality of the Florida Current transport, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, 7547-7559, doi:10.1002/2016JC012070.
  • Frajka-Williams, E., C. S. Meinen, W.E. Johns, D.A. Smeed, A. Duchez, A.J. Lawrence, D.A. Cuthbertson, G.D. McCarthy, H.L. Bryden, M.O. Baringer, B.I. Moat, and D. Rayner, 2016 Compensation between meridional flow components of the AMOC at 26°N. Ocean Sci., 12, 481-493, doi:10.5194/os-12-481-2016.
  • Hooper, James, and M.O. Baringer, 2016. Hydrographic measurements collected aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Endeavor, February 16-28, 2016: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise EN574 (AB1602). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-56, 211 pp., doi:10.7289/V5/DR-AOML-56 PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2016. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Walton Smith, 2015: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise: Florida Current. NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-55, 164 pp., doi:10.7289/V5/DR-AOML-55 PDF File
  • Hooper, James, and M.O. Baringer, 2016. Hydrographic measurements collected aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Endeavor, October 3-20, 2015: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise EN570 (AB1510). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-54, 188 pp., doi:10.7289/V5/DR-AOML-54 PDF File
  • Hooper, James, and M.O. Baringer, 2016. Hydrographic measurements collected aboard the R/V Cape Hatteras, September-October 2008: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise AB0809. NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-53, 103 pp., doi:10.7289/V557191M PDF File
  • Meinen, C. S., and D. S. Luther (2016). Structure, Transport, and Vertical Coherence of the Gulf Stream from the Straits of Florida to the Southeast Newfoundland Ridge, Deep Sea Res. I, 111, 16-33, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.002, 2016.
  • Moat, B.I., Josey, S.A., Sinha, B., Blaker, A.T., Smeed, D.A., McCarthy, G., Johns, W.E., Hirschi, J.J.-M., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Duchez, A., Coward, A.C. (2016). Major variations in subtropical North Atlantic heat transport at short (5 day) time scales and their causes, JGR Oceans. doi:10.1002/2016JC011660

2015

  • Baringer, M. O., W. E. Johns, W. R. Hobbs, S. Garzoli, S. Dong, J. Willis, 2015. [Global Oceans] Meridional Oceanic Heat Transport in the Atlantic Ocean, [in "State of the Climate in 2014"]. Bull. Am. Met, 96(7):S81-S82 (2015).
  • Baringer, M. O., G. McCarthy, J. Willis, M. Lankhorst, D. A. Smeed, U. Send, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, S. A. Cunningham, T. O. Kanzow, 2015. [Global Oceans] Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the North Atlantic Ocean, [in "State of the Climate in 2014"], 96(7):S78-S80 (2015).
  • Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Estimating the Atlantic overturning at 2N using satellite altimetry and cable measurements, Geophysical Research Letters, 42. doi:10.1002/2015GL063220.
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2015. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the NOAA Ship R/V Ronald H. Brown, 16 April - 5 May 2009: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise RB-0901 (AB0904). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-52, 223 pp., doi:10.7289/V59021SC PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2015. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Endeavor, 14 February - 27 February 2015: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise EN-551 (AB1502). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-51, 215 pp., doi:10.7289/V5DR2SGZ PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2015. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Walton Smith, 2014: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise: Florida Current. NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-50, 122 pp., doi:10.7289/V5JD4TSZ PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2015. Hydrographic measurements collected aboard the National Environmental Research Council Ship RSS Discovery, 21 November-6 December 2009: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise D345 (AB0911). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-49, 147 pp., doi:10.7289/V5P55KG7 PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2015. Hydrographic measurements collected aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Oceanus, Leg 1: 23 March-4 April 2010 and Leg 2: 6 April-17 April 2010: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise OC459-1 and OC459-2 (AB1003). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-48, 232 pp., doi:10.7289/V5SX6B6N PDF File
  • McCarthy, G.D., Smeed, D.A., Johns, W.E., Frajka-Williams, E., Moat, B.I., Rayner, D., Baringer, M.O., C.S. Meinen, Collins, J., Bryden, H.L.: Measuring the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26N, Progress in Oceanography, Vol. 130, January 2015: 91-111.
  • McDonagh, E.L., King, B.A., Bryden, H.L., Courtois P., Szuts, Z., Baringer, M.O., Cunningham, S.A., Atkinson C., McCarthy G.D. Continuous Estimate of Atlantic Oceanic Freshwater Flux at 26.5N, Journal of Climate, Vol. 28, No. 22, November 2015: 8888-8906. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00519.1.
  • Park, J. and Sweet, W.: Accelerated sea level rise and Florida Current transport, Ocean Sci., 11, 607-615, doi:10.5194/os-11-607-2015, 2015.
  • Wanninkhof, Rik; Barbero, Leticia; Byrne, Robert; et al. Ocean acidification along the Gulf Coast and East Coast of the USA Continental Shelf Research Volume: 98 Pages: 54-71 Published: APR 15 2015.

2014

  • Baringer, M. O.,W. E. Johns, S. Garzoli, S. Dong, D. Volkov, W. R. Hobbs, J. Willis, 2014. [Global Oceans] Meridional Oceanic Heat Transport in the Atlantic Ocean, [in "State of the Climate in 2013"]. Bull. Am. Met, 95(6):69-71, doi:10.1002/2014EO060001.
  • Baringer, M.O., G. McCarthy, J. Willis, M. Lankhorst, D. A. Smeed, U. Send, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, S. A. Cunningham, T. O. Kanzow, E. Frajka-Williams, and J. Marotzke, 2014. [Global Oceans] Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the North Atlantic Ocean, [in "State of the Climate in 2013"]. Bull. Am. Met., 95(7):67-69, doi:10.1002/2014EO060001.
  • Bryden, H.L. ,King, B.A.,McCarthy, G.D., McDonagh, E.L. (2014): Impact of a 30% reduction in Atlantic meridional overturning during 2009-2010, Ocean Sci., 10: 683-691. doi:10.5194/os-10-683-2014.
  • Clément, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Szuts, Z.B., Cunningham, S.A. (2014): Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves, and their effect on the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N, J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans, 119 (9): 6479-6498. doi:10.1002/2014JC010146
  • Duchez, A., J. J.-M. Hirschi, S. A. Cunningham, A. T. Blaker, H. L. Bryden, B. de Cuevas, C. P. Atkinson, G. D. McCarthy, E. Frajka-Williams, D. Rayner, D. Smeed, and M. S. Mizielinski: A New Index for the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26N, Journal of Climate, Vol. 27, No. 17, September 2014: 6439-6455.
  • Elipot, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Hughes, C.W., Willis, J.K. (2014): The Observed North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Its Meridional Coherence and Ocean Bottom Pressure, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44 (2): 517-537. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1
  • Garcia, R.F., and C.S. Meinen: Accuracy of Florida Current volume transport measurements at 27N using multiple observational techniques. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31, 1169-1180. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00148.1, 2014.
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2014. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Knorr, 13 April - 3 May 2011: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise KN-200-4 (AB 1104). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-47, 201 pp., doi:10.7289/V5416V09 PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2014. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Atlantic Explorer, 15 March - 1 April 2014: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise AE 1404 (AB 1403). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-46, 181 pp., doi:10.7289/V5348H87 PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2014. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, 19 February - 5 March 2013: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise RB 1302 (AB 1302). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-45, 257 pp., doi:10.7289/V5CN71VB PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2014. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Endeavor, 24 September - 10 October 2012: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise EN-517 (AB 1209). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-44, 190 pp., doi:10.7289/V5SF2T3R PDF File
  • Rousset, C., and L. M. Beal: Closing the transport budget of the Florida Straits, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL059498, 2014.
  • Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G. D., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S. , Baringer, M. O., Moat, B. I., Duchez, A., and Bryden, H. L.: Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004-2012, Ocean Sci., 10, 29-38, doi:10.5194/os-10-29-2014, 2014.
  • Zhao, Jian, William Johns, 2014: Wind-Driven Seasonal Cycle of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 1541-1562. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-0144.1 , 2014.

2013

  • Baringer, M. O., W. E. Johns, G. McCarthy, J. Willis, S. Garzoli, M. Lankhorst, C. S. Meinen, U. Send, W. R. Hobbs, S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, D. A. Smeed, T. O. Kanzow, P. Heimback, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Macdonald, S. Dong, and J. Marotzke, 2013. [Global Oceans] Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic, [in State of the Climate in 2012, J. Blunden and D.S. Arndt (eds.)], Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 94, S65-S68, 2013.
  • Cunningham, S.A., Roberts, C.D., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W.E., Hobbs,W., Palmer, M.D. Rayner, D., Smeed, D.A., McCarthy, G. (2013): Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean, GRL, 40: 6202-6207. doi:10.1002/2013GL058464
  • Ezer, T.: Sea level rise, spatially uneven and temporally unsteady: Why the U.S. East Coast, the global tide gauge record, and the global altimeter data show different trends, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 40, 5439-5444, doi:10.1002/2013GL057952, 2013.
  • Ezer, T., L. P. Atkinson, W. B. Corlett and J. L. Blanco: Gulf Stream's induced sea level rise and variability along the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/jgrc.20091, 2013
  • Frajka-Williams, E., W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, L. M. Beal, and S. A. Cunningham: Eddy impacts on the Florida Current, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 40, 349-353, doi:10.1002/grl.50115, 2013.
  • Haines, K., Stepanov, V. N., Valdivieso, M. and Zuo, H. (2013): Atlantic meridional heat transports in two ocean reanalyes evaluated against the RAPID array, GRL, 40 (2): 343-348. doi:0.1029/2012GL054581
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer 2013. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, 19 February - 5 March 2013: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise RB 1302 (AB 1302). PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer, 2013. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, 15 February - 5 March 2012: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise RB-12-01 (AB 1202). NOAA Data Report, OAR-AOML-43, 267 pp., doi:10.7289/V57W6941 PDF File
  • IPCC, 2013. Observations: Ocean (Chapter 3) [Rhein, M., S.R. Rintoul, S. Aoki, E. Campos, D. Chambers, R.A. Feely, S. Gulev, G.C. Johnson, S.A. Josey, A. Kostianoy, C. Mauritzen, D. Roemmich, L.D. Talley and F. Wang, 2013]. [in Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 1535 pp (M. Baringer, contributing author).
  • Macdonald, A., and M. Baringer 2013. Ocean heat transport. In Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective, G. Siedler, S.M. Griffies, J. Gould, and J.A. Church (eds.). International Geophysics Series, Volume 103, Academic Press, 759-785.
  • Meinen, C. S., W. E. Johns, S. L. Garzoli, E. van Sebille, D. Rayner, T. Kanzow, and M. O. Baringer, 2013. Variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current at 26.5 N during 2004-2009. Deep-Sea Res. II, 10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.07.036, Jan 2013.
  • Mielke1, C., Frajka-Williams, E., Baehr, J. (2013): Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26°N and 41°N, GRL, 40 (6): 1159-1164. doi:10.1002/grl.50233
  • Mildner, T. C., C. Eden, and L. Czeschel: Revisiting the relationship between Loop Current rings and Florida Current transport variability, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 6648-6657, doi:10.1002/2013JC009109, 2013.
  • Sonnewald1, M., Hirschi1, J. J.-M. Marsh, R., McDonagh, E. L., King, B. A. (2013): Atlantic meridional ocean heat transport at 26N: impact on subtropical ocean heat content variability, Ocean Sci., 9: 1057-1069. doi:10.5194/os-9-1057-2013
  • Srokosz, M., M. Baringer, H. Bryden, S. Cunningham, T. Delworth, S. Lozier, J. Marotzke and R. Sutton, 2012. Past, present and future change in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00151.1, Nov 2012.
  • Szuts, Z. B., and C. S. Meinen: Salinity transport in the Florida Straits, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 30, 971-983, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00133.1, 2013.

2012

  • Baringer, M. O., S. A. Cunningham, C. S. Meinen, S. Garzoli1, J. Willis, M. Lankhorst, A. Macdonald, U. Send, W. R. Hobbs, E. Frajka-Williams, T. O. Kanzow, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, and J. Marotzke, 2012. [Global Oceans] Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heat Transport Observations in the Atlantic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2011"], Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 93 (7), S78-81.
  • Czeschel, L., C. Eden, and R. Greatbatch: On the driving mechanism of the annual cycle of the Florida Current transport. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42(5), 824-839, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-11-0109.1, 2012.
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer 2012. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, 15 February - 5 March 2012: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise RB-12-01 (AB 1202). PDF File
  • Hooper, James, M.O. Baringer 2012. Hydrographic Measurements Collected Aboard the UNOLS Ship R/V Endeavor, 24 September - 10 October 2012: Western Boundary Time Series Cruise EN-517 (AB 1209). PDF File
  • Kourafalou, V. H., and H. Kang, 2012: Florida Current meandering and evolution of cyclonic eddies along the Florida Keys Reef Tract: Are they interconnected? Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
  • McCarthy, G., E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, H. L. Bryden, D. Rayner, A. Duchez, C. Roberts, and S. A. Cunningham, 2012. Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L19609, 12 October 2012, doi:10.1029/2012GL052933, 2012.
  • Srokosz, M., M. Baringer, H. Bryden, S. Cunningham, T. Delworth, S. Lozier, J. Marotzke snd R. Sutton, 2012. Past, present and future change in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00151.1.
  • Stepanov, V. N., Haines, K. and Smith, G. C. (2012): Assimilation of RAPID array observations into an ocean model, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. doi:10.1002/qj.1945

2011

  • Balan Sarojini, B., Gregory, J. M., Tailleux, R., Bigg, G. R., Blaker, A. T., Cameron, D. R., Edwards, N. R., Megann, A. P., Shaffrey, L. C., and Sinha, B. (2011): High frequency variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Ocean Sci., 7: 471-486. doi:10.5194/os-7-471-2011
  • Baringer, M. O., T. O. Kanzow, C. S. Meinen, S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, H. L. Bryden, Eleanor Faika-Williams, J. J-M. Hirschi, M. P. Chidichimo, L. M. Beal and J. Marotzke, 2011. [Global Oceans] Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic [in State of the Climate in 2010, Blunden, J., D. S. Arndt, M. O. Baringer (eds.)]. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 92, S95-S98. doi: 10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1.
  • Johns, W.E., Baringer, M.O., Beal, L.M., Cunningham, S.A., Kanzow, T., Bryden, H.L., Hirschi, J., Marotzke, J., Meinen, C., Shaw, B., Curry, R. Continuous, array-based estimates of Atlantic Ocean heat transport at 26.5° N. J. Clim., 24(10):2429-2449.
  • Longworth, H.R., H.L. Bryden, and M.O. Baringer: Historical variability in Atlantic meridional baroclinic transport at 26.5N from boundary dynamic height observations. Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 58(17-18):1754-1767, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.057, 2011.
  • Meinen, C. S., William E. Johns, Silvia L. Garzoli, Erik van Sebille, Darren Rayner, Torsten Kanzow, and Molly O. Baringer, 2011. Variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current at 26.5 N during 2004-2009. Deep-Sea Res. II, 10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.07.036
  • Rayner, D., J. J.-M. Hirschi, T. Kanzow, W. E. Johns, S. A. Cuningham, P. G. Wright, E. Frajka-Williams, H. L. Bryden, C. S. Meinen, M. O. Baringer, J. Marotzke and L. M. Beal, 2011. Monitoring the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Deep-Sea Res., Part II, Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume 58;1744-1753, ISSN 0967-0645, DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.056.
  • Rousset, C., and L. M. Beal, 2011: On the seasonal variability of the currents in the Straits of Florida and Yucatan Channel. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116.
  • van Sebille, Erik, Molly O. Baringer, William E. Johns, Christopher S. Meinen, Lisa M. Beal, M. Femke de Jong, and Hendrik M. van Aken, 2011. Propagation pathways of classical Labrador Sea Water from its source region to 26deg N, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 116, C12027, doi:10.1029/2011JC007171.

2010

  • Atkinson, C. ., Bryden, H. L., Hirschi, J. J-M., and Kanzow, T.: On the seasonal cycles and variability of Florida Straits, Ekman and Sverdrup transports at 26N in the Atlantic Ocean, Ocean Sci., 6, 837-859, doi:10.5194/os-6-837-2010, 2010.
  • Atkinson, C.P., Bryden, H.L., Hirschi, J.J.-M. and Kanzow, T. (2010): On the variability of Florida Straits and wind driven transports at 26°N in the Atlantic Ocean, Ocean Science Discussions, 7, (2): 919-971. doi:10.5194/osd-7-919-2010
  • Baehr, J., "Influence of the 26N RAPID-MOCHA Array and Florida Current Cable Observations on the ECCO-GODAE State Estimate", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(5), 865-879, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4118.1, 2010.
  • Baehr, J., Cunningham, S., Haak, H., Heimbach, P., Kanzow, T. and Marotzke, J. (2010): Corrigendum to 'Observed and simulated estimates of the meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N in the Atlantic' published in Ocean Sci., 5, 575â€"589, 2009, Ocean Science, 6 (1): p1. doi:10.5194/os-6-1-2010
  • Baringer, M. O., T. O. Kanzow, C. S. Meinen, S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, H. L. Bryden, J. J-M. Hirschi, L. M. Beal and J. Marotzke, 2010. [Global Oceans] The Meridional Overturning Circulation [in State of the Climate in 2009, D. S. Arndt, M. O. Baringer, and M. R. Johnson (eds.)]. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 91(6), 66-69.
  • Cunningham, S., M. Baringer, W. Johns, J. Toole, S. Osterhaus, J. Fischer, A. Piola, E. McDonagah, S. Lozier, U. Send, T. Kanzow, J. Marotzke, M. Rhein, S. Garzoli, S. Rintoul, S. Speich, S. Wijffels, L. Talley, J. Baehr, C. Meinen, A-M. Treguier and P. Lhernminier, 2010. The present and future system for measuring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and heat transport, In OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Volume 2), J. Hall, D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer (eds.). European Space Agency Publication, WPP-306, 16 pp. (2010).
  • Cunningham, S. A., Marsh, R. (2010): Observing and modelling changes in the Atlantic MOC, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1 (2): 180â€"191. doi:10.1002/wcc.22
  • Kanzow, T., S. A. Cunningham, W. E. Johns, J. J-M. Hirschi, J. Marotzke, M.O. Baringer, C.S. Meinen, M. P. Chidichimo, C. Atkinson, L. M. Beal, H. L. Bryden, and J. Collins, "Seasonal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N", J. Clim., doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3389.1, 2010.
  • Meinen, C. S., M.O. Baringer, and R. F. Garcia, "Florida Current Transport Variability: An Analysis of Annual and Longer-Period Signals", Deep Sea Research I, 57, 835-846, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.04.001, 2010.
  • Smith, G. C., Haines, K., Kanzow, T., Cunningham, S. A. (2010): Impact of hydrographic data assimilation on the modelled Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Ocean Science, 6: 761-774. doi:10.5194/os-6-7
  • Sturges, W., Hoffmann, N. G., Leben, R. R., "A Trigger Mechanism for Loop Current Ring Separations", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(5), 900-913, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4245.1, 2010.

2009

  • Baehr, J., Cunningham, S. A., Haak, H., Heimbach, P., Kanzow, T. and Marotzke, J. (2009): Observed and simulated estimates of the meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N in the Atlantic, Ocean Science, 5: 575-589. doi:10.5194/os-5-575-2009
  • Baringer, M. O., C. S. Meinen, G. C. Johnson, T. O. Kanzow, S. A. Cunningham, W. E. Johns, L. M. Beal, J. J.-M. Hirschi, D. Rayner, H. R. Longworth, H. L. Bryden, and J. Marotzke, 2009. The meridional overturning circulation, in State of the Climate in 2008, T. Peterson and M. Baringer (eds.), Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, S59-S62.
  • Bingham, R. J., Hughes, C. W. (2009): Signature of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in sea level along the east coast of North America, Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L02603. doi:10.1029/2008GL036215
  • Bryden, H. L., Mujahid, A., Cunningham, S. A. and Kanzow, T. (2009): Adjustment of the Basin-Scale Circulation at 26°N to Variations in Gulf Stream, Deep Western Boundary Current and Ekman Transports as observed by the Rapid Array, Ocean Science, 5: 421-433. doi:10.5194/os-5-421-2009
  • DiNezio, P. N., L. J. Gramer, W. E. Johns, C.S. Meinen, and M.O. Baringer, "Observed Interannual Variability of the Florida Current: Wind Forcing and the North Atlantic Oscillation", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(3), 721-736, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO4001.1, 2009.
  • Kanzow, T., H. L. Johnsons, D. P. Marshall, S.A. Cunningham, J. J-M. Hirschi, A. Mujahid, H. L. Bryden, and W. E. Johns, "Basinwide Integrated Volume Transports in an Eddy-Filled Ocean", J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(12), 3091-3110, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4185.1, 2009.
  • Peng, G., Z. Garra, G. R. Halliwell, O. M. Smedstad, C.S. Meinen, V. Kourafalou, and P. Hogan, "Temporal variability of the Florida Current transport at 27N", in "Ocean Circulation and El Nino: New Research", J.A. Long and D.S. Wells (ed.), Nova Science Publishers, New York, 119-137, 2009.
  • Sweet, W., C. Zervas and S. Gill, 2009. Elevated East Coast Sea Level Anomaly: June - July 2009. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 051, 30 pp.

2008

  • Baringer, M. O., and C. S. Meinen, 2008. The Meridional Overturning Circulation, in State of the Climate in 2007, D. H. Levinson and J. H. Lawrimore (eds.), Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89(7), s49-s51, doi:10.1175/BAMS-89-7-StateoftheClimate.
  • Beal, L. M., J. M. Hummon, E. Williams, O. B. Brown, W. Baringer, and E. J. Kearns, "Five years of Florida Current structure and transport from the Royal Caribbean Cruise Ship Explorer of the Seas", J. Geophys. Res., 113, C06001, doi:10.1029/2007JC004154, 2008.
  • Johns, W.E., L.M. Beal, M.O. Baringer, J.R. Molina, S.A. Cunningham, T. Kanzow, and D. Rayner, 2008: Variability of Shallow and Deep Western Boundary Currents off the Bahamas during 2004-05: Results from the 26°N RAPID-MOC Array. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 605-623. (PDF
  • Kanzow T., J. J-M. Hirschi, C.S. Meinen, D. Rayner, S. A. Cunningham, J. Marotzke, W. E. Johns, H. L. Bryden, L. M. Beal, and M.O. Baringer, "A prototype system for observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation - scientific basis, measurement and risk mitigation strategies, and first results", Journal of Operational Oceanography, 1 (1), 19-28, 2008.

2007

  • Baringer, M. O. and C. S. Meinen, 2007. Thermohaline Circulation in Supplement to State of the Climate in 2006, A.Arguez, ed., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society: Vol. 88, No. 6, pp. s1-s135, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-88-6-StateoftheClimate.
  • Beal L., Williams E., Hummon J., Brown O., Kearus E., Baringer, W. (2007): Five years of Florida Current Structure and Transport measured from the Royal Caribbean Cruise ship Explorer of the Seas, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113: C06001. doi:10.1029/2007/JC004154
  • Cunningham, S. A., T. Kanzow, D. Rayner, M.O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, J. Marotzke, H. R. Longworth, E. M. Grant, J. J-M. Hirschi, L. M. Beal, C.S. Meinen, and H. L. Bryden, "Temporal Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5N", Science, 317, 935. DOI: 10.1126/science.1141304, 2007.
    PDF File
  • Kanzow, T., S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, J. J-M. Hirschi, W. E. Johns, M.O. Baringer, H. L. Bryden, L. M. Beal, C.S. Meinen, and J. Marotzke, "Observed flow compensation associated with the Meridional Overturning at 26.5N in the Atlantic", Science,317, 938. DOI: 10.1126/science.1141293, 2007.
    PDF File

2006

  • Baringer, M. O. and C. S. Meinen, 2006. Thermohaline Circulation in State of the Climate in 2005, K. A. Shein, ed., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society: 87, No. 6, pp. s1-s102, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-87-6-shein.
  • Meinen, C.S., M.O. Baringer, and S.L. Garzoli., 2006: Variability in Deep Western Boundary Current transports: Preliminary results from 26.5°N in the Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Letters, 33: p. doi:10.1029/2006GL026965. (PDF)
  • Mourre, B., L. Crosnier, and C. Le Provost, "Real-time sea level gauge observations and operational oceanography", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 364(1841), 867-884, 2006.

2005

  • Bryden H.L., Johns W.E. and Saunders P.M., 2005: Deep Western Boundary Current East of Abaco: Mean structure and transport, J. Mar. Research, 63: p. 35-57. (PDF)
  • Bryden H.L., Longworth H.R. and Cunningham S.A., 2005: Slowing of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation at 25°N. Nature, 438, pp 655-657. (PDF)
  • Johns W.E., Kanzow T. and Zantopp R., 2005: Estimating ocean transports with dynamic height moorings: An application in the Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current. Deep Sea Research, 52(8): p. 1542-1567. (PDF)
  • Mooers, C.N.K., C.S. Meinen, M.O. Baringer, I. Bang, R. Rhodes, C.N. Barron, and F. Bub (2005): Cross-Validation of Ocean Prediction and Monitoring Systems, EOS, 86(29), 269,272-273. PDF File
  • Shoosmith D. R., M.O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, " A continuous record of Florida Current temperature transport at 27N", Geophys. Res. Leul.,li2, L23603,,DOI:10.1029/2005GL024075, 2005.

2004

  • Fonseca, C. A. and M. Barringer (2004): CTD/O2 and LADCP measurements c ollected aboard the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, June 2002: Deep Western Boundary Current Climate Time Series (ABACO-02). Cruise Report, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida, USA
  • Fonseca, C. A. and M. Barringer (2004): CTD/O2 and LADCP measurements collected aboard the R/V Oceanus , April-May 2001: Deep Western Boundary Current Climate Time Series (ABACO-01). Cruise Report, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida, USA.
  • Hansell, D.A., H.W. Ducklow, A.M. Macdonald, and M.O. Baringer (2004): Metabolic poise in the North Atlantic Ocean diagnosed from organic matter transports. Limnology and Oceanography, 49(4):1084-1094 PDF File
  • Meinen, C.S., S.L. Garzoli, W.E. Johns, and M.O. Baringer (2004): Transport variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current and the Antilles Current off Abaco Island, Bahamas. Deep-Sea Research, Part I, 51(11):1397-1415 PDF File

2003

  • Macdonald, A.M., M.O. Baringer, R. Wanninkhof, K. Lee, and D.W.R. Wallace (2003): A 1998-1992 comparison of inorganic carbon and its transport across 24.5°N in the Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 50(22-26):3041-3064 PDF File
  • Molinari, R.L., R. Lusic, S.L. Garzoli, M.O. Baringer, and G.J. Goni (2002): Benchmarks for Atlantic Ocean circulation. CLIVAR Exchanges, 7(3/4):6-9

2001

  • Baringer, M.O. and J.C. Larsen (2001): Sixteen Years of Florida Current Transport at 27°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(16), 3,179-3,182 PDF File
  • Macdonald, A. M., M. O. Baringer and A. Ganachaud, 2001. Heat Transport and Climate. Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, J H Steele, S A Thorpe and K K Turekian (eds), London, UK, Academic Press, 2, 1195--1206.
  • Peltola, E., K. Lee, R.H. Wanninkhof, R. Feely, M. Roberts, D. Greeley, M.O. Baringer, G. Johnson, J. Bullister, C. Mordy, J.-Z. Zhang, P. Quay, F. Millero, D. Hansell, and P. Minnett (2001):Chemical and hydrographic measurements on a Climate and Global Change Cruise along 24°N in the Atlantic Ocean WOCE Section A5R (repeat) during January-February 1998. NOAA Data Report, OAR AOML-41(PB2001-107645), 210 pp.

1999

  • Baringer, M.O., and R.L. Molinari (1999): Atlantic Ocean baroclinic heat flux at 24-26°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 26(3):353-356 PDF File
  • Johns, E., W.D. Wilson, and R.L. Molinari. Direct observations of velocity and transport in the passages between the Intra-Americas Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, 1984-1996. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(C11):25,805-25,820, doi:10.1029/1999JC900235 1999
  • McTaggart, K.E., G.C. Johnson, C.I. Fleurant, and M.O. Baringer (1999): CTD/O2 measurements collected on a Climate and Global Change cruise along 24°N in the Atlantic Ocean (WOCE section A6) during January-February 1998. NOAA Data Report, ERL PMEL-68 (PB99-155194), 368 pp.1998

1998

  • Molinari, R.L., R.A. Fine, W.D. Wilson, R.G. Curry, J. Abell, and M.S. McCartney. The arrival of recently formed Labrador Sea Water in the Deep Western Boundary Current at 26.5°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 25(13):2249-2252, doi:10.1029/98GL01853 1998
  • Peltola, E., K. Lee, R.H. Wanninkhof, R. Feely, M. Roberts, D. Greeley, M.O. Baringer, G. Johnson, J. Bullister, C. Mordy, J.-Z. Zhang, P. Quay, F. Millero, D. Hansell, and P. Minnett (2001): Chemical and hydrographic measurements on a Climate and Global Change Cruise along 24°N in the Atlantic Ocean WOCE Section A5R (repeat) during January-February 1998. NOAA Data Report, OAR AOML-41 (PB2001-107645), 210 pp.

1997

  • Fillenbaum, E.R., T.N. Lee, W.E. Johns and R.J. Zantopp, 1997: Meridional heat transport variability at 26.5°N in the North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanog., 27(1), 153-174. (PDF)
  • Johns, E., R.A. Fine, and R.L. Molinari. Deep flow along the western boundary south of the Blake Bahama Outer Ridge. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27(10):2187-2208, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1997)
  • Johns, W.E., T.N. Lee, R.J. Zantopp and E. Fillenbaum, 1997: Updated transatlantic heat flux at 26.5°N. International WOCE Newsletter, 27, 15-22.
  • Vaughan, S.L., and R.L. Molinari. Temperature and salinity variability in the Deep Western Boundary Current. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27(5):749-761, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1997)

1996

  • Hacker, P., E. Firing, W.D. Wilson, and R.L. Molinari. Direct observations of the current structure east of the Bahamas. Geophysical Research Letters, 23(10):1127-1130, doi:10.1029/96GL01031 1996
  • Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns, R.J. Zantopp and E.R. Fillenbaum, 1996: Moored observations of Western Boundary Current variability and thermocline circulation at 26.5°N in the subtropical North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanog., 26(6), 962-983. (PDF)

1994

  • Baringer, M.O., and R.A. Fine (1994): Deep circulation in the western subtropical North Atlantic from Trident. Proceedings, Principal Investigators Meeting, Princeton, New Jersey, May 9-11, 1994. Atlantic Climate Change Program, 135-137

1993

  • Fine, R.A., E. Johns, and R.L. Molinari. Deep Western Boundary Current structure in the region of the Blake-Bahama outer ridge. Proceedings, Principal Investigators Meeting of the Atlantic Climate Change Program,Miami, FL, March 9-11, 1992. NOAA Climate and Global Change Program, Special Report No. 7, 137-142, 1993 FY1993

1992

  • Larsen, J. C. Transport and heat flux of the Florida Current at 27N derived from cross-stream voltages and profiling data: theory and observation, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 338, 169-236, 1992.
  • Molinari, R.L., R.A. Fine, and E. Johns. The Deep Western Boundary Current in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research, Part I, 39(11-12):1967-1984, doi:10.1016/0198-0149(92)90008-H 1992

1990

  • Molinari, R.L., E. Johns, and J.F. Festa. The annual cycle of meridional heat flux in the Atlantic Ocean at 26.5°N. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 20(3):476-482, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1990)020<0476:TACOMH>2.0.CO;1990
  • Roemmich, D., and B. Cornuelle, 1990: OBSERVING THE FLUCTUATIONS OF GYRE-SCALE OCEAN CIRCULATION - A STUDY OF THE SUBTROPICAL SOUTH-PACIFIC. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 20, 1919-1934.
  • Zantopp R.J., T.N.Lee and W.E.Johns, 1990: Moored current meter observations east of Abaco, Bahamas, at 26.5°N (STACS-10 Array). University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 90-002, 10 pp.

1989

  • Molinari, R.L. Subtropical Atlantic Climate Studies (STACS): An update.Oceanography, 2(2):32-35, doi:10.5670/oceanog.1989.08
  • Rosenfeld, L.K., R.L. Molinari, and K.D. Leaman. Observed and modeled annual cycle of transport in the Straits of Florida and east of Abaco Island, the Bahamas (26.5°N). Journal of Geophysical Research, 94(C4):4867-4878,doi:10.1029/JC094iC04p04867

1988

  • Fine, R.A., and R.L. Molinari. A continuous deep western boundary current between Abaco (26.5°N) and Barbados (13°N). Deep-Sea Research, Part A, 35(9):1441-1450, doi:10.1016/0198-0149(88)90096-9
  • Molinari, R.L., and K.D. Leaman. Variability of Gulf Stream surface currents in the Straits of Florida. Mariners Weather Log, 31(3):10-13, 1988

1987

  • Leaman, K.D., and R.L. Molinari. Topographic modification of the Florida Current by Little Bahama and Great Bahama Banks. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 17(10):1724-1736, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1987)017<1724:TMOTFC>2.0.CO; 1987
  • Leaman, K.D., R.L. Molinari, and P.S. Vertes. Structure and variability of the Florida Current at 27°N: April 1982-July 1984. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 17(5):565-583, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1987)017<0565:SAVOTF>2.0.CO; 1987

1986

  • Molinari, R.L. Subtropical Atlantic Climate Studies (STACS) revisited. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 67(5):59-60,doi:10.1029/EO067i005p00059

1985

  • Larsen, J. C., and T. B. Sanford, Florida Current volume transports from voltage measurements, Science, 227, 302-304, 1985.
  • Lee, T. N., F. Schott, and R. Zantopp, Florida Current: Low-frequency variability of the Florida Current as observed with moored current meter stations during April 1982-June 1983, Science, 227, 298-301, 1985
  • Maul, G. A., F. Chew, M. Bushnell and D. Mayer, Sea level variation as an indicator of Florida Current volume transport: Comparisons with direct measurements, Science, 227, 304-307, 1985.
  • Molinari, R.L., G.A. Maul, F. Chew, W.D. Wilson, M.H. Bushnell, D.A. Mayer, K. Leaman, F. Schott, T. Lee, R. Zantopp, J.C. Larsen, and T.B. Sanford.Subtropical Atlantic Climate Studies: Introduction. Science, 227(4684):292-295, doi:10.1126/science.227.4684.292
  • Molinari, R.L., W.D. Wilson, and K. Leaman. Volume and heat transports of the Florida Current: April 1982 through August 1983. Science, 227(4684):295-297, doi:10.1126/science.227.4684.292
  • Ratnaswamy, M., W.D. Wilson, and R.L. Molinari. Current velocity and hydrographic observations in the Straits of Florida: Subtropical Atlantic Climate Study (STACS), 1983-1984. NOAA Data Report, ERL-AOML-5 (PB86-108602), 24 pp., 1985
  • Schott, F., and R. Zantopp, Florida Current: Seasonal and interannual variability, Science, 227, 308-311, 1985

1984

  • Goncharov, A. P., and Y. A. Ivanov, 1984: VARIABILITY IN TIME OF AVAILABLE POTENTIAL-ENERGY IN THE POLYMODE AREA FROM THE XBT-SURVEYS. Okeanologiya, 24, 20-24.
  • Olson, D. B., F. A. Schott, R. J. Zantopp, and K. D. Leaman, 1984: THE MEAN CIRCULATION EAST OF THE BAHAMAS AS DETERMINED FROM A RECENT MEASUREMENT PROGRAM AND HISTORICAL XBT DATA. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 14, 1470-1487.

1982

  • Sanford, T. B., Temperature transport and motional induction in the Florida Current, Journal of Marine Research, 621-639, 1982.