Our Research

Our research encompasses ocean, coastal, and atmospheric studies to ready the nation for changes driven by weather, climate, and pressures on marine ecosystems. We work to improve hurricane forecast prediction, learn how the ocean affects extreme weather events, measure the impacts of ocean acidification, and gauge impacts of microbial contamination on human health. We lead international efforts to collect and interpret global observations from ships, satellites, aircraft, buoys, and floats.

Our Research

Our research encompasses ocean, coastal, and atmospheric studies to ready the nation for changes driven by weather, climate, and pressures on marine ecosystems. We work to improve hurricane forecast prediction, learn how the ocean affects extreme weather events, measure the impacts of ocean acidification, and gauge impacts of microbial contamination on human health. We lead international efforts to collect and interpret global observations collected from ships, satellites, aircraft, buoys, and floats.

Divisions

Optimizing Observing Systems

AOML houses NOAA’s Quantitative Observing System Assessment Program (QOSAP), which allows scientists to analyze and evaluate current and future earth observation systems.

Publications

Visit AOML’s External Publication Database

AOML’s publications database is a compilation of peer-reviewed articles, technical reports, and other types of publications that spans the time frame 1985-present. It reflects the overall body of work published by AOML’s principal investigators during their affiliation with AOML.

Click to View at the American Meteorological Society Online
  • 14Jun

    Luke Thompson Receives Outstanding Scientific Paper Award

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  • 27Mar

    New Study Shows Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and Mediterranean Sea Level are Connected

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  • 21Mar

    Global Ocean is Absorbing More Carbon from Fossil Fuel Emissions

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  • 13Jun

    Coral Reefs will be Unable to Keep Pace with Sea-Level Rise

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  • 05May

    Coral Bleaching Study Offers Clues about the Future of the Florida Keys Reef Ecosystem

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  • 01Mar

    Climate Change to Drive More Extreme Heat Waves in the United States

    Read More →

Strategic Focus

Characterize Hurricane Impacts

Hurricane Field Program

  • Characterize, understand, and predict physical process important to the prediction of tropical cyclone track, intensity, and structure change and their impacts (rainfall, storm surge, flooding, damaging waves, winds, and severe weather) in support of AOML’s Hurricane Field Program.

Advance Forecast Guidance

Unified Forecast System

  • Advance hurricane forecast guidance by creating and verifying next generation numerical models and advancing data assimilation techniques in support of NOAA’s unified forecast system.

Evaluate Observing Strategies

Optimize Observations

  • Optimize the use of current and proposed observations to improve global and hurricane forecast guidance.

Understand Oceanic Carbon Feedbacks

Quantify Carbon Sequestration

  • Quantify the role of the oceans in sequestering carbon dioxide and the role and feedback of coastal oceans in the marine carbon cycle.

Support Resource Managers

Informed Decision Support

  • Apply data, models, and ecological assessments for resource management decision support.

Predict Forcing Pressures

Understand Ecosystem Change

  • Characterize, understand and predict the impact of climate change, ocean acidification, and land-based sources of pollution. This also means understanding synergistic interactions on the coastal and coral reef ecosystems of south Florida, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.

Predict Ocean & Climate Impacts

Oceanic Influence on Climate

  • Characterize, understand and predict the influence of the ocean on regional and global climate, extreme weather, sea level, and ecosystems to improve assessments, outlooks, forecasts, and resource management.

Observe Ocean Circulation

Quantify Variations

  • Observe variations in the ocean circulation and property transport from fine-scale mixing to long-term climate change and improve our understanding of the physical processes and mechanisms that control these variations.

Evaluate Ocean Observing Systems

Improve Outlooks & Assessments

  • Evaluate how new and existing observations improve ocean modeling forecasts, outlooks, and assessments.

In Our Community

Local

AOML is a proud member of the Virginia Key science community, and of the City of Miami, including the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School and NOAA’s Southeast Fisheries Science Center. Our coastal research and ecosystem assessments aid local managers in decision making, including the local municipalities and water management entities. We also conduct analysis of coastal water quality which helps inform public Health & Safety officials making decisions that impact local recreation and tourism. Additionally, our outreach efforts provide opportunities and tools for local school groups and community members to inspire scientific curiosity and learn about science happening in their community.

Regional

AOML’s hurricane research leads to improved forecasts at the National Hurricane Center. We improve  models and how observations we collect in our hurricane hunter missions are used to help ensure everyone is better prepared for hurricane impacts. Our oceanographers and ecologists also perform extensive regional water and ecosystem monitoring to understand harmful algal blooms like Red Tide, changes in economically important fisheries, and the potential outcome of Everglades Restoration activities. Our efforts to understand how coral reefs are impacted by ocean acidification and warming oceans help inform local restoration efforts led by federal, university, and non-profit partners.

Global

Our research has national and international impacts due to our contribution of ocean and atmospheric observations to operational global and regional forecast models. We collaborate with the international scientific community to conduct research cruises and maintain global ocean observing systems that are the foundation of improved weather and climate forecasts. AOML contributes to assessments to describe the State of the Climate and the ocean’s role in the global carbon cycle. And we work closely with the National Weather Service to help improve prediction of hurricanes as NOAA develops more advanced global models, such as the Hurricane Analysis Forecasts System (HAFS).

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