|Ocean Chemistry and Ecosystems Division|
|Coral Health and Monitoring|
|Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling|
|Florida Area Coastal Environment|
|Ocean Carbon Cycle|
|Petroleum and Oil Spill Research|
|OCED Project Report|
Jyly 18, 2016
● In remembrance of the death of Patrick (Pat) Wanninkhof by a distracted driver a year ago, the Village of Key Biscayne has posted a banner on Crandon Boulevard and at village hall discouraging texting and driving.
● Dr. Natchanon Amornthammarong was the suvject of a broadcast by Voice of America news, http://www.voathai.com/a/thai-scientist-noaa/3399949.html. This video was broadcast on TV in Thailand and has been shared all over the internet via numerous websites and facebook pages, including the Royal Thai Embassy's facebook (below) and Mana’s University's facebook. Coincidently, Mana was in Thailand while the story released and was invited to give talks to several universities.
● Lindsey Visser, Charline Quenee, and Ben Van Dine are sampling aboard the R/V Walton Smith this week in support of the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration research project. This cruise will continue its typical sampling, but has added a new component sampling coral microbiome genetics at key sites along the Florida Keys reef tract. These sites will coincide with the ongoing MBON sampling of genetic material in the water column.
● Dr. Kelly Goodwin will be participating in the Emerging Technologies meeting in Washington, DC on July 26 & 27.
● Dr. Christopher Kelble will be attending the Gulf of Mexico Data Synthesis and Gulf of Mexico Regional Team workshop next week in Baton Rouge (August 1-5). The data synthesis workshop aims to catalog NOAA data collections in the gulf of Mexico for both the RESTORE comprehensive monitoring program and the Gulf of Mexico Regional Climate Center at LSU. The Gulf of Mexico regional team last year decided to begin investing strategic cross-NOAA initiatives to improve internal awareness of NOAA activities in the Gulf of Mexico and this meeting will provide a chance to evaluate the efficacy of those projects and determine the path for the Gulf of Mexico Regional Team in the upcoming year.
July 18, 2016
● Ian Enochs presented at NOAA Science Days in Silver Spring last week. His talk was titled "Technology meets reefs of tomorrow: Monitoring, forecasting, and mitigating the impacts of ocean acidification" and covered research the ACCRETE lab within OCED has conducted at AOML. The talk was well attended and provided for some meaningful follow-ups.
● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee are surveying juvenile sportfish in Florida Bay on July 16-19. This is the third sampling trip this field season. The May and June trip observed higher abundances of juvenile seatrout than in most recent years. This is likely in part due to the high rainfall in the dry season moderating salinities in Florida Bay. Thus, increasing the quality of habitat available to juvenile seatrout. Moreover, it suggests the massive seagrass die-off in Florida Bay last year has not adversely affected the spotted seatrout population.
● Graham Kolodziej, Lauren Valentino, Ben VanDine, Derek Manzello, and Brooke Gintert (RSMAS) conducted landscape mosaic and CaCO3 budget surveys from 11-14 July at the Cheeca Rocks sentinel climate/ocean acidification monitoring site as part of NOAA's National Coral Reef Monitoring Program.
● Dean Schwienler of Sea-Cam Inc. joined Graham Kolodziej, Lauren Valentino, and Derek Manzello of NOAA/AOML nd Brooke Gintert (RSMAS) on 12 July at Cheeca Rocks to film their work on coral reef monitoring to gauge the impacts of ocean acidification.
Jyly 11, 2016
● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee will be surveying juvenile sportfish in Florida Bay on July 16-19. This is the third sampling trip this field season. The May and June trip observed higher abundances of juvenile seatrout than in most recent years. This is likely in part due to the high rainfall in the dry season moderating salinities in Florida Bay. Thus, increasing the quality of habitat available to juvenile seatrout. Moreover, it suggests the massive seagrass die-off in Florida Bay last year has not adversely affected the spotted seatrout population.
● Derek Manzello, Ben VanDine, Lauren Valentino, Graham Kolodziej will conduct Coral Reef surveys, photo mosaics and instrument deployment from July 10 to July 15 in Cheeca Rocks, Islamorada, FL.
● Dr. Chris Kelble is participating in a cross-NOAA effort to develop a graphic/picture/diagram that connects the efforts, concepts, and applications of our various system-based management approaches (ES, EBM, Resilience, Climate, etc). The outcome of this meeting will help drive our preparation for the transition team about how these efforts fit together to create a strong portfolio. If you have any thoughts on how NOAA should address these ecosystem management efforts, please contact Chris.
● Dr. Chris Kelble is participating in a cross-NOAA effort to develop guidance on projects that NOAA intends to submit for funding by the RESTORE bucket 2 monies, overseen by the RESTORE council. This effort will begin identifying and prioritizing projects that NOAA might support in future rounds of RESTORE (Bucket 2) funding. By starting this process early, NOAA will be better positioned to have strategic conversations with other Federal and State Council Members on partnership and leveraging opportunities. If you have any comments or thoughts on this process, please contact Chris.
July 4, 2016
● Jim Hendee presented his talk, "Expansion of the Coral Reef Early Warning System (CREWS) Network Throughout the Caribbean" to Session #73A (Co-management: partnerships for achieving effective resource outcomes on coral reefs - Partnerships across agencies and organizations) of the 13th International Coral Reef Symposium in Honolulu, HI, during the week of June 20th. Jim also was Co-Chair (along with Lew Gramer and others) of Session #50, "Modeling and computational tools for coral reef management and conservation", and Session #88, "Citizen Science in Support of Coral Reef Protection and Sustainability.".
June 27, 2016
● Dr. Pamela Fletcher, Sea Grant liaison at AOML, led the Nicaragua Hawksbill Sea Turtle Monitoring Project training with Wildlife Conservation Society staff on June 20th. Eight individuals from the local community were selected to monitor sea turtle nesting in the Pearl Cays, Caribbean Nicaragua. The teams spend the nesting season living on one of the 18 small islands in the western Caribbean monitored for nesting turtles. In 2015, there were a record number of nests (546) on the cays and to date there are 45 nests. The teams will begin the intensive monitoring season this week since the peak of nesting season is in July and August.
Figure 1. During the 2016 hawksbill sea turtle nesting training, William McCoy, WCS
staff describes the physical characteristics of the sea turtle to the turtle team.
Figure 2. The 2016 Hawksbill Conservation Program team completes their training
and will begin nest monitoring this week.
● Dr. Pamela Fletcher, a Sea Grant liaison at AOML, will facilitate a technical workshop for the development of a management plan for the Pearl Cays Wildlife Refuge in Caribbean Nicaragua on Monday, June 27. The workshop participants include academics, community leaders, and Wildlife Conservation staff. The management planning process is following the steps of the Integrated Ecosystem Assessment that NOAA/AOML/OCED is currently using in South Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.
● Dr. Pamela Fletcher, a Sea Grant liaison at AOML, has been mentoring Galen Boulanger, a LORAN Scholar from the University of Ottawa in the development of an assessment of the Alternative Livelihoods Project in the Pearl Cays, Caribbean Nicaragua. With guidance from Dr. Fletcher, Galen is developing survey instruments to conduct interviews with members of the community, advisory board members, and members of Kabu Tours - the alternative livelihood project that promotes reducing the catch of green sea turtles by indigenous communities through ecotourism activities. The surveys will be administered over the next 2 months and begin this week (June 27, 2016). The assessment will be used to identify opportunities for improvement in the alternative livelihood project and areas of success. More information about the alternative livelihood can be found at www.kabutours.com.
Figure 3. Kabu Tours is an alternative livelihood project in Caribbean Nicaragua that promotes
the reduction in legal catch of green sea turtles through ecotourism.
● Dr. Ruben van Hooidonk gave an oral presentation entitled "Downscaled Projections of the Coral Bleaching Conditions that Can Inform Conservation Planning" at the International Coral Reef Symposium. These 4 km scaled projections of coral bleaching are intended to help managers prioritize their actions by highlighting reef locations that are projected to provide goods and services for the longest time. These temporary refugia are conservation priorities. The projections have been made available as interactive Google earth tools downloadable from UNEP-live and Coral Reef Watch websites.
● Drs. Chris Sinigalliano and Maribeth Gidley attended the International Coral Reef Symposium in Honolulu, Hawaii last week. Dr. Sinigalliano gave an oral presentation entitled "Developing a NOAA Coral Genomic Observatory Network (CGON): Preliminary Metagenomic Pilot Studies and CGON Development Plans". In addition, they also participated in several special workshops and panel discussions including "The Science and Management of Water Quality on Coral Reefs", "Using Genomics for Coral Reef Management – A Needs Assessment", the "EarthCube CRESCYNT" open participants meeting on critical need cyberinfrastructure for a new age of marine data management, "Experiences and Best Practices with Citizen Science Activities", and they also greatly enjoyed Native Hawaiian artwork and musical expression of the importance of coral reefs and marine health with a special evening session "Celebrating Coral Reefs with Cultural Performances and Artwork Displays". Of further benefit, a number of ongoing research collaborations were strengthened and some potential new collaborations formed. Overall it was a very enjoyable and successful conference. A final great experience was a personalized tour of the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology (a part of the Univeristy of Hawaii), located off-shore of Oahu on the island of Moku O’Loe. The entire island is a dedicated marine research facility and it is fabulous.
June 20, 2016
● Ruben van Hooidonk is co-author on a paper being published in Conservation Letters. The article entitled "Great Barrier Reef No-Take Areas Include a Range of Disturbance Regimes" was featured on the cover with a picture of bleached coral in the Keppel Islands. The article analyzed disturbance exposure in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP). They found a wide range of exposure classes in the GBRMP, but a greater proportion of low-exposure areas are within no-take areas than high-exposure areas (34.2% vs. 28.3%). The results demonstrate the value of risk spreading when exposure data are not available while also showing that regularly assessing exposure increases capacity for adaptive, resilience-based reef management.
● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee will be surveying juvenile sportfish in Florida Bay on June 25 through June 29. This is the second sampling trip this field season. The May trip observed the most juvenile seatrout recorded during the study period for May. This is likely in part due to the high rainfall in the dry season moderating salinities in Florida Bay. Thus, increasing the quality of habitat available to juvenile seatrout.
● Jim Hendee, Derek Manzello, Ian Enochs, Paul Jones, Chris Sinigalliano, Lew Gramer, Ruben van Hooidonk, and Maribeth Gidley will be attending the International Coral Reef Symposium. Dr. Sinigalliano is giving an oral presentation on Tuesday entitled, "Developing a NOAA Coral Genomic Observatory Network (CGON): Preliminary Metagenomic Pilot Studies and CGON Development Plans".
June 13, 2016
● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee will be sampling water quality in the primary canals entering Biscayne Bay on Wednesday and Thursday. This sampling is part of the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area Study. Unfortunately, this will be the last cruise sampling these canals after the Habitat Focus Area Program received substantial cuts in funding.
● Derek Manzello is attending the National Science Foundation's "2016 U.S. Investigator Coral Bleaching Workshop" on June 17 and 18 in Honolulu, HI. This meeting, in advance of the 13th International Coral Reef Symposium, is bringing together coral reef scientists in academia and government that study coral bleaching with the goal of building collaborations and highlighting research priorities in bleaching science. Dr. Manzello is one of two NOAA scientists attending the event.
● Chris Kelble is attending the workshop on "Data Needs for Assessing Stress and Health Effects Associated with Oil Spills and Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico". The meeting is being organized by Dr. Paul Sandifer at the College of Charleston through funding from the National Academies of Sciences. This study is using a conceptual model based upon the EBM-DPSER framework developed by OCED.
● Chris Sinigalliano and Maribeth Gidley will be attending the Gulf Of Mexico Alliance All-Hands Meeting this week in Baton Rouge, LA. Dr. Sinigalliano serves as the NOAA federal facilitator for the Water Resources Priority Issue Team, and Dr. Gidley serves on both the GOMA Water Resources Priority Issue Team and the cross-disciplinary Marine Debris Team.
May 31, 2016
● Derek Manzello is a coauthor on the manuscript entitled "Variable El Niño Southern Oscillation influence on biofacies dynamics of Eastern Pacific shallow water carbonate systems" that was accepted for publication in the journal Geology. Full citation: Humphreys A, Halfar J, Rivera F, Manzello D, Reymond C, Westphal H, Riegl B (2016) Variable El Niño Southern Oscillation influence on biofacies dynamics of Eastern Pacific shallow water carbonate systems. Geology.
● Lauren Valentino, Ben Van Dine, and Derek Manzello successfully resampled coral colonies of the ESA-listed Orbicella faveolata that were initially sampled in October 2015 and retrieved instrumentation as part of the CRCP funded project "Elucidating the recipe of coral reef resilience in the Florida Keys." This project is measuring coral physiological recovery from bleaching and key environmental variables across inshore-offshore gradients in an attempt to better ascertain what has led to maintenance of high coral cover on inshore patch reefs. Projects.
● Mike Jankulak successful troubleshot a non-functioning transmitter at the Cheeca Rocks MAPCO2 buoy. The buoy had failed to transmit since its refurbishment; the faulty transmitter was swapped and is now functional. Upon visiting the site, it was found that it logged data since redeployment.
● Pamela Fletcher visited the NWS office in Brevard County last week. NWS is leading a regional effort to conduct storm surge monitoring with Sea Grant offices. The partnership evolved from the SECART program and Florida Sea Grant has sought funding to incorporate the monitoring program into South Florida schools.
● Pamela Fletcher attended the Florida Sea Grant strategic planning meeting in St. Petersburg last week. Participants contributed to defining goals and outcomes that will serve as a roadmap for research and extension over the four year period from 2018-21. In January 2017, Florida Sea Grant will put out a call for research proposals to support the plan. Participants also provided input for long-term visioning for Sea Grant programming.
● Last week, Pamela Fletcher visited the Florida Aquarium Center for Conservation where Sea Grant colleagues are conducting restoration aquaculture. The facility is located in Apollo Beach and is a public-private collaboration to promote aquatic education and research
May 23, 2016
● Lindsey Visser and Ian Smith of OCED will be in Florida Bay from Saturday May 28 until Tuesday, May 31 sampling juvenile sportfish, seagrass, temperature, salinity, turbidity, and dissolved oxygen. This is the first survey cruise of this year for the juvenile sportfish monitoring project. The juvenile sportfish monitoring project collects observations from May through October of each year to correspond with juvenile spotted seatrout spawning season. These observations are used to parameterize, calibrate, and validate empirical models that are used to evaluate potential Everglades Restoration Projects.
● AOML/OCED will be hosting the Gulf of Mexico Integrated ecosystem Assessment (GoM-IEA) Principal Investigators (PI) meeting this Tuesday through Thursday in the 2nd Floor Conference Room. The GoM-IEA has PIs from the National Ocean Services, National Environmental and Satellite Data, and Information Service, National Marine Fisheries, and OAR/AOML. This meeting aims to make sure all line offices are working in a collaborative, complementary way to develop integrated socio-ecological decision-support products to enhance ecosystem management in the Gulf of Mexico.
May 16, 2016
● The Cheeca Rocks MApCO2 buoy underwent significant maintenance and repairs. The buoy was removed, pulled apart, cleaned, painted, put back together, and redeployed last week. Its last major maintenance was March 21-25, 2015. The buoy was not properly communicating before this maintenance (which it does normally via Iridium satellites), but as of May 13th it resumed its normal every-3-hours sampling operations. These photos and videos were all taken at the Snake Creek Marina in Islamorada.
● The proposal, "Development of Bioinformatics Computing Capacity to Support NOAA 'Omics'" has been selected for funding at $40,565 to support the purchase of a powerful computer for bioinformatics processing of data collected under our new Coral + Omics initiative. Authors of the proposal included Jim Hendee, Kelly Goodwin, Chris Sinigalliano, and Mike Shoemaker.
● The proposal entitled "Effects of sedimentation stress in adult and early life stages of corals, including two ESA-listed species", led by Xaymara Serrano, Jim Hendee, and Margaret Miller of NOAA and Andrew Baker of UM/RSMAS was selected for an award from the "Protect Our Reefs" Grants Program. This grant is funded by the sale of coral reef specialty license plates and administered by Mote Marine Laboratory.
May 9, 2016
● Charline Quenée was accepted into the Marine Ecosystems and Society department at RSMAS to pursue an MS degree starting this fall.
● Chris Kelble is in Silver Spring, MD serving on a review panel for NOAA. He will also be meeting with colleagues and program managers while he is at headquarters.
● Dr. Kelly Goodwin will be in DC on May 13 to attend the formal roll-out of the National Microbiome Initiative. Dr. Goodwin is the NOAA representative on the Microbiome Interagency Working Group (MIWG), which was established by action of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), Committee on Science (CoS), Subcommittee on Life Sciences (LSSC), National Science and Technology Council. The working group charter was signed on 2/15/2016. The MIWG grew out of the Fast-Track Action Committee on Mapping the Microbiome (FTAC-MM), which identified areas of current Federal investment, research needs, and resource gaps. The FTAC-MM produced a publication in the inaugural edition of Nature Microbiology "An Assessment of US Microbiome Research" (Stulberg et al. 2016, Vol1, pp. 1-7, DOI: 10.1038/NMICROBIOL.2015.15) and the "Report of the Fast Track Action Committee on Mapping the Microbiome" (https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/NSTC/ftac-mm_report_final_112015_0.pdf). NOAA has several projects that include microbiome studies. Examples include microbial metagenomic and metatransciptomic work to support ecosystem understanding and fisheries assessment, microbiome assessment via in-situ and mobile technologies, eDNA research to garner intelligence on higher trophic levels via ocean microbiome assessment, and coral holobiont studies to understand and combat thermal, ocean acidification, nutrient, and disease stress. NOAA investment in this area of research includes building bioinformatic capacity. In FY16, NOAA's OAR line office began an initiative to support such efforts at a level of $1.79M. The multi-partner effort includes close collaboration with NOAA's NMFS line office, the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) and academic partners, including the Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO) and the University of Miami.
May 1, 2016
● Dr. Chris Kelble is a co-author on a manuscript entitled "Moving from Ecosystem-based policy objectives to operational implementation of ecosystem-based management measures" that was submitted to the ICES Journal of Marine Science. This paper examines public policymaking processes and practices that are used to develop operational policy strategic goals and tactical objectives as a means to operationalize ecosystem-based management planning processes. The sciences of all disciplines actively address knowledge gaps through research and academic collaborations. It is the specificity of information needed to inform strategic goals, tactical objectives, and management measure outcomes that is in part the challenge more so than the knowledge itself. Managers, stakeholders and even scientists need access to a broad range of disciplines spanning the natural and social sciences to economics and law in order to adequately and explicitly appraise trade-offs.
● Dr. Ruben van Hooidonk is a co-author on a manuscript entitled "Coral Reefs and People in a High-CO2 World: Where can science make a difference to people?” that was submitted to Plos One. In it, they identify areas where people are dependent on reefs and those reefs are threatened by the impacts of anthropogenic climate change, both by temperature increases and increases in ocean acidification. Societies in Western Mexico, Micronesia, Indonesia and parts of Australia have high dependence on reefs and are projected to face severe impacts. As a region, Southeast Asia is particularly at risk. These areas require new data and interdisciplinary scientific research to help coral reef-dependent human communities better cope with, prepare for, and adapt to increasing atmospheric CO2.
● Dr. Ian Enochs, Dr. Rik Wanninkhof, and Dr. Derek Manzello are attending the 4th Oceans in High-CO2 World Meeting from 3-6 May in Hobart, Tasmania. Dr. Enochs is presenting an oral presentation entitled "Volcanic acidification at Maug Island correlated with spatial shift from coral to algae-dominated ecosystem". Dr Manzello is giving an oral presentation entitled "Galápagos Coral Reef Persistence after ENSO Warming across an Acidification Gradient."
● Jack Stamates is attending the National Monitoring conference in Tampa, Fl on May 3-6. He will present results from the Numeric Nutrient study and present a poster on the Boca Raton Inlet/Hillsboro Inlet nutrient loading studies.
● April 26-28 in College Park, MD, Dr. Lew Gramer attended the 5th NOAA Ecological Forecasting Roadmap Meeting. Dr. Kelly Goodwin also did a forward-looking remote presentation on 'Omics. The annual EFR meeting gathers research scientists and operational systems managers from around NOAA, together with representatives from FDA, EPA, and State agencies. Sessions reviewed progress on NOAA's ecological forecasting products, and strategies for transitioning them to NOAA's operational arms. NOAA's chief scientist, and Asst. Administrators from four Line Offices also presented on NOAA's Unified Modeling approach and other related topics. A primary focus this year was on recent successes in operational forecasting of impacts from Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in Lake Erie, as well as Chesapeake Bay and the Pacific Northwest coast. Coral bleaching, hypoxia, and water-borne pathogens were all under discussion for future transitions to operational status.
● Dr. Maribeth Gidley will be attending FAU's Sea-Level Rise Summit: Connected Futures from Alaska to Florida, May 4th and 5th in Fort Lauderdale, where she will be also be participating in the discussion and production of a "Living Document" entitled "Adaptation Pathways 1.0" looking at the health issues faced by coastal cities due to sea-level rise, and how resilience might be improved.
● Dr. Pamela Fletcher will be attending the 3rd Sea Level Rise Summit in Fort Lauderdale from May 3-5. The three-day meeting will convene leading researchers, decision-makers, and other interested stakeholders to discuss the state of sea-level rise science, and how public policy and private adaptation efforts can lessen the impacts. Discussions will revolve around the following topic areas: Public Health, Infrastructure, Water, Society and Economy, Governance, National Security and International Responses. Pamela will network with regional and national researchers and policy makers to identify the potential to incorporate information into Integrated Ecosystem Assessment programming and University of Florida/Florida Sea Grant activities in South Florida.
● Renee Carlton is leaving AOML/OCED on Friday, May 6. Renee joined AOML in the spring of 2012 and has served as a lab manager and field coordinator for coral research in OCED during her tenure. She has accepted a position with the Khaled bin Sultan Living Ocean's Foundation (LOF) in Annapolis, MD where she will be writing up the data from their numerous field expeditions over the past several years. Please join us in the second floor conference room for snacks and coffee on Thursday, May 5 to say good bye to Renee and wish her luck in her new position.
April 25, 2016
● Dr. Ian Enochs and Dr. Derek Manzello are co-authors on the paper entitled "Acclimatisation
to high variance habitats does not enhance physiological tolerance of two key Caribbean corals to
future temperature and pH" which has been accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the Royal Society
of London B. This study shows that two coral species living in environmentally variable habitats in
Little Cayman Island were not more resilient to future climate change stress, suggesting that
acclimatization to present-day warmer and lower pH conditions did not afford increased tolerance to
further warming and ocean acidification.
The full citation is:
Camp E, Smith D, Evenhuis C, Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Woodcock S, Suggett D (2016). Acclimatisation to high variance habitats does not enhance physiological tolerance of two key Caribbean corals to future temperature and pH. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. In Press.
● Dr. Ruben van Hooidonk is a co-author on the paper entitled “Coral mass spawning predicted by
rapid seasonal rise in ocean temperature" that was accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the
Royal Society of London B. Coral spawning times have been linked to multiple environmental factors;
however, to what extent these factors act as generalized cues across multiple species and large spatial
scales is unknown. We used a unique data set of coral spawning from 34 reefs in the Indian and Pacific
Oceans to test if month of spawning and peak spawning month in assemblages of Acropora spp. can be
predicted by sea surface temperature (SST), photosynthetically active radiation, wind speed, current
speed, rainfall or sunset time. Contrary to the classic view that high mean SST initiates coral spawning,
we found rapid increases in SST to be the best predictor.
The full citation is:
Sally A. Keith, Jeffrey A Maynard, Alasdair J. Edwards, James R. Guest, Andrew G. Bauman, Ruben van Hooidonk, Scott F. Heron, Michael L. Berumen, Jessica Bouwmeester, Srisakul Piromvaragorn, Carsten Rahbek, and Andrew H. Baird. 2016. Coral mass spawning predicted by rapid seasonal rise in ocean temperature. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. In Press.
● Dr. Ruben Van Hooidonk is the lead author on a manuscript entitled "Local-scale projections of coral reef futures and implications of the Paris Agreement" that has been submitted to Nature Climate Change. This study generated statistically downscaled climate projections (4-km resolution) for all coral reefs. It depicts the spatial patterns of these projections and evaluates the implications of the COP21 Paris Agreement for the projected timing of the onset of annual severe bleaching (ASB); a point at which reefs are certain to change and recovery will be limited. Our downscaled projections reveal high local-scale variation in ASB. Timing of ASB varies >10 years in 71 of the 87 countries and territories with >500km2 of reef area and some countries have far more relative "climate winners" than other countries. These results indicate that projections warrant consideration in conservation and management planning at all spatial scales. Emissions scenario RCP4.5 represents lower emissions mid-century than will be realized if pledges made following the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) become reality. RCP4.5 adds ~15 years on average before ASB occurs when compared to RCP8.5; however, >75% of reefs still experience ASB before 2070 under RCP4.5. Much greater emissions reductions are required than were pledged following COP21 to prevent the great majority of coral reefs from experiencing severe bleaching conditions annually within this century.
● Dr. Paul Jones, Lauren Valentino, Graham Kolodziej and LT(jg) Benjamin Van Dine are traveling to the Cheeca Rocks NCRMP climate sentinel site from 25-28 April to take coral samples from the endangered coral species Orbicella faveolata following recovery from bleaching in the summer of 2015. This work is determining the role of symbiont clade type in the resistance and resilience of this critical species to the back-to-back warm water bleaching in 2014 and 2015 in south Florida.
● Dr. Xaymara Serrano will be in the field on Tuesday collecting coral colonies and sediments from Miami waters to use in her new CRCP funded project entitled "Effects of sedimentation stress in adult and early life stages of corals, including two ESA listed species".
● Dr. Denis Pierrot is sailing on the RCCL ship Equinox for her repositioning cruise from the Caribbean to the Mediterranean to collect samples that will be used in conjunction with the underway CO2 measurements to study open ocean acidification of surface water of the subtropical North Atlantic. A second automated underway CO2 system was recently installed on the RCCL ship Allure of the Sea by Kevin Sullivan and Denis Pierrot. The Allure covers the same cruise track as the initial operations on the RCCL ship Explorer of the Seas providing a continuation of measurements of changes in surface water CO2 and ocean acidification that began in 2002. The efforts on the RCCL ships are performed in collaboration with RSMAS/U.Miami and coordinated through CIMAS. The work is supported by NOAA/CPO/COD and NOAA/OAR/OAP.
● Dr. Leticia Barbero and Robert Castle have completed the final station of the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean Cruise IO9N and are now headed back to port in Phuket (Thailand). Over a period of 5 weeks, the cruise has done 113 full depth CTD casts as well as trace metals and optics casts. Leticia is the chief scientist overseeing the activities of 30 scientists and Bob is leading the effort to measure changes in inorganic carbon in this remote region. The effort is sponsored by the Climate Observation Division of NOAA's Climate Program office.
● Dr. Chris Kelble is attending the Gulf of Mexico EcoHealth Metrics workshop this week at the Harte Research Institute at Texas A&M University in Corpus Christi. The workshop aims to comprehensively identify how ecosystem health relates to ecosystem services and their linkages to human well-being, and explore the utility of a pre-defined framework for addressing specific management issues. This effort was funded out of the NOAA RESTORE Act Science Program.
● Jack Stamates and Dr. Ruben Van Hooidonk are attending the Southeast Florida coral reef initiative meeting at Nova Southeastern University on April 27th and 28th. Jack will present results from the numeric nutrient study and the Boca Raton Inlet/Hillsboro Inlet nutrient loading studies. Ruben will present coral bleaching projections from global to local scales.
● Dr. Kelly Goodwin is speaking on 'Omics at the NOAA Ecological Forecasting Roadmap Annual Meeting held April 26-28, 2016 in a session entitled "State of the Science: Emerging Topics in Ecological Forecasting".
● Dr. Xaymara Serrano will travel to Key West on April 28th to present the final findings for the two year Mote's Protect Our Reefs grant entitled "Synergistic effects of eutrophication and elevated sea surface temperatures in the early life stages of two Caribbean corals". This work is a collaborative project with Drs. Margaret Miller (NOAA/SEFCS), Andrew Baker (UM/RSMAS) and Dr. Jim Hendee (OCED).
April 18, 2016
● Dr. Ian Enochs and Dr. Paul Jones (ACCRETE Lab), with the help of Marc Weekley (NOAA Corps), will be traveling throughout the Upper, Middle, and Lower Keys to install an array of Bioerosion Monitoring Units (BMU) at 12 inshore and offshore reefs. The study will assess differences in bioerosion rates and types between the three areas of the Florida Keys, as well as any differences between inshore and offshore reef habitats.
● Dr. Xaymara Serrano (OCED) will be in the field on April 22nd collecting coral colonies and sediments from Miami waters to use in her new CRCP funded project entitled "Effects of sedimentation stress in adult and early life stages of corals, including two ESA listed species".
● Dr. Pamela Fletcher and Charline Quenée will be attending a training workshop sponsored by the EBM Tools Network in conjunction with NatureServe's Biodiversity Without Boundaries conference in San Juan, PR from April 19-22. The training workshop is designed to increase awareness about the role various tools play in coastal EBM practices, assist in the developing of management frameworks and offer opportunities for managers and scientists to share information about EBM progress throughout the Caribbean Region. Pamela and Charline will use the training to enhance their contributions to the Integrated Ecosystem Assessment program at AOML and to liaise with MPA managers in the region as part of the CREWS 5C science-to-management effort.
● Mike Jankulak is attending the 11th MTS Buoy Workshop in Woods Hole, MA this week (https://www.whoi.edu/buoyworkshop/2016/), featuring presentations from WHOI, USF, Teledyne RDI, GLERL, PMEL, NDBC and MIT.
● Dr. Chris Kelble will be presenting his work entitled “Restoration targets for Juvenile Sportfish in Florida Bay” this week at the National Conference on Ecosystem Restoration in Coral Springs, FL. This presentation will describe how the ecosystem assessment and modeling group in OCED developed habitat suitability index models from their observational measurements to quantify the predicted improvement in juvenile sportfish habitat if Everglades Restoration successfully restored freshwater flows to Florida Bay.
April 11, 2016
● LT(jg) Benjamin Vandine was accepted into the UF School of Forest Resources and Conservation. He plans on completing a Master's of Professional Science in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.
● NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program funded the proposal titled "Building Robust Reef Carbonate Projections from Synthesized NCRMP Ocean Acidification Datasets." This project will fund a postdoctoral associate to work one year at AOML in the Acidification, Climate and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam (ACCRETE) and one year at the Coral Reef Ecosystems Program of the Pacific Island Islands Fisheries Science Center to synthesize NCRMP datasets from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
● Dr. Leticia Barbero and Robert Castle continue to participate on the second leg of the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean Cruise (IO9N). Leticia is the chief scientist overseeing the activities of 30 scientists and Bob is leading the effort to measure changes in inorganic carbon in this remote region. The effort is sponsored by the Climate Observation Division of NOAA's Climate Program office.
● The CHAMP program has added a virtual station to its collection of Cuba stations at Banco de San Antonio. This area is a commercially important fisheries region and one of the sister sanctuaries with NOS Sanctuaries Flower Garden Banks NMS and Florida Keys NMS. Discussions are still continuing about the feasibility of installing an in situ CREWS station at Guanahacabibes National Park near Maria la Gorda in western Cuba. CHAMP portal data can be found at http://www.coral.noaa.gov/champportal
● Dr. Ian Enochs and Dr. Derek Manzello are attending the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program PI meeting in Charleston, SC.
● Dr. Kelly Goodwin presented participated in the 2016 San Diego Citizen Science Expo held at the La Jolla library. She presented on the 2014/2015 Ocean Sampling Day Events and was on a panel discussion regarding Citizen Science opportunities and challenges.
Opportunities in OCED
● 'Omics Bioinformatics Job Search at AOML: AOML is seeking to hire a Research Associate in Multi-Omics Bioinformatics via NGI at the University of Southern Mississippi to help with both the Environmental Microbiology Program and the new AOML Coral and 'Omics Initiative. Although this personan will be an employee of USM, they will be based at AOML as an NGI contractor under the supervision of Dr. Chris Sinigalliano. The primary responsibility of the person hired will be computer-based bioinformatic analysis of DNA and RNA sequences requiring command line programming using Linux and/or other platforms, bioinformatic tools and pipelines, and web-based applications including online portals for sequences retrieval, manipulation, and archiving. This person must be able to provide bioinformatic analysis of metagenomic, metatranscriptomic, and genomic data sets for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic (coral holobiont) sequences. Must be able to distill and compare large sequence data sets to provide comparative metagenomics and metatranscriptomics using tools such as but not limited to Principal Component Analysis, biodiversity indices, and tools for statistical comparisons of relative abundance. Must be able to make comparative assessments of sequence data to environmental metadata using programs such as R, including ublication-quality tables and graphs. Minimum Qualifications are :B.S. in bioinformatics or related biological or computer science field with demonstrated expertise and experience in bioinformatics. Preferred Qualifications are: M.S. or Ph.D. in biological computing, bioinformatics or related field. Proficiency with environmental metagenomics or coral holobiont applications highly desired. Applications must be submitted to the University of Southern Mississippi on-line job portal (Job Posting Number: 0003942/Job Title: Research Associate-Biological Sciences). Applications can be submitted to USM via the following link: jobs.usm.edu/applicants/Central?quickFind=56080 and entering the job posting # 0003942 in the posting# search field.
April 2, 2016
● Dr. Rik Wanninkhof had the following paper accepted in Polar Science: Yasunaka, S., A. Murata, E. Watanabe, Melissa Chierici, A. Fransson, S. v. Heuven, M. Hoppema;, M. Ishii;, T. Johannessen, N. Kosugi, S. K. Lauvset;, J. T. Mathis, S. Nishino;, A. M. Omar, A. Olsen, D. Sasano, T. Takahashi and R. Wanninkhof (2016). "Mapping of the air-sea CO2 flux in the Arctic Ocean and its adjacent seas: Basin-wide distribution and seasonal to interannual variability." Polar Science accepted March 31, 2016: POLAR-D-15-00086R00081.
● NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program funded the proposal titled “Building Robust Reef Carbonate Projections from Synthesized NCRMP Ocean Acidification Datasets.” This project will fund a postdoctoral associate to work one year at AOML in the Acidification, Climate and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam (ACCRETE) and one year at the Coral Reef Ecosystems Program of the Pacific Island Islands Fisheries Science Center to synthesize NCRMP datasets from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
● The Decommissioning of the ICON Dynamic Pylon located at La Parguera, Puerto Rico was completed during the week of March 27 through April 1st. The area on the reef had the eight outer anchors and the base plate left in place for future deployment of stand-alone instruments or a possible buoy replacement of the removed pylon. The work was completed by EMI contractor John Halas and local UPR representatives.
● Dr. Chris Kelble is serving on the review panel for the ecosystem review of the Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center. He will be attending the review all week in Honolulu, HI.
● Dr. Chris Kelble presented the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area’s Implementation Plan to the NOAA Habitat Conservation Team (NHCT) last Friday, April 1. The NHCT liked the presentation and will review the draft implementation plan within the next 2 weeks and return it to the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area.
Opportunities in OCED
● OCED is currently seeking a post-doc in the Gulf of Mexico Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Program.
This project will involve the integration of marine ecosystem indicators with human dimensions to examine
the impact of management on the production of ecosystem services and the testing of alternative management
and climate scenarios.
➤ Must have a Ph.D. in marine ecology, systems ecology, marine resource economics, marine sociology, marine anthropology, or a related field.
➤ The successful candidate should have experience with integrated ecosystem assessments, indicator development, coastal marine ecology, risk assessments, and management strategy evaluations, as well as with the synthesis and analysis of human dimensions and biophysical data.
➤ A strong publication record, strong computer skills, the ability to work with large amounts of data, and familiarity with interdisciplinary ecosystem analysis are required.
March 28, 2016
● Dr. Rik Wanninkhof is co-author on the recently accepted paper in Geophysical Research Letters authored by Nancy Williams et al. and entitled "Empirical Algorithms to Estimate Water Column pH in the Southern Ocean" (2016GL067727). The paper provides a creative and powerful means to validate biogeochemical sensors on Argo floats. Nancy Williams is a graduate student at Oregon State who got her start in oceanography as a Hollings scholar at AOML.
● Dr. Leticia Barbero and Bob Castle are continuing their work on the I09N research cruise. Leticia is serving as chief scientist and Bob is in charge of the DIC sampling on the cruise.
● Lindsey Visser served as chief scientist on the R/V Walton Smith last week. This cruise was done in conjunction with the Marine Biodiversity Observing Network (MBON) project out of the University of South Florida. AOML scientists were responsible for sampling water quality during the cruise and investigating biological oceanographic phenomena around south Florida.
● Dr. Jim Hendee met with Drs. Richard Dodge, Bernard Riegl, Abby Renegar, Nicole Fogarty, Jose Lopez, and Steve Miller of Nova Southeastern University’s (NSU) National Coral Reef Institute (NCRI) to discuss collaborations in coral ‘omics in the coming year. Also present was Dr. Steve O’Brien of the Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bioinformatics in St. Petersburg, Russia, who discussed NSU’s new program for gene research at their new Cell Therapy Institute, which he will help lead after he leaves the Dobzhansky Center. Dr. O’Brien indicated a willingness to help us find good candidates for a bioinformatics hire, and also in conducting our coral ‘omics work. NCRI will undertake sequencing of some our coral samples. The group also discussed a collaborative plan to conduct sampling off of Port Everglades before expansion of the Port begins.
● Dr. Lew Gramer a CIMAS researcher with CHAMP in OCED, attended a workshop this week hosted by NASA, the intergovernmental Sargasso Sea, and NOAA Sanctuaries. The workshop, held at the Eco-Discovery Center in Key West, brought researchers together with policy makers from the Caribbean, Bermuda, USA, UK and Commonwealth, Canada, and the UN. The goal was to prioritize research application areas for remote sensing and in situ observing programs to improve the conservation of the Sargasso Sea and surrounding waters.
● Dr. Xaymara Serrano (OCED) served as panelist in the graduate career panel hosted at NOVA's Oceanographic Center in Fort Lauderdale on March 23rd. The goal of this panel was to speak to graduate students about what it takes to have a career in marine biology, what people look for when hiring, what skills or courses students should be encouraged to learn/take and any additional tips/anecdotes that may help students be successful in graduate school and beyond. The other 5 panelists that participated in this event were: Laura Gesselbracht (Nature Conservancy Senior Marine Scientist). Pat Quinn (Broward county Natural Resource Specialist), Cheryl Miller (Coastal Eco-Group Principal Scientist), Lauren Waters (Florida Department of Environmental Protection) and Steven Miller (NOVA Senior Research Scientist).
March 21, 2016
● Dr. Leticia Barbaro and Robert Castle are participating on the second leg of the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean Cruise (IO9N). Leticia is the chief scientist overseeing the activities of 30 scientists and Bob is leading the effort to measure changes in inorganic carbon in this remote region. The effort is sponsored by the Climate Observation Divsion of NOAA's Climate Program office.
March 14, 2016
● Chuck Featherstone is over halfway through the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean I8S cruise and continues to produce quality inorganic carbon measurements.
● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee sampled water quality in Biscayne Bay and its major canals on March 10 and 11 aboard the R/V Virginia K. This sampling was conducted as part of the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area.
● Lindsey Visser is serving as chief scientist this week on the South Florida Project cruise aboard the R/V Walton Smith. They will be sampling water quality and biological oceanographic characteristics from Biscayne Bay down through the Keys and up the southwest Florida shelf to Charlotte Harbor.
● NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program funded the installation of a new MAPCO2 buoy in Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary, American Samoa (Figure 1), establishing the 2nd NCRMP class III sentinel climate and ocean acidification monitoring site in the Pacific. Installation will commence in 2017 and be led by OCED PIs Dr. Derek Manzello and Dr. Ian Enochs in collaboration with the Coral Reef Ecosystems Program of the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center in Honolulu and PMEL in Seattle. Dr. Manzello and Dr. Enochs visited American Samoa in February 2014 and ID'ed the location for the deployment of the sentinel ocean acidification monitoring site from four different candidate locations (Figures 2 and 3). Ongoing discussions will determine which Fagatele Bay site is best. This is the second of three planned class III sites in the Pacific. The other operational site is at Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii and the final planned site is for Saipan in the Mariana Islands. There are currently two class III sites operational in the Atlantic: La Parguera, Puerto Rico and Cheeca Rocks in the Florida Keys. The third site in the Atlantic is planned for Flower Garden Banks.
● Dr. Xaymara Serrano will travel to Portland, Maine during March 15-20th to attend the 45th Benthic Ecology meeting and give an oral presentation. Her talk is entitled "Effects of eutrophication and elevated sea surface temperatures on the early life stages of a threatened Caribbean coral".
● Dr. Christopher Kelble is presenting the Gulf of Mexico Integrated Ecosystem Assessment work to date and serving on a panel at the Southeast Fisheries Science Center Ecosystem Review on March 15. The panel will focus on integrated ecosystem assessments and approaches to ecosystem modeling.
March 7, 2016
● Dr. Rik Wanninkhof is a co-author on two manuscripts submitted to GRL. The first is "Empirical Algorithms to Estimate Water Column pH in the Southern Ocean" led by N. Williams (U. Oregon) et al. The second is "A comparative assessment of air-water CO2 flux in a freshwater dominated open estuary versus a mangrove dominated semi-closed salt-water estuary" led by Dr. Akhand (School of Oceanographic Studies, Jadavpur University, West Bengal, India) et al.
● Chuck Featherstone is about halfway through the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean I8S cruise and continues to produce quality inorganic carbon measurements.
Dr. Denis Pierrot visited the RCCL Ship Equinox in Port Everglades for a maintenance check prior to her trans-Atlantic crossing to execute the summer cruise schedule in the Mediterranean. Data transmission occurs daily and data quality is checked on the following graphical user interface.
Renee Carlton, Lauren Valentino, and Dr. Derek Manzello traveled to the Florida Keys from March 1-3 to swap out pH and light loggers at two sites in the Lower Florida Keys and two sites in the Upper Florida Keys. Qualitative observations indicated that the corals had completely regained all of their pigment and color following the back-to-back warm-water bleaching in 2014 and 2015. Further work will determine how much mortality occurred.
Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee will be sampling water quality in Biscayne Bay and its major canals on March 8 and 9 aboard the R/V Virginia K. This sampling is being conducted as part of the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area.
● Dr. Chris Kelble attended NOAA’s Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Program Annual Meeting in Boulder, CO February 29 - March 4. This year’s meeting was focused on developing national and international collaborations and determining how the IEA process fits into the broader ecosystem-based management landscape.
● Dr. Maribeth Gidley was an invited speaker at University of Miami's Cooper Fellowship Training Series, "Empowering Capable Climate Communicators." Her lecture was entitled "Health and Disease Concerns Associated with Sea-Level Rise and a Changing Climate"
February 29, 2016
● General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, Prime Minister of Thailand, honored Dr. Natchanon Amornthammarong along with approximately 10 other Thai people working in the USA for their technological innovation. The honor was awarded to Dr. Amornthammarong as part of the Prime Minister’s visit to meet with President Obama at the ASEAN summit in Sunnylands, CA. Dr. Amornthammarong was told that the Thai government thinks his scientific contributions could help with environmental problems in Thailand. Dr. Amornthammarong was also invited to give oral presentations to Thai universities and government units about his published works when he visits Thailand this June. These talks will focus on Dr. Amornthammarong’s ammonia and DIC instruments.
● The manuscript entitled "Long distance dispersal and vertical gene flow in the Caribbean brooding coral Porites astreoides", by Xaymara M. Serrano (OCED), Iliana B. Baums (Penn State), Tyler B. Smith (UVI), Ross J. Jones (AIMS), Tonya L. Shearer (Georgia Tech) and Andrew C. Baker (RSMAS), was published in the February 22 issue of the Nature’s journal Scientific Reports. The authors studied the common Caribbean coral species Porites astreoides at three sites in Florida (the Upper Keys, Lower Keys and Dry Tortugas), Bermuda, and the USVI and used genetic methods to discover whether reefs in shallow water might be able to recover from these disturbances by recruiting new coral larvae from deeper, more intact populations of corals. Overall, the study showed that Florida deep water corals are not closely related to shallow corals elsewhere in the region, and that corals on shallow reefs can be more closely related to other shallow corals over a thousand miles away than they are to corals on the same reef just a few dozen feet deeper. The paper is available open access and can be accessed at: www.nature.com/articles/srep21619.
Ocean Carbon Cycle
● Chuck Featherstone continues to conduct the GO-SHIP I8S cruise on the R/V Roger Revelle. Chuck Featherstone is analyzing inorganic carbon concentrations in seawater. They have encountered Southern Ocean storms with 60+ Knot sustained winds and 30 foot seas. During one of these storms at station 14, which is located at 62°S, the wire parted and the CTD was lost of the side. They installed the back-up CTD and continued conducting their sampling
● Charline Quenee and Dr. Chris Kelble are attending NOAA’s Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Program Annual Meeting in Boulder, CO this week. This year’s meeting is focused on developing national and international collaborations and determining how the IEA process fits into the broader ecosystem-based management landscape.
● Dr. Kelly Goodwin taught a lecture for the UC San Diego course Marine Microbiology SIO126 "Monitoring Harmful Microbes in the Marine Environment" on February 24, 2016.
● Dr. Chris Kelble taught a lecture for the University of Miami undergraduate course "The science of Biscayne Bay" on February 22, 2016.
● Dr. Maribeth Gidley presented the seminar "Zika virus and other mosquito-borne illnesses at home and for travelers" on February 29 at 3pm in the First Floor Conference Room.
February 22, 2016
Dr. Ruben Van Hooidonk co-authored two papers that were published this week in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences:
● Eisenlord, M.E., Groner, M.L., Yoshioka, R.M., Elliott, J., Maynard, J., Fradkin, S., Turner, M., Pyne, K., Rivlin, N., van Hooidonk, R., Harvell, C.D., 2016. Ochre star mortality during the 2014 wasting disease epizootic: role of population size structure and temperature. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London B Biol. Sci. 371.
Summary: Over 20 species of asteroids were devastated by a sea star wasting disease (SSWD) epizootic, linked to a densovirus, from Mexico to Alaska in 2013 and 2014. For Pisaster ochraceusboth laboratory experiments and observed temperature anomalies indicate that anomalously warm summer temperatures increased the disease progression and mortality rates in Washington State.
● Maynard, J., van Hooidonk, R., Harvell, C.D., Eakin, C.M., Liu, G., Willis, B.L., Williams, G.J., Groner, M.L., Dobson, A., Heron, S.F., Glenn, R., Reardon, K., Shields, J.D., 2016. Improving marine disease surveillance through sea temperature monitoring, outlooks and projections. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London B Biol. Sci. 371.
Summary: To forecast marine disease outbreaks as oceans warm requires new environmental surveillance tools. In this paper we describe an iterative process for developing these tools. The first step is to identify candidate host–pathogen systems. The 24 candidate systems we identified include sponges, corals, oysters, crustaceans, sea stars, fishes and sea grasses (among others). To illustrate the other steps, we present a case study of epizootic shell disease (ESD) in the American lobster. Increasing prevalence of ESD is a contributing factor to lobster fishery collapse in southern New England (SNE), raising concerns that disease prevalence will increase in the northern Gulf of Maine under climate change. The lowest maximum bottom temperature associated with ESD prevalence in SNE is 12°C. Our seasonal outlook for 2015 and long-term projections show bottom temperatures greater than or equal to 12°C may occur in this and coming years in the coastal bays of Maine.
Drs. Chris Sinigalliano, Derek Manzello, Ian Enochs, Denis Pierrot, Leticia Barbero, Maribeth Gidley, and student intern Kristina Thoren will be attending the 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting this week in New Orleans, where they will be presenting their research. The presentation titles are:
● Dr. Derek Manzello – "Galapagos coral reef persistence after ENSO warming across an acidification gradient."
● Dr. Chris Sinigalliano - "Metagenomic Investigation of the Microbial Community Structure and Diversity for Sentinel Coral Reefs and Urbanized Coastal Waters in Southeast Florida, and Molecular Microbial Source Tracking to Characterize Potential LBSP Microbial Contaminant Influences."
● Dr. Ian Enochs – "Volcanic Acidification of a Coral Reef at Maug Island: Influences on Biological Processes and Ecosystem Structure."
● Dr. Maribeth Gidley - "Characterizing Microbial Water Quality of Extreme Tide Floodwaters Discharged from an Urbanized Subtropical Beach: Case Study of Miami Beach with Implications for Sea Level Rise and Public Health."
● Kristina Thoren - "A Molecular MST Approach to Investigate Fecal Indicator Bacteria in Bioaerosols, Bathing Water, Seaweed Wrack, and Sand at Recreational Beaches."
Rik Wanninkhof attended the International ocean coordination project (IOCCP) SC meeting in New Orleans this past weekend.
Drs. Denis Pierrot, Leticia Barbero, and Rik Wanninkhof attended the NOAA/CPO/COD ocean carbon meeting in New Orleans this past weekend.
Dr. Kelly Goodwin participated in the Interagency Working Group on Ocean Partnerships (IWG-OP) Biodiversity Ad Hoc Meeting on January 28, 2016. The Biodiversity working group advises and assists the Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (SOST) as part of the partnership efforts begun under the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP). The group was briefed on study results detailing federal research investment in microbiome research. The study was undertaken by the Mapping the Microbiome Fast-Track Action Committee, co-chaired by Elizabeth Stulberg of the Whitehouse Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and of which Dr. Goodwin is a member. The study found that the most commonly reported need in microbiome research across the federal agencies was computation/modeling/bioinformatics. Full results can be found in a paper in the January 2016 issue of Nature Microbiology.
Dr. Maribeth Gidley will be presenting "Zika virus and other mosquito-borne illnesses at home and for travelers" on February 29 at 3pm in the First Floor Conference Room.
February 16, 2016
Ocean Carbon Cycle
● The Science Plan for Carbon Cycle Research in North American Coastal Waters was released (http://www.us-ocb.org/publications/CCARS_Sci_Plan_FINAL.pdf) and included a nice acknowledgement to AOML contributions: "including extensive contributions from scientists at the NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory."
● Dr. Denis Pierrot returned from Fremantle, Australia where he successfully installed an underway pCO2 system on the R/V Revelle and assisted with installing and unpacking the laboratory container in preparation for the GO-SHIP 18S cruise.
● Mr. Chuck Featherstone is aboard the R/V Revelle, which embarked on the GO-SHIP I8S cruise on February 9. Chuck will be analyzing inorganic carbon concentrations in seawater during the cruise. The cruise is en route to their first station at 60 S and have encountered their first Southern Ocean storm with 60+ Knot sustained winds and 30 foot seas.
Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling
● Dr. Chris Kelble is presenting a webinar today as part of the State of Florida’s State of the Coast presentation series. The Florida State of the Coast program aims to develop an assessment of Florida’s coastal ecosystems to inform the next round of planning for coastal zone management in Florida. Dr. Kelble will be presenting on NOAA’s ecosystem assessment efforts in Florida, including his work on Integrated Ecosystem Assessments, Everglades Restoration, and Marine and Estuarine Goal-Setting (MARES).
February 8, 2016
● Drs. Lew Gramer and Chris Sinigalliano participated in the CoastWatch/OceanWatch Science Meeting hosted by PhOD in cooperation with NESDIS/NCCOS. Dr. Gramer gave a presentation entitled Better Living Through Physics: Site-specific ecological assessments for coral reef thermal stress and Dr. Sinigalliano gave a presentation entitled A Summary of Remote Sensing for Water Quality Monitoring and Research: Applications, Needs, & Future Trends.
Ocean Carbon Cycle
● The ocean carbon group submitted 237 datasets of underway pCO2 data (SOOP-CO2) to the Surface ocean carbon atlas (SOCAT) version 4 effort. SOCAT will start to release the global quality controlled surface CO2 data annually. AOML is a major contributor and participant in quality control and management of the effort that now receives several million new datapoints from over 80 international investigators annually.
● Dr. Rik Wanninkhof submitted the revised version of the white paper An evaluation of pH and NO3 sensor data from SOCCOM/ARGO floats and their utilization to develop ocean inorganic carbon products to the carbon working group. The paper provides recommendations on quality control and product development of the new biogeochemical sensors on profiling floats.
Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling
● An expert opinion workshop was completed last week with staff and researchers from Rookery Bay. This is part of the NOAA COCA sponsored project investigating the resilience of ecosystem services to climate change in South Florida. Engaging the management community early and using their knowledge in scientific analyses is essential to developing scientific decision support tools that they will trust and use.
February 1, 2016
Coral Health and Monitoring
● The manuscript entitled Long distance dispersal and vertical gene flow in the Caribbean brooding coral Porites astreoides, by Xaymara M. Serrano (OCED), Iliana B. Baums (Penn State), Tyler B. Smith (UVI), Ross J. Jones (AIMS), Tonya L. Shearer (Georgia Tech) and Andrew C. Baker (RSMAS), was accepted for publication in the journal Scientific Reports. This paper represents the first assessment of genetic connectivity for the coral species Porites astreoides in the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic. Overall, findings suggest that P. astreoides is effective at dispersing both horizontally and vertically despite its brooding reproductive mode and maternal transmission of algal symbionts. In addition, these findings might help explain the ecological success reported for P. astreoides in the Caribbean in recent decades.
Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling
● Dr. Chris Kelble has been asked to join the steering committee for the Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative. The Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative (PFLCC) is part of a national network of Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs). LCCs are applied conservation science partnerships among federal agencies, regional organizations, states, tribes, NGOs, private stakeholders, universities and other entities within a geographic area. They are designed to inform resource management decisions in an integrated fashion across landscapes at a broader scale than any individual partner’s responsibility. The partnership considers landscape-scale stressors, including climate change, habitat fragmentation, invasive species, and water scarcity as it attempts to provide a vision for a landscape capable of sustaining healthy populations of fish, wildlife, plants and cultural resources.
● Charline Quenee, Dr. Pamela Fletcher, and Dr. Chris Kelble are leading a workshop to elicit expert opinion regarding the Rookery Bay ecosystem. This expert opinion will be used by Dr. Geoffrey Cook (UCF and formerly with CIMAS/OCED) to develop a semi-quantitative risk assessment for this ecosystem, which includes risk to the delivery of ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are the benefits provided to human society by the ecosystem. This project aims to assess the resiliency of the coastal ecosystem and services it provides under likely climate change scenarios.
● Dr. Kelly Goodwin taught a lecture entitled Pathogens, Indicators, and Biosensing for a graduate level Marine Biotechnology course at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography.
● Dr. Kelly Goodwin participated in the Interagency Working Group on Ocean Partnerships (IWG-OP) Biodiversity Ad Hoc Meeting on January 28, 2016. The Biodiversity working group advises and assists the Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (SOST) as part of the partnership efforts begun under the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP). The group was briefed on study results detailing federal research investment in microbiome research. The study was undertaken by the Mapping the Microbiome Fast-Track Action Committee, co-chaired by Elizabeth Stulberg of the Whitehouse Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and of which Dr. Goodwin is a member. The study found that the most commonly reported need in microbiome research across the federal agencies was computation/modeling/bioinformatics. Full results can be found in a paper in the January 2016 issue of Nature Microbiology.
January 25, 2016
Coral Health and Monitoring
● CIMAS researcher Dr. Lew Gramer (CHAMP/OCED) presented as a panelist at the 10th Anniversary Symposium for The Nature Conservancy's Florida Reef Resilience Program on Thursday, January 21, 2015. His topic was Better Living Through Physics: Mapping reef resilience with site-specific ecological forecasts for coral thermal stress. The agenda included speakers from academia, State and local agencies, conservation NGOs, regional stakeholders, NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries, and NOAA NESDIS. Panel discussion centered on analyses of the unique 10-year FRRP record of robust, replicate sampling of coral bleaching, disease, and mortality throughout the 400 km-long Florida Reef Tract.
● OCED responded to a recent Call for Ocean Technology Development Proposals by submission of these three proposals:
1. Cost-effective Sub-surface Automated Sampler (SAS) for field-based ocean acidification research in shallow marine ecosystems. Enochs I.C., Manzello D.P., Hendee J.C. $432K
2. Integration of Novel Nitrogen, Turbidity, and Temperature Sensors with Coral Reef Early Warning System Network. Amornthammarong N., Hendee J.C. $501K
3. Developing New Platforms for a Joint CREWS-OA Network Throughout the Non-U.S. Caribbean. Hendee J.C., Sutton A., Manzello D.P. $587K
● On Friday January 22, Jack Stamates, Mike Shoemaker and Lt Mark Weekley met with representatives from the City of Dania Beach to discuss the establishment of a CREWS/ICON station on the Dania pier. This station will measure atmospheric and ocean parameters and provide pier users access to this information via an on site display and a web portal.
Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling
● The manuscript entitled Circulation and water renewal of Florida Bay, by T. Lee (RSMAS), N. Melo (CIMAS), N. Smith (HBOI), E. Johns (PHOD), C. Kelble (OCED), R. Smith (PHOD), and P. Ortner (UM), was accepted for publication in the Bulletin of Marine Science. This paper synthesizes results from a multi-year study of the circulation and exchange processes controlling transport and water renewal in Florida Bay. Wind forcing is shown to be the primary driver of the circulation, and exchange times are computed for each subregion. A practical solution to control hypersalinity, seagrass die-off and water quality degradation of Florida Bay is proposed.
January 18, 2016
Ocean Carbon Cycle
● The following review paper has been published: Talley, L.D. Talley, R.A. Feely, B.M. Sloyan, R. Wanninkhof, M.O. Baringer, J.L. Bullister, C.A. Carlson, S.C. Doney, R.A. Fine, E. Firing, N. Gruber, D.A. Hansell, M. Ishii, G.C. Johnson, K. Katsumata, R.M. Key, M. Kramp, C. Langdon, A.M. Macdonald, J.T. Mathis, E.L. McDonagh, S. Mecking, F.J. Millero, C.W. Mordy, T. Nakano, C.L. Sabine, W.M. Smethie, J.H. Swift, T. Tanhua, A.M. Thurnherr, M.J. Warner, J-Z Zhang, 2016. Changes in Ocean Heat, Carbon Content, and Ventilation: Review of the First Decade of Global Repeat Hydrography (GO-SHIP). Annual Review of Marine Science, 8, 19.1-19.31, 10.1146/annurev-marine-052915-100829
● The AOML ocean carbon group hosted a training workshop on the autonomous pCO2 system on ships of opportunity (SOOP-CO2). Representatives from five institutions working on CPO/COD and OAP sponsored SOOP-CO2 efforts attended the two-day workshop which took place on January 20 - 21.
● The following paper has been published: Stulberg, Elizabeth, Deborah Fravel, Lita M. Proctor, David M. Murray, Jonathan LoTempio, Linda Chrisey, Jay Garland, Kelly Goodwin, Joseph Graber, M. Camille Harris, Scott Jackson, Michael Mishkind, D. Marshall Porterfield and Angela Records. An assessment of US microbiome research. Nature Biology. Consensus Statement, published January 11, 2016, Article Number 15015, DOI: 10.1038/NMicrobiol.2015.15.
Coral Health and Monitoring
● Scientists from OCED submitted the following abstracts to the 13th International Coral Reef Symposium:
Brainard R., Vargas-Angel B., Williams I., Oliver T., Rooney J., Edwards P., Kimball J., Cohen A., Smith J., Toonen R., Price N., Feely R., Alin S., Sutton A., Manzello D., Enochs I., Knowlton, Paulay G., Rohwer F. Large-scale, long-term interdisciplinary ecosystem assessment and monitoring of the U.S. Pacific Islands to support ecosystem-based management and conservation. Session 60: Integrated ecosystem-based management for coral reefs and the value of socio-ecological studies.
Enochs I., Manzello D., Kolodziej G., Noonan S., Valentino L., Fabricius K. Micro-CT analysis reveals depressed net calcification due to enhanced bioerosion and reduced accretion of reef substrata at co2 seeps. Session 32: Ocean acidification: Measuring and scaling impacts across multiple scales.
Fong P, Baker A, Glynn P, Manzello D, McGillis W, Smith T. Why are Some Eastern Tropical Pacific reefs so resilient to ENSO? Bioassays reveal increased herbivory and nutrient limitation of dominant macroalgae during ENSO. Session 23: Global change impacts on coral reef seaweeds.
Gintert B., Carlton R., Kolodziej G., Jones P., Enochs I., Gleason A., Gracias N., Reid P., and Manzello D. Image mosaics before and after the 2014 mass coral bleaching at cheeca rocks, florida keys reveal high resilience with low partial and total coral mortality. Session 30: Coral bleaching: monitoring, management responses and resilience.
Gramer L.J., Hendee J.C., and Thompson N.B. Better living through physics: mapping reef resilience with site-specific ecological forecasts for coral thermal stress. Session 50: Modeling and computational tools for coral reef management and conservation.
Groves S., Brandt M., Manzello D., Enochs I., Holstein D., and Smith T. Physical drivers of community structure and growth among mesophotic coral ecosystems in St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands. Session28A: Coral reefs in extreme, compromised and marginal environments, and their roles as refugia - highly stressed, urbanized and exposed reef systems.
Jones P., Gintert B., Carlton R., Kolodziej G., Valentino L., Gleason A., Jankulak M., Enochs I., and Manzello D. Landscape patters of symbiodinium community dynamics in orbicella faveolata during and after back-to-back mass bleaching events in 2014 and 2015 at cheeca rocks in the Florida Keys. 30 - Coral bleaching: monitoring, management responses and resilience.
Kimball J., Brainard B.,Monaco M., Bohnsack J., Clark R., Schull J., Manzello D., Enochs I., Oliver T., Williams I., Vargas-Ángel B., Blondeau J., Edwards P., Eakin M., Kelsey H., Donovan C., and Koss J. NOAA’S National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Integrated ecosystem monitoring and reporting in U.S. coral reef areas to inform conservation and management. Session 60: Integrated ecosystem-based management for coral reefs and the value of socio-ecological studies.
Manzello D., Enochs I., Carlton R., Kolodziej G., Valentino L., Gintert B., Dixon G., Towle E., Jones P., Kenkel C., and Matz M. Environmental and biological factors associated with coral reef resilience in the florida keys. Session28a: Coral reefs in extreme, compromised and marginal environments, and their roles as refugia - highly stressed, urbanized and exposed reef systems.
McGillis W., Manzello D., Takeshita Y., Smith T., Martz T., Fong P., Smith J., Baker A., Glynn P., Price N., Mate J., Brandtneris V., Hsueh Y., Palacio A., Markowitz M., and Donham E. In situ metabolism, solar heating, and convective cooling of corals in reef environments. Session 36: Assessing and addressing the effects of multiple stressors on coral reefs towards developing effective management and policy responses.
Schein K., Camp M., Gramer L.J., Hendee J.C., Foster K., Manfrino C. Hetzinger S. and Huges H. Comparing in situ and satellite-based water temperature data over tropical coral reefs: implications for environmental monitoring and ecological forecasting.
Serrano X., Baker A., Miller M., and Hendee J.C. Effects of eutrophication and elevated sea surface temperatures in the early life stages of an endangered Caribbean coral. Session 36: Assessing and addressing the effects of multiple stressors on coral reefs towards developing effective management and policy responses.
Smith T., Baker A., Brandtneris, V., Glynn, P., Manzello D., Maté, J., McGillis W., Palacio A., and Fong P. Bleaching and depth refuges in the eastern pacific during the strong 2015-2016 El Niño. Session28A, Coral reefs in extreme, compromised and marginal environments, and their roles as refugia highly stressed, urbanized and exposed reef systems.
van Hooidonk, Ruben, Jeffrey Maynard, Jerker Tamelander, Jamison Gove, Gabriella Ahmadia, Laurie Raymundo, Gareth Williams, and Scott Heron. Downscaled projections of coral bleaching conditions that can inform conservation planning.
January 11, 2016
Ocean Carbon Cycle
● Dr. Leticia Barbero was in Charleston, SC, January 11 thru January 13 to attend the first SOCAN (Southeast Ocean and Coastal Acidification Network) in-person meeting. Among others, the objectives of the meeting were to identify why the Southeast region is unique and the region’s vulnerabilities to OA and summarize why Ocean Acidification matters to stakeholders.
● The following paper was accepted for publication in Global Biogeochemical Cycles: Woosley, R. J., F. J. Millero, and R. Wanninkhof, 2015: Rapid Anthropogenic Changes in CO2 and pH in the Atlantic Ocean: 2003-2014. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, accepted, Jan 2015.
Coral Health and Monitoring
● Derek Manzello presented a seminar to the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary on January 11 about the past and ongoing work of OCED's Acidification, Climate, and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam (ACCRETE).
Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling
● Lindsey Visser, Charline Quenee, and Dr. Libby Johns (PhOD) completed the most recent survey of water quality in south Florida aboard the R/V Walton Smith. This data is being analyzed to examine long-term trends in nutrients, and chlorophyll a in south Florida.
● Dr. Chris Kelble attended the Atlantic Ocean Research Alliance (AORAC) workshop on Making the Ecosystem Approach Operational. This workshop addressed questions that are currently challenging the implementation of the ecosystem approach to management as it moves from single to cross-sectoral application. It also allowed for the exchange of experiences, discussion of encountered constraints, and the identification of approaches and strategies to make this approach operational.