AOML's Ocean Chemistry and Ecosystems Division


OCED News

June 20, 2016


Manuscripts

● Ruben van Hooidonk is co-author on a paper being published in Conservation Letters. The article entitled "Great Barrier Reef No-Take Areas Include a Range of Disturbance Regimes" was featured on the cover with a picture of bleached coral in the Keppel Islands. The article analyzed disturbance exposure in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP). They found a wide range of exposure classes in the GBRMP, but a greater proportion of low-exposure areas are within no-take areas than high-exposure areas (34.2% vs. 28.3%). The results demonstrate the value of risk spreading when exposure data are not available while also showing that regularly assessing exposure increases capacity for adaptive, resilience-based reef management.


Field Work

● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee will be surveying juvenile sportfish in Florida Bay on June 25 through June 29. This is the second sampling trip this field season. The May trip observed the most juvenile seatrout recorded during the study period for May. This is likely in part due to the high rainfall in the dry season moderating salinities in Florida Bay. Thus, increasing the quality of habitat available to juvenile seatrout.

Meetings

● Jim Hendee, Derek Manzello, Ian Enochs, Paul Jones, Chris Sinigalliano, Lew Gramer, Ruben van Hooidonk, and Maribeth Gidley will be attending the International Coral Reef Symposium. Dr. Sinigalliano is giving an oral presentation on Tuesday entitled, "Developing a NOAA Coral Genomic Observatory Network (CGON): Preliminary Metagenomic Pilot Studies and CGON Development Plans".

June 13, 2016


Field Work

● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee will be sampling water quality in the primary canals entering Biscayne Bay on Wednesday and Thursday. This sampling is part of the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area Study. Unfortunately, this will be the last cruise sampling these canals after the Habitat Focus Area Program received substantial cuts in funding.


Meetings

● Derek Manzello is attending the National Science Foundation's "2016 U.S. Investigator Coral Bleaching Workshop" on June 17 and 18 in Honolulu, HI. This meeting, in advance of the 13th International Coral Reef Symposium, is bringing together coral reef scientists in academia and government that study coral bleaching with the goal of building collaborations and highlighting research priorities in bleaching science. Dr. Manzello is one of two NOAA scientists attending the event.

● Chris Kelble is attending the workshop on “Data Needs for Assessing Stress and Health Effects Associated with Oil Spills and Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico.” The meeting is being organized by Dr. Paul Sandifer at the College of Charleston through funding from the National Academies of Sciences. This study is using a conceptual model based upon the EBM-DPSER framework developed by OCED.

● Chris Sinigalliano and Maribeth Gidley will be attending the Gulf Of Mexico Alliance All-Hands Meeting this week in Baton Rouge, LA. Dr. Sinigalliano serves as the NOAA federal facilitator for the Water Resources Priority Issue Team, and Dr. Gidley serves on both the GOMA Water Resources Priority Issue Team and the cross-disciplinary Marine Debris Team.

May 31, 2016


Manuscripts

● Derek Manzello is a coauthor on the manuscript entitled "Variable El Niño Southern Oscillation influence on biofacies dynamics of Eastern Pacific shallow water carbonate systems" that was accepted for publication in the journal Geology. Full citation: Humphreys A, Halfar J, Rivera F, Manzello D, Reymond C, Westphal H, Riegl B (2016) Variable El Niño Southern Oscillation influence on biofacies dynamics of Eastern Pacific shallow water carbonate systems. Geology.


Field Work

● Lauren Valentino, Ben Van Dine, and Derek Manzello successfully resampled coral colonies of the ESA-listed Orbicella faveolata that were initially sampled in October 2015 and retrieved instrumentation as part of the CRCP funded project "Elucidating the recipe of coral reef resilience in the Florida Keys." This project is measuring coral physiological recovery from bleaching and key environmental variables across inshore-offshore gradients in an attempt to better ascertain what has led to maintenance of high coral cover on inshore patch reefs. Projects.

● Mike Jankulak successful troubleshot a non-functioning transmitter at the Cheeca Rocks MAPCO2 buoy. The buoy had failed to transmit since its refurbishment; the faulty transmitter was swapped and is now functional. Upon visiting the site, it was found that it logged data since redeployment.

Meetings

● Pamela Fletcher visited the NWS office in Brevard County last week. NWS is leading a regional effort to conduct storm surge monitoring with Sea Grant offices. The partnership evolved from the SECART program and Florida Sea Grant has sought funding to incorporate the monitoring program into South Florida schools.

● Pamela Fletcher attended the Florida Sea Grant strategic planning meeting in St. Petersburg last week. Participants contributed to defining goals and outcomes that will serve as a roadmap for research and extension over the four year period from 2018-21. In January 2017, Florida Sea Grant will put out a call for research proposals to support the plan. Participants also provided input for long-term visioning for Sea Grant programming.

● Last week, Pamela Fletcher visited the Florida Aquarium Center for Conservation where Sea Grant colleagues are conducting restoration aquaculture. The facility is located in Apollo Beach and is a public-private collaboration to promote aquatic education and research

May 23, 2016


Field Work

● Lindsey Visser and Ian Smith of OCED will be in Florida Bay from Saturday May 28 until Tuesday, May 31 sampling juvenile sportfish, seagrass, temperature, salinity, turbidity, and dissolved oxygen. This is the first survey cruise of this year for the juvenile sportfish monitoring project. The juvenile sportfish monitoring project collects observations from May through October of each year to correspond with juvenile spotted seatrout spawning season. These observations are used to parameterize, calibrate, and validate empirical models that are used to evaluate potential Everglades Restoration Projects.

Meetings

● AOML/OCED will be hosting the Gulf of Mexico Integrated ecosystem Assessment (GoM-IEA) Principal Investigators (PI) meeting this Tuesday through Thursday in the 2nd Floor Conference Room. The GoM-IEA has PIs from the National Ocean Services, National Environmental and Satellite Data, and Information Service, National Marine Fisheries, and OAR/AOML. This meeting aims to make sure all line offices are working in a collaborative, complementary way to develop integrated socio-ecological decision-support products to enhance ecosystem management in the Gulf of Mexico.

May 16, 2016


Field Work

● The Cheeca Rocks MApCO2 buoy underwent significant maintenance and repairs. The buoy was removed, pulled apart, cleaned, painted, put back together, and redeployed last week. Its last major maintenance was March 21-25, 2015. The buoy was not properly communicating before this maintenance (which it does normally via Iridium satellites), but as of May 13th it resumed its normal every-3-hours sampling operations. These photos and videos were all taken at the Snake Creek Marina in Islamorada.

Proposals

● The proposal, "Development of Bioinformatics Computing Capacity to Support NOAA 'Omics'" has been selected for funding at $40,565 to support the purchase of a powerful computer for bioinformatics processing of data collected under our new Coral + Omics initiative. Authors of the proposal included Jim Hendee, Kelly Goodwin, Chris Sinigalliano, and Mike Shoemaker.

● The proposal entitled "Effects of sedimentation stress in adult and early life stages of corals, including two ESA-listed species", led by Xaymara Serrano, Jim Hendee, and Margaret Miller of NOAA and Andrew Baker of UM/RSMAS was selected for an award from the "Protect Our Reefs" Grants Program. This grant is funded by the sale of coral reef specialty license plates and administered by Mote Marine Laboratory.

May 9, 2016


Accomplishments

● Charline Quenée was accepted into the Marine Ecosystems and Society department at RSMAS to pursue an MS degree starting this fall.

Meetings

● Chris Kelble is in Silver Spring, MD serving on a review panel for NOAA. He will also be meeting with colleagues and program managers while he is at headquarters.

● Dr. Kelly Goodwin will be in DC on May 13 to attend the formal roll-out of the National Microbiome Initiative. Dr. Goodwin is the NOAA representative on the Microbiome Interagency Working Group (MIWG), which was established by action of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), Committee on Science (CoS), Subcommittee on Life Sciences (LSSC), National Science and Technology Council. The working group charter was signed on 2/15/2016. The MIWG grew out of the Fast-Track Action Committee on Mapping the Microbiome (FTAC-MM), which identified areas of current Federal investment, research needs, and resource gaps. The FTAC-MM produced a publication in the inaugural edition of Nature Microbiology "An Assessment of US Microbiome Research" (Stulberg et al. 2016, Vol1, pp. 1-7, DOI: 10.1038/NMICROBIOL.2015.15) and the "Report of the Fast Track Action Committee on Mapping the Microbiome" (https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/NSTC/ftac-mm_report_final_112015_0.pdf). NOAA has several projects that include microbiome studies. Examples include microbial metagenomic and metatransciptomic work to support ecosystem understanding and fisheries assessment, microbiome assessment via in-situ and mobile technologies, eDNA research to garner intelligence on higher trophic levels via ocean microbiome assessment, and coral holobiont studies to understand and combat thermal, ocean acidification, nutrient, and disease stress. NOAA investment in this area of research includes building bioinformatic capacity. In FY16, NOAA's OAR line office began an initiative to support such efforts at a level of $1.79M. The multi-partner effort includes close collaboration with NOAA's NMFS line office, the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) and academic partners, including the Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO) and the University of Miami.

May 1, 2016


Manuscripts

● Dr. Chris Kelble is a co-author on a manuscript entitled "Moving from Ecosystem-based policy objectives to operational implementation of ecosystem-based management measures" that was submitted to the ICES Journal of Marine Science. This paper examines public policymaking processes and practices that are used to develop operational policy strategic goals and tactical objectives as a means to operationalize ecosystem-based management planning processes. The sciences of all disciplines actively address knowledge gaps through research and academic collaborations. It is the specificity of information needed to inform strategic goals, tactical objectives, and management measure outcomes that is in part the challenge more so than the knowledge itself. Managers, stakeholders and even scientists need access to a broad range of disciplines spanning the natural and social sciences to economics and law in order to adequately and explicitly appraise trade-offs.

● Dr. Ruben van Hooidonk is a co-author on a manuscript entitled "Coral Reefs and People in a High-CO2 World: Where can science make a difference to people?” that was submitted to Plos One. In it, they identify areas where people are dependent on reefs and those reefs are threatened by the impacts of anthropogenic climate change, both by temperature increases and increases in ocean acidification. Societies in Western Mexico, Micronesia, Indonesia and parts of Australia have high dependence on reefs and are projected to face severe impacts. As a region, Southeast Asia is particularly at risk. These areas require new data and interdisciplinary scientific research to help coral reef-dependent human communities better cope with, prepare for, and adapt to increasing atmospheric CO2.

Meetings

● Dr. Ian Enochs, Dr. Rik Wanninkhof, and Dr. Derek Manzello are attending the 4th Oceans in High-CO2 World Meeting from 3-6 May in Hobart, Tasmania. Dr. Enochs is presenting an oral presentation entitled "Volcanic acidification at Maug Island correlated with spatial shift from coral to algae-dominated ecosystem". Dr Manzello is giving an oral presentation entitled "Galápagos Coral Reef Persistence after ENSO Warming across an Acidification Gradient."

● Jack Stamates is attending the National Monitoring conference in Tampa, Fl on May 3-6. He will present results from the Numeric Nutrient study and present a poster on the Boca Raton Inlet/Hillsboro Inlet nutrient loading studies.

● April 26-28 in College Park, MD, Dr. Lew Gramer attended the 5th NOAA Ecological Forecasting Roadmap Meeting. Dr. Kelly Goodwin also did a forward-looking remote presentation on 'Omics. The annual EFR meeting gathers research scientists and operational systems managers from around NOAA, together with representatives from FDA, EPA, and State agencies. Sessions reviewed progress on NOAA's ecological forecasting products, and strategies for transitioning them to NOAA's operational arms. NOAA's chief scientist, and Asst. Administrators from four Line Offices also presented on NOAA's Unified Modeling approach and other related topics. A primary focus this year was on recent successes in operational forecasting of impacts from Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in Lake Erie, as well as Chesapeake Bay and the Pacific Northwest coast. Coral bleaching, hypoxia, and water-borne pathogens were all under discussion for future transitions to operational status.

● Dr. Maribeth Gidley will be attending FAU's Sea-Level Rise Summit: Connected Futures from Alaska to Florida, May 4th and 5th in Fort Lauderdale, where she will be also be participating in the discussion and production of a "Living Document" entitled "Adaptation Pathways 1.0" looking at the health issues faced by coastal cities due to sea-level rise, and how resilience might be improved.

● Dr. Pamela Fletcher will be attending the 3rd Sea Level Rise Summit in Fort Lauderdale from May 3-5. The three-day meeting will convene leading researchers, decision-makers, and other interested stakeholders to discuss the state of sea-level rise science, and how public policy and private adaptation efforts can lessen the impacts. Discussions will revolve around the following topic areas: Public Health, Infrastructure, Water, Society and Economy, Governance, National Security and International Responses. Pamela will network with regional and national researchers and policy makers to identify the potential to incorporate information into Integrated Ecosystem Assessment programming and University of Florida/Florida Sea Grant activities in South Florida.

Bon Voyage

● Renee Carlton is leaving AOML/OCED on Friday, May 6. Renee joined AOML in the spring of 2012 and has served as a lab manager and field coordinator for coral research in OCED during her tenure. She has accepted a position with the Khaled bin Sultan Living Ocean's Foundation (LOF) in Annapolis, MD where she will be writing up the data from their numerous field expeditions over the past several years. Please join us in the second floor conference room for snacks and coffee on Thursday, May 5 to say good bye to Renee and wish her luck in her new position.

April 25, 2016


Manuscripts

● Dr. Ian Enochs and Dr. Derek Manzello are co-authors on the paper entitled "Acclimatisation to high variance habitats does not enhance physiological tolerance of two key Caribbean corals to future temperature and pH" which has been accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. This study shows that two coral species living in environmentally variable habitats in Little Cayman Island were not more resilient to future climate change stress, suggesting that acclimatization to present-day warmer and lower pH conditions did not afford increased tolerance to further warming and ocean acidification.
The full citation is:
Camp E, Smith D, Evenhuis C, Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Woodcock S, Suggett D (2016). Acclimatisation to high variance habitats does not enhance physiological tolerance of two key Caribbean corals to future temperature and pH. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. In Press.

● Dr. Ruben van Hooidonk is a co-author on the paper entitled “Coral mass spawning predicted by rapid seasonal rise in ocean temperature" that was accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. Coral spawning times have been linked to multiple environmental factors; however, to what extent these factors act as generalized cues across multiple species and large spatial scales is unknown. We used a unique data set of coral spawning from 34 reefs in the Indian and Pacific Oceans to test if month of spawning and peak spawning month in assemblages of Acropora spp. can be predicted by sea surface temperature (SST), photosynthetically active radiation, wind speed, current speed, rainfall or sunset time. Contrary to the classic view that high mean SST initiates coral spawning, we found rapid increases in SST to be the best predictor.
The full citation is:
Sally A. Keith, Jeffrey A Maynard, Alasdair J. Edwards, James R. Guest, Andrew G. Bauman, Ruben van Hooidonk, Scott F. Heron, Michael L. Berumen, Jessica Bouwmeester, Srisakul Piromvaragorn, Carsten Rahbek, and Andrew H. Baird. 2016. Coral mass spawning predicted by rapid seasonal rise in ocean temperature. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. In Press.

● Dr. Ruben Van Hooidonk is the lead author on a manuscript entitled "Local-scale projections of coral reef futures and implications of the Paris Agreement" that has been submitted to Nature Climate Change. This study generated statistically downscaled climate projections (4-km resolution) for all coral reefs. It depicts the spatial patterns of these projections and evaluates the implications of the COP21 Paris Agreement for the projected timing of the onset of annual severe bleaching (ASB); a point at which reefs are certain to change and recovery will be limited. Our downscaled projections reveal high local-scale variation in ASB. Timing of ASB varies >10 years in 71 of the 87 countries and territories with >500km2 of reef area and some countries have far more relative "climate winners" than other countries. These results indicate that projections warrant consideration in conservation and management planning at all spatial scales. Emissions scenario RCP4.5 represents lower emissions mid-century than will be realized if pledges made following the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) become reality. RCP4.5 adds ~15 years on average before ASB occurs when compared to RCP8.5; however, >75% of reefs still experience ASB before 2070 under RCP4.5. Much greater emissions reductions are required than were pledged following COP21 to prevent the great majority of coral reefs from experiencing severe bleaching conditions annually within this century.

Field Work

● Dr. Paul Jones, Lauren Valentino, Graham Kolodziej and LT(jg) Benjamin Van Dine are traveling to the Cheeca Rocks NCRMP climate sentinel site from 25-28 April to take coral samples from the endangered coral species Orbicella faveolata following recovery from bleaching in the summer of 2015. This work is determining the role of symbiont clade type in the resistance and resilience of this critical species to the back-to-back warm water bleaching in 2014 and 2015 in south Florida.

● Dr. Xaymara Serrano will be in the field on Tuesday collecting coral colonies and sediments from Miami waters to use in her new CRCP funded project entitled "Effects of sedimentation stress in adult and early life stages of corals, including two ESA listed species".

● Dr. Denis Pierrot is sailing on the RCCL ship Equinox for her repositioning cruise from the Caribbean to the Mediterranean to collect samples that will be used in conjunction with the underway CO2 measurements to study open ocean acidification of surface water of the subtropical North Atlantic. A second automated underway CO2 system was recently installed on the RCCL ship Allure of the Sea by Kevin Sullivan and Denis Pierrot. The Allure covers the same cruise track as the initial operations on the RCCL ship Explorer of the Seas providing a continuation of measurements of changes in surface water CO2 and ocean acidification that began in 2002. The efforts on the RCCL ships are performed in collaboration with RSMAS/U.Miami and coordinated through CIMAS. The work is supported by NOAA/CPO/COD and NOAA/OAR/OAP.

● Dr. Leticia Barbero and Robert Castle have completed the final station of the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean Cruise IO9N and are now headed back to port in Phuket (Thailand). Over a period of 5 weeks, the cruise has done 113 full depth CTD casts as well as trace metals and optics casts. Leticia is the chief scientist overseeing the activities of 30 scientists and Bob is leading the effort to measure changes in inorganic carbon in this remote region. The effort is sponsored by the Climate Observation Division of NOAA's Climate Program office.


Meetings

● Dr. Chris Kelble is attending the Gulf of Mexico EcoHealth Metrics workshop this week at the Harte Research Institute at Texas A&M University in Corpus Christi. The workshop aims to comprehensively identify how ecosystem health relates to ecosystem services and their linkages to human well-being, and explore the utility of a pre-defined framework for addressing specific management issues. This effort was funded out of the NOAA RESTORE Act Science Program.

● Jack Stamates and Dr. Ruben Van Hooidonk are attending the Southeast Florida coral reef initiative meeting at Nova Southeastern University on April 27th and 28th. Jack will present results from the numeric nutrient study and the Boca Raton Inlet/Hillsboro Inlet nutrient loading studies. Ruben will present coral bleaching projections from global to local scales.

● Dr. Kelly Goodwin is speaking on 'Omics at the NOAA Ecological Forecasting Roadmap Annual Meeting held April 26-28, 2016 in a session entitled "State of the Science: Emerging Topics in Ecological Forecasting".

● Dr. Xaymara Serrano will travel to Key West on April 28th to present the final findings for the two year Mote's Protect Our Reefs grant entitled "Synergistic effects of eutrophication and elevated sea surface temperatures in the early life stages of two Caribbean corals". This work is a collaborative project with Drs. Margaret Miller (NOAA/SEFCS), Andrew Baker (UM/RSMAS) and Dr. Jim Hendee (OCED).

April 18, 2016


Field Work

● Dr. Ian Enochs and Dr. Paul Jones (ACCRETE Lab), with the help of Marc Weekley (NOAA Corps), will be traveling throughout the Upper, Middle, and Lower Keys to install an array of Bioerosion Monitoring Units (BMU) at 12 inshore and offshore reefs. The study will assess differences in bioerosion rates and types between the three areas of the Florida Keys, as well as any differences between inshore and offshore reef habitats.

● Dr. Xaymara Serrano (OCED) will be in the field on April 22nd collecting coral colonies and sediments from Miami waters to use in her new CRCP funded project entitled "Effects of sedimentation stress in adult and early life stages of corals, including two ESA listed species".

Meetings

● Dr. Pamela Fletcher and Charline Quenée will be attending a training workshop sponsored by the EBM Tools Network in conjunction with NatureServe's Biodiversity Without Boundaries conference in San Juan, PR from April 19-22. The training workshop is designed to increase awareness about the role various tools play in coastal EBM practices, assist in the developing of management frameworks and offer opportunities for managers and scientists to share information about EBM progress throughout the Caribbean Region. Pamela and Charline will use the training to enhance their contributions to the Integrated Ecosystem Assessment program at AOML and to liaise with MPA managers in the region as part of the CREWS 5C science-to-management effort.

● Mike Jankulak is attending the 11th MTS Buoy Workshop in Woods Hole, MA this week (https://www.whoi.edu/buoyworkshop/2016/), featuring presentations from WHOI, USF, Teledyne RDI, GLERL, PMEL, NDBC and MIT.

● Dr. Chris Kelble will be presenting his work entitled “Restoration targets for Juvenile Sportfish in Florida Bay” this week at the National Conference on Ecosystem Restoration in Coral Springs, FL. This presentation will describe how the ecosystem assessment and modeling group in OCED developed habitat suitability index models from their observational measurements to quantify the predicted improvement in juvenile sportfish habitat if Everglades Restoration successfully restored freshwater flows to Florida Bay.

April 11, 2016


Accomplishments

● LT(jg) Benjamin Vandine was accepted into the UF School of Forest Resources and Conservation. He plans on completing a Master's of Professional Science in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.

Field Work

● NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program funded the proposal titled "Building Robust Reef Carbonate Projections from Synthesized NCRMP Ocean Acidification Datasets." This project will fund a postdoctoral associate to work one year at AOML in the Acidification, Climate and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam (ACCRETE) and one year at the Coral Reef Ecosystems Program of the Pacific Island Islands Fisheries Science Center to synthesize NCRMP datasets from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Field Work

● Dr. Leticia Barbero and Robert Castle continue to participate on the second leg of the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean Cruise (IO9N). Leticia is the chief scientist overseeing the activities of 30 scientists and Bob is leading the effort to measure changes in inorganic carbon in this remote region. The effort is sponsored by the Climate Observation Division of NOAA's Climate Program office.

● The CHAMP program has added a virtual station to its collection of Cuba stations at Banco de San Antonio. This area is a commercially important fisheries region and one of the sister sanctuaries with NOS Sanctuaries Flower Garden Banks NMS and Florida Keys NMS. Discussions are still continuing about the feasibility of installing an in situ CREWS station at Guanahacabibes National Park near Maria la Gorda in western Cuba. CHAMP portal data can be found at http://www.coral.noaa.gov/champportal


Meetings

● Dr. Ian Enochs and Dr. Derek Manzello are attending the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program PI meeting in Charleston, SC.

Seminars

● Dr. Kelly Goodwin presented participated in the 2016 San Diego Citizen Science Expo held at the La Jolla library. She presented on the 2014/2015 Ocean Sampling Day Events and was on a panel discussion regarding Citizen Science opportunities and challenges.

Opportunities in OCED

● 'Omics Bioinformatics Job Search at AOML: AOML is seeking to hire a Research Associate in Multi-Omics Bioinformatics via NGI at the University of Southern Mississippi to help with both the Environmental Microbiology Program and the new AOML Coral and 'Omics Initiative. Although this personan will be an employee of USM, they will be based at AOML as an NGI contractor under the supervision of Dr. Chris Sinigalliano. The primary responsibility of the person hired will be computer-based bioinformatic analysis of DNA and RNA sequences requiring command line programming using Linux and/or other platforms, bioinformatic tools and pipelines, and web-based applications including online portals for sequences retrieval, manipulation, and archiving. This person must be able to provide bioinformatic analysis of metagenomic, metatranscriptomic, and genomic data sets for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic (coral holobiont) sequences. Must be able to distill and compare large sequence data sets to provide comparative metagenomics and metatranscriptomics using tools such as but not limited to Principal Component Analysis, biodiversity indices, and tools for statistical comparisons of relative abundance. Must be able to make comparative assessments of sequence data to environmental metadata using programs such as R, including ublication-quality tables and graphs. Minimum Qualifications are :B.S. in bioinformatics or related biological or computer science field with demonstrated expertise and experience in bioinformatics. Preferred Qualifications are: M.S. or Ph.D. in biological computing, bioinformatics or related field. Proficiency with environmental metagenomics or coral holobiont applications highly desired. Applications must be submitted to the University of Southern Mississippi on-line job portal (Job Posting Number: 0003942/Job Title: Research Associate-Biological Sciences). Applications can be submitted to USM via the following link: jobs.usm.edu/applicants/Central?quickFind=56080 and entering the job posting # 0003942 in the posting# search field.

April 2, 2016


Manuscripts

● Dr. Rik Wanninkhof had the following paper accepted in Polar Science: Yasunaka, S., A. Murata, E. Watanabe, Melissa Chierici, A. Fransson, S. v. Heuven, M. Hoppema;, M. Ishii;, T. Johannessen, N. Kosugi, S. K. Lauvset;, J. T. Mathis, S. Nishino;, A. M. Omar, A. Olsen, D. Sasano, T. Takahashi and R. Wanninkhof (2016). "Mapping of the air-sea CO2 flux in the Arctic Ocean and its adjacent seas: Basin-wide distribution and seasonal to interannual variability." Polar Science accepted March 31, 2016: POLAR-D-15-00086R00081.

Proposals

● NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program funded the proposal titled “Building Robust Reef Carbonate Projections from Synthesized NCRMP Ocean Acidification Datasets.” This project will fund a postdoctoral associate to work one year at AOML in the Acidification, Climate and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam (ACCRETE) and one year at the Coral Reef Ecosystems Program of the Pacific Island Islands Fisheries Science Center to synthesize NCRMP datasets from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Field Work

● The Decommissioning of the ICON Dynamic Pylon located at La Parguera, Puerto Rico was completed during the week of March 27 through April 1st. The area on the reef had the eight outer anchors and the base plate left in place for future deployment of stand-alone instruments or a possible buoy replacement of the removed pylon. The work was completed by EMI contractor John Halas and local UPR representatives.


Meetings

● Dr. Chris Kelble is serving on the review panel for the ecosystem review of the Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center. He will be attending the review all week in Honolulu, HI.

Seminars

● Dr. Chris Kelble presented the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area’s Implementation Plan to the NOAA Habitat Conservation Team (NHCT) last Friday, April 1. The NHCT liked the presentation and will review the draft implementation plan within the next 2 weeks and return it to the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area.

Opportunities in OCED

● OCED is currently seeking a post-doc in the Gulf of Mexico Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Program. This project will involve the integration of marine ecosystem indicators with human dimensions to examine the impact of management on the production of ecosystem services and the testing of alternative management and climate scenarios.
Qualifications:
➤ Must have a Ph.D. in marine ecology, systems ecology, marine resource economics, marine sociology, marine anthropology, or a related field.
➤ The successful candidate should have experience with integrated ecosystem assessments, indicator development, coastal marine ecology, risk assessments, and management strategy evaluations, as well as with the synthesis and analysis of human dimensions and biophysical data.
➤ A strong publication record, strong computer skills, the ability to work with large amounts of data, and familiarity with interdisciplinary ecosystem analysis are required.

March 28, 2016


Manuscripts

● Dr. Rik Wanninkhof is co-author on the recently accepted paper in Geophysical Research Letters authored by Nancy Williams et al. and entitled "Empirical Algorithms to Estimate Water Column pH in the Southern Ocean" (2016GL067727). The paper provides a creative and powerful means to validate biogeochemical sensors on Argo floats. Nancy Williams is a graduate student at Oregon State who got her start in oceanography as a Hollings scholar at AOML.

Field Work

● Dr. Leticia Barbero and Bob Castle are continuing their work on the I09N research cruise. Leticia is serving as chief scientist and Bob is in charge of the DIC sampling on the cruise.

● Lindsey Visser served as chief scientist on the R/V Walton Smith last week. This cruise was done in conjunction with the Marine Biodiversity Observing Network (MBON) project out of the University of South Florida. AOML scientists were responsible for sampling water quality during the cruise and investigating biological oceanographic phenomena around south Florida.

Meetings

● Dr. Jim Hendee met with Drs. Richard Dodge, Bernard Riegl, Abby Renegar, Nicole Fogarty, Jose Lopez, and Steve Miller of Nova Southeastern University’s (NSU) National Coral Reef Institute (NCRI) to discuss collaborations in coral ‘omics in the coming year. Also present was Dr. Steve O’Brien of the Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bioinformatics in St. Petersburg, Russia, who discussed NSU’s new program for gene research at their new Cell Therapy Institute, which he will help lead after he leaves the Dobzhansky Center. Dr. O’Brien indicated a willingness to help us find good candidates for a bioinformatics hire, and also in conducting our coral ‘omics work. NCRI will undertake sequencing of some our coral samples. The group also discussed a collaborative plan to conduct sampling off of Port Everglades before expansion of the Port begins.

● Dr. Lew Gramer a CIMAS researcher with CHAMP in OCED, attended a workshop this week hosted by NASA, the intergovernmental Sargasso Sea, and NOAA Sanctuaries. The workshop, held at the Eco-Discovery Center in Key West, brought researchers together with policy makers from the Caribbean, Bermuda, USA, UK and Commonwealth, Canada, and the UN. The goal was to prioritize research application areas for remote sensing and in situ observing programs to improve the conservation of the Sargasso Sea and surrounding waters.

Seminars

● Dr. Xaymara Serrano (OCED) served as panelist in the graduate career panel hosted at NOVA's Oceanographic Center in Fort Lauderdale on March 23rd. The goal of this panel was to speak to graduate students about what it takes to have a career in marine biology, what people look for when hiring, what skills or courses students should be encouraged to learn/take and any additional tips/anecdotes that may help students be successful in graduate school and beyond. The other 5 panelists that participated in this event were: Laura Gesselbracht (Nature Conservancy Senior Marine Scientist). Pat Quinn (Broward county Natural Resource Specialist), Cheryl Miller (Coastal Eco-Group Principal Scientist), Lauren Waters (Florida Department of Environmental Protection) and Steven Miller (NOVA Senior Research Scientist).

March 21, 2016


Field Work

● Dr. Leticia Barbaro and Robert Castle are participating on the second leg of the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean Cruise (IO9N). Leticia is the chief scientist overseeing the activities of 30 scientists and Bob is leading the effort to measure changes in inorganic carbon in this remote region. The effort is sponsored by the Climate Observation Divsion of NOAA's Climate Program office.

March 14, 2016


Field Work

● Chuck Featherstone is over halfway through the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean I8S cruise and continues to produce quality inorganic carbon measurements.

● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee sampled water quality in Biscayne Bay and its major canals on March 10 and 11 aboard the R/V Virginia K. This sampling was conducted as part of the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area.

● Lindsey Visser is serving as chief scientist this week on the South Florida Project cruise aboard the R/V Walton Smith. They will be sampling water quality and biological oceanographic characteristics from Biscayne Bay down through the Keys and up the southwest Florida shelf to Charlotte Harbor.

● NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program funded the installation of a new MAPCO2 buoy in Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary, American Samoa (Figure 1), establishing the 2nd NCRMP class III sentinel climate and ocean acidification monitoring site in the Pacific. Installation will commence in 2017 and be led by OCED PIs Dr. Derek Manzello and Dr. Ian Enochs in collaboration with the Coral Reef Ecosystems Program of the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center in Honolulu and PMEL in Seattle. Dr. Manzello and Dr. Enochs visited American Samoa in February 2014 and ID'ed the location for the deployment of the sentinel ocean acidification monitoring site from four different candidate locations (Figures 2 and 3). Ongoing discussions will determine which Fagatele Bay site is best. This is the second of three planned class III sites in the Pacific. The other operational site is at Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii and the final planned site is for Saipan in the Mariana Islands. There are currently two class III sites operational in the Atlantic: La Parguera, Puerto Rico and Cheeca Rocks in the Florida Keys. The third site in the Atlantic is planned for Flower Garden Banks.


Meetings

● Dr. Xaymara Serrano will travel to Portland, Maine during March 15-20th to attend the 45th Benthic Ecology meeting and give an oral presentation. Her talk is entitled "Effects of eutrophication and elevated sea surface temperatures on the early life stages of a threatened Caribbean coral".

● Dr. Christopher Kelble is presenting the Gulf of Mexico Integrated Ecosystem Assessment work to date and serving on a panel at the Southeast Fisheries Science Center Ecosystem Review on March 15. The panel will focus on integrated ecosystem assessments and approaches to ecosystem modeling.

March 7, 2016


Manuscripts

● Dr. Rik Wanninkhof is a co-author on two manuscripts submitted to GRL. The first is "Empirical Algorithms to Estimate Water Column pH in the Southern Ocean" led by N. Williams (U. Oregon) et al. The second is "A comparative assessment of air-water CO2 flux in a freshwater dominated open estuary versus a mangrove dominated semi-closed salt-water estuary" led by Dr. Akhand (School of Oceanographic Studies, Jadavpur University, West Bengal, India) et al.


Field Work

● Chuck Featherstone is about halfway through the GO-SHIP Indian Ocean I8S cruise and continues to produce quality inorganic carbon measurements.

Dr. Denis Pierrot visited the RCCL Ship Equinox in Port Everglades for a maintenance check prior to her trans-Atlantic crossing to execute the summer cruise schedule in the Mediterranean. Data transmission occurs daily and data quality is checked on the following graphical user interface.


Renee Carlton, Lauren Valentino, and Dr. Derek Manzello traveled to the Florida Keys from March 1-3 to swap out pH and light loggers at two sites in the Lower Florida Keys and two sites in the Upper Florida Keys. Qualitative observations indicated that the corals had completely regained all of their pigment and color following the back-to-back warm-water bleaching in 2014 and 2015. Further work will determine how much mortality occurred.

Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee will be sampling water quality in Biscayne Bay and its major canals on March 8 and 9 aboard the R/V Virginia K. This sampling is being conducted as part of the Biscayne Bay Habitat Focus Area.


Meetings

● Dr. Chris Kelble attended NOAA’s Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Program Annual Meeting in Boulder, CO February 29 - March 4. This year’s meeting was focused on developing national and international collaborations and determining how the IEA process fits into the broader ecosystem-based management landscape.


Seminars

● Dr. Maribeth Gidley was an invited speaker at University of Miami's Cooper Fellowship Training Series, "Empowering Capable Climate Communicators." Her lecture was entitled "Health and Disease Concerns Associated with Sea-Level Rise and a Changing Climate"

February 29, 2016


Awards

● General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, Prime Minister of Thailand, honored Dr. Natchanon Amornthammarong along with approximately 10 other Thai people working in the USA for their technological innovation. The honor was awarded to Dr. Amornthammarong as part of the Prime Minister’s visit to meet with President Obama at the ASEAN summit in Sunnylands, CA. Dr. Amornthammarong was told that the Thai government thinks his scientific contributions could help with environmental problems in Thailand. Dr. Amornthammarong was also invited to give oral presentations to Thai universities and government units about his published works when he visits Thailand this June. These talks will focus on Dr. Amornthammarong’s ammonia and DIC instruments.


Manuscripts

● The manuscript entitled "Long distance dispersal and vertical gene flow in the Caribbean brooding coral Porites astreoides", by Xaymara M. Serrano (OCED), Iliana B. Baums (Penn State), Tyler B. Smith (UVI), Ross J. Jones (AIMS), Tonya L. Shearer (Georgia Tech) and Andrew C. Baker (RSMAS), was published in the February 22 issue of the Nature’s journal Scientific Reports. The authors studied the common Caribbean coral species Porites astreoides at three sites in Florida (the Upper Keys, Lower Keys and Dry Tortugas), Bermuda, and the USVI and used genetic methods to discover whether reefs in shallow water might be able to recover from these disturbances by recruiting new coral larvae from deeper, more intact populations of corals. Overall, the study showed that Florida deep water corals are not closely related to shallow corals elsewhere in the region, and that corals on shallow reefs can be more closely related to other shallow corals over a thousand miles away than they are to corals on the same reef just a few dozen feet deeper. The paper is available open access and can be accessed at: www.nature.com/articles/srep21619.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Chuck Featherstone continues to conduct the GO-SHIP I8S cruise on the R/V Roger Revelle. Chuck Featherstone is analyzing inorganic carbon concentrations in seawater. They have encountered Southern Ocean storms with 60+ Knot sustained winds and 30 foot seas. During one of these storms at station 14, which is located at 62°S, the wire parted and the CTD was lost of the side. They installed the back-up CTD and continued conducting their sampling


Meetings

● Charline Quenee and Dr. Chris Kelble are attending NOAA’s Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Program Annual Meeting in Boulder, CO this week. This year’s meeting is focused on developing national and international collaborations and determining how the IEA process fits into the broader ecosystem-based management landscape.


Seminars

● Dr. Kelly Goodwin taught a lecture for the UC San Diego course Marine Microbiology SIO126 "Monitoring Harmful Microbes in the Marine Environment" on February 24, 2016.

● Dr. Chris Kelble taught a lecture for the University of Miami undergraduate course "The science of Biscayne Bay" on February 22, 2016.

● Dr. Maribeth Gidley presented the seminar "Zika virus and other mosquito-borne illnesses at home and for travelers" on February 29 at 3pm in the First Floor Conference Room.

February 22, 2016


Manuscripts

Dr. Ruben Van Hooidonk co-authored two papers that were published this week in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences:

● Eisenlord, M.E., Groner, M.L., Yoshioka, R.M., Elliott, J., Maynard, J., Fradkin, S., Turner, M., Pyne, K., Rivlin, N., van Hooidonk, R., Harvell, C.D., 2016. Ochre star mortality during the 2014 wasting disease epizootic: role of population size structure and temperature. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London B Biol. Sci. 371.

Summary: Over 20 species of asteroids were devastated by a sea star wasting disease (SSWD) epizootic, linked to a densovirus, from Mexico to Alaska in 2013 and 2014. For Pisaster ochraceusboth laboratory experiments and observed temperature anomalies indicate that anomalously warm summer temperatures increased the disease progression and mortality rates in Washington State.

● Maynard, J., van Hooidonk, R., Harvell, C.D., Eakin, C.M., Liu, G., Willis, B.L., Williams, G.J., Groner, M.L., Dobson, A., Heron, S.F., Glenn, R., Reardon, K., Shields, J.D., 2016. Improving marine disease surveillance through sea temperature monitoring, outlooks and projections. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London B Biol. Sci. 371.

Summary: To forecast marine disease outbreaks as oceans warm requires new environmental surveillance tools. In this paper we describe an iterative process for developing these tools. The first step is to identify candidate host–pathogen systems. The 24 candidate systems we identified include sponges, corals, oysters, crustaceans, sea stars, fishes and sea grasses (among others). To illustrate the other steps, we present a case study of epizootic shell disease (ESD) in the American lobster. Increasing prevalence of ESD is a contributing factor to lobster fishery collapse in southern New England (SNE), raising concerns that disease prevalence will increase in the northern Gulf of Maine under climate change. The lowest maximum bottom temperature associated with ESD prevalence in SNE is 12°C. Our seasonal outlook for 2015 and long-term projections show bottom temperatures greater than or equal to 12°C may occur in this and coming years in the coastal bays of Maine.


Meetings

Drs. Chris Sinigalliano, Derek Manzello, Ian Enochs, Denis Pierrot, Leticia Barbero, Maribeth Gidley, and student intern Kristina Thoren will be attending the 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting this week in New Orleans, where they will be presenting their research. The presentation titles are:

● Dr. Derek Manzello – "Galapagos coral reef persistence after ENSO warming across an acidification gradient."

● Dr. Chris Sinigalliano - "Metagenomic Investigation of the Microbial Community Structure and Diversity for Sentinel Coral Reefs and Urbanized Coastal Waters in Southeast Florida, and Molecular Microbial Source Tracking to Characterize Potential LBSP Microbial Contaminant Influences."

● Dr. Ian Enochs – "Volcanic Acidification of a Coral Reef at Maug Island: Influences on Biological Processes and Ecosystem Structure."

● Dr. Maribeth Gidley - "Characterizing Microbial Water Quality of Extreme Tide Floodwaters Discharged from an Urbanized Subtropical Beach: Case Study of Miami Beach with Implications for Sea Level Rise and Public Health."

● Kristina Thoren - "A Molecular MST Approach to Investigate Fecal Indicator Bacteria in Bioaerosols, Bathing Water, Seaweed Wrack, and Sand at Recreational Beaches."

Rik Wanninkhof attended the International ocean coordination project (IOCCP) SC meeting in New Orleans this past weekend.

Drs. Denis Pierrot, Leticia Barbero, and Rik Wanninkhof attended the NOAA/CPO/COD ocean carbon meeting in New Orleans this past weekend.

Dr. Kelly Goodwin participated in the Interagency Working Group on Ocean Partnerships (IWG-OP) Biodiversity Ad Hoc Meeting on January 28, 2016. The Biodiversity working group advises and assists the Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (SOST) as part of the partnership efforts begun under the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP). The group was briefed on study results detailing federal research investment in microbiome research. The study was undertaken by the Mapping the Microbiome Fast-Track Action Committee, co-chaired by Elizabeth Stulberg of the Whitehouse Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and of which Dr. Goodwin is a member. The study found that the most commonly reported need in microbiome research across the federal agencies was computation/modeling/bioinformatics. Full results can be found in a paper in the January 2016 issue of Nature Microbiology.


Upcoming Seminars

Dr. Maribeth Gidley will be presenting "Zika virus and other mosquito-borne illnesses at home and for travelers" on February 29 at 3pm in the First Floor Conference Room.

February 16, 2016


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● The Science Plan for Carbon Cycle Research in North American Coastal Waters was released (http://www.us-ocb.org/publications/CCARS_Sci_Plan_FINAL.pdf) and included a nice acknowledgement to AOML contributions: "including extensive contributions from scientists at the NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory."

● Dr. Denis Pierrot returned from Fremantle, Australia where he successfully installed an underway pCO2 system on the R/V Revelle and assisted with installing and unpacking the laboratory container in preparation for the GO-SHIP 18S cruise.

● Mr. Chuck Featherstone is aboard the R/V Revelle, which embarked on the GO-SHIP I8S cruise on February 9. Chuck will be analyzing inorganic carbon concentrations in seawater during the cruise. The cruise is en route to their first station at 60 S and have encountered their first Southern Ocean storm with 60+ Knot sustained winds and 30 foot seas.


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Dr. Chris Kelble is presenting a webinar today as part of the State of Florida’s State of the Coast presentation series. The Florida State of the Coast program aims to develop an assessment of Florida’s coastal ecosystems to inform the next round of planning for coastal zone management in Florida. Dr. Kelble will be presenting on NOAA’s ecosystem assessment efforts in Florida, including his work on Integrated Ecosystem Assessments, Everglades Restoration, and Marine and Estuarine Goal-Setting (MARES).

February 8, 2016


Meetings

● Drs. Lew Gramer and Chris Sinigalliano participated in the CoastWatch/OceanWatch Science Meeting hosted by PhOD in cooperation with NESDIS/NCCOS. Dr. Gramer gave a presentation entitled Better Living Through Physics: Site-specific ecological assessments for coral reef thermal stress and Dr. Sinigalliano gave a presentation entitled A Summary of Remote Sensing for Water Quality Monitoring and Research: Applications, Needs, & Future Trends.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● The ocean carbon group submitted 237 datasets of underway pCO2 data (SOOP-CO2) to the Surface ocean carbon atlas (SOCAT) version 4 effort. SOCAT will start to release the global quality controlled surface CO2 data annually. AOML is a major contributor and participant in quality control and management of the effort that now receives several million new datapoints from over 80 international investigators annually.

● Dr. Rik Wanninkhof submitted the revised version of the white paper An evaluation of pH and NO3 sensor data from SOCCOM/ARGO floats and their utilization to develop ocean inorganic carbon products to the carbon working group. The paper provides recommendations on quality control and product development of the new biogeochemical sensors on profiling floats.


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● An expert opinion workshop was completed last week with staff and researchers from Rookery Bay. This is part of the NOAA COCA sponsored project investigating the resilience of ecosystem services to climate change in South Florida. Engaging the management community early and using their knowledge in scientific analyses is essential to developing scientific decision support tools that they will trust and use.

February 1, 2016


Coral Health and Monitoring

● The manuscript entitled Long distance dispersal and vertical gene flow in the Caribbean brooding coral Porites astreoides, by Xaymara M. Serrano (OCED), Iliana B. Baums (Penn State), Tyler B. Smith (UVI), Ross J. Jones (AIMS), Tonya L. Shearer (Georgia Tech) and Andrew C. Baker (RSMAS), was accepted for publication in the journal Scientific Reports. This paper represents the first assessment of genetic connectivity for the coral species Porites astreoides in the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic. Overall, findings suggest that P. astreoides is effective at dispersing both horizontally and vertically despite its brooding reproductive mode and maternal transmission of algal symbionts. In addition, these findings might help explain the ecological success reported for P. astreoides in the Caribbean in recent decades.


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Dr. Chris Kelble has been asked to join the steering committee for the Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative. The Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative (PFLCC) is part of a national network of Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs). LCCs are applied conservation science partnerships among federal agencies, regional organizations, states, tribes, NGOs, private stakeholders, universities and other entities within a geographic area. They are designed to inform resource management decisions in an integrated fashion across landscapes at a broader scale than any individual partner’s responsibility. The partnership considers landscape-scale stressors, including climate change, habitat fragmentation, invasive species, and water scarcity as it attempts to provide a vision for a landscape capable of sustaining healthy populations of fish, wildlife, plants and cultural resources.

● Charline Quenee, Dr. Pamela Fletcher, and Dr. Chris Kelble are leading a workshop to elicit expert opinion regarding the Rookery Bay ecosystem. This expert opinion will be used by Dr. Geoffrey Cook (UCF and formerly with CIMAS/OCED) to develop a semi-quantitative risk assessment for this ecosystem, which includes risk to the delivery of ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are the benefits provided to human society by the ecosystem. This project aims to assess the resiliency of the coastal ecosystem and services it provides under likely climate change scenarios.


Environmental Microbiology

● Dr. Kelly Goodwin taught a lecture entitled Pathogens, Indicators, and Biosensing for a graduate level Marine Biotechnology course at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography.

● Dr. Kelly Goodwin participated in the Interagency Working Group on Ocean Partnerships (IWG-OP) Biodiversity Ad Hoc Meeting on January 28, 2016. The Biodiversity working group advises and assists the Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (SOST) as part of the partnership efforts begun under the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP). The group was briefed on study results detailing federal research investment in microbiome research. The study was undertaken by the Mapping the Microbiome Fast-Track Action Committee, co-chaired by Elizabeth Stulberg of the Whitehouse Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and of which Dr. Goodwin is a member. The study found that the most commonly reported need in microbiome research across the federal agencies was computation/modeling/bioinformatics. Full results can be found in a paper in the January 2016 issue of Nature Microbiology.

January 25, 2016


Coral Health and Monitoring

● CIMAS researcher Dr. Lew Gramer (CHAMP/OCED) presented as a panelist at the 10th Anniversary Symposium for The Nature Conservancy's Florida Reef Resilience Program on Thursday, January 21, 2015. His topic was Better Living Through Physics: Mapping reef resilience with site-specific ecological forecasts for coral thermal stress. The agenda included speakers from academia, State and local agencies, conservation NGOs, regional stakeholders, NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries, and NOAA NESDIS. Panel discussion centered on analyses of the unique 10-year FRRP record of robust, replicate sampling of coral bleaching, disease, and mortality throughout the 400 km-long Florida Reef Tract.

● OCED responded to a recent Call for Ocean Technology Development Proposals by submission of these three proposals:

    1. Cost-effective Sub-surface Automated Sampler (SAS) for field-based ocean acidification research in shallow marine ecosystems. Enochs I.C., Manzello D.P., Hendee J.C. $432K

    2. Integration of Novel Nitrogen, Turbidity, and Temperature Sensors with Coral Reef Early Warning System Network. Amornthammarong N., Hendee J.C. $501K

    3. Developing New Platforms for a Joint CREWS-OA Network Throughout the Non-U.S. Caribbean. Hendee J.C., Sutton A., Manzello D.P. $587K

● On Friday January 22, Jack Stamates, Mike Shoemaker and Lt Mark Weekley met with representatives from the City of Dania Beach to discuss the establishment of a CREWS/ICON station on the Dania pier. This station will measure atmospheric and ocean parameters and provide pier users access to this information via an on site display and a web portal.


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● The manuscript entitled Circulation and water renewal of Florida Bay, by T. Lee (RSMAS), N. Melo (CIMAS), N. Smith (HBOI), E. Johns (PHOD), C. Kelble (OCED), R. Smith (PHOD), and P. Ortner (UM), was accepted for publication in the Bulletin of Marine Science. This paper synthesizes results from a multi-year study of the circulation and exchange processes controlling transport and water renewal in Florida Bay. Wind forcing is shown to be the primary driver of the circulation, and exchange times are computed for each subregion. A practical solution to control hypersalinity, seagrass die-off and water quality degradation of Florida Bay is proposed.

January 18, 2016


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● The following review paper has been published: Talley, L.D. Talley, R.A. Feely, B.M. Sloyan, R. Wanninkhof, M.O. Baringer, J.L. Bullister, C.A. Carlson, S.C. Doney, R.A. Fine, E. Firing, N. Gruber, D.A. Hansell, M. Ishii, G.C. Johnson, K. Katsumata, R.M. Key, M. Kramp, C. Langdon, A.M. Macdonald, J.T. Mathis, E.L. McDonagh, S. Mecking, F.J. Millero, C.W. Mordy, T. Nakano, C.L. Sabine, W.M. Smethie, J.H. Swift, T. Tanhua, A.M. Thurnherr, M.J. Warner, J-Z Zhang, 2016. Changes in Ocean Heat, Carbon Content, and Ventilation: Review of the First Decade of Global Repeat Hydrography (GO-SHIP). Annual Review of Marine Science, 8, 19.1-19.31, 10.1146/annurev-marine-052915-100829

● The AOML ocean carbon group hosted a training workshop on the autonomous pCO2 system on ships of opportunity (SOOP-CO2). Representatives from five institutions working on CPO/COD and OAP sponsored SOOP-CO2 efforts attended the two-day workshop which took place on January 20 - 21.


Environmental Microbiology

● The following paper has been published: Stulberg, Elizabeth, Deborah Fravel, Lita M. Proctor, David M. Murray, Jonathan LoTempio, Linda Chrisey, Jay Garland, Kelly Goodwin, Joseph Graber, M. Camille Harris, Scott Jackson, Michael Mishkind, D. Marshall Porterfield and Angela Records. An assessment of US microbiome research. Nature Biology. Consensus Statement, published January 11, 2016, Article Number 15015, DOI: 10.1038/NMicrobiol.2015.15.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Scientists from OCED submitted the following abstracts to the 13th International Coral Reef Symposium:

Brainard R., Vargas-Angel B., Williams I., Oliver T., Rooney J., Edwards P., Kimball J., Cohen A., Smith J., Toonen R., Price N., Feely R., Alin S., Sutton A., Manzello D., Enochs I., Knowlton, Paulay G., Rohwer F. Large-scale, long-term interdisciplinary ecosystem assessment and monitoring of the U.S. Pacific Islands to support ecosystem-based management and conservation. Session 60: Integrated ecosystem-based management for coral reefs and the value of socio-ecological studies.

Enochs I., Manzello D., Kolodziej G., Noonan S., Valentino L., Fabricius K. Micro-CT analysis reveals depressed net calcification due to enhanced bioerosion and reduced accretion of reef substrata at co2 seeps. Session 32: Ocean acidification: Measuring and scaling impacts across multiple scales.

Fong P, Baker A, Glynn P, Manzello D, McGillis W, Smith T. Why are Some Eastern Tropical Pacific reefs so resilient to ENSO? Bioassays reveal increased herbivory and nutrient limitation of dominant macroalgae during ENSO. Session 23: Global change impacts on coral reef seaweeds.

Gintert B., Carlton R., Kolodziej G., Jones P., Enochs I., Gleason A., Gracias N., Reid P., and Manzello D. Image mosaics before and after the 2014 mass coral bleaching at cheeca rocks, florida keys reveal high resilience with low partial and total coral mortality. Session 30: Coral bleaching: monitoring, management responses and resilience.

Gramer L.J., Hendee J.C., and Thompson N.B. Better living through physics: mapping reef resilience with site-specific ecological forecasts for coral thermal stress. Session 50: Modeling and computational tools for coral reef management and conservation.

Groves S., Brandt M., Manzello D., Enochs I., Holstein D., and Smith T. Physical drivers of community structure and growth among mesophotic coral ecosystems in St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands. Session28A: Coral reefs in extreme, compromised and marginal environments, and their roles as refugia - highly stressed, urbanized and exposed reef systems.

Jones P., Gintert B., Carlton R., Kolodziej G., Valentino L., Gleason A., Jankulak M., Enochs I., and Manzello D. Landscape patters of symbiodinium community dynamics in orbicella faveolata during and after back-to-back mass bleaching events in 2014 and 2015 at cheeca rocks in the Florida Keys. 30 - Coral bleaching: monitoring, management responses and resilience.

Kimball J., Brainard B.,Monaco M., Bohnsack J., Clark R., Schull J., Manzello D., Enochs I., Oliver T., Williams I., Vargas-Ángel B., Blondeau J., Edwards P., Eakin M., Kelsey H., Donovan C., and Koss J. NOAA’S National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Integrated ecosystem monitoring and reporting in U.S. coral reef areas to inform conservation and management. Session 60: Integrated ecosystem-based management for coral reefs and the value of socio-ecological studies.

Manzello D., Enochs I., Carlton R., Kolodziej G., Valentino L., Gintert B., Dixon G., Towle E., Jones P., Kenkel C., and Matz M. Environmental and biological factors associated with coral reef resilience in the florida keys. Session28a: Coral reefs in extreme, compromised and marginal environments, and their roles as refugia - highly stressed, urbanized and exposed reef systems.

McGillis W., Manzello D., Takeshita Y., Smith T., Martz T., Fong P., Smith J., Baker A., Glynn P., Price N., Mate J., Brandtneris V., Hsueh Y., Palacio A., Markowitz M., and Donham E. In situ metabolism, solar heating, and convective cooling of corals in reef environments. Session 36: Assessing and addressing the effects of multiple stressors on coral reefs towards developing effective management and policy responses.

Schein K., Camp M., Gramer L.J., Hendee J.C., Foster K., Manfrino C. Hetzinger S. and Huges H. Comparing in situ and satellite-based water temperature data over tropical coral reefs: implications for environmental monitoring and ecological forecasting.

Serrano X., Baker A., Miller M., and Hendee J.C. Effects of eutrophication and elevated sea surface temperatures in the early life stages of an endangered Caribbean coral. Session 36: Assessing and addressing the effects of multiple stressors on coral reefs towards developing effective management and policy responses.

Smith T., Baker A., Brandtneris, V., Glynn, P., Manzello D., Maté, J., McGillis W., Palacio A., and Fong P. Bleaching and depth refuges in the eastern pacific during the strong 2015-2016 El Niño. Session28A, Coral reefs in extreme, compromised and marginal environments, and their roles as refugia highly stressed, urbanized and exposed reef systems.

van Hooidonk, Ruben, Jeffrey Maynard, Jerker Tamelander, Jamison Gove, Gabriella Ahmadia, Laurie Raymundo, Gareth Williams, and Scott Heron. Downscaled projections of coral bleaching conditions that can inform conservation planning.

January 11, 2016


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Dr. Leticia Barbero was in Charleston, SC, January 11 thru January 13 to attend the first SOCAN (Southeast Ocean and Coastal Acidification Network) in-person meeting. Among others, the objectives of the meeting were to identify why the Southeast region is unique and the region’s vulnerabilities to OA and summarize why Ocean Acidification matters to stakeholders.

● The following paper was accepted for publication in Global Biogeochemical Cycles: Woosley, R. J., F. J. Millero, and R. Wanninkhof, 2015: Rapid Anthropogenic Changes in CO2 and pH in the Atlantic Ocean: 2003-2014. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, accepted, Jan 2015.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Derek Manzello presented a seminar to the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary on January 11 about the past and ongoing work of OCED's Acidification, Climate, and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam (ACCRETE).

Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Lindsey Visser, Charline Quenee, and Dr. Libby Johns (PhOD) completed the most recent survey of water quality in south Florida aboard the R/V Walton Smith. This data is being analyzed to examine long-term trends in nutrients, and chlorophyll a in south Florida.

● Dr. Chris Kelble attended the Atlantic Ocean Research Alliance (AORAC) workshop on Making the Ecosystem Approach Operational. This workshop addressed questions that are currently challenging the implementation of the ecosystem approach to management as it moves from single to cross-sectoral application. It also allowed for the exchange of experiences, discussion of encountered constraints, and the identification of approaches and strategies to make this approach operational.

December 18, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Two CREWS/C5 buoys were deployed in the Dominican Republic. One at Boca Chica on the south side, the other at Puerto Plata on the north side. So far the data appears to be transmitting successfully. The two CREWS/C5 stations in Belize are expected to be deployed in late January or early February, leaving only the Barbados station (currently damaged) of the original network extension remaining to be deployed.


● Derek Manzello attended the 2015 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco CA. His presentation was entitled Contrasts Galapagos coral reef persistence after ENSO warming across an acidification gradient.

December 11, 2015


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Chris Kelble presented his analysis of long-term water quality trends in south Florida coastal water to the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary Advisory Committee on Tuesday, December 8. Dr. Kelble's analyses have shown that elevated salinity conditions in Florida Bay have resulted in no high recruitment years for juvenile spotted seatrout since 2007. Additionally, increasing trends in soluble reactive phosphorus, which is the limiting nutrient, throughout much of south Florida coastal waters, is a cause for concern, and has resulted in increasing chlorophyll-a in over half of the regions with increasing soluble reactive phosphorous. The Sanctuary Advisory Committee is considering a draft motion requesting that the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan be implemented more quickly.

● Lindsey Visser and Charline Quenee, along with colleagues from SEFSC, surveyed water quality in the canals feeding into Biscayne Bay on December 9 and 10. This is part of the studies being supported by the Biscayne Bay Habitat Blueprint Focus Area. The first goal of the focus area is to understand the sources of nutrients into Biscayne Bay and to propose mitigation strategies to reduce nutrient loading into Biscayne Bay.

December 5, 2015


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Tobia Tudino, a PhD Student in the College of Life and Environmental Science of the University of Exeter, visited Dr. Rik Wanninkhof to discuss post-doc opportunities in the ocean carbon group.

● The paper entitled Data-based estimates of the ocean carbon sink variability – First results of the Surface Ocean pCO2 Mapping intercomparison (SOCOM), by C. Rödenbeck, D. C. E. Bakker, N. Gruber, Y. Iida, A. R. Jacobson, S. Jones, P. Landschützer, N. Metzl, A. O. S. Nakaoka, G.-H. Park, P. Peylin, K. B. Rodgers, T. P. Sasse, U. Schuster, J. D. Shutler, V. Valsala, R. Wanninkhof and J. Zeng, was accepted in the journal Biogeosciences on November 27, 2015.

November 27, 2015


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Rik Wanninkhof visited Bern, Switzerland Nov. 22-29, participating as a working group member at the ESA Satellite Earth Observation for Atmosphere-Ocean Gas Exchange project working group meeting.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● The National Oceanographic Committee of Cuba, together with all its national marine scientific institutions hosted the MarCuba 2015 Symposium in Havana November 16 - 20, 2015. NOAA delegates included Jim Hendee, Ryan Smith, and several SEFSC attendees, including SEFSC Director Bonnie Ponwith. CIMAS Director Peter Ortner was also present, as well as several CIMAS faculty. Dr. Jim Hendee's presentation was entitled Extending the Coral Reef Early Warning System (CREWS) Network Throughout the Caribbean: A Collaborative Project, and was apparently the only presentation that had English together with Spanish translations on each slide (there were no translators for the individual sessions). The presentation elaborated on the combined efforts of the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center, CIMAS, and NOAA in the installation of CREWS stations throughout the Caribbean, utilizing funds from the European Union and the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program. Emphasis was made that NOAA's role in any future Cuba station installations would be information management only; however, it was noted that several "virtual station" (i.e., satellite data at specific coral reef areas) have already been implemented on the Coral Health and Monitoring Program's data portal site (www.coral.noaa.gov/champportal). Also, mentioned was that AOML is ready to collaborate in the new "Sister Sanctuary Program" agreement, historically reached by NOAA and Cuba during that week, by implementing a new virtual station at the Guanahacabibes Sanctuary in southwest Cuba (http://www.nationalparks-worldwide.info/cuba.htm).

November 16, 2015


Environmental Microbiology

● A paper entitled From Skin to Soil: An Assessment of US Microbiome Research, by by Elizabeth Stulberg, Deborah Fravel, Lita Proctor, David Murray, Jonathan LoTempio, Linda Chrisey, Jay Garland, Kelly Goodwin, Joseph Graber, M. Harris, Scott Jackson, Michael Mishkind, D. Porterfield, and Angela Records, has been published in the inaugural issue of Nature Microbiology (paper #NMICROBIOL-15090353A). The paper is the consensus paper for the Fast Track Action Committee on Mapping the Microbiome (FTACMM, http://commonfund.nih.gov/hmp/overview). The microbiome is the multi-species community of microbes in a specific environment; microbiome research is the study of these communities with regard to phylogenetic and genetic composition, structure and function and interactions with their hosts or in ecosystems using genome-enabled technologies.


Florida Area Coastal Environment

● Four current meters were recovered off of Broward County on November 12 by LT Marc Weekley, LTJG Ben Vandine, and Mike Jankulak; two acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) units at 22 and 80 foot depths, and two tilt meters (Lowell Instruments TCM-1, www.lowellinstruments.com) at 38 and 70 feet depth. These instruments had been deployed in support of the Numeric Nutrient Criteria Study (Figure 1).

November 9, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● From October 26 to November 3, Mike Shoemaker and Mike Jankulak were visiting Belize to install and repair two of the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre's (CCCCC) buoys. CCCCC is working with OCED's Coral Reef Early Warning System (CREWS) to develop a network of monitoring buoys throughout the Caribbean. All sensors and electronics were installed on the Calabash Caye buoy in cooperation with the University of Belize, and new programming that was developed and tested at AOML in past months was uploaded to the buoy. The second buoy at South Water Caye is part of a collaboration with the Belize Fisheries Department and was visited for a few hours at the end of the trip, during which time power was restored to the buoy and a major communications fault was diagnosed and corrected. Both of these buoys are expected to be redeployed before the end of the year.


Nutrients

● A paper by Hilary Flower, Mark Rains, David Lewis, Jia-Zhong Zhang, and René Price entitled Control of phosphorus concentration through adsorption and desorption in shallow groundwater of subtropical carbonate estuary has been accepted for publication in Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. This paper demonstrates how the Everglades coastal groundwater releases more phosphorus from mangrove sediments compared to the upstream freshwater and downstream Florida Bay seawater.

October 26, 2015


Lab 221 Renovation

● The renovation of lab 221 is nearly complete. Equipment is being installed for use by immediate use by the ACCRETE group (Renee Carlton, Ian Enochs, Graham Kolodziej, Derek Manzello, and Lauren Valentino), and by the ERAM (Ecosystem Restoration, Assessment and Modeling) group (Figure 1). Our appreciation to OD for providing the funds for the renovation. This iss the second OCED lab to be renovated.


Ecosystem Management

● Pamela Fletcher and coworkers have recently published the paper in Global Ecology and Conservation (Fletcher, P.J., M. Spranger, J.C. Hendee, Y. Li, M. Clark, and G.A. Kiker. 2015. Decision tools for coral reef managers: Using participatory decision support to integrate potential climate impacts and informed decision making. Global Ecology and Conservation, 4:491-504, doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2015.09.003).

Coral Health and Monitoring

● Derek Manzello became a member of the editorial board of Nature Scientific Reports following an invitation from the journal.

● Dr. Ruben van Hooidonk visited the University of Oregon on October 23-29 at the request of former OCED director Michelle Wood, presenting a seminar at the University on using climate models to forecast coral reef futures. He gave a talk in her Tropical Marine Ecology class on coral bleaching and ocean acidification. He also gave a presentation on ocean acidification impacts and coral bleaching at the Lubchenco/Menge Lab at Oregon State University in Corvallis.

● The paper entitled Rapid recent warming of coral reefs in the Florida Keys, authored by Derek Manzello, was accepted for publication in Nature Scientific Reports. The recurrence of mass coral bleaching in 2014 (Figure 2), the sixth event since 1987, prompted a reanalysis of temperature data. The summer and winter months of 2014 were the warmest on record for the Florida Keys. The oldest known in-situ temperature record of any coral reef is from the Hens and Chickens Reef in the Florida Keys, which showed significant warming from 1975-2014 (Fig. 2). The average number of days ≥ 31.5 and 32°C per year increased 2670% and 2560%, respectively, from the mid-1990s to present relative to the previous 20 years. In every year after 1994, maximum daily average temperatures exceeded 30.5 and 31°C, respectively. From 1975-1994, temperatures were < 31°C in 61% of the years, and in 44% of the years prior to 1992 temperatures were < 30.5°C. The measured rate of warming predicts the start of annual bleaching between 2020 and 2034, sooner than expected from climate models and satellite-based sea temperatures. These data show that thermal stress is increasing and occurring on a near-annual basis on Florida Keys reefs due to ocean warming from climate change. Ref: Manzello DP (2015), Rapid recent warming of coral reefs in the Florida Keys. Scientific Reports In press.

October 12, 2015


Ecosystem Restoration, Assessment, and Modeling

● Pamela Fletcher, Charline Quenee and Chris Kelble conducted a workshop with resource managers and scientists in Charlotte Harbor on October 13-14. The meeting with Charlotte Harbor managers and researchers is to elicit expert opinion for developing a network model of the connections between pressure, states, and ecosystem services in the Bay and to ensure the CPO/COCA effort is achieving its objectives.


October 5, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● The poster presentation A comparison of in situ and satellite-based water temperature data over tropical coral reefs: implications for ecological forecasting of coral bleaching has been accepted for the 20th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), American Meteorological Society, New Orleans, LA, January 10-14, 2016. Karsten Shein (NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI, Asheville, NC), J. Hendee, C. Manfrino, M. Camp, and S. Hetzinger. Abstract: Thermally-driven coral bleaching is a significant contributor to the global decline of coral reefs on which many coastal populations and economies depend, and bleaching forecast models provide valuable guidance to reef managers for implementing monitoring and mitigation activities. Due to the general lack of in situ observations on the world's reefs, bleaching models rely on satellite estimates of sea surface temperature (SST) as a proxy for subsurface water temperatures. However, the accuracy of satellite-based SST in near-shore, shallow (< 30 m) reef zones is uncertain. A number of oceanographic factors may introduce bias that can affect the reliability of ecological forecasts at sub-regional scales. To assess this possibility, a series of water temperature profiles were established on coral reefs around Little Cayman Island to collect simultaneous surface and subsurface temperature data. Data from these profiles are compared to observations from a nearby Coral Reef Early Warning System (CREWS) scientific data buoy as well as satellite observations of SST. This paper details the degree of agreement between the three data sources, evaluates reasons for any discrepancies, and discusses steps toward data integration that can better inform ecological forecasting models for coral bleaching.

● Derek Manzello, Renee Carlton, Lauren Valentino, and Mike Jankulak returned to Cheeca Rocks off of Islamorada, Florida (Figure 1) on October 7-9 to install a new pH sensor on the MapCO2 buoy. They were joined by a colleague from RSMAS, Art Gleason, who is doing photo mosaics for them at Cheeca Rocks. The team also deployed a pH sensor at an inshore patch reef where they are conducting an experiment looking at the impacts of bleaching across the Florida Keys reefs.

September 28, 2015


Turtle Cruise

● The Leatherback Turtle cruise off of Destin, Florida (September 14-25, 2015) was successfully completed. The cruise was conducted with close coordination between a NOAA Twin Otter piloted by Matt Nardi (OMAO) and Alex Johnston (OMAO) and the NOAA vessel R/V Hildebrand captained by Joe Bishop, Ben Vandine and Marc Weekley. During the cruise, they were successful in locating and capturing leatherbacks every day the weather conditions were suitable for operations. The satellite tags will be deployed for up to a year and provide information on location, dive behavior and water temperature. This research is the first to be directed on leatherbacks in the Gulf of Mexico, and these data will be useful in understanding leatherback habitat use, migrations, and distribution in the Gulf of Mexico. In addition to the planned research, cruise participants were able to help out the Gulfarium in Ft Walton Beach (www.gulfarium.com) to release a recently stranded leatherback into an area they knew leatherbacks were foraging (Figure 1). Without the cruise, the Gulfarium would have had to release the leatherback from the beach which would have been less than ideal for the turtle as leatherbacks were foraging 20 miles off the beach. The cruise received good publicity, (http://wuwf.org/post/gulfarium-returns-leatherback-gulf). A video of a turtle release can be seen at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hywB2J4T-sM&sns=em. OCED looks forward to future Turtle Cruise collaborations with SEFSC.


Microbiology

● Maribeth Gidley was invited to participate in a Science Café on Wednesday September 30th, at the Grove Spot in Coconut Grove (3324 Virginia Street). The event was the fall kickoff for the Centers for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence Florida (COSEEF), is entitled Exploring Health Effects of Miami's Changing Environment, and included four guest speakers: Temitope Alimi, PhD Candidate at University of Miami's Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy (http://cesp.miami.edu), Julie Dick, Staff Attorney at the Everglades Law Center (http://evergladeslaw.org/), Larry Brand, UM/RSMAS, and Maribeth Gidley. More information at http://www.coseeflorida.org/news--events/cosee-fall-series.

● The Microbiology team from AOML joined colleagues from FIU and UM on September 29th to sample extreme tide floodwaters on Miami Beach and to characterize the water quality of the floodwaters that are being pumped back into Biscayne Bay. This multi-institutional effort is being lead by the FIU Southeast Environmental Research Center. AOML conducted molecular microbial source tracking in this effort.


Ecosystem Restoration, Assessment, and Modeling

● Chris Kelble presented the talk Insights from Greater Than 20 Years of Water Quality Monitoring in South Florida to the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary Water Quality Protection Program Steering Committee (http://ocean.floridamarine.org/fknms_wqpp/pages/wqpp.html) on September 30th at the City Hall, Key Colony Beach, Marathon. His research has combined data from NOAA, academia, and federal, state, and local government monitoring programs to examine long-term trends in water quality in South Florida. In the Florida Keys this research has showed a consistent increase in soluble reactive phosphorous throughout the Florida Keys waters, including offshore areas.

September 21, 2015


Acidification, Climate, and Coral Reef Ecosystems

● In response to the 7th mass coral bleaching event which was due to the warmest average sea temperatures to impact the Florida Keys since 1983, members of the Acidification, Climate, and Coral Reef Ecosystems Team (ACCRETE: Renee Carlton, Ian Enochs, Graham Kolodziej, Derek Manzello, and Lauren Valentino) deployed pH, temperature, and light loggers at paired inshore and offshore coral reef sites in the Lower (n=4) and Upper (n=6) Florida Keys from September 21-24. The team also collected 200 tissues samples from the ESA-listed coral species Orbicella faveolata for genetic and lipid analysis. The offshore coral reefs of the Florida Keys have deteriorated dramatically since the late 1970s, whereas the inshore patch reefs have remained resilient and continue to maintain high coral cover. This research will opportunistically utilize the bleaching event to address the five hypotheses for why the inshore patch reefs have been resilient, which are: 1) Thermal acclimatization/adaptation nearshore makes these sites less susceptible to recurrent bleaching, 2) Higher turbidity nearshore leads to 'shading' and thus less impact during heat stress, 3) Higher turbidity suggests the corals could be feeding more, thus allowing them to compensate for the metabolic drain during bleaching, 4) More heat-tolerant zooxanthellae nearshore makes the corals more resistant to bleaching, and finally 5) higher aragonite saturation state inshore could lead to faster growth and resilience with stress. Sea temperatures in the Florida Keys have now declined to near or below the bleaching threshold (Figure 1), thus recovery should begin to commence.

Numeric Nutrient Criteria Study

● On Friday Sept 18th, Benjamin Vandine, Grant Rawson, Aras Zygas (NMFS) and Jack Stamates deployed two Lowell instruments Tilt Current Meters (TCM) from the R/V Cable. These instruments are able to measure water velocities by measuring their orientation with respect to the vertical and to magnetic north. The devices were placed inshore of the Hollywood wastewater outfall, and will augment the data from two Acoustic Doppler Current profilers in place there in support of the Numeric Nutrient Criteria Study.


Turtle Cruise

● OCED and NOAA’s Southeast Fisheries Science Center (www.sefsc.noaa.gov/labs/miami.htm), Miami, Florida, are cooperating in a project to locate and capture leatherback turtles in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, near Destin, Florida. The turtles are first located by turtle spotters on NOAA aircraft. They are then approached by the R/V Hildebrand, captured using a special turtle net, and brought on board for examination and tagging. OCED personnel on the ship include OCED personnel Joe Bishop, LT Marc Weekely, and LTJG Ben Vandine. On the first day, the team was able to tag a medium sized turtle of 152-cm shell length. In the first two days of the cruise, they caught five leatherbacks, four in a single day! No one has caught and tagged leatherbacks at sea in the Gulf, let alone four in one day. The cruise will continue until September 25.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Xaymara Serrano and a group of SEFCS scientists led by Dr. Margaret Miller recently completed their annual coral spawning monitoring in the Keys and collection of gametes for experiments to be conducted at the University of Miami. Spawning was monitored during the months of August and September for two ESA listed species: the elkhorn coral Acropora palmata and the mountainous star coral Orbicella faveolata. A video of an O. faveolata colony spawning was posted in the AOML photo gallery (http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/outreach/photogallery).

September 14, 2015


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Lindsey Visser and Chris Kelble conducted the first canal sampling in Biscayne Bay as part of the Biscayne Bay habitat blueprint on September 8 and 9. They found a considerable quantity of freshwater being released out of the canals from the recent rainfalls. Samples are currently being processed for nutrients and chlorophyll.


Land-Based Sources of Pollution

● Lew Gramer’s turbidity instrument, deployed as a test of the instrument for nine days near the Port of Miami, was retrieved on 9-September (Figure 1). The instrument will provide in-water measurements of turbidity to calibrate and validate satellite estimates of turbidity for reefs. The instrument was designed and built by Coral Health and Monitoring Program partners Mana Amornthammarong and Mike Shoemaker; it can measure turbidity in continuous autonomous operation for up to two weeks in shallow waters. The instrument was deployed on July 30 off of the Port of Miami with the assistance of NOAA Corps officers Michael Doig, Ben Vandine, Marc Weekley, and James Europe.


ACCRETE (Acidification, Climate, and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam)

● The ACCRETE team successfully completed the establishment of a climate and acidification monitoring site in the Dry Tortugas as part of the Coral Reef Conservation Program's National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP), which lies 70 miles west of Key West. ACCRETE established long-term transects to monitor cycling of calcium carbonate, as well as deployed bieorosion monitoring units (BMUs), calcification accretion units (CAUS), and STRS (subsurface temperature recorders). The NCRMP climate and acidification monitoring has now been fully implemented in the Atlantic, a process that has been ongoing over the past three years (FY13-FY15).

● The manuscript Micro-CT analysis of the Caribbean octocoral Eunicea flexuosa subjected to elevated pCO2 authored by Ian Enochs, Derek Manzello, Herman Wishing, Renee Carlton, and Joe Serafy was published in the ICES Journal of Marine Science. This was the first time micro-computed tomography was utilized to determine if high CO2 conditions impacted the growth of calcium carbonate structural elements, termed spicules or sclerites, in soft corals. Enochs et al. showed that there was no significant impact, which may be because the sclerites are enveloped in a proteinaceous matrix that keeps them isolated from seawater. Caribbean soft corals have increased in numbers and are now dominant benthic components in many reefs in the Florida Keys, as well as wider Caribbean. This increase has taken place while hard corals have declined dramatically. One hypothesis for this trend is that soft corals are far more tolerant of increases in temperature and declining pH. This study was a collaborative effort between AOML, SEFSC, and the Smithsonian Institution.

September 8, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● The Coral Health and Monitoring Program (CHAMP)'s Coral Reef Early Warning System (CREWS) Network program, in collaboration with Dr. Kenrick Leslie of the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (5Cs, or C5), currently includes CREWS stations in Belize (2), Dominican Republic (2), Trinidad and Tobago (2), and Barbados. However, the program is getting a big boost (thanks to 5Cs) from USAID for purposes of extending the Network to include new sites in many countries throughout the Caribbean. Funding has also been identified to support the continuing maintenance of the growing Network. The CREWS/C5 stations minimally measure air temperature, wind speed and direction, barometric pressure, precipitation, sea temperature and salinity, so these stations should theoretically be helpful to the host country weather forecasting and our own Hurricane Research Division efforts. CHAMP's Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies (CIMAS) employee Mike Jankulak programs the data loggers and manages the information flow from the station to AOML, while CIMAS employee Lew Gramer (physical oceanographer) serves as the knowledge engineer for the coral ecosystem ecological forecasting functions, and also serves as liaison with the Network scientists at each of the host countries in meeting their information and research needs. Mike Shoemaker serves as the electronics technician to oversee proper operation of the stations. Dr. Jim Hendee is the Program Manager. Other scientists at AOML, other OAR Labs, and other Line Offices collaborate on the program, as well.


● OCED's Acidification, Climate, and Coral Reef Ecosystems Team (ACCRETE) were in the Dry Tortugas September 2-7 establishing a class II sentinel climate and acidification monitoring site as part of the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP). Team members participating were Renee Carlton, Ian Enochs, Graham Kolodziej, and Derek Manzello.


Florida Area Coastal Environment Program

● The September (final) Numeric Nutrient Criteria Study (NNCS) cruise took place on September 2-3, in the waters off of Broward and Miami-Dade Counties. The crew included Thomas Carsey, Joe Bishop, Jack Stamates, Charles Featherstone, Maribeth Gidley, LT Marc Weekley, and LTJG Vandine, on board the R/V Hildebrand (Figure 1).


August 17, 2015


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● The paper "The Reinvigoration of the Southern Ocean Carbon Sink" was accepted for publication in Science:
Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Haumann, F.A., Rödenbeck, C., Bakker, D.C.E., van Heuven, S., Hoppema, M., Metzl, N., Sweeney, C., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., Wanninkhof, R., 2015. The reinvigoration of the Southern Ocean carbon sink. Science accepted.

"Several studies have suggested that the carbon sink in the Southern Ocean - the ocean's strongest region for uptake of anthropogenic CO2 - has weakened in recent decades. Here, we demonstrate on the basis of multi-decadal analyses of surface ocean CO2 observations that this weakening trend stopped around 2002 and that by 2012, the Southern Ocean had regained its expected strength based on the growth of atmospheric CO2."


Coral Health and Monitoring

● A paper by OCED researchers Ian Enochs, Derek Manzello, Graham Kolodziej, Lauren Valentino, and Renee Carlton entitled "Shift from coral to macroalgae dominance on a volcanically acidified reef" was reported on by several news organizations last week after it was published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/environment/article31082493.html
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150810123706.htm
http://gizmodo.com/this-is-what-the-ocean-might-look-like-in-100-years-1723279241
http://www.iflscience.com/environment/volcanic-vents-reveal-bleak-future-oceans
http://www.eenews.net/climatewire/stories/1060023403


● "Volcano may predict health of reefs" was a front-page story in the Miami Herald on Sunday (15-Aug). The story, totaling 30 column-inches, described work headed by Ian Enochs and published in this week's Nature Climate Change. The work examined coral reefs at Maug Island, in the Marianas, where natural sources of CO2 provide a natural setting for the effects of elevated CO2 predicted for the world's oceans. Ian is quoted extensively in the story (http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/environment/article31082493.html).


● The Coral Reef Early Warning System (CREWS) station (engineered by OCED researchers and contractors) at St. Croix was installed April, 2002 and went live for near real-time data transmission in June, 2002. It was then re-installed with a new architecture on September 23, 2006. Throughout that time, the station has continued to transmit data and produce ecological forecasts, while the Coral Health and Monitoring Program (CHAMP) team worked to help ensure quality data were collected and forwarded to NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program. The station continued to operate through several storms, though in its latter years, a CTD exploded and ruptured part of the pylon, compromising the integrity of the station. The station was operational for nearly twelve years, and for almost eight uninterrupted years in its current form. During August 12-13, 2015 the station was decommissioned and removed by John Halas of Environmental Moorings International, Inc., and Mike Shoemaker of OCED, both of whom were both involved in its original installation. Hopefully the pylon will be replaced in the future by a buoy (funding uncertain) of the latest CREWS design.



Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Lindsey Visser is out conducting the August survey of juvenile sportfish in Florida Bay. Temperatures and Salinity in July were record breaking with temperatures as high as 38°C and salinities over 65. Hopefully, these salinities and temperatures will decrease due to the recent rainfall over south Florida.


August 11, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Ian Enochs, Derek Manzello, Graham Kolodziej, Lauren Valentino, Renee Carlton, and collaborators from CRED, Scripps, the Bigelow Laboratory, and BECQ in Saipan published a paper entitled Shift from Coral to Macroalgae Dominance on a Volcanically Acidified Reef in the journal Nature Climate Change. This paper describes the carbonate chemistry of a volcanic CO2 seep at Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) which closely mimics that predicted to occur globally by the year 2100. The gradient in acidified water at the site is correlated with a shift from a coral-dominated to a less-desirable, algae-dominated community and indicates a possible outcome for US coral reefs in the future. Ref: I.C. Enochs, Manzello, D.P., Donham, E.M., Kolodziej, G., Okano, R., Johnston, L., Young, C., Iguel, J., Edwards, C., Fox, M., Valentino, L., Johnson, S., Benavente, D., Clark, S.J., Carlton, R., Burton, T., Eynaud, Y., Price, N. (2015) Shift from coral to macroalgae dominance on a volcanically acidified reef. Nature Climate Change.


● Along with other OCED researchers, Ian Enochs visited the Central Caribbean Marine Institute (CCMI) on Little Cayman from August 3-6. There he met with Drs. Carrie Manfrino, Kristi Foster, and Tom Frazer about developing collaborations at the institute as well as presented his research on the effects of ocean acidification on coral reefs to both NSF REU students and visiting scientists.


August 3, 2015


Land Based Sources of Pollution

● Lew Gramer's Turbidity project is now using in-water measurements to calibrate and validate satellite estimates of turbidity for reefs. For this purpose, Coral Health and Monitoring Program partners Mana Amornthammarong and Mike Shoemaker developed an instrument which can measure turbidity in continuous autonomous operation for up to two weeks in shallow waters (Figure 1). The instrument was deployed on July 30 off of the Port of Miami with the assistance of NOAA Corps officers Michael Doig, Ben Vandine, Marc Weekley, and James Europe. Generally, in situ turbidity instruments can foul rapidly, but short data records (days to weeks) are used by CHAMP collaborators at the USF to improve reliability of longer term turbidity tracking using MODIS and other remote sensing tools. The results are high-resolution maps, historical time series, and quantitative near-real time alerts of turbidity events that may affect living marine resources. Target sites for future field measurements in the project are being evaluated.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● On July 28 a team consisting of Derek Manzello, Renée Carlton and Mike Jankulak visited the Cheeca Rocks MApCO2 buoy just off the coast of Islamorada in the Florida Keys. This is part of a series of visits to repair extensive damage to the buoy that occurred at the end of May, possibly in a misguided attempt to moor a boat. After the visit they expect the buoy's pCO2 systems (both seawater and air) and CTD (with add-on fluorometer and optode) to be fully functional.

● Xaymara Serrano (OCED) recently traveled to Little Cayman's Central Caribbean Marine Institute (CCMI, Figure 2), as part of OCED's lecture series to summer REU (Research Education for Undergraduates) students conducting research at CCMI. Xaymara gave a well-received hour talk entitled Coral reef symbiosis, connectivity and impacts of thermal stress and nutrient pollution on early life stages. Xaymara also had the opportunity to meet individually with students and dive at their field study sites. She also met with Kristi Foster and Tom Sparke from CCMI, and with researchers Dr. Karstein Shein (NOAA) and Dr. Steffen Hetzinger (GEOMAR, Germany), to discuss project ideas and potential research collaborations.


July 20, 2015


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● The following paper was published: Patsavas, M.C., Byrne, R.H., Wanninkhof, R., Feely, R.A., Cai, W.J., 2015. Internal consistency of marine carbonate system measurements and assessments of aragonite saturation state: Insights from two U.S. coastal cruises. Mar. chem. 176, 9-20. This paper, led by Mark Patsavas and Robert Byrne of the University of South Florida, employed data sets from the Pacific, Gulf and East coasts. The primary conclusion was that calculations of in situ aragonite saturation states (ΩA) near the saturation horizon exhibited differences on the order of ±10% between predictions based on the (DIC, TA) pair of measurements vs. the (pH, DIC), (fCO2, DIC), or (fCO2, pH) pairs. Differences of this magnitude, which are largely attributable to the imprecision of ΩA calculated from the (DIC, TA) pair, are roughly equivalent to the magnitude of ΩA change projected to occur over the next several decades due to ocean acidification. These observations highlight the importance of including either pH or fCO2 in saturation state calculations.


Coastal Oceanography

● On July 15, a sensor package developed by Natchanon Amornthammarong and Michael Shoemaker at AOML for in-situ measurements of turbidity was deployed in the nearshore coastal waters (25°44'57.3"N, 80°7'59.0"W) for a 2-week period (Figure 1). The resulting data will allow calibration and validation of an algorithm to estimate nephelometric turbidity unit (NTU) time series from the ocean color data in key areas of the ocean, across the full data period of MODIS Aqua (2002-present). The work is part of a Lew Gramer's three-year project Turbidity sensor for in-situ measurement of sediment on reefs and adjacent coastal areas funded by NOAA CRCP to monitor turbidity over shallow reef waters in southeast Florida, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.


● The penultimate Numeric Nutrient Criteria cruise was conducted on the R/V Hildebrand on July 13 and 14 (Figure 2). The Crew included our two NOAA Corps officers Ben Vandine, Marc Weekley, with NOAA employees Joe Bishop, Jack Stamates and Tom Carsey, CIMAS employee Maribeth Gidley, and intern Aaron Hale from the University of Miami. The cruise went well with excellent weather. The final cruise of the project will take place in September.


July 6, 2015


Environmental Microbiology

● Scientists from the Broward County Environmental Monitoring Laboratory visited AOML (29-June through 2-July) to participate in further training on methods for molecular microbial source tracking (MST) conducted by the AOML microbiology program. This is part of AOML's ongoing technology transfer efforts for these MST techniques to better help other agencies, academic institutions, resource managers, policy makers, stakeholder groups, and the private sector to detect and track land-based sources of pollution and to help guide remediation efforts.


June 29, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Jim Hendee has teamed up with Karsten Shein of the National Centers for Environmental Information (NESDIS/NCEI) and researchers from the Central Caribbean Marine Institute (CCMI) to examine local scale variability of temperature and light structures over the coral reefs surrounding Little Cayman Island. Collecting and analyzing these important data will allow enhancement of NOAA's coral reef ecological forecasting tools (e.g., Bleaching Alert, http://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/index.php) as well as understanding the sufficiency of regional-scale observations to monitor for environmental threats to the reefs. The data also are assisting researchers from Germany and Japan in reconstructing paleoclimate records from nearby coral cores - records that will ultimately inform future global climate scenarios; researchers from Florida Atlantic University who are connecting water conditions to algal growth on the reefs, and CCMI researchers who are investigating why some reefs are more resilient than others over small distances. Lastly, this project is providing an NSF-funded research experience for an undergraduate student, Miranda Camp, from Stetson University in Florida.





June 22, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Xaymara Serrano visited the Little Cayman's Central Caribbean Marine Institute (CCMI) June 25-29th as part of AOML's lecture series aimed at introducing undergraduates conducting summer research at the Institute to AOML's research, as well as establishing new and potential collaborations. Xaymara's talk was entitled is Synergistic Effects of Eutrophication and Elevated SST in the Early Life Stages of Two Caribbean Corals.


Environmental Microbiology

● Chris Sinigalliano and Maribeth Gidley and their interns have been quite active with Ocean Sampling Day (http://oceansamplingday.blogspot.com.) on June 21-22. On the 21st they sampled the waters of Tampa Bay, on the 22nd their group sampled the waters near Pt. Everglades on the R/V Hildebrand with MAST intern Emma Bennett, in the afternoon they were at Long Key in the Florida Keys. Ocean Sampling Day was initiated by the EU-funded Micro B3 (Marine Microbial Biodiversity, Bioinformatics, Biotechnology) project to obtain a snapshot of the marine microbial biodiversity and function of the world's oceans. It is a simultaneous global mega-sequencing campaign aiming to generate the largest standardized microbial data set in a single day. This will be achievable only through the coordinated efforts of an Ocean.


June 15, 2015


Awards

● Kelly Goodwin, Chris Kelble, and Rik Wanninkhof have each been selected to receive a "Certificate of Appreciation" award from the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs at the Department of State for their contributions to the World Ocean Assessment Review Process (www.worldoceanassessment.org) earlier this year. The award ceremony is scheduled for June 29 in the George Marshall Center, Washington DC.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Charles Featherstone attended the NOAA Ocean Acidification Workshop in La Jolla, CA, June 1-4.


Environmental Microbiology

● Christopher Sinigalliano and Maribeth Gidley attended a meeting of the American Society of Microbiology in New Orleans (May 31-June 4). They presented research from their NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Project in a presentation entitled Utilization of 16S Metagenomic Analysis and Molecular Microbial Source Tracking to Characterize the Microbial Diversity and Potential Influence from Land-Based Sources of Pollution for Sentinel Coral Reefs in Southeast Florida.

● The Microbiology Program Summer Student Interns are starting their summer internship at AOML today. We welcome Michael Goldberg, an undergraduate student from Emory University, Kristina Thoren, an undergraduate from University of Miami, and Casey Almendarez, a High School student from Miami Lakes Educational Center. We also have Daniel Morales as a continuing student intern this summer, who is now a freshman undergraduate student with Miami-Dade College. All of our interns will be participating in a summer microbiology research program focusing on molecular water quality assessment and metagenomic characterization of microbial communities from coastal and oceanic ecosystems. This includes projects analyzing molecular data for the Coral Reef Conservation Program, global Ocean Sampling Day, and bather exposure studies at local beaches.


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Chris Kelble was in Dallas/Ft. Worth to participate in the Gulf of Mexico Regional Coordination Team Meeting as the OAR representative on June 1-4. The meeting's aims were 1) Discuss expectations for future Team function and individual engagement; 2) Revisit and refine the team's mission and goals; 3) Identify and prioritize strategic regional themes for FY16 and beyond; 4) Consider how national level NOAA activities and priorities impact the region; and 5) Discuss desired team form, function, and activities in light of identified goals and themes.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● OCED's ACCRETE (Acidification, Climate and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam) lab (Derek Manzello, Ian Enochs, Renee Carlton, Graham Kolodziej, Lauren Valentino, Paul Jones) successfully established the final of three sentinel climate and ocean acidification monitoring sites at the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary. ACCRETE completed the ambitious suite of OA eco-response activities owing to the exemplary work of the team and quiescent seas. The eco-response metrics include CaCO3 budget surveys, measurement of benthic ecosystem calcification and productivity utilizing the BEAMS (Benthic Ecosystem Acidification Monitoring System) system developed by Wade McGillis via support of NOAA's coral program, taking coral cores for historical growth and calcification, and deployment of ARMS, CAUS (Calcification Accretion Units), and BMUS (Bioerosion Monitoring Units). Sixty coral cores were obtained from Orbicella faveolata, Siderastrea siderea, Diploria strigosa, Colpophyllia natans, Porites astreoides, and Montastraea cavernosa. These cores will be analyzed in the new CT scanner being installed at AOML.

● Derek Manzello and Ian Enochs traveled to Wood's Hole Oceanographic Institute to attend the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program PI meeting that was held on 12 June.

● Derek Manzello was a co-author on a paper entitled Coupled chemical and biological monitoring to understand the impact of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems (Sutton A, Manzello DP, Gintert B, Oceanography 28(2):12-13, 2015) The paper offers a brief presentation of CO2 buoy data from ten coral reef sites around the world and how NOAA?s National Coral Reef Monitoring Program is working to document the progression of ocean acidification and its ecological impacts (Figure 5).


May 18, 2015


Environmental Microbiology

● Kelly Goodwin will be a keynote speaker in a professional development course developed by NOAA for educators, scientists, policy makers, and the interested public. The lecture, Marine Molecular Microbiology to Explore and Understand Biodiversity and Ecological Function, is part of a free, on-line course offered May 4 - 22 2015 at http://www.coexploration.org/oe2015/. In addition to learning about the importance of marine microbial diversity and how Citizen Scientists can participate in Global Ocean Sampling Day on June 21, 2015, participants have the option to earn one graduate credit from Ashland University during the first 3 weeks of the workshop. Kelly will present Ocean Sampling Day (June 21st) and other Nifty Marine Metagenomic Projects at the Northern California Water Quality Workgroup Meeting on May 14 and at the Southern California Water Quality Workgroup Meeting on May 20, 2015. On May 12, 2015, Dr. Goodwin lectured on Environmental Molecular Microbiology in an undergraduate-level Bioinformatics course (BILD94) at the University of California San Diego.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Kevin Sullivan and Rik Wanninkhof are co-authors of The An ammonium enrichment event in the surface ocean: Wind forcing and potential ramifications, authors K.A. Fanning, R.T. Masserini Jr, J. Walsh, R. Wanninkhoc, K. Sullivan, J.I. Virmani, and C.A. Heile, Marine Chemistry 174, 2015, pp 26-34, doi:10.1016/ j.marchem.2015.03.018. The paper describes the evolution of ammonia in surface water on the West Florida shelf in a deliberately injected inert tracer patch. The tracer component was led by K. Sullivan. The work was funded by ONR


Florida Area Coastal Environment

● The FACE team conducted their May Numeric Nutrient Criteria cruise in the coastal ocean off of Miami-Dade and Broward counties on May 19-20. On board were Mike Doig, Marc Weekley, Jack Stamates, Tom Carsey, Chuck Featherstone, Joe Bishop, and Maribeth Gidley (Figure 1 and 2).

● The following papers were published: Stamates, S.J. and T. P. Carsey, Measuring chemical loadings through inlets: Hillsboro and Boca Raton inlets (Florida, USA), Current, Waves and Turbulence Measurement (CWTM) Meeting, 2015 IEEE/OES-11, March 2-6 2015. doi: 10.1109/CWTM.2015.7098118. Carsey, T., J. Stamates, J.-Z. Zhang, F. Bloetscher., D. Meeroff. C. Featherstone, 2015, Point Source Nutrient Fluxes from an Urban Coast: the Boynton (Florida) Inlet, Environment and Natural Resources Research 5, 81-94. doi 10.5539/enrr.v5n2pxx.


May 11, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Ian Enochs recently published a paper in PloS One in which he has identified heterotrophy as a mechanism of resilience to ocean acidification stress in the endangered Caribbean coral Acropora cervicornis. Citation: Towle, E. K., I. C. Enochs, C. Langdon, 2015. Threatened Caribbean Coral Is Able to Mitigate the Adverse Effects of Ocean Acidification on Calcification by Increasing Feeding Rate. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0123394. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123394

● Ruben van Hooidonk's paper Projections of climate conditions that increase coral disease susceptibility and pathogen abundance and virulence (citation: Maynard, J. ,R. van Hooidonk, C. M. Eakin, M. Puotinen, M. Garren, G. Williams, S. F. Heron, J. Lamb, E. Weil, B. Willis and C. D. Harvell, 2015, Nature Climate Change doi:10.1038/nclimate2625) has been highlighted in Cornell University's Cornell Chronicle (http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/2015/05/scientists-expect-more-coral-disease) as well as in the Coral List for May 5, 2015.

● Graham Kolodziej and Ian Enochs conducted work in Puerto Rico associated with the Coral Reef Conservation Program's National Coral Reef Monitoring Plan. Together with colleagues Dr. Daniel Moses Holstein and Viktor Brandtneris from the University of the Virgin Islands, they installed three subsurface temperature recorder (STR, Figure 1) arrays at Vieques, Culebra, and Isla Palominos. Kolodziej and Enochs installed an additional two arrays off of Arecibo and Jobos Bay, in northern and southern mainland Puerto Rico, respectively. A final array will be installed in Rincon in the coming weeks. Each STR array consists of high-accuracy Sea-Bird temperature loggers, deployed by divers at 1m, 5m, 15m, and 25m depth. Temperature is recorded every five minutes over a three-year period, at which point instruments will be replaced. At Jobos Bay, Kolodziej and Enochs worked closely with Angel Dieppa, the reserve's scientific coordinator, who provided field support and advice concerning site location. Following instrument deployment, they received a tour of the park's laboratory capabilities and monitoring programs, as well as the diverse ecosystems present there.

● The project entitled Synergistic effects of eutrophication and elevated sea surface temperatures in the early life stages of two Caribbean reef corals, led by Xaymara Serrano, Jim Hendee, Margaret Miller and Andrew Baker (UM/RSMAS) was selected for a second year award from the "Protect Our Reefs" Grants Program. This grant is funded by the sale of coral reef specialty license plates (Figure 2) and administered by Mote Marine Laboratory.

● Derek Manzello and Renee Carlton returned from a successful voyage to the Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean in collaboration with the Living Oceans Foundation. Manzello and Carlton obtained coral cores and seawater chemistry measurements to establish ocean acidification baselines for this remote area with almost no human impacts, as well to determine if there have been any recent declines in coral growth that may be attributable to acidification. During the course of the mission, mass coral bleaching was observed on many reefs, primarily impacting tabulate acroporid corals, as well as corals in the genera Pocillopora and Seriatopora (Figure 3). Seawater temperatures were warm the entire trip, ranging from 29 to >31°C at all 54 reefs surveyed. Sea conditions were very calm, exhibiting doldrum-like characteristics of little wind. This likely contributed to bleaching via enhanced penetration of light into the water column.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● The ocean carbon group contributed observations to the annual assessment Global Carbon Budget 2014; Wanninkhof is one (of many) co-authors to the manuscript. Le Quere, C., R. Moriarty, R.M. Andrew, G. P. Peters, P. Ciais, P. Friedlingstein, S. D. Jones, S. Sitch, P. Tans, A. Arneth, T. A. Boden, L. Bopp, Y. Bozec, J. G. Canadell, L. P. Chini, F. Chevallier, C. E. Cosca, I. Harris, M. Hoppema, R. A. Houghton, J. I. House, A. K. Jain, T. Johannessen, E. Kato, R. F> Keeling, V. Kitidis, V. Goldewijk, C. Koven, C. S. Landa, P. Landschützer, A. Lenton, I. D. Lima, G. Marland, J. T. Mathis, N. Metzl, Y. Nojiri, A. Olsen, .T. Ono, S. Peng, W. Peters, B. Pfeil, B. Poulter, M. R. Raupach, P. Regnier, C. Roedenbeck, S. Saito, J. E. Salisbury, U. Schuster, J. Schwinger, R. Seferian, J. Segschneider, T. Steinhoff, B. D. Stocker, A. J. Sutton, T. Takahashi, B. Tilbrook, G. R. van der Werf, N. Viovy, Y. P. Wang, R. Wanninkhof, A. Wiltshire, and N. Zeng, 2015. Global Carbon Budget 2014. Earth Syst. Sci. Data 7, 47-85. 10.5194/essd-7-47-201544.



Coastal Oceanography

● Lew Gramer was in Silver Spring for the 3rd Annual Ecological Forecasting Roadmap meeting last week. Scientists and operational experts from across NOAA met with representatives from NASA, EPA, and FDA to talk about NOAA's research ecoforecasts, and paths forward to operationalize them for the benefit of the nation. He also spent several days talking with the reef prioritization

● A turbidity sensor will be deployed by NOAA divers just south of Miami channel this week (Figure 4). The sensor package, assembled by Mana Amornthammarong and Mike Shoemaker, will provide data to calibrate an algorithm for monitoring shallow-water turbidity using satellite ocean color. The work is a part of Lew Gramer's NOAA Coral Program project.


May 4, 2015


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● P16N Cruise Update - Jessica Cross, Chief Scientist, and Samantha Siedlecki, Co-chief Scientist on the P16N cruise on the Ron Brown, report that on May 1 the ship have crossed the equator on their way to Hawaii and will arrive in Hawaii on May 14. The tracks of the Repeat Hydrography cruises are shown in Figure 1. A blog from the cruise can be viewed at http://goship2015leg1p16n.blogspot.com. More information on the U.S.Repeat Hydrography program can be found at http://ushydro.ucsd.edu. A ten-year review of accomplishments of the program can be found at http://www.us-ocb.org/publications/USRepeatHydrographyReport-Final.pdf.



● The following paper was published: Ballantyne, A. P., Andres, R., Houghton, R., Stocker, B. D., Wanninkhof, R., Anderegg, W., Cooper, L. A., DeGrandpre, M., Tans, P. P., Miller, J. B., Alden, C., and White, J. W. C.: Audit of the global carbon budget: estimate errors and their impact on uptake uncertainty, Biogeosciences, 12, 2565-2584, doi:10.5194/bg-12-2565-2015, 2015.

Ecosystem Restoration Assessment and Modelling

● Chris Kelble's work in Florida Bay received front-page coverage in the Miami Herald, Local & State ("B") section, on Monday 4-May. The article, entitled Dry Winter, slow glades progress put Florida Bay at risk, written by Jenny Staletovich of the Herald, includes quotes from Chris concerning the impact of elevated salinity in Taylor Slough (which flows into the bay) due to a second unseasonably dry winter, and how that effects the entire ecosystem. The 38 column-inch article also includes quotes from Susan Gray, the South Florida Water Management District's chief environmental scientist, University of Miami fisheries scientist Jerry Ault, Jerry Lorenz of Audubon Florida, and Tylan Dean, the Everglades National Park biological branch chief. The article is available at http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/community/miami-dade/article20128902.html.


April 27, 2015


Environmental Microbiology

● AOML was visited on 24-April by representatives and staff from the Broward County Environmental Monitoring Lab to learn more about setting up a molecular microbial source tracking laboratory. Chris Sinigalliano from the AOML Molecular and Environmental Microbiology Program is serving as an advisor to help Broward County develop and establish their own molecular source tracking lab for microbial water quality testing. As part of AOML's technology transfer process, Chris and his microbiology staff are currently involved in advising and training members of Broward County and the City of Fort Lauderdale on how to set up such a microbial source tracking facility and conduct quantitative PCR assays for water quality assessment and troubleshooting of contamination. AOML will conduct training projects with Broward County throughout the summer.


Outreach

● AOML was visited on 27-April by Peter Tuddenham and Kristina Bishop, along with a film crew, from the College of Exploration. Peter describes the College as "a global learning network. We work with partners around the world on innovative and exploratory learning programs about our environment, the earth, the ocean, technology, leadership, learning and creativity. We are organized as a collegium concerned with programs about our understanding of, and our relationships with and between, our inner and outer worlds." Peter has an environmental literacy grant from the NOAA Office of Education, and one aspect of this is to document the global Ocean Sampling Day for the public and utilize OSD as an opportunity to improve public environmental literacy on ocean science. Since AOML serves as a hub for OSD in Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean, Peter?s film crew will be filming various activities, sampling, and research related to Ocean Sampling Day here at AOML for public education videos and other educational products for NOAA.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● A scientist in the Ocean Carbon group is sailing on the RCCL ship Equinox (operated by Celebrity) sailing from Fort Lauderdale to Lisbon to sample for carbon and ocean acidification parameters on this trans-Atlantic voyage. The Equinox is the latest ship outfitted with underway CO2 measurement capability in coordination with RSMAS and funded by the NOAA's Climate Observation Program.


April 20, 2015


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Rik Wanninkhof attended the joint OOPC/GOOS/IOCCP meeting April 12-18 at Aoba-ku University, Sendai Japan. He is a member of the scientific steering committee of IOOCP and represented IOCCP at the meeting. The meeting was focused on synergies between the three projects that NOAA is closely involved with to lay out a strategy and science objectives for sustained ocean observations for the next decade. The topic addressed the NOAA strategic theme Climate Mitigation and Adaptation.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Recently Lauren Valentino had the opportunity to work on reefs that surround the islands of the largest no-take MPA on the planet, Chagos archipelago (Figure 1 upper left). There, she collected in-situ pH and pCO2 data and deployed a SeaFET Ocean pH Sensor to evaluate carbonate chemistry dynamics of benthic reef environments. Additionally, she collected coral cores (Figure 1 upper right) to be analyzed using computed tomography scanning (CT scan) to determine growth rates over time. The surface conditions were glassy and temperatures averaged a cozy 30-32°C. Due to its isolation and lack of human impact, dense coral cover spans across the reef and fish populations are booming. There were times she could not see her dive buddy as huge schools of fish surrounded them. It was an amazing experience overall and inspiring to see what a positive impact conservation has had on the region. Through April and May, Derek Manzello and Renee Carlton will be participating in the second leg of the Chagos archipelago mission for the ACCRETE lab's 13th trip aboard the M/Y Golden Shadow (Figure 1 lower right) with the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation (http://www.coral.noaa.gov/collaborations/lof.html)


April 13, 2015


Environmental Microbiology

● Kelly Goodwin is now a member of the Fast-Track Action Committee on Mapping the Microbiome (FTAC-MM) which was established by action of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), Committee on Science (CoS), Life Sciences Subcommittee (LSSC). The purpose of the FTAC-MM is to identify areas of current Federal investment, research needs, and resource gaps for the development of an integrated Federal plan for microbiome research, and to identify priority areas for Federal agency coordination and cooperation on achieving a predictive understanding of microbiomes and their function. The committee will soon execute their first task which is a data call to federal program managers to collect information on microbiome research investment.

A microbiome is the assemblage of microorganisms that live in a particular environment. They have been shown to play a dynamic and essential role in human health, environmental processes, and agriculture. In recent years, Federal investments have led to extraordinary growth in understanding of the components and dynamic nature of microbiomes in human, plant, and animal environments. Microbiomes are emerging as important influences in all Earth habitats, governing an astounding array of biological processes, ranging from nutrition and disease in humans to nutrient acquisition and stress tolerance in plants and stability of soil and aquatic environments.


April 6, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● The recent paper by Ruben van Hooidonk with J. A. Maynard, Y. Liu and Sang-Ki Lee in Global Change Biology, Downscaled projections of Caribbean coral bleaching that can inform conservation planning, was featured in Sunday's Miami Herald, under the title Study: Climate change will hit some Florida reefs sooner than expected, might trigger annual bleaching. The article can be seen at http://hrld.us/1P7LKPf.


● Dr. Kenrick Leslie, Executive Director of the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (C5), met with Jim Hendee on April 2 to discuss current challenges to finishing the first stage of the implementation of the CREWS/C5 Network extension to include Belize, Barbados, Tobago, and Dominican Republic. Also, Dr. Leslie pledged to support up to $1M maintenance costs and in an expansion of the CREWS Network beyond the current sites with new funding from the European Union. The new sites would likely include Cuba, Turks & Caicos, Martinique, San Andres, and other sites yet to be determined.


March 30, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Xaymara Serrano is the recipient of one of 18 Ford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowships awarded in 2015 nationwide. These postdoctoral fellowships are awarded in a national competition administered by the National Research Council (NRC) to individuals who, in the judgment of the review panels, have demonstrated superior academic achievement, are committed to a career in teaching and research, show promise of future achievement as scholars and teachers, and are well prepared to use diversity as a resource for enriching the education of all students. Overall, Xaymara plans to use these funds to support another year of her postdoctoral research aimed at investigating coral reef responses to climate change and land-based sources of pollution.


March 23, 2015


Florida Area Coastal Environment

● Thomas Carsey, Jack Stamates, Joe Bishop, Chuck Featherstone, Maribeth Gidley, and Natchanon Amornthammarong completed the March Numeric Nutrient Criteria Study cruise off of Broward and Miami-Dade Counties in the R/V Hildebrand in beautiful weather and calm seas on March 18-19.


March 16, 2015


Sea Grant

● Pamela Fletcher, the UF/IFAS Florida Sea Grant Regional Extension Coordinator at AOML spent the first week of March in Nicaragua. Pamela led a group of University of Florida students who chose to spend their spring break volunteering to promote marine life conservation. Volunteers typically have no background in marine science, but actively participate in mangrove reforestation and monitoring (Figure 1) and sea turtle conservation activities. Since 2012, students from UF have planted over 30,000 mangroves alongside nature reserve staff, local youth groups, an ecotourism cooperative, and the indigenous community. Volunteers also repair and paint structures on the nature reserve property as part of an eco-tourism project. For the past two years, the US Embassy in Managua has participated in the plantings. This year, Martha Youth, the Deputy Chief Mission, and two of her staff joined the volunteers (http://goo.gl/eAxoNM) (Figure 2). She provided an overview of the Department of State, the mission in Managua, and her career experiences to help students learn about Department of State activities abroad. Throughout the week-long program, student volunteers learn about marine life conservation, leadership, service, and get to experience the culture of Nicaragua. What do student volunteers have to say about the trip? "I had always been really interested in marine life conservation and this experience has taught me so much and enabled me to get a chance to pursue that passion." "This trip has not only helped me grow as a leader, but also learn so much about a new culture and experience things I never thought I would." "Even though the service was challenging, I never stopped having fun".


March 10, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Lauren Valentino is participating in the British Indian Ocean Territories - Chagos Archipelago leg of the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation Global Reef Expedition. The Chagos Archipelago is the largest no-take marine reserve on the planet and 95% of the reefs have been unexplored. This lack of anthropogenic influence provides an ideal context for the ocean acidification research activities being conducted by members of the Acidification, Climate, and Coral Reef Ecosystems (ACCRETE: http://www.coral.noaa.gov/research/accrete.html), a subunit of the Coral Health and Monitoring Program (CHAMP: http://www.coral.noaa.gov/). This is the 11th mission of the Global Reef Expedition that ACCRETE team members have participated in where they have amassed an unprecedented ocean acidification and coral growth dataset spanning the Pacific and Indian Oceans. For further information on the Chagos Archipelago see here: http://www.livingoceansfoundation.org/where-we-work/indian-ocean/biot/.


Florida Area Coastal Environment

● Jack Stamates attended the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 11th Currents, Waves and Turbulence Measurement Workshop in St. Petersburg, Florida (March 2-6) (www.cwtm2015.org/index.cfm). Jack will give a presentation on Tuesday entitled Estimating Nutrient Loading to the Coastal Ocean Through Tidal Inlets. Thomas Carsey is the co-author.

Sea Grant


March 2, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● On February 27th the Coral Health and Monitoring Program (CHAMP) released a redesigned web site to the public (Figure 1). With this release the site takes on a cleaner, more modern look and becomes smartphone- and tablet-friendly, adapting its menus, image sizes and page organization seamlessly to accommodate the size of the visitor's browser window. An informal survey of web sites across NOAA suggests that at present only CHAMP and PMEL have web sites that are smartphone-friendly to this degree. Unlike the previous site redesign in 2010, which was commissioned from an external web developer, the present overhaul was completed entirely in-house by CHAMP's Mike Jankulak. Among other upgrades the site features expanded personnel bios of CHAMP team members and highlights the activities of the newly-christened Acidification, Climate, and Coral Reef Ecosystems TEam (ACCRETE). The CHAMP site can be found at: http://www.coral.noaa.gov.


Nutrient Biogeochemistry

● The AOML nutrient laboratory, headed by Dr. Jia-Zhong Zhang, has completed analysis of nutrient reference seawater samples in the 4th International Inter-Comparison Exercise for 2015. Nutrients have been amongst major key variables in various international global ocean observation programs such as the Geochemical Ocean Sections Study (GEOSECS) in the 1970s, the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) in the 1990s, and the on-going Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR, GO-SHIP). The Exercise is sponsored by the International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP) and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMATEC). As with the previous inter-comparison studies organized by international nutrient community, the aim is to improve the quality of nutrient analysis by developing certified reference material and exchange knowledge between participating laboratories. A total of 112 nutrient laboratories worldwide participated in this excises. Website is www.ioccp.org/nutrients/2-uncategorised/74-2014-inter-comparison-study- of-certified-reference-material-for-nutrients-in-seawater.


Environmental Microbiology

● Maribeth Gidley presented the talk Future Health Concerns Associated With a Changing Climate at the Empowering Capable Climate Communicators training series at the University of Miami on 28-February. She also participated in an interview with journalism students at FIU on the topic.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

Ocean acidification along the Gulf Coast and East Coast of the USA has been accepted for publication in Continental Shelf Research. The paper of record describes measurement and patterns of aragonite saturation state (ωAr) along with attribution based on the second Gulf of Mexico and East Coast Carbon Cruise (GOMECC-2). The ωAr is a critical indicator of health of calcifying organisms and is decreasing as a result of ocean acidification. Comparison with ωAr data from GOMECC-1 shows that the large-scale patterns in ωAr are dominated by changing ocean currents in the domain. Citation: R. Wanninkhof, L. Barbero, R. Byrne, W.-J. Cai, H. Z. Zhang, M. Baringer, and C. Langdon, 2015. Ocean acidification along the Gulf Coast and East Coast of the USA. Cont. Shelf Res. Accepted Feb 2, 2015.


February 23, 2015


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● On January 21, Kevin Sullivan returned from the last research cruise of the Royal Caribbean Cruise Line's Explorer of the Seas. Over the past 12 years, the ship has provided surface CO2 measurements along the East Coast of the US and throughout the Caribbean. This data was critical in determining sea-air CO2 fluxes and trends in ocean acidification in coastal waters and the Intra-Americas Seas. The 400 voyages (Figure 1) yielded over 600,000 data points and were the basis of numerous publications with four of the more significant ones listed below. The sustained observations in this region will be continued with a recently installed automated CO2 system on the Celebrity Cruise Line's Equinox. This effort is in collaboration with and strong support from the University of Miami/RSMAS and the Royal Caribbean Cruise Line. Funding for the CO2 component is provided by the Climate Observation Division of the NOAA Climate Program Office, the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program, and AOML/OAR. The following are four key publications resulting from the surface CO2 measurements on the Explorer of the Seas:

  • Gledhill, D. K., R. Wanninkhof, F. J. Millero, and M. Eakin, 2008: Ocean acidification of the greater Caribbean region 1996-2006. J Geophys. Res., 113, C10031, doi:10010.11029/12007JC004629.
  • Olsen, A., J. Triñanes, and R. Wanninkhof, 2004: Sea-air flux of CO2 in the Caribbean Sea estimated using in situ and remote sensing data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 89, 309-325.
  • Park, G.-H., and R. Wanninkhof, 2012: A large increase of the CO2 sink in the western tropical North Atlantic from 2002 to 2009. J Geophys. Res., 117, C08029, doi:08010.01029/02011JC007803.
  • Wanninkhof, R., A. Olsen, and J. Triñanes, 2007: Air-Sea CO2 Fluxes in the Caribbean Sea from 2002-2004. Journal of Marine Systems, 66, 272-284.

● Rik Wanninkhof is a member of the recently funded International Space Science Institute working group on Earth Observation for atmosphere-ocean gas exchange (http://www.issibern.ch). The working group is sponsored by the European Space Agency. The purpose of this working group is to bring together key international researchers working in the field of atmosphere-ocean interaction and satellite Earth observation to 1) identify and formulate new multi-satellite, model and in situ data synergies towards improving our understanding of the pathways, sources, sinks and budgets of greenhouse gases, and 2) identify a roadmap/approach for routine long-term space-asset-based monitoring of the oceanic sink of CO2 which exploits the Copernicus Sentinels and international networks.


February 17, 2015


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Xaymara Serrano (OCED) was invited to serve as guest speaker and lead a paper discussion in the graduate seminar series of the Department of Marine and Environmental Sciences of Savannah State University (SSU) on February 18. The goal of this seminar class is to introduce SSU's new Master's students to a wide variety of marine research topics.

Florida Area Coastal Environment

● The R/V Hildebrand is currently undergoing repairs and maintenance in drydock at the Marina Road Boat Yard in Ft. Lauderdale (Figure 1).

Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Denis Pierrot will be driving to Port Canaveral this Friday (February 20) to meet Kevin Sullivan on the RCCL Explorer of the Seas. They will be offloading instrumentation from the ship.

● On Monday (February 23), Denis will oversee the installation of a new pCO2 system on the RCCL Equinox. The ship is scheduled to cross the Atlantic and the end of each April for summertime cruising of the Mediterranean, then return later in the year to sail the Caribbean in the winter.


February 9, 2015


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Kelly Kearney will be leaving CIMAS and AOML at the end of this week. She is moving to the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean at the University of Washington where she will be an assistant scientist working on an ecosystem modeling project that is a joint effort among University of Washington, the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, and the Alaska Fisheries Science Center. We wish her all the best on her new career endeavor.

● Chris Kelble is currently in La Jolla CA attending a review of the California Current Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) as the chair of the IEA Steering Committee and designated reviewer of the project (Feb 8-14). The review will take place at the Southwest Fisheries Science Center in La Jolla and aims to evaluate the scientific progress that the California Current IEA has made and determine how their experiences might be transferrable to other regional IEA program.

Coral Health and Monitoring

● A second site for a Dominican Republic CREWS station has been selected by CREWS Field Team contractors Jon Fajans (C-ARMS, Inc.) and John Halas (EMI, Inc.) through a collaborative effort between the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (CCCCC) in Belize, the National Council for Climate Change (ONAMET), and The National Authority for Maritime Affairs (ANAMAR), and AOML. The site chosen is at 19°50.007'N, 70°43.868'W. The first site chosen is at the Catuan Wreck site on the south side of the island, at 18°25.940'N, 69°34.792'W (Figure 1). Both buoys are being installed this week.

Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Rik Wanninkhof is attending a Surface ocean carbon mapping (SOCOM) workshop in Tsukuba, Japan \ this week (Feb 9-14).


February 2, 2015


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Chris Kelble will be attending The Lenfest Ocean Program's Second Fishery Ecosystem Planning Task Force meeting this Wednesday in New Orleans. The goal of the Lenfest Fishery Ecosystem task Force is to create a practical blueprint that managers can use to make ecosystem-based fisheries management operational. This is their second meeting to facilitate the creation of this blueprint within the next year.

January 26, 2015


Florida Area Coastal Environment

● The FACE / Numeric Nutrients cruise for January was conducted on January 20-21. On board were Paul Jones, Lauren Valentino, Joe Bishop, Charles Featherstone, Jack Stamates and Maribeth Gidley. A swap-out of an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) instrument off of Broward County is scheduled for Friday Jan 30, weather permitting.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● Denis Pierrot, Kevin Sullivan and Robert Castle started the installation of an autonomous underway pCO2 system on board the Royal Caribbean Celebrity Cruise Line EQUINOX. This installation is a partnership with the University of Miami which has a TSG, a fluorometer and MAERI already running on the ship. The EQUINOX sails in the Caribbean during the winter and goes to the Mediterranean in the summer. This will be the replacement instrument for the RCCL Explorer of the Seas which has been outfitted with a pCO2 instrument for the past 12 years but is going to Asia in the spring.


Environmental Microbiology

● Kelly Goodwin presented a talk on January 22 entitled NOAA-CalCOFI Ocean Genomics Project (NCOG): Exploring 'Omics Technologies to Support Ecosystem Understanding and Fisheries Assessments to the Biodiversity Ad Hoc Group under the Interagency Working Group on Ocean Partnerships.


January 12, 2015


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● NOAA has selected South Florida's Biscayne Bay as one of the next Habitat Focus Areas under NOAA's Habitat Blueprint. Habitat Blueprint offers opportunities for NOAA to partner with organizations to address coastal and marine habitat loss and degradation issues. It provides a framework, which builds upon existing programs, prioritizes activities, and helps users act strategically and preventively in order to sustain resilient and thriving marine and coastal ecosystems and resources. The initial focus on the Bay will be to further our understanding of increasing algal blooms (both pelagic and benthic) in the Bay and propose mitigation actions that can stem these increases and protect the benthic habitats of Biscayne Bay that are reliant upon clear water quality. Kelble will co-lead the implementation team with NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center's Joan Browder in hopes of identifying solutions to improve Biscayne Bay health, before it declines. With the help of NOAA's Habitat Blueprint, partnering organizations can develop assessments, experiments and analyses to ultimately protect, restore, and sustain Biscayne Bay's healthy ecosystem. More information can be found at the following web pages:

       http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/keynotes/keynotes_115_habitat_blueprint.html
       http://www.habitat.noaa.gov/habitatblueprint/southeast_caribbean.html.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Science News interviewed Derek Manzello about his recent publication in Geophysical Research Letters. The article entitled Galápagos waters preview future for corals is online here: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/gal%C3%A1pagos-waters-preview-future-corals.


● The paper Ocean acidification enhances the bioerosion of a common coral reef sponge: implications for the persistence of the Florida Reef Tract (Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Carlton RD, Graham DM, Ruzicka R, Colella MA) was accepted for publication in the Bulletin of Marine Science. To test how future OA conditions will influence biologically-mediated dissolution (bioerosion) of coral by the common Caribbean boring sponge Pione lampa, a series of carefully controlled incubations were conducted and the changes in total alkalinity (TA) was used to calculate calcium carbonate dissolution. The data showed a positive relationship between seawater pCO2 and chemical bioerosion that predicts a 99% increase in chemical erosion before the end of the century, more than double the expected decline in coral calcification rate. To examine how OA-enhanced erosion will influence reef ecosystem persistence, this data and other data was incorporated into a carbonate budget model of 37 reefs along the Florida Reef Tract. Present-day reef-specific calcification would need to increase by 29.4% in order to compensate for projected end of the century OA-enhancement of total bioerosion. These findings show that OA may accelerate Caribbean and Atlantic coral reef degradation more rapidly than previously predicted.


December 15, 2014


Awards!

● Christopher Kelble, along with Michael Schirripa, Mandy Karnauskas and J. Kevin Craig (NMFS), were awarded the Bronze Medal Award "For advancing ecosystem-based management via the first comprehensive Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem Status Report with over 140 ecological indicators" on December 9, 2014 by NOAA Administrator Dr. Kathy Sullivan (Figure 1).


● The AOML Microbiology team has just been awarded the EPA's 2013 Scientific and Technological Achievement Award, Level II for Scientific and Technical Achievement Supporting Implementation of EPA Method 1611 for Rapid Recreational Water Testing. This award arose from their work with the US EPA for multi-laboratory testing and validation of the EPA quantitative PCR methods for environmental detection and enumeration of Enterococcus and Bacteroidales fecal indicator bacteria. This work was conducted over several years in collaboration with EPA, USGS, and several academic partners, and is summarized in the publication Shanks et al., (2012) Inter-Laboratory Comparison of Real-time PCR Methods for Quantification of General Fecal Indicator Bacteria, Environ. Sci. Technol. 46:945-953. The letter from EPA read "I personally commend you on being a co-author for one of the winners in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) 2013 Scientific and Technological Achievement Award competition for your research publications, Inter-laboratory Comparison of Real-time PCR Methods for Quantification of General Fecal Indicator Bacteria, MPN Estimation of QPCR Target Sequence Recoveries from Whole Cell Calibrator Samples, and Comparison of Enterococcus PCR Analysis Results from Fresh and Marine Waters on Two Real-time Instruments".


● K. Goodwin attended the 2014 CalCofi meeting. A poster (NOAA CalCOFI Genomics Project (NCOG): Microbial 'Omics in the Southern California Bight) was presented which highlighted a new project that implements cutting-edge metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analysis into the 65-year old CalCofi program (Figure 2).


NOAA Corps

● A farewell send-off was held for LT Rachel Kotkowski on Thursday (Dec 11, 2014). She has completed her land assignment at AOML and will be next serving as Operations Officer on the R/V Gordon Gunter out of Pascagula, LA.


December 8, 2014


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Lindsey Visser, Lauren Valentino, and Dr. Chris Kelble participated in a cruise aboard the R/V Walton Smith last week (Dec. 1-5) focused on surveying water quality in south Florida's coastal waters. They collected samples for nutrients, chlorophyll a, and dissolved inorganic carbon. This was the first cruise to resume sampling water quality in south Florida coastal water after a two-year hiatus due to a lack of funding. These cruises have an additional focus on lower trophic level dynamics downstream from the Shark River on the southwest Florida shelf.


Environmental Microbiology

● Maribeth Gidley was an invited speaker at a Science Cafe on Dec. 10, 2014 at Vizcaya Museum and Gardens. The Science Cafe discussion concerned the impacts of Sea Level Rise and extreme weather events on individuals and communities; Dr. Gidley discussed the public health implications of these events.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● OCED researchers Ian Enochs and Derek Manzello had their abstracts accepted for oral presentations at the 2015 ASLO Aquatic Sciences meeting in Granada, Spain to be held in February. Manzello is also co-author on another oral presentation. All talks listed below. OCED researchers in bold:

Enochs I, Manzello D, Johnston L, Price N, Donham E, Golodziej G, Clark S, Young C. NATURALLY ACIDIFIED CORAL REEFS AT MAUG ATOLL: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES WITH OTHER HIGH-CO2 SYSTEMS. Session #61, Global climate change: ocean acidification experiments at CO2 vents.

Manzello D, Enochs I, Bruckner A, Renaud P, Kolodziej G, Carlton R, Glynn P. GALÁPAGOS CORAL REEF PERSISTENCE AFTER ENSO WARMING ACROSS AN ACIDIFICATION GRADIENT. Session #61, Global climate change: ocean acidification experiments at CO2 vents.

McGillis W, Langdon C, Martz T, Hsueh D, Loose B, Takeshita Y, Donham E, Price N, Smith J, Manzello D. AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO ASSESSING CORAL REEF HEALTH AT SEVEN SITES AROUND THE WORLD. Session #38, Advances in flux measurements in aquatic environments using the eddy correlation technique.

The manuscript entitled "Galápagos Coral Reef Persistence after ENSO Warming Across an Acidification Gradient" was accepted for publication in Geophysical Research Letters. This paper shows that since the 1982-83 El Niño-Southern Oscillation warming event, the persistence of reefs around the Galápagos Islands has differed across an acidification gradient. Reefs disappeared where pH < 8.0 and aragonite saturation state (Ωarag) ≤ 3 and have not recovered, whereas one reef has persisted where pH > 8.0 and Ωarag > 3. These results provide field evidence that the ability of coral reefs to persist with warming declines with acidification and this depressed resilience is likely reduced further by high nutrients. Based on current CO2 emission trajectories, the warming and acidification that eliminated coral reefs from the Galápagos Islands will occur for nearly all reefs by mid-century.

Citation (OCED researchers in bold):

Manzello D, Enochs I, Bruckner A, Renaud P, Kolodziej G, Carlton R, Glynn P. Galápagos Coral Reef Persistence after ENSO Warming Across an Acidification Gradient. Geophysical Research Letters. In press.


November 17, 2014


OCED Outreach

● Thomas Carsey presented the talk Just Beyond the Shore: Observations of Southeast Florida's Coastal Ocean at a meeting of the Key Biscayne Citizen Scientist Project, Key Biscayne, November 12, 2014.


November 10, 2014



OCED Outreach

● Xaymara Serrano (OCED) presented her doctoral research at the 7th NOAA EPP Biennial Education and Science Forum, held at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES) from October 26-29. The goal of this forum was to showcase results of collaborative research and education projects between scientists and students at NOAA-EPP funded academic institutions and NOAA scientists, and to promote career opportunities for STEM graduates with academic, government and public/private sectors. Xaymara participated in this meeting along with a group of other graduate students and alumni whose graduate research was funded through NOAA's Living Marine Resources Cooperative Science Center (LMRCSC, www.umes.edu/lmrcsc).


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Lew Gramer attended a meeting last week in Honolulu on Coral Reef Resilience, sponsored by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program. Resource managers from Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, US Federal, State, and territorial agencies in the Pacific and the Caribbean joined researchers from NOAA (including OAR, NESDIS, and NMFS) and from the Universities of Hawaii, Miami, Queensland, Virgin Islands, and Plymouth (UK). The goals of the meeting were to share information on incorporating metrics for larval connectivity, stress disturbance exposure, and ecosystem diversity into resilience assessments of reefs, and on how to apply these metrics for more effective resource management in the face of future short-term and long-term environmental change.


November 3, 2014

OCED Outreach

● LTJG Michael Doig and Erica Rule presented information about the NOAA Corps to students at South Broward High School on October 27 (Figure 1).


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Renee Carlton of OCED is participating in Living Oceans Foundation (LOF) Global Reef Expedition (GRE) to the Solomon Islands from October 27 to November 25, 2014 (Figure 2). Renee will collect seawater CO2 data and coral cores for calcification analysis as part of the ongoing collaboration between LOF and OCED to obtain baseline ocean acidification relevant data from remote coral reef locations across the Pacific Ocean. The Solomon Islands lie in the Coral Triangle, which is home to the greatest amount of marine biodiversity on the planet and is thus a priority area for marine conservation. There has been no ocean acidification research conducted in this vital region, making this a first-of-its-kind study. This is the 10th GRE cruise that OCED scientists have participated in since June 2012.

● Last week at Little Cayman Island in the Caribbean, the Central Caribbean Marine Institute (CCMI) finished redeploying their buoy, which is part of the Coral Reef Early Warning System (CREWS) Network. The buoy was first deployed in October of 2013 and needs to be returned to land each year for cleaning, repainting and instrumentation swap-out. The buoy was towed from its deployment site on October 14th and returned to position on October 29th. OCED's Mike Jankulak worked remotely with CCMI personnel to update the buoy's programming and develop procedures for instrument configuration. As of October 31st all data feeds from the buoy to AOML and NDBC had fully resumed. Data can be viewed at http://ecoforecast.coral.noaa.gov/index/0/LCIY2/station-home.


October 27, 2014


Coral Health and Monitoring

●Derek Manzello attended the workshop entitled Prioritizing Coral Restoration Sites hosted by Florida Fish and Wildlife at Nova SE University on October 22-23. This was the first of a 3-part workshop that will generate a spatially-explicit model to highlight the best locations for reef restoration based on both physical and biological factors.


●Renee Carlton, Graham Kolodziej, and Lauren Valentino traveled to the Cheeca Rocks NCRMP sentinel climate change and ocean acidification monitoring site where they collected zooxanthellae samples from 99 colonies of the ESA listed coral Oribicella faveolata over three fixed monitoring sites. Graham Kolodziej, Lauren Valentino, and NOAA Corp officer Mike Doig will return to Cheeca Rocks to collect 100 more samples from three different sites this week. OCED postdoc Dr. Paul Jones will work with Chris Sinigalliano to perform qPCR analysis to identify if certain zooxanthellae clades are associated with recovery of this critically endangered species. Carlton et al. also retrieved a temperature probe from Hens and Chickens Reef, downloaded the data and redeployed the unit. This site has the longest running temperature record for the Florida keys, extending back to 1975. This record was reestablished in Dec 2013 by OCED researchers as part of NCRMP. Research by OCED scientist Derek Manzello has elucidated a significant warming trend in this dataset. The 2014 warm-water bleaching event will be incorporated into this analysis to understand the significance of this recent thermal stress event over the past 40 years.


October 20, 2014


Environmental Microbiology

●The AOML microbiology team joined the FIU Southeast Environmental Research Center this past week to measure and document baseline nutrient and microbiological water quality conditions for a wide range of residential canals in the Florida Keys that are slated for either experimental remediation efforts or to be control canals for these remediation experiments. Chris Sinigalliano, Maribeth Gidley, and student intern Danny Morales spent the past week in the Florida Keys collecting and processing water samples from the experimental remediation and control canals, and will conduct microbial molecular source tracking analysis to establish baseline conditions and to document what improvements, if any, result from the canal water quality remediation efforts. It is hoped that these remediation efforts may led to more general improvement in the regional coastal water quality of the Florida Keys, and to improvement of community infrastructure resiliency in the face of anticipated impacts from climate change and sea level rise.


Coral Health and Monitoring

●The paper entitled Recent decade of growth and calcification of Orbicella faveolata in the Florida Keys: An Inshore-Offshore Comparison authored by OCED scientists Derek Manzello, Ian Enochs, Graham Kolodziej, and Renee Carlton was accepted for publication in Marine Ecology Progress Series. This study shows that calcification rates in this ESA-listed species were higher inshore vs. offshore over the past decade and also showed a marked resilience to both cold and warm-water stress. This fast growth inshore and high resilience to thermal stress is hypothesized to be one of the reasons for why the inshore patch reefs of the Florida Keys have maintained high coral cover relative to the reefs offshore.


October 14, 2014



Coral Health and Monitoring

● The Lao Lao Bay station in Saipan has been destroyed by "super typhoon" Vongfong which passed within 50 nm of the station on October 5th at 18Z and was then estimated at 90 knots of intensity (Category 2) (Figure 1). The islands of Rota, Tinian and Saipan suffered some damage to structures and experienced intermittent power outages but they appear to have escaped anything worse and the Governor's declared state of emergency had been lifted. Vongfong underwent rapid intensification after leaving the CNMI and is estimated to have become the most intense tropical cyclone of 2014 (Category 5). The fiberglass tube snapped close to the waterline (Figure 2) and the upper half, about 20 feet of tube filled with positively buoyant polyurethane foam, has not been found. The station had been offline but locally storing data since July 31st, when its cellular account was terminated. All data produced since July are believed to be unrecoverable. The station had been problematic for quite some time, as it had been difficult getting support for maintenance of the station. See http://llbp7-log.blogspot.com/2014/10/saipan-crews-station-destroyed-during.html.



October 6, 2014


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Graham Kolodziej, Derek Manzello, and Lauren Valentino of OCED conducted coral reef CaCO3 budget surveys off of Miami-Dade and Broward counties on 29-30 Sept and 3 October with the assistance of NOAA Corps officers Mike Doig and Rachel Kotkowski. These surveys are part of the CRCP funded project Coral growth and reef framework persistence of the Florida Reef Tract with accelerating ocean acidification: The SEFCRI region.


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

●Geoffrey Cook from OCED and David Enfield and Chunzai Wang from PhOD are co-authors on a manuscript entitled Evidence of climate-driven ecosystem reorganization in the Gulf of Mexico that was submitted to the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. The manuscript analyzes over 100 indicators in the Gulf of Mexico. The indicators were found to be influenced by two primary factors. The first was the implementation of fishing regulations in the 1970s; the second factor was the influence of the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO). The AMO was correlated with everything from the pressures being exerted on the ecosystem to the ecosystem state to the ecosystem services being produced by the ecosystem.


Environmental Microbiology

● Kelly Goodwin participated in the US-EU Marine Working Group on October 1, 2014, held at the French Embassy in Washington DC. The Working Group is comprised of the following sub-groups: Marine Microbial Ecology, Ocean Acidification/Stressors, Ocean Literacy, Ocean Observation Systems, and Aquaculture. These groups are working to implement the 2013 Galway Declaration which calls for collaborative international research on the coupled North Atlantic-Arctic system. Dr. Goodwin helped Gabrine Guiu, the EU co-chair of the Marine Microbial Ecology theme, present a summary of achievements, opportunities, and challenges facing coordinated EU-US marine microbial ecology research.


September 22, 2014


Environmental Microbiology

● Chris Sinigalliano and Maribeth Gidley were invited participants at a special public outreach and education presentation at Key Largo this past Friday, the first of the 2014-2015 "Ocean Life" series. Hosted by Florida International University's School of Environment, Arts and Society and the Friends of the Key Largo Cultural Center, the series features interdisciplinary experts from the region on marine topics that affect the Keys. The primary speaker at this first presentation of the season was Dr. Henry O. Briceño of the FIU Southeast Environmental Research Center on "Keys Canals: Your Backyard Swimming Pool ", which presented collaborative research by SERC and the AOML Microbiology Program on water quality issues in Florida Keys residential canals. This was followed by a public information question and answer session in which Drs. Gidley and Sinigalliano participated.

Coral Health and Monitoring

● Renee Carlton and Derek Manzello traveled to the Cheeca Rocks NOAA NCRMP sentinel climate and acidification monitoring site on 16-17 Sept 2014 where they worked with collaborator, Dr. Brooke Gintert of RSMAS/MGG, to document the ongoing Keys-wide coral bleaching event utilizing high-resolution landscape mosaic imagery. This will be a first of its kind dataset since no previous investigator has utilized this technique to document a coral bleaching event. Bleaching was severe at Cheeca Rocks (Fig. 1). The last major bleaching event to impact the Florida Keys was in 2005. Cheeca Rocks was studied by NCRMP collaborator, Dr. Marilyn Brandt of the University of the Virgin Islands, who upon seeing the recent pictures confirmed that this event was likely far more severe than 2005. Sea temperatures at nearby Molasses Reef were the hottest on record this summer, as well as this past winter (Fig. 2). Cheeca Rocks is one of the few sites that has been resilient to recent stress and maintained high coral cover. AOML coral scientists will be documenting the response of this coral reef to this thermal stress event.




● During the last week in August and the first week in September, Xaymara Serrano also took note of some extensive bleaching in the Keys while collecting coral larvae for her research:

8/29- Emerald reef:
Siderastrea/Millepora/Palythoa - really bleached or dead Agaricia - bleached
Orbicella faveolata/Montastraea cavernosa/Porites astreoides - ok, pale

9/2 Little Grecian Rocks:
Porites furcata - really bleached
Acropora palmata - partially bleached
Orbicella - pale

9/2 Horseshoe reef:
Agaricia/Millepora/Agaricia - really bleached
Siderastrea/Porites astreoides - some pale, some completely bleached
Orbicella - pale, some areas beginning to bleach



Ocean Carbon Cycle Group

● Betty Huss and Kevin Sullivan lead an effort to revamp the ocean carbon cycle group webpage. The concise, informative and visually appealing page of group activities and data holdings can be found at: http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/ocd/ocdweb/occ.html.

● The annual global carbon assessment by the global carbon program (GCP) was released yesterday. A world-wide-web highlight on the first utilization of data-based ocean estimates relying heavily on NOAA ship of opportunity CO2 data to determine flux variability is being created by Erica Rule and Monica Allen (OAR communications).

Synopses of GCP:
The Global Carbon Project's report each year incorporates data from multiple research institutes around the world on carbon dioxide emissions, carbon increase in the atmosphere, and land and ocean sinks for its annual assessment of the Earth's carbon budget. The Global Carbon Budget 2014, led by Prof Le Quéré, Director of the Tyndall Centre at the University of East Anglia, with 59 co-authors from 10 countries and 49 institutions, is published in the "living data" format to provide the highest transparency and traceability in the reporting of this set of key indicators and drivers of climate change. Le Quéré, C., Moriarty, R., Andrew, R.M., Peters, G.P., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Jones, S.D., Sitch, S., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Boden, T.A., Bopp, L., Bozec, Y., Canadell, J.G., Chevallier, F., Cosca, C.E., Harris, I., Hoppema, M., Houghton, R.A., House, J.I., Jain, A., Johannessen, T., Kato, E., Keeling, R.F., Kitidis, V., Klein Goldewijk, K., Koven, C., Landa, C.S., Landschützer, P., Lenton, A., Lima, I.D., Marland, G., Mathis, J.T., Metzl, N., Nojiri, Y., Olsen, A., Ono, T., Peters, W., Pfeil, B., Poulter, B., Raupach, M.R., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Salisbury, J.E., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Segschneider, J., Steinhoff, T., Stocker, B.D., Sutton, A.J., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., van der Werf, G.R., Viovy, N., Wang, Y.P., Wanninkhof, R., Wiltshire, A., Zeng, N., 2014. Global carbon budget 2014. Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss. 7, 521-610.


Florida Area Coastal Environment

● The FACE team completed their Numeric Nutrient Study cruise for September on the 22nd and 23rd. On board the R/V Hildebrand were Tom Carsey, Maribeth Gidley, Jack Stamates, Joe Bishop, Michael Doig, Rachel Kotkowski, and Lauren Valentino. Day 1 was calm and perfect; day 2 saw plenty of rain and windy weather. A waterspout was seen, as well as a sea turtle of unknown species. In addition to water quality samples, samples for microbiology and dissolved organic carbon were obtained at coral reef sites, inlets, outfalls, and background sites off of Miami-Dade and Broward counties.


September 15, 2014


Environmental Microbiology

● Chris Sinigalliano, Maribeth Gidley, and student intern Daniel Morales represented AOML microbiology research during a special session of Microbiology in the Coastal Zone at the 2014 Southeastern Microbiology Summit, a joint meeting of the Southeastern Branch and the Florida Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, on Sept 5-7, at Ponte Vedra, Florida. Chris Sinigalliano was an invited speaker giving an oral presentation on Urban Coastal Oceanography and NOAA Investigations of Microbial Water Quality Impacts from Coastal Inlets and Treated Wastewater Outfalls in the Southeast Florida Region. Daniel Morales presented a research poster covering summer research by AOML interns entitled Seaweed Wrack as a Potential Environmental Reservoir for Fecal Bacteria at South Florida Recreational Beaches.

● Chris Sinigalliano participated in a special training workshop on Environmental Microbial Genomics and Metagenomics in Walnut Creek, California Sept 7-12, hosted by the US Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute.


Ocean Acidification

● Ruben van Hooidonk attended a meeting entitled Using Spatial Data and Analysis to Understand the Human Impacts of Ocean Acidification, along with Linwood Pendleton, Lisa Suatoni, Julie Ekstrom, Libby Jewett, Dwight Gledhill, Sarah Cooly, Chris Langdon, at the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC) in Annapolis, Maryland, September 9-10, 2014. Using projections of ocean acidification that he and Derek Manzello published (van Hooidonk, et al. 2014), several studies have been conducted to assess the risk and impact of ocean acidification on humans. These studies focussed on the impacts of ocean acidification on commercially important mollusks, fisheries and coastal protection by coral reefs, and should be submitted for publication in the near future.


September 2, 2014


● Renee Carlton, Graham Koldziej, and Derek Manzello installed temperature sensors at four coral reef locations at Biscayne National Park and at the Fowey Rocks lighthouse on 29-Aug-2014. These thermistors will provide in situ temperatures as part of the climate monitoring of the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) of the Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). During the surveys, extensive coral reef bleaching was observed at all the sites (see Fig. 1 and 2). The bleaching thresholds that were estimated and published for the Florida Reef Tract were exceeded in the past few weeks at Fowey Rocks and Molasses Reef (Fig. 3), thus the bleaching was expected. Sea temperatures at Molasses Reef C-MAN station are currently the warmest that they've ever been since the station's inception in 1988.



August 18, 2014


Coral Health and Monitoring

● The paper entitled Geographic differences in vertical connectivity in the Caribbean coral Montastraea cavernosa despite high levels of horizontal connectivity at shallow depths by X. Serrano, I. B. Baums, K. O'Reilly, T. B. Smith, R. J. Jones, T. L. Shearer, F. L. D. Nunes and A. C. Baker was published in the Journal of Molecular Ecology. In this study, the authors assessed vertical connectivity in 583 coral colonies of M. cavernosa collected from three depth zones (≤10, 15-20 and ≥25 m) at sites in Florida (within the Upper Keys, Lower Keys and Dry Tortugas), Bermuda and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Overall, this is the first work to demonstrate significant genetic differentiation by depth for coral populations in Florida.


August 11, 2014


● Undergraduate Hollings Scholar Daniel Coleman of Tulane University participated in research with mentor Lew Gramer, on periodic summer upwelling events in the northern portion of the Florida reef tract from May through July. Dan and Lew's poster entitled Summer cold-water anomalies on the Florida Reef Tract: Ecologically significant upwelling was presented by Dan at the 2014 NOAA Office of Education's Science and Education Symposium. The poster won the prize for "Best Poster of Session", (along with a $250 cash prize!) and the results of the work are likely to become part of an upcoming manuscript submitted for peer review this Fall.


Ocean Carbon Cycle

● The following paper was published: Rodgers, K.B., Aumont, O., Mikaloff Fletcher, S.E., Plancherel, Y., Bopp, L., de Boyer Montegut, C., Ludicone, D., Keeling, R.F., Madec, G., Wanninkhof, R., 2014. Strong sensitivity of Southern Ocean carbon uptake and nutrient cycling to wind stirring. Biogeosciences 11, 4077-4098.

● The following paper was resubmitted to the Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans: Kristene McTaggart and Rik Wanninkhof, Antarctic Bottom Water Temperature Changes in the Western South Atlantic from 1989-2014.

● The following white paper was published and received recognition from the CPO/COD program manager, David Legler and Acting OAR director, Craig McLean: Feely, R. A., L. D. Talley, J. L. Bullister, C. A. Carlson, S. C. Doney, R. A. Fine, E. Firing, N. Gruber, D. A. Hansell, G. C. Johnson, R. M. Key, C. Langdon, A. Macdonald, J. T. Mathis, S. Mecking, F. J. Millero, C. W. Mordy, C. L. Sabine, W. M. Smethie, J. H. Swift, A. M. Thurnherr, R. H. Wanninkhof, M. J. Warner (2014): The US Repeat Hydrography CO2/Tracer Program (GO-SHIP): Accomplishments from the first decadal survey. A US CLIVAR and OCB Report, 2014-5, US CLIVAR Project Office, 47 pp. Comments from Craig McLean (US Head of Delegation to the IOC/UNESCO and Assistant Administrator for Research, NOAA): Congratulations to all authors and contributors to this remarkable work. As I represent the US at the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), I find this global program a remarkable demonstration of coordination and alignment across governments and science institutions. As a NOAA person I am grateful to all collaborators and participants from across all organizations. This is a fine document, easy to read for persons beyond the science community and will bring valuable understanding to the policy community as well. Congratulations to all -- those who stood on deck, worked the samples, analyzed the data, and generated the report.

● Robert Castle met the NOAA ship RONALD H. BROWN in Newport, Oregon to reinstall the pCO2 underway system on the ship.


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Chris Kelble, chair of the NOAA IEA stering committee, attended the 2014 NOAA IEA Face to Face Meeting and ensuing IEA Steering Committee Meeting on August 5-8 at ESRL in Boulder, Colorado.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Xaymara Serrano will be in Key Largo from August 8 to September 19 assisting during coral spawning (for the species Acropora cervicornis and Orbicella faveolata) and conducting experiments with newly settled recruits. This work will be done in conjunction with Dr. Margaret Miller from NMFS. The project is designed to assess the effects of increased nutrients and thermal stress on corals during the early life stages.

August 4, 2014


● Derek Manzello won 2nd place in the "Living Seas" category of the 2014 OAR Photo Contest with his photograph of a clownfish in Fiji (Figure 1). The winning photographs are shown in the OAR Weekly Update August 1, 2014.


July 28, 2014


● Pamela Fletcher completed her doctoral degree last week with participation from committee member James Hendee. Her thesis research included results from several NOAA funded projects including the Marine and Estuarine Goal Setting for South Florida project (http://sofla-mares.org/) and the coral reef and marine resource managers climate information needs assessment project. Pamela received her degree from the University of Florida's Soil and Water Science Department and the title of her thesis is Using participatory decision support to improve coral reef management.


Coral Health and Monitoring

● Renee Carlton, Mike Jankulak, Graham Kolodziej, and Derek Manzello traveled to the Florida Keys to conduct field work on July 21-23. They conducted calcium carbonate budget surveys at the Cheeca Rocks NCRMP class III climate and acidification sentinel site, as well as collected coral cores for growth measurements. Additionally, they downloaded pH data from the Cheeca Rocks acidification buoy to ensure the sensor is working properly.


● Jim Hendee and Karsten Shein (NCDC) participated as mentors in the NSF-funded Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program at Little Cayman Research Center (LCRC) July 21 - 26, 2014. Jim spoke of the CREWS Network, the CREWS station at LCRC, how ecological forecasting works, and a bit on the newly proposed (by Kelly Goodwin and Chris Sinigalliano) Coral Microbiome Observing Network (CMON) and about Genomic Observatories (GO). The Director of LCRC, Dr. Carrie Manfrino, is seeking to re-write the LCRC/AOML MOU that has existed in the past for work with the CREWS station to now include AOML/OCED participation in the REU project for next year's students, as well as the proposed CMON/GO project. Other projects may also be included so that AOML has a broad collaboration with LCRC in the future.




July 21, 2014


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● Rik Wanninkhof and Chris Kelble attended the 5th Annual NOAA/NGI Gulf Hypoxia Research Coordination Workshop July 14-16 at the Stennis Space Center (Mississippi). The workshop was designed to advance fisheries ecosystem management in the northern Gulf to inform efforts to assess and predict the potential ecological and socioeconomic effects of diversions and hypoxia. The workshop was designed to 1) provide a forum for strengthening communication and coordination between physical, biological, and socio-economic modelers of Gulf of Mexico hypoxia and Mississippi River diversions, and the users and stakeholders (e.g. Hypoxia Task Force, fisheries managers); 2) validate and refine key fisheries management and habitat conservation needs associated with ecosystem (including socioeconomic) effects of hypoxia and large-scale river diversions in the Gulf of Mexico; and 3) assess adaptive management needs for advancing ecosystem modeling of hypoxia and diversion effects on habitats and living resources in the northern Gulf of Mexico (Figure 1).

● A special volume of Ecological Indicators on Tools to Support Ecosystem Based Management of South Florida's Coastal Resources should be released this week. Chris Kelble is the managing guest editor for this special issue with Peter Ortner and Joseph Boyer also serving as guest editors. Most of the articles in the special volume present results from the Marine and Estuarine Goal Setting for South Florida (MARES) project. MARES had a number of OCED scientists serve as leaders, PIs, and participants, including Chris Kelble, Pamela Fletcher, Geoffrey Cook, Thomas Carsey, Jack Stamates, Jim Hendee, Chris Sinigalliano, Maribeth Gidley, and Michelle Wood. The special volume has the following five articles authored by OCED scientists:

1. The manuscript Using the Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Framework to Build Consensus and Transfer Information to Managers by Pamela Fletcher (SeaGrant/OCEd), Chris Kelble (OCED), William Nuttle, and Gregory Kiker was published in Ecological Indicators. The manuscript investigates how portions of the IEA framework were applied to build consensus on the focal ecosystem components and processes that are characteristic of a sustainable South Florida coastal ecosystem that is producing ecosystem services at the level society desires. Resource managers, researchers, academics, and non-governmental organizations participated in facilitated meetings and contributed to the synthesis of science and a myriad of science communications to transfer information to decision makers and the public. A proof of concept Bayesian Belief Network was developed to explore integrating the results of this assessment into an interactive management scenario evaluation tool. The four-year effort resulted in the development of a research and management coordination network in South Florida that should provide the foundation for implementing ecosystem-based resource management across multiple agencies (Figure 1).

2. The manuscript entitled Towards Marine Ecosystem Based Management in South Florida: Investigating the Connections among Ecosystem Pressures, States, and Services in a Complex Coastal System authored by AOML/CIMAS researchers Geoff Cook, Chris Kelble, and Pamela Fletcher was published in Ecological Indicators. Building upon the integrated conceptual ecosystem models developed during the MARES project, the manuscript explores the relative impact of 12 ecosystem pressures on 11 ecosystem states and 11 ecosystem services in coastal South Florida. The most pervasive pressures were Freshwater Delivery, Temperature Effects of Climate Change, and Impacts of Climate Change on Weather. The most at risk ecosystem states, as determined by cumulative impacts, were Protected Species, Fish and Shellfish, and Coral and Hardbottom Habitats. Similarly, the most at risk ecosystem services are Existence of Natural System, Pristine Wilderness Experience, and Non-extractive Recreation Opportunities (Figure 2). Through this exploration of the interaction among various ecosystem pressures, states, and ecosystem services, an understanding of how ecosystem services are impacted by multiple interacting pressures is derived. In so doing, a tool for resource managers to understand trade-offs and the possible impact on the production of ecosystem services that may occur when considering alternative management strategies is provided.

3. The manuscript Developing Integrated Ecosystem Indices by David Loomis, Peter B. Ortner, Chris Kelble, and Shona Paterson was published in Ecological Indicators. This manuscript investigates the need to develop consistent indicators for both the biophysical and social sciences. This consistency is necessary to allow integration between these indicators and quantify trade-offs among ecosystem services and ecosystem health. To accomplish this integration, the manuscript employs a "recursive relationship" approach that defines (and redefines) variables, indicators, and indices along a sliding hierarchy from measurable parameters to highly aggregated indices (Figure 3).

4. Two manuscripts detailing the selection and justification of waterbird indicators were co-authored by Pamela Fletcher and were published in Ecological Indicators. The first of these manuscripts developed a suite of conceptual models to investigate the niche of different waterbirds and select those that would make appropriate indicators. The second manuscript quantitatively scores the proposed indicators against a suite of pre-defined indicator criteria to justify their selection and proposes appropriate metrics to evaluate the waterbird indicators.


Environmental Microbiology

● Kelly Goodwin kicked off an intensive summer field campaign that will apply NOAA-developed Molecular Source Tracking (MST) markers to beaches in the vicinity of Los Angeles. In addition to MST, the project utilizes traditional and rapid detection of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) and pathogen analysis in order to evaluate the risks posed by degraded water quality and the efficacy of remediation strategies. The work is part of a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to support technology transfer.


Nutrients

● The paper entitled Carbon dynamics of Florida Bay: spatiotemporal patterns and biological control by Jia-Zhong Zhang and Charles Fischer was accepted for publication in Environmental Science and Technology. In this study, it was revealed that there are distinct CO2 source and sink regions in the bay and the seasonal variation of the CO2 sink was caused by cyanobacteria bloom. Based on the analysis of multi-year data, this paper provided the first estimate of ocean acidification trends and the annual CO2 fluxes to atmosphere from the bay in 2006-2012.

July 14, 2014


World Ocean Assessment

● Kelly Goodwin, Chris Kelble, and Rik Wanninkhof have been named official U.S. Government lead reviewers of chapters of the first World Ocean Assessment (WOA, www.worldoceanassessment.org), while Jim Hendee, Greg Foltz, Rick Lumpkin, olly Baringer and Gustavo Goni will act as science reviewers of select chapters. This is the first WOA, comprised of 57 chapters, designed to document trends in the state of the marine environment (including socioeconomic aspects). Subsequent WOAs will be generated every five years. The aim of the review process is to ensure technical and policy reviews of the WOA chapters, integrate these reviews with the public reviews received in response to a Federal Register Notice, and write and submit the integrated USG review to the UN Secretariat.


Coastal Oceanography

● Summer AOML student interns Danny Morales and Mishelle Rodriguez joined environmental public health physician Maribeth Gidley, and the crew (Joseph Bishop, LTJG Michael Doig, and Charles Featherstone) of NOAA's research vessel, R/V HILDEBRAND, to help collect water quality samples during this week's FACE-NNCS cruise. Samples collected will be analyzed for nutrients, microbial contaminants and source tracking markers of both coral and human health concern, and samples will be prepared for next-generation-sequencing and microbial community genomic analysis (as part of a NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program project).


Ecosystem Assessment and Modeling

● The manuscript Population connectivity shifts at high frequency within an open-coast marine protected area network authored by AOML/CIMAS researcher Geoff Cook, and Ed Parnell and Lisa Levin of Scripps Institution of Oceanography was accepted for publication in PLoS ONE. Combining otolith microchemistry with ADCP-derived simulation modeling, the authors reconstructed the population connectivity (via larval dispersal) patterns of damselfish inhabiting a marine protected area (MPA) network along the southern California coastline (Figure 1). For over two years, the study documented self-recruitment at two of six study reefs, one of which is a no-take MPA. On biweekly time scales, we observed directional variability in alongshore current data and saw concomitant shifts in microchemistry-derived larval dispersal trajectories and reef connectivity patterns. As one of the few empirical studies of population connectivity within an open coast MPA network, this work can inform the MPA design process, implementation of ecosystem based management plans, and facilitate conservation decisions.

● The manuscript Quantifying Florida Bay habitat suitability for fishes and invertebrates under climate change scenarios authored by AOML/CIMAS researcher Kelly Kearney, and Mark Butler (Old Dominion University), Robert Glazer (Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission), Christopher Kelble (AOML/OCED), Joe Serafy (NOAA/SEFSC), and Erik Stabenau (National Parks Service) was accepted for publication in Environmental Management. This study uses a combination of hydrological and ecological models to investigate how the suitability of habitat will change in Florida Bay for three key fishery species (Spotted Seatrout, Grey Snapper, and Spiny Lobster) and four common prey species (Mojarra, Rainwater Killifish, Goldspotted Killifish, and Pinfish) under a variety of climate change scenarios. The scenarios investigated included changes in sea level, temperature, rainfall, runoff, and evaporation. Changes in habitat suitability varied in both magnitude and direction across both scenarios and species, but were on average small; suggesting that the estuarine fauna of Florida Bay may not be that vulnerable to climate change (Figure 2).


Environmental Microbiology

● OCED scientists and summer students participated in the Ocean Sampling Day on June 21, the first global simultaneous sampling for microbes in ocean, coastal and Great Lakes waters. Over time, sampling will support international and NOAA missions to provide a snapshot of the diversity of microbes, their functions, and their potential economic benefits. Among other economic applications, microbes have been used for novel medicines, as biofuels, and to consume spilled oil. Organized and led by the European Union's MicroB3 organization, NOAA coordinated twelve sampling sites for Ocean Sampling Day 2014 within U.S. coastal waters. View images of the sample collection process in the following AOML photo gallery.

July 7, 2014


Corals

● The Coastal-Marine Automated Network (C-MAN) stations at Sand Key (SANF1) and Pulaski Shoal (PLSF1) were replaced by National Data Buoy Center technicians recently, after extensive outages. With the Long Key (LONF1) and Sombrero Key Light (SMKF1) stations repaired earlier this spring, we now have all five Florida Keys C-MAN stations operational for the first time in a few years. Meteorological sensors are operating for wind speed/direction, air temperature, and pressure at all stations. Dew point temperature and heat index are available for the Long Key and Sombrero Key Light stations, and sea surface temperature is available for the Long Key and Molasses Reef stations. Unfortunately, the ICON station at LaoLao Bay, Saipan, will soon terminate operations due to lack of funds and local maintenance work.

● NSU's Oceanographic Center will be hosting the free Dive In Summer Film Series and presenting the Changing Seas episode entitled Galápagos: Windows into the Future, which featured OCED's Derek Manzello. The film will commence at 6pm on Wednesday, July 9 and will be followed by a panel discussion featuring Dr. Manzello and other Galapagos experts. These screenings are free, but space is limited; anyone interested in attending MUST register in advance at Lcorinne@nova.edu or by calling 954-262-3678. The Changing Seas episode originally aired on local PBS stations on June 25 and can be viewed here:


Environmental Microbiology

● The microbiology team will be conducting a 3-day survey of microbial contamination at recreational beaches throughout the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary this week. As part of their summer student intern projects, they will be measuring fecal indicator bacteria, microbial source tracking markers, pathogens, and other microbial contaminants in the sand, seaweed wrack, and near-shore waters of beaches from Key Largo to Key West, basing their field operations out of the Keys Marine Laboratory at Long Key, Florida. Participating are Maribeth Gidley and Chris Sinigalliano, and summer student interns Alejandro de la Cova, Trina Malone, Danny Morales, Mishelle Rodriguez and Camilla Mirow. They will be conducting beach sampling out of the KML facility from July 9 through July 12.