AOML
NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory

Physical Oceanography Division

Dr. David Enfield

Oceanographer

Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies
University of Miami
NOAA/AOML/PHOD
4301 Rickenbacker Causeway,
Miami, FL 33149, USA
Phone: (305) 361-4430
David.Enfield@noaa.gov


Research Interests

  • Large-scale ocean-atmosphere interactions.
  • Global climate variability.
  • Global warming and climate change.
  • Intra-Americas Sea climate processes

Current Work

  • Extreme weather and fisheries related to the Intra-Americas Sea.
  • Atlantic Ocean and multidecadal climate variabilit.
  • Working with SE Florida counties for climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Publications

Lee S.-K., R. Atlas, D.B. Enfield, C. Wang and H. Liu, 2013. Is There An Optimal ENSO Pattern That Enhances Large-scale Atmospheric Processes Conducive to Major Tornado Outbreaks in the U.S.? J. Clim., 26(5):1626-1642, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00128.1. [pdf]

Liu, H., C. Wang, S.-K. Lee, and D.B. Enfield, 2013: Atlantic warm pool variability in the CMIP5 simulations. J. Clim., 26: 5315-5336. [pdf]

Gimeno, L., V. Magana, and D.B. Enfield, 2011: Introduction to special section on the role of the Atlantic warm pool in the climate of the Western Hemisphere. J. Geophys. Res.,116:D00Q01, doi:10.1029/2011JD016699. [pdf]

Larson, S., S.-K. Lee, C. Wang, E.-S. Chung, and D. Enfield, 2012. Impacts of Non-canonical El Nino Patterns on Atlantic Hurricane Activity. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L14706, doi:10.1029/2012GL052595. [pdf]

Liu, H.,C. Wang, S.-K. Lee, and D.B. Enfield, 2012: Atlantic warm pool variability in the IPCC-AR4 CGCM simulations. J. Clim., 25:5612-5628. [pdf]

Liu, Y., S.-K. Lee, B. Muhling, J. T. Lamkin, and D.B. Enfield, 2012: Significant reduction of the loop current in the 21st century and its impact on the Gulf of Mexico.J. Geophys. Res., 117, C05039, doi:10.1029/2011JC007555 [pdf]

Lee, S.-K., W. Park, E. van Sebille, M.O. Baringer, C. Wang, D.B. Enfield, S. Yeager, and B.P.. Kirtman, 2011: What caused the significant increase in Atlantic ocean heat content since the mid-20th century? Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L17607, doi:10.1029/2011GL048856. [pdf]

Lee, S.-K., D.B. Enfield, and C. Wang, 2011: Future Impact of Differential Inter-Basin Ocean Warming on Atlantic Hurricanes. J. Clim., 24(4):1264-1275. [pdf]

Munoz, E., and D. Enfield, 2011: The boreal spring variability of the Intra-Americas low-level jet and its relation with precipitation and tornadoes in the eastern United States. Clim. Dynam., DOI 10.1007/s00382-009-0688-3. [pdf]

Rauscher, S. A., F. Kucharski, and D.B. Enfield, 2011: The role of regional SST warming variations in the drying of Meso-America in future climate projections, J. Clim., 24:2003-2016, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3536.1. [pdf]

Enfield, D. B., and L. Cid-Serrano, 2010: Secular and multidecadal warmings in the North Atlantic and their relationships with major hurricane activity. Int. J. Clim., 30:174-184, doi:10.1002/joc.1881. [pdf]

Jury, M.R., and D. B. Enfield, 2010: Environmental patterns associated with active and inactive Caribbean hurricane seasons. J. Clim., 23(8):2146-2160. [pdf]

Lee, S.-K., C. Wang, and D. B. Enfield, 2010: On the Impacts of Central Pacific Warming events on Atlantic Tropical Storm Activity. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L17702, doi:10.1029/2010GL044459. [pdf]

Munoz, E., and D. Enfield, 2010: The boreal springtime variability of the Intra-Americas low-level jet and its relation with precipitation and tornadoes in the eastern United States. Clim. Dynam., 36:247-259, DOI 10.107/s00382-009-0688-3. [pdf]

Munoz, E., C. Wang, and D. Enfield, 2010: The Intra-Americas Sea springtime surface temperature anomaly dipole as fingerprint of remote influences. J. Clim., 23:43-56. [pdf]

Lee, S.-K., D.B. Enfield, and C. Wang, 2008: Why do some El Ninos have no impact on tropical North Atlantic SST? Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L16705, doi:10.1029/2008GL034734. [pdf]

Wang, C., S.-K. Lee, and D.B. Enfield, 2008: Atlantic warm pool acting as a link between Atlantic multidecadal oscillation and Atlantic tropical cyclone activity. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 9:Q05V03,doi:10.1029/2007GC001809. (In the special issue of "Interactions between climate and tropical cyclones on all timescales".) [pdf]

Wang, C., S.-K. Lee, and D.B. Enfield, 2008: Climate response to anomalously large and small Atlantic warm pools during the summer. J. Clim., 21:2437-2450. [pdf]

Lee, S.-K., D.B. Enfield, and C. Wang, 2007: What drives seasonal onset and decay of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool?. J. Clim., 20(10):2133-2146. [pdf]

Mestas-Nunez, A.M., D.B. Enfield, and C. Zhang, 2007: Water vapor fluxes over the Intra-Americas Sea: Seasonal and interannual variability and associations with rainfall. J. Clim., 20(9):1910-1922. [pdf]

Wang, C., S.-K. Lee, and D. B. Enfield, 2007: Impact of the Atlantic warm pool on the summer climate of the Western Hemisphere. J. Clim., 20:5021-5040. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., and L. Cid-Serrano, 2006: Projecting the risk of future climate shifts. Int. J. Climatol., 26(7):885-895. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B, S.-K. Lee, and C. Wang, 2006: How are large Western Hemisphere Warm Pools formed? Prog. Oceanogr., 70(2-4):346-365 [pdf]

Wang, C., D.B. Enfield, S.-K. Lee, and C.W. Landsea, 2006: Influences of the Atlantic warm pool on Western Hemisphere summer rainfall and Atlantic hurricanes. J. Clim., 19:3011-3028. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B, and S.-K. Lee, 2005: The Heat Balance of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool. J. Clim., 18:2662-2681. [pdf]

Lee, S.-K., D.B. Enfield, and C. Wang, 2005: Ocean general circulation model sensitivity experiments on the annual cycle of Western Hemisphere Warm Pool. J. Geophys. Res., 110, C09004, doi:10.1029/2004JC002640. [pdf]

Mestas-Nunez, A.M., C. Zhang and D.B. Enfield, 2005: Uncertainties in Estimating Moisture Fluxes in the Intra-Americas Sea. J. Hydrometeorol., 6:696-709. [pdf]

Brenes, C.L., J.E. Coen, D.B. Chelton, D.B. Enfield, S. Leon, and D. Ballestero, 2003: Small scale wind driven upwelling in the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica. Intl. J. of Rem. Sens., 24:1127-1133. [pdf]

Wang, C. and D.B. Enfield, 2003: A further study of the tropical Western Hemisphere warm pool. J. Clim., 16:1476-1493. [pdf]

Jury, M.R., D.B. Enfield, and J.-L. Melice, 2002: Tropical monsoons around Africa: Stability of El Nino-Southern Oscillation associations and links with continental climate. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C10), 3151, doi:10.1029/2000JC000507 [pdf]

Nogues-Paegle, J., C.R. Mechoso, R. Fu, E.H. Berbery, W.C. Chao, T.-C. Chen, K. Cook, A.F. Diaz, D.B. Enfield, R. Ferreira, A.M. Grimm, V. Kousky, B. Liebmann, J. Marengo, K. Mo, J.D. Neelin, J. Paegle, A.W. Robertson, A. Seth, C.S. Vera, and J. Zhou, 2002: Progress in Pan American CLIVAR research: Understanding the South American monsoon. Meteorologica, 27(1-2):3-32. [pdf]

Taylor, M.A., D.B. Enfield, and A.A. Chen, 2002: The influence of the tropical Atlantic vs. the tropical Pacific on Caribbean Rainfall. J. Geophys. Res., 107(c9)10.1029/2001JC001097. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., 2001: Evolution and historical perspective of the 1997-1998 El Nino- Southern Oscillation event. Bull. Marine Science, 69(1): 7-25. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B. and A.M. Mestas-Nunez, 2001: Interannual-to-multidecadal climate variability and its relationship to global sea surface temperatures. In: Inter-Hemispheric Climate Linkages, V.Markgraf (ed.), Academic Press, 17-29. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., A.M. Mestas-Nunez, and P.J. Trimble, 2001: The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and its relationship to rainfall and river flows in the continental U.S. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28: 2077-2080 [pdf]

Mestas-Nunez, A.M and D.B. Enfield, 2001: Eastern Equatorial Pacific SST Variability: ENSO and Non-ENSO Components and their Climatic Associations. J. Clim., 14:391-402. [pdf]

Wang, C. and D.B. Enfield, 2001: The tropical Western Hemisphere warm pool. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28:1635-1638. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B. and A.M. Mestas-Nunez, 2000: Global modes of ENSO and non-ENSO SST variability and their associations with climate. In: El Nino and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and Global and Regional Impacts, H.F. Diaz and V. Markgraf, eds, Cambridge University Press, 89-112. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B. and E.J. Alfaro, 1999: The Dependence of Caribbean Rainfall on the Interaction of the Tropical Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. J. Clim., 12:2093-2103. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B. and A.M. Mestas-Nunez, 1999: Multiscale variabilities in global sea surface temperatures and their relationships with tropospheric climate patterns. J. Clim., 12:2719-2733. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., A.M. Mestas-Nunez, D.A. Mayer, and L. Cid-Serrano, 1999: How ubiquitous is the dipole relationship in tropical Atlantic sea surface temperatures? J. Geophys. Res., 104:7841-7848. [pdf]

Mestas-Nunez, A.M. and D.B. Enfield, 1999:Rotated global modes of non-ENSO sea surface temperature variability J. Climate 12, 2734-2746. [pdf]

Rodbell, D.T., G.O. Seltzer, D.M. Anderson, M.B. Abbott, D.B. Enfield, and J.H. Newman, 1999: A high-resolution ~15,000 year record of El Nino driven alluviation in southwestern Ecuador. Science, 283:516-520. [pdf]

Swart, P., K.S. White, D.B. Enfield, P. Milne, R.E. Dodge, 1998: Stable Oxygen Isotopic Composition of Corals from the Gulf of Guinea as Indicators of Periods of Extreme Precipitation Conditions in the sub-Sahara, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 27,885-27,891. [pdf]

Alfaro, E.L., L. Cid-Serrano and D.B. Enfield, 1998: Relaciones entre la entrada de la estacion lluviosa en Centroamerica y los Oceanos Pacifico y Atlantico tropical. Revista de Investigaciones Marinas, 26, 59-69. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B. and D.A. Mayer, 1997: Tropical Atlantic SST variability and its relation to El Nino-Southern Oscillation, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 929-945. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., 1996: Relationships of inter-American rainfall to tropical Atlantic and Pacific SST variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 3505-3508. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B. and J.E. Harris, 1995: A Comparative Study of Tropical Pacific Sea Surface Height Variability: Tide Gauges vs. the NMC Data-Assimilating OGCM, 1982-1992, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 8661-8675. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., 1992: Historical and prehistorical overview of El Nino/Southern Oscillation, In: El Nino: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation, Diaz, H. and V. Markgraf, eds. Cambridge University Press, pp. 95-117 .

Enfield, D.B. and L. Cid-Serrano, 1991: Low-frequency changes in El Nino/Southern Oscillation, J. Climate, 4, 1137-1146. [pdf]

Enfield,D.B., 1989: El Nino, past and present, Reviews of Geophysics, 27 (1), 159-187. [pdf]

McCreary, J.P. Jr., H.S. Lee and D.B. Enfield, 1989: The response of the coastal ocean to strong offshore winds: With application to circulations in the Gulfs of Tehuantepec and Papagayo, Journal of Marine Research, 47, 81-109. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., 1988: Is El Nino becoming more common?, Oceanography Mag., 1(2), 23-27.

Enfield, D.B., 1987: Progress in understanding El Nino, Endeavor, 11, 197-208. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., M.P. Cornejo-Rodriguez, R.L. Smith and P.M. Newberger, 1987: The equatorial source of propagating variability along the Peru coast during the 1982-1983 El Nino, J.Geophys. Res., 92, 14,335-14,346. [pdf]

Cornejo-Rodriguez, M.P. and D.B. Enfield, 1987: Propagation and forcing of high-frequency sea level variability along the west coast of South America, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 14,323-14,334. [pdf]

D.B. Enfield, 1987: The intraseasonal oscillation in eastern Pacific sea levels: How is it forced?, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 1860-1876. [pdf]

Spillane, M.C., D.B. Enfield and J.S. Allen, 1987: Intraseasonal oscillations in sea level along the west coast of the Americas, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 313-325. [pdf]

Komar, P.D. and D.B. Enfield, 1987: Short-term sea-level changes and coastal erosion, In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Sea Level Change and Coastal Evolution, Dag Nummedal et al., Eds., Spec. Pub. #41 of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., 1986: Zonal and seasonal variability of the equatorial Pacific heat balance, J.Phys. Oceanogr., 16, 1038-1054. [pdf]

Chelton, D.B. and D.B. Enfield, 1986: Ocean signals in tide gauge records, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 9081-9098. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B. and J.S. Allen, 1983: The generation and propagation of energetic sea level events along the Pacific coast of Mexico. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 1012-1033. doi: 10.1175/1520-0485(1983). [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., 1981: Annual and nonseasonal variability of monthly low-level wind fields over the southeastern tropical Pacific. Monthly Weather Review, 109, 2177-2190. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., 1981: Thermally driven wind variability in the planetary boundary layer above Lima, Peru. J. Geophys. Res., 86, 2005-2016. [pdf]

Enfield, D.B., 1981: El Nino: The Pacific eastern boundary response to interannual forcing. In: Fisheries Management and Environmental Uncertainties: El Nino and the Anchoveta, M. Glantz and D. Thompson, eds., pp. 213-254, New York, Wiley, Interscience.

Enfield, D.B. and J.S. Allen, 1980: On the structure and dynamics of monthly mean sea level anomalies along the Pacific coast of North and South America. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 10, 557-578. [pdf]

Burt, W.V., D.B. Enfield, R.L. Smith and H. Crew, 1973: The surface wind over an upwelling area near Pisco, Peru. Boundary Layer Met., 3, 385-391.

Smith, R.L., D.B. Enfield, T.S. Hopkins and R.D. Pillsbury, 1971: The circulation in an upwelling ecosystem: The Pisco Cruise. Investigacion Pesquera, 35 (1):9-24, Barcelona

Smith, R.L., C.N.K. Mooers and D.B. Enfield, 1971: Mesoscale studies of the physical oceanography in two coastal upwelling regions: Oregon and Peru. In: Fertility of the Sea, Vol. 2, ed. by J.D. Costlow, Gordon and Breach Science Publ., N.Y.

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