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1999 Tropical Cyclone Meteorology and Oceanography Publications

by Chris Landsea and Brian Owens

This is a compilation of all reviewed papers and books (or chapters of books) on the meteorology/oceanography of hurricanes, tropical cyclones, tropical storms, typhoons and easterly waves that were published in 1999 (See at end on how to obtain compilations for the years 1993 to 1998.) If there are any additions or corrections that need to be made, please e-mail me directly.

All Available Journals 1999

AUSTRALIAN METEOROLOGICAL MAGAZINE

  • "Shorter contribution - Modelling tropical cyclone intensity", J. F. Le Marshall, L. M. Leslie, June 1999: AUSTRALIAN METEOROLOGICAL MAGAZINE, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 147 - 152.
  • "The South Pacific and southeast Indian Ocean tropical cyclone season 1996-97", B. N. Hanstrum, G. Reader, P. W. Bate, September 1999: AUSTRALIAN METEOROLOGICAL MAGAZINE, Vol. 48, No. 3, pp. 197 - 210.

BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY

  • "Typhoons affecting Taiwan: Current understanding and future challenges", C. C. Wu, Y. H. Kuo, January 1999: BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 67 - 80.
  • "Impact on hurricane track and intensity forecasts of GPS dropwindsonde observations from the first-season flights of the NOAA Gulfstream-IV jet aircraft", S. D. Aberson, J. L. Franklin, March 1999: BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol. 80, No. 3, pp. 421 - 427.
  • "A single-radar technique for estimating the winds in tropical cyclones", J. Tuttle, R. Gall, April 1999: BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol. 80, No. 4, pp. 653 - 668.
  • "The Hurricane Landfall Workshop summary", Elsberry, R.L., and F.D. Marks, 1999: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 80(4):683-685.
  • "Impacts of 1997-98 El Nino-generated weather in the United States", S. A. Changnon, September 1999: BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY,, Vol. 80, No. 9, pp. 1819 - 1827.
  • "Decadal variations of tropical cyclone activity over the central North Pacific", P.S. Chu, J. D. Clark, September 1999: BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol. 80, No. 9, pp. 1875 - 1881.
  • "La Nina, El Nino, and Atlantic hurricane damages in the United States", R. A. Pielke, C. W. Landsea, October 1999: BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol. 80, No. 10, pp. 2027 - 2033.
  • "Atlantic and east coast hurricanes 1900-98: A frequency and intensity study for the twenty-first century", E. Smith, December 1999: BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol. 80, No. 12, pp. 2717-2720.

CLIMATE DYNAMICS

  • "Increased hurricane intensities with CO2-induced warming as simulated using the GFDL hurricane prediction system", T. R. Knutson, R. E. Tuleya, July 1999: CLIMATE DYNAMICS, Vol. 15, No. 7, pp. 503 - 519.
  • "Easterly wave regimes and associated convection over West Africa and tropical Atlantic: results from the NCEP/NCAR and ECMWF re-analyses", A. Diedhiou, S. Janicot, A. Viltard, P. de Felice, H. Laurent, November 1999: CLIMATE DYNAMICS, Vol. 15, No. 11, pp. 795 - 822.

CLIMATIC CHANGE

  • "Is strange weather in the air? A study of US National Network News coverage of extreme weather events", S. Ungar, February 1999: CLIMATIC CHANGE, Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 133 - 150.
  • "Atlantic basin hurricanes: Indices of climatic changes", C. W. Landsea, R. A. Pielke, A. Mestas-Nunez, J. A. Knaff, May 1999: CLIMATIC CHANGE, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 89 - 129.
  • "Changes in climate extremes over the Australian region and New Zealand during the twentieth century", N. Plummer, M. J. Salinger, N. Nicholls, R. Suppiah, K. J. Hennessy, R. M. Leighton, B. Trewin, C. M. Page, J. M. Lough, May 1999: CLIMATIC CHANGE, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 183 - 202.

EARTH RESEARCH FROM SPACE

  • Pokrovskaya I. V. and Sharkov E. A. Structural features of tropical cyclogenesis for Northern and Southern hemispheres in application to satellite monitoring problems. EARTH RESEARCH FROM SPACE ( Earth Obs. Rem. Sens. - English Transl. ) . 1999 . N1. p. 18-27.
  • Pokrovskaya I. V. and Sharkov E. A. Structural features of global tropical cyclogenesis for initial forms in application to satellite monitoring problems. EARTH RESEARCH FROM SPACE ( Earth Obs. Rem. Sens. - English Transl. ).1999. N 3. p. 1-13.

ENGINEERING STRUCTURES

  • "Wind, terrain and structural damping characteristics under tropical cyclone conditions", J. Shanmugasundaram, P. Harikrishna, S. Gomathinayagam, N. Lakshmanan, November 1999: ENGINEERING STRUCTURES, Vol. 21, No. 11, pp. 1006 - 1014.

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS

  • "The relationship between the Southern Oscillation Index and tropical cyclone tracks in Eastern North Pacific" R. P. Irwin, R. E. Davis, August 1999: GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, Vol. 26, No. 15, pp. 2251 - 2254.
  • "Statistical aspects of major (intense) hurricanes in the Atlantic basin during the past 49 hurricane seasons (1950-1998): Implications for the current season", R. M. Wilson, October 1999: GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, Vol. 26, No. 19, pp. 2957 - 2960.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY

  • "A GCM investigation of global warming impacts relevant to tropical cyclone genesis", L. M. Druyan, P. Lonergan, T. Eichler, May 1999: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, Vol. 19, No. 6, pp. 607 - 617.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PATTERN RECOGNITION AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

  • "An automatic satellite interpretation of tropical cyclone patterns using elastic graph dynamic link model", R. S. T. Lee, J. N. K. Liu, December 1999: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PATTERN RECOGNITION AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Vol. 13, No. 8, pp. 1251-1270.

JOURNAL OF CLIMATE

  • "Fluctuations in North Atlantic hurricane frequency", J. B. Elsner, A. B. Kara, M. A, Owens, February 1999: JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 427 - 437.
  • "Climatic determinants and statistical prediction of tropical cyclone days in the southwest Indian ocean", M. R. Jury, B. Pathack, B. Parker, June 1999: JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, Vol. 12, No. 6, pp. 1738 - 1746.
  • "Climate simulations of African easterly waves", J. C. Fyfe, June 1999: JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, Vol. 12, No. 6, pp. 1747 - 1769.
  • "Validation of the space-time variability of African easterly waves simulated by the CNRM GCM", J. P. Ceron, J. F. Gueremy, September 1999: JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, Vol. 12, No. 9, pp. 2832 - 2855.
  • "Impact of large-scale circulation on tropical storm frequency, intensity, and location, simulated by an ensemble of GCM integrations", E. Vitart, J. L. Anderson, W. F. Stern, November 1999: JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, Vol. 12, No. 11, pp. 3237 - 3254.

JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH

  • "Event timing and sequence in coastal shoreline erosion: Hurricanes Bertha and Fran and the Neuse estuary", J. D. Phillips, Summer 1999: JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 616 - 623.

JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

  • "Ocean spray and the thermodynamics of tropical cyclones", J. Lighthill, February 1999: JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS, Vol. 35, No. 1 - 2, pp. 11 - 42.

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH - ATMOSPHERES

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  • "Tropical cyclone Marlene and stratosphere-troposphere exchange", J. L. Baray, G. Ancellet, T. Randriambelo, S. Baldy, June 1999: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH - ATMOSPHERES, Vol. 104, No. D11, pp. 13953 - 13970.
  • "Storm activity in ancient climates 1. Sensitivity of severe storms to climate forcing factors on geologic timescales", A. M. Agustsdottir, E. J. Barron, K. L. Bice, L. A. Colarusso, J. L. Cookman, B. A. Cosgrove, J. L. De Lurio, J. F. Dutotn, B. J. Frakes, L. A. Frakes, C. J. Moy, T. D. Olszewski, R. D. Pancost, C. J. Poulsen, C. M. Ruffner, D. G. Sheldon, T. S. White, November 1999: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH - ATMOSPHERES, Vol. 104, No. D22, pp. 27277-27293.

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH - OCEANS

  • "NSCAT high-resolution surface wind measurements in Typhoon Violet", W. L Jones, V. J. Cardone, W. J. Pierson, J. Zec, L. P. Rice, A. Cox, W. B. Sylvester, May 1999: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH - OCEANS, Vol. 104, No. C5, pp. 11247 - 11259.
  • "Uncertainty of South China Sea prediction using NSCAT and National Centers for Environmental Prediction winds during tropical storm Ernie, 1996", P. C. Chu, S. H. Lu, W. T. Liu, May 1999: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH - OCEANS, Vol. 104, No. C5, pp. 11273 - 11289.
  • "Revised ocean backscatter models at C and Ku-band under high wind conditions", Donnelly, W.J., J.R. Carswell, R.E. McIntosh, P.S. Chang, J.C. Wilkerson, F.D. Marks, and P.G. Black. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 104(C5):11,485-11,498 (1999).
  • "Shallow water currents during hurricane Andrew", T. R. Keen, S. M. Glenn, October 1999: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH - OCEANS, Vol. 104, No. C10, pp. 23443 - 23458.

JOURNAL OF OFFSHORE MECHANICS AND ARCTIC ENGINEERING - TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME

  • "Estimating bimodal frequency-direction spectra from surface buoy data recorded during tropical cyclones", K. C. Ewans, T. van der Vlugt, August 1999: JOURNAL OF OFFSHORE MECHANICS AND ARCTIC ENGINEERING - TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, Vol. 121, No. 3, pp. 172 - 180.

JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

  • "The ocean's effect on the intensity of tropical cyclones: Results from a simple coupled atmosphere-ocean model", L. R. Schade, K. A. Emanuel, February 1999: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, Vol. 56, No. 4, pp. 642 - 651.
  • "Polygonal eyewalls, asymmetric eye contraction, and potential vorticity mixing in hurricanes", W. H. Schubert, M. T. Montgomery, R. K. Taft, T. A. Guinn, S. R. Fulton, J. P. Kossin, J. P. Edwards, May 1999: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, Vol. 56, No. 9, pp. 1197 - 1223.
  • "The role of potential vorticity generation in tropical cyclone rainbands", P. T. May, G. J. Holland, May 1999: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, Vol. 56, No. 9, pp. 1224 - 1228.
  • "A numerical study on tropical cyclone intensification. Part I: Beta effect and mean flow effect", M. S. Peng, B. F. Jeng, R. T. Williams, May 1999: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, Vol. 56, No. 10, pp. 1404 - 1423.
  • Kuo, H.-C., R. T. Willams, and J.-H. Chen, 1999: A possible mechanism > for the eye rotation of typhoon Herb. JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 56, 1659--1673.
  • "Electrification of the hurricane", R. A. Black, J. Hallett, June 1999: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, Vol. 56, No. 12, pp. 2004 - 2028.
  • "The role of tropical cyclones in the formation of tropical upper-tropospheric troughs", R. N. Ferreira, W. H. Schubert, August 1999: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, Vol. 56, No. 16, pp. 2891 - 2907.
  • "Development of synoptic-scale disturbances over the summertime tropical northwest Pacific", A. H. Sobel, C. S. Bretherton, September 1999: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, Vol. 56, No. 17, pp. 3106 - 3127.

JOURNAL OF THE METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN

  • "Structure and evolution of convection within Typhoon Yancy (T9313) in the early developing stage observed by the Keifu Maru radar", K. Mori, S. Ishigaki, T. Maehira, M. Ohya, H. Takeuchi, April 1999: JOURNAL OF THE METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, Vol. 77, No. 2, pp. 459 - 482.

JOURNAL OF WIND ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL AERODYNAMICS

  • "The observation of typhoon winds in Okinawa by Doppler sodar", T. Amano, H. Fukushima, T. Ohkuma, A. Kawaguchi, S. Goto, November - December 1999: JOURNAL OF WIND ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL AERODYNAMICS, Vol. 83, pp. 11 - 20.
  • "A re-examination of the characteristics of tropical cyclone winds", R. N. Sharma, P. J. Richards, November - December 1999: JOURNAL OF WIND ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL AERODYNAMICS, Vol. 83, pp. 21 - 33.
  • "Numerical modelling of extreme tropical cyclone winds", B. A. Harper, November - December 1999: JOURNAL OF WIND ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL AERODYNAMICS, Vol. 83, pp. 35 - 47.

METEOROLOGY AND ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS

  • "Influence of the 6-9 day wave disturbances on temperature, vorticity and cloud cover over the tropical Atlantic during summer 1985", J. Oubuih, P. de Felice, A. Viltard, 1999: METEOROLOGY AND ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS, Vol. 69, No. 3 - 4, pp. 137 - 144

MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW

  • "An analysis of Hurricane Opal's forecast track errors using quasigeostrophic potential vorticity inversion", J. M. Henderson, G. M. Lackmann, J. R. Gyakum, March 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW Vol. 127, No. 3, pp. 292 - 307
  • "A simple statistical-synoptic track prediction technique for western North Pacific tropical cyclones", J. M. Chen, R. L. Elsberry, M. A. Boothe, L. E. Carr, January 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 1, pp. 89 - 102.
  • "Relationships between tropical cyclone intensity and satellite-based indicators of inner core convection: 85-GHz ice-scattering signature and lightning", D. J. Cecil, E.J. Zipser, January 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 1, pp. 103 - 123.
  • "Potential vorticity asymmetries and tropical cyclone motion", L. J. Shapiro, J. L. Franklin, January 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 1, pp. 124 - 131.
  • "A tropical cyclone with an enormous central cold cover", M. A. Lander, January 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 1, pp. 132 - 136.
  • "A tropical cyclone with a very large eye", M. A. Lander, January 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 1, pp. 137 - 142.
  • "Convective structure of hurricanes as revealed by lightning locations", J. Molinari, P. Moore, V. Idone, April 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 4, pp. 520 - 534.
  • "Atlantic hurricane season of 1996", R. J. Pasch, L. A. Avila, May 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 5, pp. 581 - 610.
  • "Tropical cyclone genesis in a global numerical weather prediction model", J. C. L. Chan, R. H. F. Kwok, May 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 5, pp. 611 - 624.
  • "The kinematic structure of a hurricane with sea level pressure less than 900 mb", P. Dodge, R. W. Burpee, F. D. Marks, June 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 6, pp. 987 - 1004.
  • "Interannual and intraseasonal variations in monsoon depressions and their westward-propagating predecessors", T. C. Chen, S. P. Weng, June 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 6, pp. 1005 - 1020.
  • "Momentum transports associated with tropical cyclone recurvature", Y. S. Li, J. C. L. Chan, June 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 6, pp. 1021 - 1037.
  • "Ensemble forecasting of tropical cyclone motion using a barotropic model. Part I: Perturbations of the environment", K. K. W. Cheung, J. C. L. Chan, June 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 6, pp. 1229 - 1243.
  • "Eastern Hemisphere tropical cyclones of 1996", M. A. Lander, E. J. Trehubenko, C. P. Guard, June 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 6, pp. 1274 - 1300.
  • "The interaction of easterly waves, orography, and the intertropical convergence zone in the genesis of eastern Pacific tropical cyclones", J. A. Zehnder, D. M. Powell, D. L. Ropp, July 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 7, pp. 1566 - 1585.
  • "Further studies of the optimization of a hurricane track prediction model using the adjoint equations", R. W. Jones, M. DeMaria, July 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 7, pp. 1586 - 1598.
  • "Comments on "A multiscale numerical study of Hurricane Andrew (1992). Part I: Explicit simulation and verification."", Powell, M.D., and S.H. Houston, 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 127(7):1706-1710.
  • "Statistical postprocessing of NOGAPS tropical cyclone track forecasts", R.L. Elsberry, M. A. Boothe, G. A. Ulses, P. A. Harr, August 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 8, pp. 1912 - 1919.
  • "Atlantic hurricane season of 1997", E. N. Rappaport, September 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 9, pp. 2012 - 2026.
  • "Large-scale patterns associated with tropical cyclogenesis in the western Pacific", E. A. Ritchie, G. J. Holland, September 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 9, pp. 2027 - 2043.
  • "Effects of environmental flow upon tropical cyclone structure", W. M. Frank, E. A. Ritchie, September 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 9, pp. 2044 - 2061.
  • "The low-level structure of African easterly waves in 1995", I. Pytharoulis, C. Thorncroft, October 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 10, pp. 2266 - 2280.
  • "Tropical cyclone kinematic structure retrieved from single-Doppler radar observations. Part I: Interpretation of Doppler velocity patterns and the GBVTD technique", W. C. Lee, B. J. D. Jou, P. L. Chang, S. M. Deng, October 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 10, pp. 2419 - 2439.
  • "Eastern North Pacific hurricane season of 1997", M. B. Lawrence, October 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 10, pp. 2440 - 2454.
  • "A multi-scale numerical study of Hurricane Andrew (1992). Part II: Kinematics and inner-core structures", Y. B. Liu, D. L. Zhang, M. K. Yau, November 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 11, pp 2597 - 2616.
  • "Ensemble forecasting of tropical cyclone motion using a barotropic model. Part II: Perturbations of the vortex", K. K. W. Cheung, J.C. L. Chan, November 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 11, pp. 2617 - 2640.
  • "Size of tropical cyclones as inferred from ERS-1 and ERS-2 data", K. S. Liu, J. C. L. Chan, December 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 12, pp. 2992-3001.
  • "An observational study of environmental influences on the intensity changes of Typhoons Flo (1990) and Gene (1990)", C. C. Wu, H. J. Cheng, December 1999: MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, Vol. 127, No. 12, pp. 3003-3031.

NATURE

  • "Hurricane heat engines", Willoughby, H.E., 1999: NATURE, 401:649-650.
  • "Thermodynamic control of hurricane intensity", K. Emanuel, October 1999: NATURE, Vol. 401, No. 6754, pp. 665 - 669.

PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF THE EARTH PART B - HYDROLOGY OCEANS AND ATMOSPHERE

  • "Study of the hurricane-like Mediterranean cyclone of January 1995", I. Pytharoulis, G. C. Craig, S. P. Ballard, 1999: PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF THE EARTH PART B - HYDROLOGY OCEANS AND ATMOSPHERE, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 627 - 632.

PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS

  • "Simulation of tropical cyclone circulation over Bay of Bengal using the Arakawa-Schubert cumulus parameterization. Part I - Description of the model, initial data and results of the control experiment", D. V. B. Rao, K. Ashok, October 1999: PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, Vol. 156, No. 3, pp. 525 - 542.

QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY

  • "Maintenance of the African easterly jet", C. D. Thorncroft, M. Blackburn, April 1999: QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol. 125, No. 555, pp. 763 - 786.
  • "A numerical study of tropical-cyclone structure: Quasi-stationary spiral bands", H. C. Weber, April 1999: QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol. 125, No. 555, pp. 811 - 836.

QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL

  • "Hurricane records on the South Carolina coast: Can they be detected in the sediment record?", E. S. Collins, D. B. Scott, P. T. Gayes, 1999: QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, Vol. 56, pp. 15 - 26.

SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE

  • "Synoptic environment of composite tropical cyclones in the South-West Indian Ocean", B. A. Parker, M. R. Jury, 1999: SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE, Vol. 21, pp. 99-115.

WEATHER AND FORECASTING

  • "Performance of the Navy's tropical cyclone prediction model in the western North Pacific basin during 1996", M. A. Rennick, June 1999: WEATHER AND FORECASTING, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 297 - 305.
  • "An updated Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme (SHIPS) for the Atlantic and eastern North Pacific basins", June 1999: M. DeMaria, J. Kaplan, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 326 - 337.
  • "Comparisons of HRD and SLOSH surface wind fields in hurricanes: Implications for storm surge modeling", S. H. Houston, W. A. Shaffer, M. D. Powell, J. Chen, October 1999: WEATHER AND FORECASTING, Vol. 14, No. 5, pp. 671 - 686.

Books 1999
  • Attaway, J. A., 1999: Hurricanes and Florida Agriculture. Florida Science Source, Inc., Lake Alfred, FL, 444 pp.
  • Elsner, J. B., and A. B. Kara, 1999: Hurricanes of the North Atlantic - Climate and Society. Oxford University Press, New York, 488 pp.
  • Fitzpatrick, P. J., 1999: Natural Disasters Hurricanes - A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, CA, 286 pp.
  • Larson, E., 1999: Isaac's Storm Crown Publishers, New York, 323 pp.
  • Neumann, C. J., B. R. Jarvinen, C. J. McAdie, and G. R. Hammer, 1999: Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1871-1998. Historical Climatology Series 6-2. Prepared by the National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, in cooperation with the Tropical Prediction Center/ OAR, Miami, FL, 206 pp.


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