SAMOC Initiative

Related Publications

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Ansorge, I. J., M. O. Baringer, E. J. D. Campos, S. Dong, R. A. Fine, S. L. Garzoli, C. S. Meinen, R. C. Perez, A. R. Piola, M. J. Roberts, S. Speich, J. Sprintall, T. Terre, M. A. Van de Berg, 2014: Basin-Wide Oceanographic Array Bridges the South Atlantic. EOS, 95, 53-54.

Dong, S., M. O. Baringer, G. J. Goni, C. S. Meinen, and S. L. Garzoli, 2014: Seasonal variations in the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation from observations and numerical models. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL060428.

Marson, J. M., Wainer, I., Mata, M. M., and Liu, Z., 2014: The impacts of deglacial meltwater forcing on the South Atlantic Ocean deep circulation since the Last Glacial Maximum, Clim. Past, 10, 1723-1734, doi:10.5194/cp-10-1723-2014.

Rocha, C. B., I. C. A. da Silveira, B. M. Castro, and J. A. M. Lima, 2014: Vertical structure, energetics, and dynamics of the Brazil Current System at 22S-28S. Journal Geophysical Research, 119, 52-69, doi:10.1002/2013JC009143.


Beron-Vera, F., Y. Wang, M. Olascoaga, G. Goni, and G. Haller, 2013: Objective detection of oceanic eddies and the Agulhas leakage. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 1426-1438, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-0171.1.

Biastoch, A., and C. W. Boning, 2013: Anthropogenic impact on Agulhas leakage. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1-6, doi:10.1002/grl.50243.

Garzoli, S. L., M. O. Baringer, S. Dong, R. C. Perez, and Q. Yao, 2013: South Atlantic meridional fluxes. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2012.09.003, 71, 21-32, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2012.09.003.

Giarolla, E., and R. P. Matano, 2013: The Low-Frequency Variability of the Southern Ocean Circulation. Journal of Climate, 26, 6081-6091, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00293.1.

Meinen, C. S., S. Speich, R. C. Perez, S. Dong, A. R. Piola, S. L. Garzoli, M. Baringer, S. Gladyshev, and E. Campos, 2013: Temporal variability of the meridional overturning circulation at 34.5S: Preliminary results from two boundary arrays in the South Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6461-6478, doi:10.1002/2013JC009228.

Piola, A.R., B.C. Franco, E.D. Palma and M. Saraceno, 2013: Multiple jets in the Malvinas Current. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 2107-2117, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20170.

Preu, B., et al., 2013, Morphosedimentary and hydrographic features of the northern Argentine margin: the interplay between erosive, depositional and gravitational processes and its conceptual implications. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 75, 157-174, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2012.12.013.

Schiermeier, Q, 2013, Oceans under Surveillance, Nature, 167-168, doi:10.1038/497167a.


Azevedo, J.L.L., D. Nof, and M.M. Mata, 2012: Eddy Train Encounters with a Continental Boundary: A South Atlantic Case Study. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42, 1548-1565, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-11-027.1.

Backeberg, B. C., P. Penvin, and M. Rouault, 2012: Impact of intensified Indian Ocean winds on mesoscale variability in the Agulhas system. Nature Climate Change, 2, 608-612, doi:10.1038/nclimate1587.

Garzoli, S., P. Abrahamsen, I. Ansorge, A. Biastoch, E. Campos, M. Mata,C. Meinen, J. Pelegri, R. Perez, A. Piola, C. Reason, M. Roberts, S. Speich, J. Sprintall, R. Watts, and all of the SAMOC IV participants, 2012: South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (SAMOC) - Fourth Workshop. CLIVAR Exchanges, No. 58 pp. 2-4 (Unpublished manuscript).

McCarthy, G. D., B. A. King, P. Cipollini, E. L. McDonagh, J. R. Blundell, and A. Biastoch, 2012: On the sub-decadal variability of South Atlantic Antarctic Intermediate Water. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L10605, doi:10.1029/2012GL051270.

Meinen, C. S., A. Piola, R. C. Perez, and S. L. Garzoli, 2012. Deep Western Boundary Current transport variability in the South Atlantic: Preliminary results from a pilot array at 34.5S. Ocean Science, 8, 1041-1054, doi:10.5194/os-8-1041-2012.

Rimaud, J., S. Speich, B. Blanke, and N. Grima, 2012: The exchange of Intermediate Water in the South East Atlantic: Water mass transformations diagnosed from the Lagrangian analysis of a regional ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C08034, doi:10.1029/2012JC008059.

Saraceno, M., and C. Provost, 2012: On eddy polarity distribution in the southwestern Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 69, 62-69, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2012.07.005.

van Sebille, E., W.E. Johns, and L. M. Beal, 2012: Does the vorticity flux from Agulhas rings control the zonal pathway of NADW across the South Atlantic? Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 117, C05037, doi:10.1029/2011JC007684.


Bryden, H. L., King B. A., McCarthy G. D., 2011. South Atlantic overturning circulation at 24S. J. Mar. Res., 69 (1), 38-55.

Dong, S., M. Baringer, G. Goni, and S. Garzoli, 2011: Importance of the assimilation of Argo Float Measurements on the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the South Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L18603, doi:10.1029/2011GL048982.

Dong, S., S.L. Garzoli, and M.O. Baringer, 2011: The role of inter-ocean exchanges on decadal variations of the northward heat transport in the South Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41(8), 1498-1511.

Garzoli, S.L and R. Matano, 2011: The South Atlantic and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Deep-Sea Research II, 58(17-18), 1837-1847, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.063.

Goni, G.J., F. Bringas, and P.N. Di Nezio, 2011: Observed Low Frequency Variability of the Brazil Current Front. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C10037, doi:10.1029/2011JC007198.

Lumpkin, R. and S. L. Garzoli, 2011: Interannual to Decadal Variability in the Southwestern Atlantic's Surface Circulation. Journal Geophysical Research - Oceans, 116, C01014, doi:10.1029/2010JC006285.

McCarthy, G., E. McDonagh, and B. King, 2011: Decadal variability of thermocline and intermediate waters at 24S in the South Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41, 157-165.

McClean, J. L., and Coauthors, 2011: A prototype two-decade fully-coupled fine-resolution CCSM simulation. Ocean Modelling, 39 , 10-30.

Perez, R.C., S.L. Garzoli, C.S. Meinen, and R.P. Matano, 2011: Geostrophic Velocity Measurement Techniques for the Meridional Overturning Circulation and Meridional Heat Transport in the South Atlantic. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Techology, 28, 1504-1521.

Souza, J.M.A.C., C. de Boyer Montegut, C. Cabanes and P. Klein, 2011: Estimation of the Agulhas ring impacts on meridional heat fluxes and transport using ARGO floats and satellite data. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, L21602, doi:10.1029/2011GL049359.


Baker-Yeboah, S, DA Byrne and DR Watts, 2010: Observations of mesoscale eddies in the South Atlantic Cape Basin: Baroclinic and deep barotropic eddy variability. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C12069, doi: 10.1029/2010JC006236.

Baker-Yeboah, S., G. R. Flierl, G. G. Sutyrin, and Y. Zhang, 2010: Transformation of an Agulhas Eddy Near the Continental Slope. Ocean Science, 6, 143-159.

Jullion, L., K.J. Heywood, A.C. Naveira Garabato, and D.P. Stevens, 2010: Circulation and water mass modification in the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 845-864.

Rodrigues, R.R., M. Wimbush, D.R. Watts, L.M. Rothstein, and M. Ollitrault, 2010: South Atlantic mass transports obtained from subsurface float and hydrographic data. Journal Of Marine Research, 68(6), 819-850. Open Access version :

Rouault, M., B. Pohl and P. Penven, 2010: Coastal Oceanic climate change and variability from 1982 to 2009 around South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 32(2): 237-246.


Baehr, J., A. Stroup, and J. Marotzke, 2009: Testing concepts for continuous monitoring of the meridional overturning circulation in the South Atlantic. Ocean Modelling, 29, 147-153.

Baker-Yeboah, S., G. R. Flierl, G. G. Sutyrin, and Y. Zhang, 2009: Transformation of an Agulhas eddy near the continental slope. Ocean Science, 6, 143-159.

Biastoch, A., C. W. Boning, F. U. Schwarzkopf, and J. R. E. Lutjeharms, 2009: Increase in Agulhas leakage due to poleward shift of Southern Hemisphere westerlies. Nature, 462, 495-499, doi:10.1038/nature08519.

Dong, S. S. L. Garzoli, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, and G. J. Goni, 2009: The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and its Northward Heat Transport in the South Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L20606, doi:10.1029/2009GL039356.

Rouault M., P. Penven, and B Pohl, 2009: Warming of the Agulhas Current since the 1980s. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L12602, doi:10.1029/2009GL037987.

Schmid, C. and S.L. Garzoli, 2009: Spreading and Variability of the Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Atlantic. Journal of Marine Research, 67(6), 815-843.


Biastoch, A., C.W. Boning, and J.R.E. Lutjeharms, 2008: Agulhas leakage dynamics affects decadal variability in Atlantic Overturning Circulation, Nature, 456, 489-492.


Baringer, M.O., and S.L. Garzoli, 2007: Meridional heat transport determined with expendable bathythermographs, Part I: Error estimates from model and hydrographic data. Deep-Sea Research, Part 1, 54(8), 1390-1401.

Garzoli, S.L., and M.O. Baringer, 2007: Meridional heat transport determined with expendable bathythermographs, Part II: South Atlantic transport. Deep-Sea Research, Part I, 54(8), 1402-1420.

Lumpkin, R. and K. Speer, 2007: Global Ocean Meridional Overturning. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37:2550-2562.