XBT Bibliography

Histogram of Publications

The following is a list of scientific and technical publications that use eXpendable BathyThermograph (XBT) data. If your XBT publication is not listed here, please email us the complete reference.

Please contact the publication authors to obtain an electronic or printed version of the articles. Alternatively, you may conduct a Google search of the publication title, which may direct you to an electronic version of the article.




[pdf version]


55 Entries

Baringer, M.O., Lankhorst, M., Volkov, D., Garzoli, S., Dong, S., and Send, U. (2017) Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2016”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98(8), s84-87, doi: 10.1175/2017BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Bowen, M., Markham, J., Sutton, P., Zhang, X., Wu, Q., Shears, N., and Fernandez, D. (2017). Interannual variability of sea surface temperatures in the Southwest Pacific and the role of ocean dynamics. Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0852.1

Brossier, C.-L., Legler, F., Giordani, H., Beuveir, J., Bouin, M.-N., Ducrocq, V., and Fourrie, N. (2017). Dense water formation in the north-western Mediterranean area during HyMeX-SOP2 in 1/36° ocean simulations: Ocean-atmosphere coupling impact. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012526




102 Entries

Abraham, J.P., Cowley, R., and Cheng, L. (2016). Quantification of the Effect of Water Temperature on the Fall Rate of Expendable Bathythermographs. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33,(6), 1271-1284, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0216.1

Alexander, P., Duncan, A., Bose, N., Williams, G. (2016). Modelling acoustic propagation beneath Antarctic sea ice using measured environmental parameters. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, in press, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.04.026

Armour, K.C., Marshall, J., Scott, J.R., Donohoe, A., and Newsom, E.R. (2016). Southern Ocean warming delayed by circumpolar upwelling and equatorward transport. Nature Geoscience, 9, 549-554, doi: 10.1038/ngeo2731




92 Entries

Alappattu, D.P. and Wang, Q. (2015). Correction of Depth Bias in Upper-Ocean Temperature and Salinity Profiling Measurements from Airborne Expendable Probes. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 247–255,doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00114.1

Ali, M.M., Nagamani, P.V., Sharma, N., Venu Gopal, R.T., Rajeevan, M., Goni, GJ, and Bourassa, M.A. (2015). Relationship between ocean mean temperatures and Indian Summer monsoon rainfall. Atmospheric Science Letters, 16(3), 408-413, doi: 10.1002/asl2.576.

Alory, G., Delcroix, T., Techine, P., Diverres, D., Varillon, D., Cravatte, S., Gouriou, Y., Grelet, J.,Jacquin, S.,Kestenare, E., Maes, C., Morrow, R., Perrier, J., Reverdin, G., and Roubaud, F. (2015). The French contribution to the voluntary observing ships network of sea surface salinity. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 105, 1-18, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2015.08.005.




86 Entries

Abraham, J., Gorman, J., Reseghetti, F., Sparrow, E., Stark, J., and Shepard, T. (2014). Modeling and numerical simulation of the forces acting on a sphere during early-water entry. Ocean Engineering, 76, 1-9, doi: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2013.11.015.

Alexander, P., Duncan, A., Bose, N., Wilkes, D., Lewis, R., and de Souza, P. (2014). Noise characterisation of the Aurora Australis while stationary in Antarctic sea ice. Ocean Engineering, 82, 52-64, doi: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2014.02.030.

Atkinson, C. P., Rayner, N. A., Kennedy, J. J., and Good, S. A. (2014). An integrated database of ocean temperature and salinity observations. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 119, 7139–7163, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010053.




83 Entries

Ali, M. M., Kashyap, T., and Nagamani, P.V. (2013). Use of Sea Surface Temperature for Cyclone Intensity Prediction Needs a Relook. Eos, Transactions AGU, 94(19), 177, doi: 10.1002/2013EO190005.

Abraham, J. P., Baringer, M., Bindoff, N.L., Boyer, T., Cheng, L.J., Church, J.A., Conroy, J.L., Domingues, C.M., Fasullo, J.T., Gilson, J, Goni, G., Good, S.A., Gouretski, V., Ishii, M., Johnson, G.C., Kizu, S., Lyman, J.M., Macdonald, A.M., Minkowycz, W.J., Moffitt, S.E., Palmer, M.D., Piola, A.R., Reseghetti, F., Schuckmann, K., Trenberth, K.E., Veliconga, I, and Willis, J.K. (2013). A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change. Reviews of Geophysics, 51, 450–483, doi:10.1002/rog.20022.

Balmaseda, M. A., Mogensen, K., and Weaver, A.T. (2013). Evaluation of the ECMWF ocean reanalysis system ORAS4. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139, 1132–1161, doi: 10.1002/qj.2063.




66 Entries

Abraham, J. P., Gorman, J.M., Reseghetti, F., Sparrow, E.M., and Minkowycz, W.J. (2012). Drag Coefficients for Rotating Expendable Bathythermographs and the Impact of Launch Parameters on Depth Predictions. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 62(1), 25-43, doi: 10.1080/10407782.2012.672898.

Abraham, J. P., Gorman, J.M., Reseghetti, F., Sparrow, E.M., and Minkowycz, W.J. (2012). Turbulent and transitional modeling of drag on oceanographic measurement devices. Modelling and Simulation in Engineering, 2012, ID 567864, doi: 10.1155/2012/567864.

Baringer, M.O., Cunningham, S.A., Meinen, C.S., Garzoli, S., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., Macdonald, A., Send, U., Hobbs, W.R. Kanzow, T.O., Rayner, D., Johns, W.E., Bryden, H.L., and Marotzke, J., (2012). State of the Ocean in 2011: Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic. Blunden, J., D.S. Arndt (eds.), Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 93(7):S78-S81.




93 Entries

Abraham, J., Gorman, J., Reseghetti, F., Trenberth, K., and Minkowycz, W. J. (2011). A new method of calculating ocean temperatures using expendable bathythermographs. Energy and Environment Research, 1(1), 2-11, doi: 10.5539/eer.v1n1p2.

Adani, M., Dobricic, S., and Pinardi, N. (2011). Quality Assessment of a 1985–2007 Mediterranean Sea Reanalysis. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 569–589, doi: 10.1175/2010JTECHO798.1.

Alvera-Azcárate, A., Troupin, C., Barth, A., Beckers, and J.-M. (2011). Comparison between satellite and in situ sea surface temperature data in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Ocean Dynamics, 61(6), 767-778, doi: 10.1007/s10236-011-0403-x.




87 Entries

Abernathey, R., Marshall, J., Mazloff, M., and Shuckburgh, E. (2010). Enhancement of Mesoscale Eddy Stirring at Steering Levels in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 170–184, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4201.1.

Amitai, Y., Lehahn, Y., Lazar, A., and Heifetz, E. (2010). Surface circulation of the eastern Mediterranean Levantine basin: Insights from analyzing 14 years of satellite altimetry data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C10058, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006147.

Baringer, M.O., Kanzow, T.O., Meinen, C.S., Cunningham, S.A., Rayner, D., Johns, W.E., Bryden, H.L., Hirschi, J.J-M., Beal, L.M., and Marotzke, J. (2010). The meridional overturning circulation. In "State of the Climate in 2009", D.S. Arndt. M.O. Baringer, and M.R. Johnson (eds.). Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 91(6):66-69 (2010).




77 Entries

Alory, G. and Meyers, G. (2009). Warming of the Upper Equatorial Indian Ocean and Changes in the Heat Budget (1960-1999). Journal of Climate, 22, 93-113, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2330.1.

André, G., Garreau, P., and Fraunie, P. (2009). Mesoscale slope current variability in the Gulf of Lions. Interpretation of in-situ measurements using a three-dimensional model. Continental Shelf Research, 29(2), 407–423, doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2008.10.004.

Luis, A. J., and Sudhakar, M. (2009). Upper-ocean hydrodynamics along meridional sections in the southwest Indian sector of the Southern Ocean during austral summer 2007. Polar Science, Volume 3(1), 13–30, doi: 10.1016/j.polar.2009.03.001.




100 Entries

Ambar, I., Serra, N., Neves, F., and Ferreira, T. (2008). Observations of the Mediterranean Undercurrent and eddies in the Gulf of Cadiz during 2001. Journal of Marine Systems, 71(1–2),195–220, doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2007.07.003.

Aoki, S., Fujii, N., Ushio, S., Yoshikawa, Y., Watanabe, S., Mizuta, G., Fukamachi, Y., and Wakatsuchi, M. (2008), Deep western boundary current and southern frontal systems of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current southeast of the Kerguelen Plateau. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C08038, doi: 10.1029/2007JC004627.

Balmaseda, M. A., Vidard, A., and Anderson, D.L.T. (2008). The ECMWF Ocean Analysis System: ORA-S3. Monthly Weather Review, 136, 3018–3034, doi: 10.1175/2008MWR2433.1.




82 Entries

AchutaRao, K. M., Ishii, M., Santer, B. D., Gleckler, P. J., Taylor, K. E., Barnett, T. P., Pierce, W., Stouffer, R.J., and Wigley, T. M. L. (2007). Simulated and observed variability in ocean temperature and heat content. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(26), 10768-10773, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0611375104.

Aoki, S., and Akitomo, K. (2007). Observations of small-scale disturbances of the subantarctic front south of australia. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 54(3), 320-339, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2006.12.002.

Alory, G., Wijffels, S., and Meyers, G. (2007). Observed temperature trends in the Indian Ocean over 1960-1999 and associated mechanisms. Geophysical Research Letters, 34(2), L02606, doi: 10.1029/2006GL028044.




69 Entries

Alory, G., Vega, A., Ganachaud, A., and Despinoy, M. (2006). Influence of upwelling, subsurface stratification, and heat fluxes on coastal sea surface temperature off southwestern New Caledonia. Journal of geophysical research, 111, C07023, doi: 10.1029/2005JC003401.

Anilkumar, N., Luis, A.J., Somayajulu, Y.K., Babu, V.R., Dash, M.K., Pednekar, S.M., Babu, K.N., Sudhakar, M. and Pandey, P.C. (2006). Fronts, water masses and heat content variability in the western indian sector of the southern ocean during austral summer 2004. Journal of Marine Systems, 63(1-2), 20-34, doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2006.04.009.

Ansorge, I. J., Lutjeharms, J. R. E., Swart, N. C., and Durgadoo, J. V. (2006). Observational evidence for a cross frontal heat pump in the Southern Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L19601, doi: 10.1029/2006GL026174.




101 Entries

Ali, M. M., Gopalakrishna, V. V., Araligidad, N., Reddy, G. V., and Salgoanker, G. (2005). Determination of dynamic heights in the bay of bengal from XBT profiles and climatological salinities. Journal of Marine Research, 63(4), 671-682.

Ansorge, I. J., and Lutjeharms, J. R. (2005). Direct observations of eddy turbulence at a ridge in the Southern Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L14603, doi: 10.1029/2005GL022588.

Assenbauma, M. , and Reverdin, G. (2005). Near real-time analyses of the mesoscale circulation during the POMME experiment. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 52(8), 1345-1373, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2005.03.006.




78 Entries

Ansorge, I. J., Froneman, P. W., Lutjeharms, J. R. E., Bernard, K. S., Lange, L., Lukač, D., Backeburg, B., Blake, J., Bland, S., Burls, N., Davies-Coleman, M., Gerber, R., Gildenhuys, S., Hayes-Foley, P., Ludford, A., Manzoni, T., Robertson, E., Southey, D., Swart, S., Van Rensberg, D., and Wynne, S. (2004). An interdisciplinary cruise dedicated to understanding ocean eddies upstream of the Prince Edward Islands. South African journal of science, 100(7 and 8), 319-322.

Ambe, D., Imawaki, S., Uchida, H., Ichikawa, K. (2004). Estimating the Kuroshio Axis South of Japan Using Combination of Satellite Altimetry and Drifting Buoys. Journal of Oceanography, 60(2), 375-382, doi: 10.1023/B:JOCE.0000038343.31468.fe.

Balch, W. M., Drapeau, D. T., Bowler, B. C., Booth, E. S., Goes, J. I., Ashe, A., and Frye, J.M. (2004). A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the gulf of maine: I. spatial and temporal variability. Progress in Oceanography, 63(1-2), 57-98, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2004.09.003




94 Entries

An, S.-I. (2003). Conditional Maximum Covariance Analysis and Its Application to the Tropical Indian Ocean SST and Surface Wind Stress Anomalies. Journal of Climate, 16, 2932-2938, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<2932:CMCAAI>2.0.CO;2.

Annamalai, H., Murtugudde, R., Potemra, J., Xie, S.P., Liu, P., Wang, B. (2003). Coupled dynamics over the Indian Ocean: spring initiation of the Zonal Mode. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 50(12-13), 2305-2330, doi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(03)00058-4.

Aoki, S., Yoritaka, M., and Masuyama, A. (2003). Multidecadal warming of subsurface temperature in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 8081, doi: 10.1029/2000JC000307, C4.




97 Entries

Alory, G., and Delcroix, T. (2002). Interannual sea level changes and associated mass transports in the tropical Pacific from TOPEX/Poseidon data and linear model results (1964-1999). Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(C10), 3153, doi: 10.1029/2001JC001067.

Ansorge, I.J., Lutjeharms, J.R.E. (2002). The hydrography and dynamics of the ocean environment of the Prince Edward Islands (Southern Ocean). Journal of Marine Systems, 37(1-3), 107-127, doi: 10.1016/S0924-7963(02)00198-7.

Antonov, J. I., Levitus, S., and Boyer, T. P. (2002). Steric sea level variations during 1957-(1994). Importance of salinity. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(C12), 8013, doi: 10.1029/2001JC000964.




71 Entries

Alfultis, M. A., and Cornillon, P. (2001). Annual and Interannual Changes in the North Atlantic STMW Layer Properties. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31, 2066-2086, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<2066:AAICIT>2.0.CO;2.

Alfultis, M. A., and Cornillon, P. (2001). A Characterization of the North Atlantic STMW Layer Climatology Using World Ocean Atlas 1994 Data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 18, 2021-2037, doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<2021:ACOTNA>2.0.CO;2.

Barlow, M., Nigam, S., and Berbery, E.H. (2001). ENSO, Pacific Decadal Variability, and U.S. Summertime Precipitation, Drought, and Stream Flow. Journal of Climate, 14, 2105-2128, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<2105:EPDVAU>2.0.CO;2.




83 Entries

Aiken, J., Rees, N., Hooker, S., Holligan, P., Bale, A., Robins, D., Moore, G., Harris, R., and Pilgrim, D. (2000). The Atlantic Meridional Transect: overview and synthesis of data. Progress in Oceanography, 45(3-4), 257-312, doi: 10.1016/S0079-6611(00)00005-7.

Ansell, T., Reason C.J.C., and Meyers, G. (2000). Variability in the tropical southeast Indian Ocean and links with southeast Australian winter rainfall. Geophysical Research Letters, 27(24), 3977-3980, doi: 10.1029/2000GL011856.

Aoki, I., and Miyashita, K. (2000). Dispersal of larvae and juveniles of Japanese anchovy Engraulis japonicus in the Kuroshio Extension and Kuroshio-Oyashio transition regions, western North Pacific Ocean. Fisheries Research, 49(2), 155-164, doi: 10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00197-1.




468 Entries

Acero-Schertzer, C. E., Hansen, D.V., and Swenson, M.S. (1997). Evaluation and diagnosis of surface currents in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction's ocean analyses. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102(C9), 21037-21048, doi: 10.1029/97JC01584.

Adamec, D. (1998). Modulation of the seasonal signal of the Kuroshio Extension during 1994 from satellite data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103(C5), 10209-10222, doi: 10.1029/98JC00456.

Alory, G., and Delcroix, T. (1999). Climatic variability in the vicinity of Wallis, Futuna, and Samoa islands (13-15 S, 180-170 W). Oceanologica acta, 22(3), 249-263, doi: 10.1016/S0399-1784(99)80050-4.




376 Entries

Aaboe, E., Dion, E.P., and Turekian, K.K. (1981). 7Be in Sargasso Sea and Long Island Sound waters. Journal of Geophysical Research, 86(C4), 3255-3257, doi: 10.1029/JC086iC04p03255.

Adamec, D., and Garwood Jr., R.W. (1985). The simulated response of an upper-ocean density front to local atmospheric forcing, Journal of Geophysical Research, 90(C1), 917-928, doi: 10.1029/JC090iC01p00917.

Altabet, M. A. (1989). Particulate new nitrogen fluxes in the Sargasso Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94(C9), 12771-12779, doi: 10.1029/JC094iC09p12771.




109 Entries

Andrews, J. C., and Scully-Power, P. (1976). The Structure of an East Australian Current Anticyclonic Eddy. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 6, 756-765, doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1976)006<0756:TSOAEA>2.0.CO;2.

Apel, J. R., Proni, J.R., Byrne, H.M., and Sellers, R.L. (1975). Near-simultaneous observations of intermittent internal waves on the continental shelf from ship and spacecraft. Geophysical Research Letters, 2(4), 128-131, doi: 10.1029/GL002i004p00128.

Baker Jr., D. J. (1979). Polar oceanography II: Southern Ocean. Reviews of Geophysics, 17(7), 1578-1585, doi: 10.1029/RG017i007p01578.