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Subject: E23) What is the complete list of continental U.S. landfalling hurricanes?

Contributed by Chris Landsea (NHC)

Continental United States Hurricane Impacts/Landfalls
1851-2017

(Revised in May 2018 to add the 2017 season)

Year Month States Affected and Category by States Highest
Saffir-
Simpson
Category
Central Pressure
(mb)
Max Wind
(kt)
Name
1850s
1851JunTX, C1197480-----
1851AugFL, NW3; I-GA, 13955100"Great Middle Florida"
1852AugAL, 3; MS, 3; LA, 2; FL, SW2, NW13961100"Great Mobile"
1852SepFL, SW1198270-----
1852OctFL, NW2; I-GA, 1296590"Middle Florida"
1853Oct * GA, 1196570-----
1854JunTX, S1198270-----
1854SepGA, 3; SC, 2; FL, NE13950100"Great Carolina"
1854SepTX, C2296590"Matagorda"
1855SepLA, 3; MS, 33945110"Middle Gulf Shore"
1856AugLA, 44934130"Last Island"
1856AugFL, NW2; I-AL, 1; I-GA, 1296590"Southeastern States"
1857SepNC, 2296190-----
1858SepNY, 1; CT, 1; RI, 1; MA, 1197680"New England"
1859SepAL, 1; FL, NW1198270-----
1859OctFL, SW1, SE1197480-----
1860s
1860AugLA, 3; MS, 3; AL, 23945110-----
1860SepLA, 2; MS, 2; AL, 1296590-----
1860OctLA, 2296590-----
1861Aug* FL, SW1197870"Key West"
1861SepNC, 1198570"Equinoctial"
1861NovNC, 1198570"Expedition"
1862 None
1863 None
1864 None
1865SepLA, 2; TX, N1296590"Sabine River"
1865OctFL, SW2, SE1296990-----
1866JulTX, C2296590-----
1867JunSC, 1198570-----
1867OctLA, 2; TX, S1, N1; FL, NW1296590"Galveston"
1868 None
1869AugTX, C2296590"Lower Texas Coast"
1869SepLA, 1198270-----
1869SepRI, 3; MA, 3; NY, 1; CT, 13963100"Eastern New England"
1869Oct & ME, 2; MA, 1296590"Saxby's Gale"
1870s
1870JulAL, 1198270"Mobile"
1870Oct* FL, SW1, SE1197070"Twin Key West (I)"
1870OctFL, SW1197780"Twin Key West (II)"
1871AugFL, SE3, NE1, NW13955100-----
1871AugFL, SE2, NE1296590-----
1871SepFL, NW1, SW1198270-----
1872 None
1873SepFL, NW1198270-----
1873OctFL, SW3, SE2, NE13959100-----
1874SepFL, NW1; SC, 1; NC, 1198180-----
1875SepTX, C3, S23955100-----
1876SepNC, 1; VA, 1198080-----
1876OctFL, SW2, SE1297390-----
1877SepLA, 1; FL, NW1198270-----
1877OctFL, NW3; I-GA, 13955100-----
1878SepFL, NW2, SW2, NE1; SC, 1; GA, 1297090-----
1878OctNC, 2; VA, 1; MD, 1; DE, 1;
NJ, 1; I-PA, 1
296390-----
1879AugNC, 3; VA, 2; MA, 13971100-----
1879AugTX, N2; LA, 2296490-----
1879SepLA, 33945110-----
1880s
1880Aug # TX, S33931110-----
1880AugFL, SE2, NE1, NW1297290-----
1880SepNC, 1198770-----
1880OctFL, NW1198270-----
1881AugGA, 2; SC, 1297090-----
1881SepNC, 2297590-----
1882SepFL, NW3; I-AL, 13949110-----
1882OctFL, NW1198570-----
1883SepNC, 2; SC, 1296590-----
1884 None
1885AugSC, 2; NC, 1; GA, 1; FL, NE1297090-----
1886JunTX, N2; LA, 2297085-----
1886JunFL, NW2; I-GA, 1297085-----
1886JunFL, NW2; I-GA, 1297085-----
1886JulFL, NW1198270-----
1886AugTX, C44925130"Indianola"
1886Sep# TX, S1, C1197380-----
1886OctLA, 3; TX, N23950105-----
1887JulFL, NW1; I-AL, 1197875-----
1887Aug * NC, 1194665-----
1887SepTX, S1197375-----
1887OctLA, 1197875-----
1888JunTX, C1198270-----
1888AugFL, SE3, SW1; LA2; I-MS, 13945110-----
1888OctFL, NW2, NE1297095-----
1889SepLA, 1198270-----
1890s
1890 None
1891JulTX, C1, N1197480-----
1891AugFL, SE1198570-----
1892 None
1893AugNY, 1; CT, 1198675"Midnight Storm"
1893AugGA, 3; SC, 3; I-NC, 1; FL, NE13954100"Sea Islands"
1893SepLA, 2297085-----
1893OctLA, 4; MS, 2; AL, 24948115"Chenier Caminanda"
1893OctSC, 3; NC, 2; I-VA, 13955105-----
1894SepFL, SW2, NE1; SC, 1; VA, 1297590-----
1894OctFL, NW3; I-GA, 1; NY, 1; RI, 1; CT, 13950105-----
1895Aug # TX, S1196365-----
1896JulFL, NW2297085-----
1896SepRI, 1; MA, 1198570-----
1896SepFL, NW3, NE3; GA, 2; SC, 1;
I-NC, 1; I-VA, 1
3960110-----
1897SepLA, 1; TX, N1197875-----
1898AugFL, NW1198270-----
1898AugGA, 1; SC, 1198075-----
1898OctGA, 4; FL, NE24938115-----
1899AugFL, NW2297985-----
1899AugNC, 33945105-----
1899OctNC, 2; SC, 2295595-----
1900s
1900SepTX, N44936120"Galveston"
1901JulNC, 1198370-----
1901AugLA, 1; MS, 1; AL, 1197375-----
1902 None
1903SepFL, SE1, NW1197480-----
1903SepNJ, 1; DE, 1199070-----
1904SepSC, 1198570-----
1904OctFL, SE1198570-----
1905 None
1906JunFL, SW1, SE1197975-----
1906SepSC, 1; NC, 1197780-----
1906SepMS, 2; AL, 2; FL, NW2; LA, 1295895-----
1906OctFL, SW3, SE33953105-----
1907 None
1908JulNC, 1198570-----
1909JunTX, S2297285-----
1909JulTX, N33959100"Velasco"
1909Aug# TX, S1195565-----
1909SepLA, 3; MS, 23952105"Grand Isle"
1909OctFL, SW3, SE33957100-----
1910s
1910SepTX, S2296590-----
1910OctFL, SW2295595-----
1911AugFL, NW1; AL,1198270-----
1911AugSC, 2; GA, 1297285-----
1912SepAL, 1; FL, NW1198665-----
1912OctTX, S2297085-----
1913JunTX, S1198665-----
1913SepNC, 1197675-----
1913OctSC, 1198965-----
1914 None
1915AugFL, NE1199065-----
1915AugTX, N4, C1; LA, 14940115"Galveston"
1915SepFL, NW1198280-----
1915SepLA, 3; MS, 23944110"New Orleans"
1916JulMS, 3; AL, 2; FL, NW23950105-----
1916JulSC, 2296095-----
1916AugTX, S44932115-----
1916OctAL, 2; FL, NW2297095-----
1917SepFL, NW3; LA, 2; AL, 13949100-----
1918AugLA, 3; TX, N13955105-----
1918AugNC, 1198865-----
1919SepFL, SW4, SE2; TX, S3, C34927130-----
1920s
1920SepLA, 2297585-----
1921JunTX, C1, N1198080-----
1921OctFL, SW3, NW2, NE13958100"Tampa Bay"
1922 None
1923OctLA, 1; MS, 1198370-----
1924Aug * NC, 1; MA, 1196365
1924SepFL, NW1198075-----
1924OctFL, SW1, SE1197580-----
1925 None
1926JulFL, NE2; SE1296790-----
1926AugLA, 33955100-----
1926SepFL, SE4, SW3, NW3; AL, 3; MS, 14930125"Great Miami"
1926Oct* FL, SW1, SE1194975-----
1927 None
1928AugFL, SE2297785-----
1928SepFL, SE4, SW3, NE1, NW1; GA, 1; SC, 14929125"Lake Okeechobee"
1929JunTX, C1198280-----
1929Sp-OcFL, SE3, SW2, NW13948100-----
1930s
1930 None
1931 None
1932AugTX, N4, C14935130"Freeport"
1932SepAL, 1; FL, NW1197975-----
1933Jl-Au# TX, S1; FL, SE1197580-----
1933AugNC, 1; VA, 1; MD, 1196380-----
1933SepTX, S33940110-----
1933SepFL, SE33948110-----
1933Sep * NC, 2; VA, 1295285-----
1934JunLA, 2296685-----
1934JulTX, S1197975-----
1934Sep * NC, 1; NJ, 1; NY, 1197565-----
1935SepFL, SE5, SW5, NW2; I-GA, 15892160"Labor Day"
1935NovFL, SE2, NE1296585-----
1936JunTX, C1198770-----
1936JulFL; NW2; I-AL,1296490-----
1936SepNC, 1; VA, 1196475-----
1937 None
1938AugLA, 1199565-----
1938SepNY, 3; CT, 3; RI, 3; MA, 23941105"Great New England"
1939AugFL, SE1, NW1198565-----
1940s
1940AugTX, N2; LA, 2297285-----
1940AugSC, 2; GA, 1297285-----
1941SepTX, N3,C23942110-----
1941OctFL, SE2, SW1, NW1, IGA1298085-----
1942AugTX, N1199265-----
1942AugTX, C3, N23950100-----
1943JulTX, N2296790-----
1944AugNC, 1198570-----
1944SepNC, 2; VA, 2; NY, 2; CT, 1;
RI, 2; MA, 1; NJ, 1
295490"Great Atlantic"
1944OctFL, SW3, NE2, NW13949105-----
1945JunFL, NW1198570-----
1945AugTX, C2, S1, N13963100-----
1945SepFL, SE4, SW3, NE14949115-----
1946OctFL, SW2, NW1198075-----
1947AugTX, C1198470-----
1947SepFL, SE4, SW2, LA2, MS24943115-----
1947OctGA2, SC2, FL, SW1, SE1296590-----
1948SepLA1198370-----
1948SepFL, SW4, SE24940115-----
1948OctFL, SW2, SE2296390-----
1949Aug *NC, 1197770-----
1949AugFL, SE4, SW1, NW1, NE1, GA14954115-----
1949OctTX, N2, C1296595-----
1950s
1950AugAL1, FL, NW1197975Baker
1950SepFL, NW3, SW13960105Easy
1950OctFL, SE4, NE14955115King
1951 None
1952AugSC, 2298085Able
1953AugNC, 1197580Barbara
1953SepFL, NW1197580Florence
1953OctFL, SW1198075Hazel
1954AugNY, 3; CT, 3; RI, 3; MA, 2; NC, 13955100Carol
1954SepMA, 2; NC, 1; NY, 1; RI, 1295095Edna
1954OctSC, 4; NC, 44938115Hazel
1955AugNC, 2; VA, 1296285Connie
1955SepNC, 2295590Ione
1956SepLA, 1; FL, NW1197475Flossy
1957JunLA3; TX, N23946110Audrey
1958Sep * NC, 33938110 Helene
1959JulSC, 1199565Cindy
1959JulTX, N1198075Debra
1959SepSC, 44951115Gracie
1960s
1960SepFL, SW4, SE4, NE1; NC, 2; VA1; NY, 2; CT, 1; RI, 1; MA, 14930125Donna
1960SepLA, 1; MS, 11980980Ethel
1961SepTX, C44931-----Carla
1962 None
1963SepTX, N11996-----Cindy
1964AugFL, SE22968-----Cleo
1964SepFL, NE22966-----Dora
1964OctLA, 33950-----Hilda
1964OctFL, SW2, SE22974-----Isbell
1965SepFL, SE3; LA, 33948-----Betsy
1966JunFL, NW22982-----Alma
1966OctFL, SW11983-----Inez
1967SepTX, S33950-----Beulah
1968OctFL, NW2, NE12977-----Gladys
1969AugLA, 5; MS, 55909-----Camille
1969SepME, 11980-----Gerda
1970s
1970AugTX, S33945-----Celia
1971SepLA, 22978-----Edith
1971SepTX, C11979-----Fern
1971SepNC, 11995-----Ginger
1972JunFL, NW1; NY, 1; CT, 11980-----Agnes
1973 None
1974SepLA, 33952-----Carmen
1975SepFL, NW3; I-AL13955-----Eloise
1976AugNY, 11980-----Belle
1977SepLA, 11995-----Babe
1978 None
1979JulLA, 11986-----Bob
1979SepFL, SE2, NE2; GA, 2; SC, 22970-----David
1979SepAL, 3; MS, 33946-----Frederic
1980s
1980AugTX, S33945100Allen
1981 None
1982 None
1983AugTX, N33962100Alicia
1984Sep * NC, 2294995Diana
1985JulSC, 11100365Bob
1985AugLA, 1198780Danny
1985SepAL, 3; MS, 3; FL, NW33959100Elena
1985SepNC, 3; NY, 3; CT, 2; NH,2; ME, 1394290Gloria
1985OctLA, 1197175Juan
1985NovFL, NW2; I-GA 1296785Kate
1986JunTX, N1199075Bonnie
1986AugNC, 1199065Charley
1987OctFL, SW1199365Floyd
1988SepLA, 1198470Florence
1989AugTX, N1198670Chantal
1989SepSC, 4; I-NC 14934120Hugo
1989OctTX, N1198375Jerry
1990s
1990 None
1991AugRI, 2; MA, 2; NY, 2; CT, 2296290Bob
1992AugFL, SE5, SW4; LA, 35922145Andrew
1993Aug * NC, 33961100Emily
1994 None
1995AugFL, NW2, SE1297385Erin
1995OctFL, NW3, I-AL 13942100Opal
1996JulNC, 2297490Bertha
1996SepNC, 33954100Fran
1997JulLA, 1; AL, 1198470Danny
1998AugNC, 2296495Bonnie
1998SepFL, NW1198770Earl
1998SepFL, SW2; MS, 2296490Georges
1999AugTX, S33951100Bret
1999SepNC, 2295690Floyd
1999Oct * FL, SW1; NC, 2296495Irene
2000s
2000 None
2001 None
2002OctLA, 1196380Lili
2003JulTX, C1197980Claudette
2003SepNC, 2; VA, 1295790Isabel
2004Aug * NC, 1197270Alex
2004AugFL, SW4, SE1, NE1; SC, 1; NC, 14941130Charley
2004AugSC, 1198565Gaston
2004SepFL, SE2, SW1296090Frances
2004SepAL, 3; FL, NW33946105Ivan
2004SepFL, SE3, SW1, NW13950105Jeanne
2005JulLA, 1199165Cindy
2005JulFL, NW3; I-AL 13946105Dennis
2005AugFL, SE1, SW1; LA, 3; MS, 3; AL, 13920110Katrina
2005Sep * NC, 1198265Ophelia
2005SepFL, SW1; LA, 3; TX, N23937100Rita
2005OctFL, SW3; FL, SE23950105Wilma
2006 None
2007SepTX, N1; LA, 1198580Humberto
2008JulTX, S1196775Dolly
2008SepLA, 2295490Gustav
2008SepTX, N2; LA, 1295095Ike
2009 None
2010s
2010 None
2011AugNC, 1195275Irene
2012AugLA, 1196670Isaac
2012Oct* NY, 1194265Sandy
2013 None
2014JulNC, 2297385Arthur
2015 None
2016SepFL, NW1198170Hermine
2016Oct * FL, NE2; GA, 1; SC, 1; NC, 1296385Matthew
2017Aug TX,S 44937115 Harvey
2017Sep FL,SW 4,SE 14931115 Irma
2017Oct LA 1, MS 1198365 Nate

Notes:
Updated from Jarrell et al. 1992 and reflecting official HURDAT reanalysis changes through 1914. Note that from 1915 through 1979, no official wind speed estimates are currently available. Document created in Feb. 2005

States Affected and Category by States Affected: The impact of the hurricane on individual U.S. states based upon the Saffir-Simpson Scale (through the estimate of the maximum sustained surface winds at each state). (TX S-South Texas, TX C-Central Texas, TX N-North Texas, LA-Louisiana, MS-Mississippi, AL-Alabama, FL NW-Northwest Florida, FL SW-Southwest Florida, FL SE-Southeast Florida, FL NE-Northeast Florida, GA-Georgia, SC-South Carolina, NC-North Carolina, VA-Virginia, MD-Maryland, DE-Delaware, NJ-New Jersey, NY-New York, PA-Pennsylvania, CT-Connecticut, RI-Rhode Island, MA-Massachusetts, NH-New Hampshire, ME-Maine. In Texas, south refers to the area from the Mexican border to Corpus Christi; central spans from north of Corpus Christi to Matagorda Bay and north refers to the region from north of Matagorda Bay to the Louisiana border. In Florida, the north-south dividing line is from Cape Canaveral [28.45N] to Tarpon Springs [28.17N]. The dividing line between west-east Florida goes from 82.69W at the north Florida border with Georgia, to Lake Okeechobee and due south along longitude 80.85W.)

Highest U.S. Saffir-Simpson Category: The highest Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale impact in the United States based upon estimated maximum sustained surface winds produced at the coast.

Central Pressure: The observed (or analyzed from peripheral pressure measurements) central pressure of the hurricane at landfall.

Maximum Winds: Estimated maximum sustained (1-min) surface (10 m) winds to occur along the U. S. coast. Winds are estimated to the nearest 10 kt for the period of 1851 to 1885 and to the nearest 5 kt for the period of 1886 to date. (1 kt = 1.15 mph.)

* - Indicates that the hurricane center did not make a U.S. landfall (or substantially weakened before making landfall), but did produce the indicated hurricane force winds over land. In this case, central pressure is given for the hurricane's point of closest approach.

& - Indicates that the hurricane center did make a direct landfall, but that the strongest winds likely remained offshore. Thus the winds indicated here are lower than in HURDAT.

# - Indicates that the hurricane made landfall over Mexico, but also caused sustained hurricane force surface winds in Texas. The strongest winds at landfall impacted Mexico, while the weaker maximum sustained winds indicated here were conditions estimated to occur in Texas. Indicated central pressure given is that at Mexican landfall.

Additional Note:
Because of the sparseness of towns and cities before 1900 in some coastal locations along the United States, the above list is not complete for all states. Before the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic coasts became settled, hurricanes may have been underestimated in their intensity or missed completely for small-sized systems (i.e., 2004's Hurricane Charley). The following list provides estimated dates when accurate tropical cyclone records began for specified regions of the United States based upon U.S Census reports and other historical analyses. Years in parenthesis indicate possible starting dates for reliable records before the 1850s that may be available with additional research:

  • Texas-south - 1880
  • Texas-central - 1851
  • Texas-north - 1860
  • Louisiana - 1880
  • Mississippi - 1851
  • Alabama < 1851 (1830)
  • Florida-northwest - 1880
  • Florida-southwest - 1900
  • Florida-southeast - 1900
  • Florida-northeast - 1880
  • Georgia < 1851 (1800)
  • South Carolina < 1851 (1760)
  • North Carolina < 1851 (1760)
  • Virginia < 1851 (1700)
  • Maryland < 1851 (1760)
  • Delaware < 1851 (1700)
  • New Jersey < 1851 (1760)
  • New York < 1851 (1700)
  • Connecticut < 1851 (1660)
  • Rhode Island < 1851 (1760)
  • Massachusetts < 1851 (1660)
  • New Hampshire < 1851 (1660)
  • Maine < 1851 (1790).

Last Revised : July 31, 2018

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