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2001 Tropical Cyclone Meteorology and Oceanography Publications

by Chris Landsea and Noel Charles

This is a compilation of all reviewed papers and books (or chapters of books) on the meteorology/oceanography of hurricanes, tropical cyclones, tropical storms, typhoons and easterly waves that were published in 2001. If there are any additions or corrections that need to be made, please e-mail me directly.

All Available Journals 2001


  • None


  • Hawkins, J. D., T. F. Lee, J. Turk, C. Sampson, J. Kent, K. Richardson, 2001: Real-Time Internet Distribution of Satellite Products for Tropical Cyclone Reconnaissance. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82, 567-578.
  • Aberson, S. D., 2001: The Ensemble of Tropical Cyclone Track Forecasting Models in the North Atlantic Basin (1976-2000). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82, 1895-1904.
  • Masashi, N., L. Leslie, Y. Kurihara, R. L. Elsberry, M. Yamasaki, H. Kamahori, R. Abbey Jr., K. Bessho, J. Calvo, J. C. L. Chan, P. Clark, M. Desgagne, S.-Y. Hong, D. Majewski, P. Malguzzi, J. McGregor, H. Mino, A. Murata, J. Nachamkin, M. Roch, and C. Wilson, 2001: Meeting summary:
  • Third COMPARE Workshop: A Model Intercomparison Experiment of Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Track Prediction. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82, 2007-2020.
  • Powell, M. D., and S. D. Aberson, 2001: Accuracy of United States Tropical Cyclone Landfall Forecasts in the Atlantic Basin (1976-2000). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82, 2749-2768.


  • None


  • None


  • None


  • Landsea, C.W., 2001: Comment on "Changes in the Rates of North Atlantic Major Hurricane Activity During the 20th Century". Geo. Res. Letters, 28, 2871-2872.
  • Shen, W. and I. Ginis, 2001: The impact of ocean coupling on hurricanes during landfall. Geo. Res. Letters, 28, 2839-2842.
  • Elsner, J. B., 2001: Reply to "Comment on Changes in the Rates of North Atlantic Major Hurricane Activity During the 20th Century". Geo. Res. Letters, 28, 2873-2874.


  • Englehart, P. J., and A. V. Douglas, 2001: The role of eastern North Pacific tropical storms in the rainfall climatology of western Mexico. Intern. J. Clim., 21, 1357-1370.


  • None


  • Zou, X., Q. Xiao, A. E. Lipton, and G. D. Modica, 2001: A Numerical Study of the Effect of GOES Sounder Cloud-Cleared Brightness Temperatures on the Prediction of Hurricane Felix. J. App. Meteor., 40, 34-55.
  • Jagger, T., J. B. Elsner, and X. Niu, 2001: A Dynamic Probability Model of Hurricane Winds in Coastal Counties of the United States. J. App. Meteor., 40, 853-863.
  • Heymsfield, G. M., J. B. Halverson, J. Simpson, L. Tian, and T. P. Bui, 2001: ER-2 Doppler Radar Investigations of the Eyewall of Hurricane Bonnie during the Convection and Moisture Experiment-3. J. App. Meteor., 40, 1310-1330.
  • Brown, R. A., and L. Zeng, 2001: Comparison of Planetary Boundary Layer Model Winds with Dropsonde Observations in Tropical Cyclones. J. App. Meteor., 40, 1718-1723.
  • Rodgers, E. B., R. F. Adler, and H. F. Pierce, 2001: Contribution of Tropical Cyclones to the North Atlantic Climatological Rainfall as Observed from Satellites. J. App. Meteor., 40, 1785-1800.


  • Vitart, F., and J. L. Anderson, 2001: Sensitivity of Atlantic Tropical Storm Frequency to ENSO and Interdecadal Variability of SSTs in an Ensemble of AGCM Integrations. J. Climate, 14, 533-545.
  • Hart, R. E., and J. L. Evans, 2001: A Climatology of the Extratropical Transition of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones. J. Climate, 14, 546-564.
  • Thorncroft, C., and K. Hodges, 2001: African Easterly Wave Variability and Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity. J. Climate, 14, 1166-1179.
  • Knutson, T. R., R. E. Tuleya, W. Shen, and I. Ginis, 2001: Impact of CO2-Induced Warming on Hurricane Intensities as Simulated in a Hurricane Model with Ocean Coupling. J. Climate, 14, 2458-2468.
  • Nguyen, K. C., and K. J. E. Walsh, 2001: Interannual, Decadal, and Transient Greenhouse Simulation of Tropical Cyclone-like Vortices in a Regional Climate Model of the South Pacific. J. Climate, 14, 3043-3054.
  • Elsner, J. B., and B. H. Bossak, 2001: Bayesian Analysis of U.S. Hurricane Climate. J. Climate, 14, 4341-4350.


  • None


  • Whiteman, D. N., K. D. Evans, B. Demoz, D. O'C. Starr, E. W. Eloranta, D. Tobin, W. Feltz, G. J. Jedlovec, S. I. Gutman, G. K. Schwemmer, M. Cadirola, S. H. Melfi, and F. J. Schmidlin, 2001: Raman lidar measurements of water vapor and cirrus clouds during the passage of Hurricane Bonnie. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 106, 5211.


  • Emanuel, K., 2001: Contribution of tropical cyclones to meridional heat transport by the oceans. J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 106, 14,771.


  • Montgomery, M. T., H. D. Snell, and Z. Yang, 2001: Axisymmetric Spindown Dynamics of Hurricane-like Vortices. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 421-435.
  • Kuo, H.-C., J.-H. Chen, R. T. Williams, and C.-P. Chang, 2001: Rossby waves in zonally opposing mean flow: Behavior in Northwest Pacific summer monsoon. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1035-1050.
  • Kossin, J. P., and M. D. Eastin, 2001: Two Distinct Regimes in the Kinematic and Thermodynamic Structure of the Hurricane Eye and Eyewall. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1079-1090.
  • Kuo, H.-C., R. T. Williams, Jen-Her Chen, and Yi-Liang Chen, 2001: Topographic effects on barotropic vortex motion: no mean flow. J. Atmos.Sci., 58, 1310-1327.
  • Wu, L., and B. Wang, 2001: Movement and Vertical Coupling of Adiabatic Baroclinic Tropical Cyclones. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1801-1814.
  • Chen, Y., and M. K. Yau, 2001: Spiral Bands in a Simulated Hurricane. Part I: Vortex Rossby Wave Verification. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 2128-2145.
  • Kossin, J. P., and W. H. Schubert, 2001: Mesovortices, Polygonal Flow Patterns, and Rapid Pressure Falls in Hurricane-Like Vortices. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 2196-2209.
  • Kepert, J. D., 2001: The Dynamics of boundary layer jets within the tropical cyclone core. Part I : Linear Theory J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 2469-2484.
  • Kepert, J. D. and Y. Wang, 2001: The Dynamics of boundary layer jets within the tropical cyclone core. Part II : Nonlinear enhancement J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 2485-2501.
  • Andreas, E. L., and K. A. Emanuel, 2001: Effects of sea spray on tropical cyclone intensity. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 3741-3751.
  • Nolan, D. S., M. T. Montgomery, and L. D. Grasso, 2001: The Wavenumber-One Instability and Trochoidal Motion of Hurricane-like Vortices. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 3243-3270.
  • Wu, L., and B. Wang, 2001: Effects of Convective Heating on Movement and Vertical Coupling of Tropical Cyclones: A Numerical Study. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 3639-3649.


  • Wright, C. W., E. J. Walsh, D. Vandemark, W. B. Krabill, A. W. Garcia, S. H. Houston, M. D. Powell, P. G. Black, and F. D. Marks, 2001: Hurricane Directional Wave Spectrum Spatial Variation in the Open Ocean. J. Phys. Ocean., 31, 2472-2488.


  • Yumoto, M., and T. Matsuura, 2001: Interdecadal Variability of Tropical Cyclone Activity in the Western North Pacific. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79, 23-35.
  • Nakazawa, T., 2001: Suppressed Tropical Cyclone Formation over the Western North Pacific in 1998. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79, 173-183.
  • Yamasaki, M., 2001: A Tropical Cyclone Model Resolving Mesoscale Organized Convection with Prognostic Treatment of Subgrid-scale Cloud Water. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79, 637-655.
  • Baik, J.-J., and J.-S. Paek, 2001: Relationship between Vertical Wind Shear and Typhoon Intensity Change, and Development of Three-Predictor Intensity Prediction Model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79, 695-700.
  • Kang M.-K., and H.-B. Cheong, 2001: Oscillation of Separation Distance between Paired Typhoon-Scale Vortices. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79, 967-983.
  • Nagata, M., L. Leslie, H. Kamahori, R. Nomura, H. Mino,Y. Kurihara, E. Rogers, R. L. Elsberry, B.K. Basu, A. Buzzi, J. Calvo, M. Desgagn?, M. Dersquo, Isidoro, S.-Y. Hong, J. Katzfey, D. Majewski, P. Malguzzi, J. McGregor, A. Murata, J. Nachamkin, M. Roch, and C. Wilson, 2001: A Mesoscale Model Intercomparison: A Case of Explosive Development of a Tropical Cyclone (COMPARE III). J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79, 999-1033.
  • Nasuno, T., and M. Yamasaki, 2001: A Representation of Cumulus-scale Effects in a Mesoscale-Convection-Resolving Model for Tropical Cyclones. J. Meteor.Soc. Japan, 79 1035-1057.
  • Kwon, H. J., S.-H. Han, and K.-S. Shin, 2001: Operational Prediction of Typhoon Track at KMA using Barotropic Adaptive-grid Typhoon Simulation (BATS) Model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79, 1157-1168.


  • Kevin, K., and W. Cheung, 2001: A review of ensemble forecasting techniques with a focus on tropical cyclone forecasting. Meteor. App., 8, 315-332.
  • Lam, C. C., 2001: Performance of the ECMWF model in forecasting the tracks of tropical cyclones in the South China Sea and parts of the western North Pacific. Meteor. App., 8, 339-344.


  • Cheung, K. K. W., 2001: Ensemble forecasting of tropical cyclone motion: Comparison between regional bred modes and random perturbations. Meteor. Atmos. Phy., 78, 23-34.
  • Michaud, M., 2001: Total energy equation method for calculating hurricane intensity. Meteor. Atmos. Phy., 78, 35-42.
  • Marshall, J. F. Le, L. M. Leslie, R. F. Abbey, Jr., and L. Qi, 2001: Tropical cyclone track and intensity prediction: The generation and assimilation of high-density, satellite-derived data. Meteor. Atmos. Phy., 80, 43-57.
  • Reed, R. J., Y.-H. Kuo , M. D. Albright , K. Gao , Y.-R. Guo, and W. Huang, 2001: Analysis and modeling of a tropical-like cyclone in the Mediterranean Sea. Meteor. Atmos. Phy., 76, 183-202.


  • None


  • Zhang, D.-L, Y. Liu, and M. K. Yau, 2001: A Multiscale Numerical Study of Hurricane Andrew (1992). Part IV: Unbalanced Flows. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 92-107.
  • Fulton, S. R., 2001: An Adaptive Multigrid Barotropic Tropical Cyclone Track Model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 138-151.
  • Soden, B. J., C. S. Velden, and R. E. Tuleya, 2001: The Impact of Satellite Winds on Experimental GFDL Hurricane Model Forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 835-852.
  • Barnes, G. M., and P. B. Bogner, 2001: Comments on "Surface Observations in the Hurricane Environment". Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1267-1269.
  • Wang, Y., 2001: An Explicit Simulation of Tropical Cyclones with a Triply Nested Movable Mesh Primitive Equation Model: TCM3. Part I: Model Description and Control Experiment. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1370-1394.
  • Ritchie, E. A., and R. L. Elsberry, 2001: Simulations of the Transformation Stage of the Extratropical Transition of Tropical Cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1462-1480.
  • Spencer, R. W., and W. D. Braswell, 2001: Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Monitoring with AMSU-A: Estimation of Maximum Sustained Wind Speeds. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1518-1532.
  • Wu, C.-C., 2001: Numerical Simulation of Typhoon Gladys (1994) and Its Interaction with Taiwan Terrain Using the GFDL Hurricane Model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1533-1549.
  • McTaggart-Cowan, R., J. R. Gyakum, and M. K. Yau, 2001: Sensitivity Testing of Extratropical Transitions Using Potential Vorticity Inversions to Modify Initial Conditions: Hurricane Earl Case Study. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1617-1636.
  • Camp, J. P., and M. T. Montgomery, 2001: Hurricane Maximum Intensity: Past and Present. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1704-1717.
  • Weber, H. C., 2001: Hurricane Track Prediction with a New Barotropic Model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1834-1858.
  • Davis, C. A., and L. F. Bosart, 2001: Numerical Simulations of the Genesis of Hurricane Diana (1984). Part I: Control Simulation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1859-1881.
  • Vincent, D. G., and A. H. Fink, 2001: Tropical Cyclone Environments over the Northeastern and Northwestern Pacific Based on ERA-15 Analyses. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1928-1948.
  • Farf?n, L. M., and J. A. Zehnder, 2001: An Analysis of the Landfall of Hurricane Nora (1997). Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2073-2088.
  • Frank, W. M., and E. A. Ritchie, 2001: Effects of Vertical Wind Shear on the Intensity and Structure of Numerically Simulated Hurricanes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2249-2269.
  • Wang, Y., J. D. Kepert, and G. J. Holland, 2001: The Effect of Sea Spray Evaporation on Tropical Cyclone Boundary Layer Structure and Intensity. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2481-2500.
  • Vitart, F., and T. N. Stockdale, 2001: Seasonal Forecasting of Tropical Storms Using Coupled GCM Integrations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2521-2537.
  • Hanley, D., J. Molinari, and D. Keyser, 2001: A Composite Study of the Interactions between Tropical Cyclones and Upper-Tropospheric Troughs. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2570-2584.
  • Konrad, C. E. II, 2001: Diurnal Variations in the Landfall Times of Tropical Cyclones over the Eastern United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2627-2631.
  • Soden, B. J., C. S. Velden, and R. E. Tuleya, 2001: The Impact of Satellite Winds on Experimental GFDL Hurricane Model Forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 835-852.
  • Hall, J. D., A. J. Matthews, and D. J. Karoly, 2001: The Modulation of Tropical Cyclone Activity in the Australian Region by the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2970-2982.
  • Lawrence, M. B., L. A. Avila, J. L. Beven, J. L. Franklin, R. J. Pasch, and S. R. Stewart, 2001: Eastern North Pacific Hurricane Season of 2000. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 3004-3014.
  • Lander, M. A., C. P. Guard, 2001: Western North Pacific, North Indian Ocean, and Southern Hemisphere Tropical Cyclones of 1997. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 3015-3036.
  • Franklin, J. L., L. A. Avila, J. L. Beven, M. B. Lawrence, R. J. Pasch, and S. R. Stewart, 2001: Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2000. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 3037-3056.
  • Lawrence, M. B., L. A. Avila, J. L. Franklin, J. L. Guiney, and R. J. Pasch, 2001: Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1999. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 3057-3084.
  • Pasch, R. J., L. A. Avila, and J. L. Guiney, 2001: Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1998. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 3085-3123.


  • Nott, J. and Hayne, M. 2001: High frequency of 'super-cyclones' along the Great Barrier Reef over the past 5,000 years. Nature, 413, 508-512.


  • None


  • Ashok, B. K., 2001: Simulation of Tropical Cyclone Circulation Over the Bay of Bengal Using the Arakawa-Schubert Cumulus Parameterization. Part II: Some Sensitivity Experiments. Pure App. Geophy., 158, 1017-1046.


  • Puri, K., J. Barkmeijer, and T. N. Palmer, 2001: Ensemble prediction of tropical cyclones using targeted diabatic singula vectors. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 127, 709-731.
  • Vitart, F., J. L. Anderson, J. Sirutis, and R. E. Tuleya, 2001: Sensitivity of tropical storms simulated by general circulation model to changes in cumulus parametrization. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 127, 25-51.
  • Prieto, R., J. P. Kossin, and W. H. Schubert, 2001: Symmetrization of lopsided vorticity monopoles and offset hurricane eyes. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 127, 2307-2327.
  • Xu, K.-M., and D. A. Randall, 2001: Explicit simulation of cumulus ensembles with the GATE phase III data: Budgets of a composite easterly wave. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 127, 1571-1591.


  • None


  • Goldenberg, S. B., C. W. Landsea, A. M. Mestas-Nu?ez, and W. M. Gray, 2001: The Recent Increase in Atlantic Hurricane Activity: Causes and Implications. Science, 293, 474-479.
  • Bengtsson, L., 2001: Enhanced Hurricane Threats. Science, 293, 440- 441.


  • None


  • Membery, D., 2001: Monsoon tropical cyclones. Weather, 56, 431-438.


  • Reale, O., and R. Atlas, 2001: Tropical Cyclone-Like Vortices in the Extratropics: Observational Evidence and Synoptic Analysis. Wea. Forecasting, 16, 7-34.
  • DeMaria, M., J. A. Knaff, and B. H. Connell, 2001: A Tropical Cyclone Genesis Parameter for the Tropical Atlantic. Wea. Forecasting, 16, 219-233.
  • Carr, III, L. E., R. L. Elsberry, and J. E. Peak, 2001: Beta Test of the Systematic Approach Expert System Prototype as a Tropical Cyclone Track Forecasting Aid. Wea. Forecasting, 16, 355-368.
  • Mackey B. P., and T. N. Krishnamurti, 2001: Ensemble Forecast of a Typhoon Flood Event. Wea. Forecasting, 16, 399-415.
  • Chan, C. L., J. J. Shi, and K. S. Liu, 2001: Improvements in the Seasonal Forecasting of Tropical Cyclone Activity over the Western North Pacific. Wea. Forecasting, 16, 491-498.
  • Thorncroft, C., and I. Pytharoulis, 2001: A Dynamical Approach to Seasonal Prediction of Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity. Wea. Forecasting, 16, 725-735.

Books published in 2001

  • Carrier, J., 2001: "The Ship and the Storm - Hurricane Mitch and the Loss of the Fantome"
    International Marine/McGraw Hill, Camden, Maine, 264 pp.
  • Marscher, B. and F.Marscher, 2001: "The Great Sea Island Storm of 1893"
    Authors Choice Press, San Jose, CA, 136pp.
  • Sheets, B., and J. Williams, 2001: "Hurricane Watch: Forecasting the Deadliest Storms on Earth"
    Vintage Press, New York, 331 pp.

Maintained by Chris Landsea (NHC).
Last modified June 2004

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