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Chronological List of All Hurricanes: 1851 - 2013

(Revised in February 2014 to include the 2013 season)

Year Month States Affected and Category by States Highest
Saffir-
Simpson
U.S. Category
Central Pressure
(mb)
Max Wind
(kt)
Name
1850s
1851 Jun TX, C1 197480-----
1851 Aug FL, NW3; I-GA, 13955100"Great Middle Florida"
1852 Aug AL, 3; MS, 3; LA, 2; FL, SW2, NW1 3 961 100 "Great Mobile"
1852 Sep FL, SW1 1 982 70 -----
1852 Oct FL, NW2; I-GA, 1 2 965 90 "Middle Florida"
1853 Oct * GA, 1 1 965 70 -----
1854 Jun TX, S1 1 982 70 -----
1854 Sep GA, 3; SC, 2; FL, NE1 3 950 100 "Great Carolina"
1854 Sep TX, C2 2 965 90 "Matagorda"
1855 Sep LA, 3; MS, 3 3 945 110 "Middle Gulf Shore"
1856 Aug LA, 4 4 934 130 "Last Island"
1856 Aug FL, NW2; I-AL, 1; I-GA, 1 2 965 90 "Southeastern States"
1857 Sep NC, 2 2 961 90 -----
1858 Sep NY, 1; CT, 1; RI, 1; MA, 1 1 976 80 "New England"
1859 Sep AL, 1; FL, NW1 1 982 70 -----
1859 Oct FL, SW1, SE1 1 974 80 -----
1860s
1860 Aug LA, 3; MS, 3; AL, 2 3 945 110 -----
1860 Sep LA, 2; MS, 2; AL, 1 2 965 90 -----
1860 Oct LA, 2 2 965 90 -----
1861 Aug * FL, SW1 1 978 70 "Key West"
1861 Sep NC, 1 1 985 70 "Equinoctial"
1861 Nov NC, 1 1 985 70 "Expedition"
1862 None
1863 None
1864 None
1865 Sep LA, 2; TX, N1 2 965 90 "Sabine River"
1865 Oct FL, SW2, SE1 2 969 90 -----
1866 Jul TX, C2 2 965 90 -----
1867 Jun SC, 1 1 985 70 -----
1867 Oct LA, 2; TX, S1, N1; FL, NW1 2 965 90 "Galveston"
1868 None
1869 Aug TX, C2 2 965 90 "Lower Texas Coast"
1869 Sep LA, 1 1 982 70 -----
1869 Sep RI, 3; MA, 3; NY, 1; CT, 1 3 963 100 "Eastern New England"
1869 Oct & ME, 2; MA, 1 2 965 90 "Saxby's Gale"
1870s
1870 Jul AL, 1 1 982 70 "Mobile"
1870 Oct * FL, SW1, SE1 1 970 70 "Twin Key West (I)"
1870 Oct FL, SW1 1 977 80 "Twin Key West (II)"
1871 Aug FL, SE3, NE1, NW1 3 955 100 -----
1871 Aug FL, SE2, NE1 2 965 90 -----
1871 Sep FL, NW1, SW1 1 982 70 -----
1872 None
1873 Sep FL, NW1 1 982 70 -----
1873 Oct FL, SW3, SE2, NE1 3 959 100 -----
1874 Sep FL, NW1; SC, 1; NC, 1 1 981 80 -----
1875 Sep TX, C3, S2 3 955 100 -----
1876 Sep NC, 1; VA, 1 1 980 80 -----
1876 Oct FL, SW2, SE1 2 973 90 -----
1877 Sep LA, 1; FL, NW1 1 982 70 -----
1877 Oct FL, NW3; I-GA, 1 3 955 100 -----
1878 Sep FL, NW2, SW2, NE1; SC, 1; GA, 1 2 970 90 -----
1878 Oct NC, 2; VA, 1; MD, 1; DE, 1;
NJ, 1; I-PA, 1
2 963 90 -----
1879 Aug NC, 3; VA, 2; MA, 1 3 971 100 -----
1879 Aug TX, N2; LA, 2 2 964 90 -----
1879 Sep LA, 3 3 945 110 -----
1880s
1880 Aug # TX, S3 3 931 110 -----
1880 Aug FL, SE2, NE1, NW1 2 972 90 -----
1880 Sep NC, 1 1 987 70 -----
1880 Oct FL, NW1 1 982 70 -----
1881 Aug GA, 2; SC, 1 2 970 90 -----
1881 Sep NC, 2 2 975 90 -----
1882 Sep FL, NW3; I-AL, 1 3 949 110 -----
1882 Oct FL, NW1 1 985 70 -----
1883 Sep NC, 2; SC, 1 2 965 90 -----
1884 None
1885 Aug SC, 2; NC, 1; GA, 1; FL, NE1 2 970 90 -----
1886 Jun TX, N2; LA, 2 2 970 85 -----
1886 Jun FL, NW2; I-GA, 1 2 970 85 -----
1886 Jun FL, NW2; I-GA, 1 2 970 85 -----
1886 Jul FL, NW1 1 982 70 -----
1886 Aug TX, C4 4 925 130 "Indianola"
1886 Sep # TX, S1, C1 1 973 80 -----
1886 Oct LA, 3; TX, N2 3 950 105 -----
1887 Jul FL, NW1; I-AL, 1 1 978 75 -----
1887 Aug * NC, 1 1 946 65 -----
1887 Sep TX, S1 1 973 75 -----
1887 Oct LA, 1 1 978 75 -----
1888 Jun TX, C1 1 982 70 -----
1888 Aug FL, SE3, SW1; LA2; I-MS, 1 3 945 110 -----
1888 Sep & MA, TS TS 985 55 -----
1888 Oct FL, NW2, NE1 2 970 95 -----
1889 Sep LA, 1 1 982 70 -----
1890s
1890 None
1891 Jul TX, C1, N1 1 974 80 -----
1891 Aug FL, SE1 1 985 70 -----
1892 None
1893 Aug NY, 1; CT, 1 1 986 75 "Midnight Storm"
1893 Aug GA, 3; SC, 3; I-NC, 1; FL, NE1 3 954 100 "Sea Islands"
1893 Sep LA, 2 2 970 85 -----
1893 Oct LA, 4; MS, 2; AL, 2 4 948 115 "Chenier Caminanda"
1893 Oct SC, 3; NC, 2; I-VA, 1 3 955 105 -----
1894 Sep FL, SW2, NE1; SC, 1; VA, 1 2 975 90 -----
1894 Oct FL, NW3; I-GA, 1; NY, 1; RI, 1; CT, 1 3 950 105 -----
1895 Aug # TX, S1 1 963 65 -----
1896 Jul FL, NW2 2 970 85 -----
1896 Sep RI, 1; MA, 1 1 985 70 -----
1896 Sep FL, NW3, NE3; GA, 2; SC, 1;
I-NC, 1; I-VA, 1
3 960 110 -----
1897 Sep LA, 1; TX, N1 1 978 75 -----
1898 Aug FL, NW1 1 982 70 -----
1898 Aug GA, 1; SC, 1 1 980 75 -----
1898 Oct GA, 4; FL, NE2 4 938 115 -----
1899 Aug FL, NW2 2 979 85 -----
1899 Aug NC, 3 3 945 105 -----
1899 Oct NC, 2; SC, 2 2 955 95 -----
1900s
1900 Sep TX, N4 4 936 120 "Galveston"
1901 Jul NC, 1 1 983 70 -----
1901 Aug LA, 1; MS, 1; AL, 1 1 973 75 -----
1902 None
1903 Sep FL, SE1, NW1 1 974 80 -----
1903 Sep NJ, 1; DE, 1 1 990 70 -----
1904 Sep SC, 1 1 985 70 -----
1904 Oct FL, SE1 1 985 70 -----
1905 None
1906 Jun FL, SW1, SE1 1 979 75 -----
1906 Sep SC, 1; NC, 1 1 977 80 -----
1906 Sep MS, 2; AL, 2; FL, NW2; LA, 1 2 958 95 -----
1906 Oct FL, SW3, SE3 3 953 105 -----
1907 None
1908 May & NC, TS TS 989 55 -----
1908 Jul NC, 1 1 985 70 -----
1909 Jun TX, S2 2 972 85 -----
1909 Jul TX, N3 3 959 100 "Velasco"
1909 Aug # TX, S1 1 955 65 -----
1909 Sep LA, 3; MS, 2 3 952 105 "Grand Isle"
1909 Oct FL, SW3, SE3 3 957 100 -----
1910s
1910 Sep TX, S2 2 965 90 -----
1910 Oct FL, SW2 2 955 95 -----
1911 Aug FL, NW1; AL,1 1 982 70 -----
1911 Aug SC, 2; GA, 1 2 972 85 -----
1912 Sep AL, 1; FL, NW1 1 986 65 -----
1912 Oct TX, S2 2 970 85 -----
1913 Jun TX, S1 1 986 65 -----
1913 Sep NC, 1 1 976 75 -----
1913 Oct SC, 1 1 989 65 -----
1914 None
1915 Aug FL, NE1 1 990 65 -----
1915 Aug TX, N4, C1; LA, 1 4 940 115 "Galveston"
1915 Sep FL, NW1 1 982 80 -----
1915 Sep LA, 3; MS, 2 3 944 110 "New Orleans"
1916 Jul MS, 3; AL, 2; FL, NW2 3 950 105 -----
1916 Jul SC, 2 2 960 95 -----
1916 Aug TX, S4 4 932 115 -----
1916 Oct AL, 2; FL, NW2 2 970 95 -----
1917 Sep FL, NW3; LA, 2; AL, 1 3 949 100 -----
1918 Aug LA, 3; TX, N1 3 955 105 -----
1918 Aug NC, 1 1 988 65 -----
1919 Sep FL, SW4, SE2; TX, S3, C3 4 927 130 -----
1920s
1920 Sep LA, 2 2 975 85 -----
1921 Jun TX, C1, N1 1 980 80 -----
1921 Oct FL, SW3, NW2, NE1 3 958 100 "Tampa Bay"
1922 None
1923 Oct LA, 1; MS, 1 1 983 70 -----
1924 Aug * NC, 1; MA, 1 1 963 65
1924 Sep FL, NW1 1 980 75 -----
1924 Oct FL, SW1, SE1 1 975 80 -----
1925 None
1926 Jul FL, NE2; SE1 2 967 90 -----
1926 Aug LA, 3 3 955 100 -----
1926 Sep FL, SE4, SW3, NW3; AL, 3; MS, 1 4 930 125 "Great Miami"
1926 Oct * FL, SW1, SE1 1 949 75 -----
1927 None
1928 Aug FL, SE2 2 977 85 -----
1928 Sep FL, SE4, SW3, NE1, NW1; GA, 1; SC, 1 4 929 125 "Lake Okeechobee
1929 Jun TX, C1 1 982 80 -----
1929 Sp-Oc FL, SE3, SW2, NW1 3 948 100 -----
1930s
1930 None
1931 None
1932 Aug TX, N4, C1 4 935 130 "Freeport"
1932 Sep AL, 1; FL, NW1 1 979 75 -----
1933 Jl-Au # TX, S1; FL, SE1 1 975 80
1933 Aug NC, 1; VA, 1; MD, 1 1 963 80 -----
1933 Sep TX, S3 3 940 110 -----
1933 Sep FL, SE3 3 948 110 -----
1933 Sep * NC, 2; VA, 1 2 952 85
1934 Jun LA, 2 2 966 85 -----
1934 Jul TX, S1 1 979 75 -----
1934 Sep * NC, 1; NJ, 1; NY, 1 1 975 65
1935 Sep FL, SE5, SW5, NW2; I-GA, 1 5 892 160 "Labor Day"
1935 Nov FL, SE2, NE1 2 965 85 -----
1936 Jun TX, C1 1 987 70 -----
1936 Jul FL; I-AL,1 2 964 90 -----
1936 Sep NC, 1; VA, 1 1 964 75 -----
1937 None
1938 Aug LA, 1 1 995 65 -----
1938 Sep NY, 3; CT, 3; RI, 3; MA, 2 3 941 105 "Great New England"
1939 Aug FL, SE1, NW1 1 985 65 -----
1940s
1940 Aug TX, N2; LA, 2 2 972 85 -----
1940 Aug SC, 2; GA, 1 2 972 85 -----
1941 Sep TX, N3,C23942110 -----
1941 Oct FL, SE2, SW1, NW1, IGA1 2 980 85 -----
1942 Aug TX, N1 1 992 65 -----
1942 Aug TX, C3, N2 3 950 100 -----
1943 Jul TX, N2 2 96790 -----
1944 Aug NC, 1 1 98570 -----
1944 Sep NC, 2; VA, 2; NY, 2; CT, 1;
RI, 2; MA, 1; NJ, 1
2 954 90 "Great Atlantic"
1944 Oct FL, SW3, NE2, NW1 3949105 -----
1945 Jun FL, NW1 1 98570 -----
1945 Aug TX, C2, S1, N1 3963100 -----
1945 Sep FL, SE4, SW3, NE14949115 -----
1946 Oct FL, SW2, NW1198075 -----
1947 Aug TX, C1 198470 -----
1947 Sep FL, SE4, SW2, LA2, MS24943115 -----
1947 Oct GA2, SC2, FL, SW1, SE1296590 -----
1948 Sep LA1198370 -----
1948 Sep FL, SW4, SE24940115 -----
1948 Oct FL, SW2, SE2296390 -----
1949 Aug *NC, 1 1 97770 -----
1949 Aug FL, SE4, SW1, NW1, NE1, GA1 4 954 115 -----
1949 Oct TX, N2, C1296595 -----
1950s
1950 Aug AL1, FL, NW1197975Baker
1950 Sep FL, NW3, SW1 3 960105 Easy
1950 Oct FL, SE4, NE14 955 115 King
1951 None
1952 Aug SC, 1 1 985 ----- Able
1953 Aug NC, 1 1 987 ----- Barbara
1953 Sep ME, 1 1 ----- ----- Carol
1953 Sep FL, NW1 1 985 ----- Florence
1954 Aug NY, 3; CT, 3; RI, 3; NC, 2 3 960 ----- Carol
1954 Sep MA, 3; ME, 1 3 954 ----- Edna
1954 Oct SC, 4; NC, 4; MD, 2 4 938 ----- Hazel
1955 Aug NC, 3; VA, 1 3 962 ----- Connie
1955 Aug NC, 1 1 987 ----- Diane
1955 Sep NC, 3 3 960 ----- Ione
1956 Sep LA, 2; FL, NW1 2 975 ----- Flossy
1957 Jun TX, N4; LA, 4 4 945 ----- Audrey
1958 Sep * NC, 3 3 946 Helene
1959 Jul SC, 1 1 993 ----- Cindy
1959 Jul TX, N1 1 984 ----- Debra
1959 Sep SC, 3 3 950 ----- Gracie
1960s
1960 Sep FL, SW4, NE2; NC, 3; NY, 3; CT, 2;
RI, 2; MA, 1; NH, 1; ME, 1
4 930 ----- Donna
1960 Sep MS, 1 1 981 ----- Ethel
1961 Sep TX, C4 4 931 ----- Carla
1962 None
1963 Sep TX, N1 1 996 ----- Cindy
1964 Aug FL, SE2 2 968 ----- Cleo
1964 Sep FL, NE2 2 966 ----- Dora
1964 Oct LA, 3 3 950 ----- Hilda
1964 Oct FL, SW2, SE2 2 974 ----- Isbell
1965 Sep FL, SE3; LA, 3 3 948 ----- Betsy
1966 Jun FL, NW2 2 982 ----- Alma
1966 Oct FL, SW1 1 983 ----- Inez
1967 Sep TX, S3 3 950 ----- Beulah
1968 Oct FL, NW2, NE1 2 977 ----- Gladys
1969 Aug LA, 5; MS, 5 5 909 ----- Camille
1969 Sep ME, 1 1 980 ----- Gerda
1970s
1970 Aug TX, S3 3 945 ----- Celia
1971 Sep LA, 2 2 978 ----- Edith
1971 Sep TX, C1 1 979 ----- Fern
1971 Sep NC, 1 1 995 ----- Ginger
1972 Jun FL, NW1; NY, 1; CT, 1 1 980 ----- Agnes
1973 None
1974 Sep LA, 3 3 952 ----- Carmen
1975 Sep FL, NW3; I-AL1 3 955 ----- Eloise
1976 Aug NY, 1 1 980 ----- Belle
1977 Sep LA, 1 1 995 ----- Babe
1978 None
1979 Jul LA, 1 1 986 ----- Bob
1979 Sep FL, SE2, NE2; GA, 2; SC, 2 2 970 ----- David
1979 Sep AL, 3; MS, 3 3 946 ----- Frederic
1980s
1980 Aug TX, S3 3 945 100 Allen
1981 None
1982 None
1983 Aug TX, N3 3 962 100 Alicia
1984 Sep * NC, 2 2 949 95 Diana
1985 Jul SC, 1 1 1003 65 Bob
1985 Aug LA, 1 1 987 80 Danny
1985 Sep AL, 3; MS, 3; FL, NW3 3 959 100 Elena
1985 Sep NC, 3; NY, 3; CT, 2; NH,2; ME, 1 3 942 90 Gloria
1985 Oct LA, 1 1 971 75 Juan
1985 Nov FL, NW2; I-GA 1 2 967 85 Kate
1986 Jun TX, N1 1 990 75 Bonnie
1986 Aug NC, 1 1 990 65 Charley
1987 Oct FL, SW1 1 993 65 Floyd
1988 Sep LA, 1 1 984 70 Florence
1989 Aug TX, N1 1 986 70 Chantal
1989 Sep SC, 4; I-NC 1 4 934 120 Hugo
1989 Oct TX, N1 1 983 75 Jerry
1990s
1990 None
1991 Aug RI, 2; MA, 2; NY, 2; CT, 2 2 962 90 Bob
1992 Aug FL, SE5, SW4; LA, 3 5 922 145 Andrew
1993 Aug * NC, 3 3 961 100 Emily
1994 None
1995 Aug FL, NW2, SE1 2 973 85 Erin
1995 Oct FL, NW3, I-AL 1 3 942 100 Opal
1996 Jul NC, 2 2 974 90 Bertha
1996 Sep NC, 3 3 954 100 Fran
1997 Jul LA, 1; AL, 1 1 984 70 Danny
1998 Aug NC, 2 2 964 95 Bonnie
1998 Sep FL, NW1 1 987 70 Earl
1998 Sep FL, SW2; MS, 2 2 964 90 Georges
1999 Aug TX, S3 3 951 100 Bret
1999 Sep NC, 2 2 956 90 Floyd
1999 Oct * FL, SW1; NC, 2 2 964 95 Irene
2000s
2000 None
2001 None
2002 Oct LA, 1 1 963 80 Lili
2003 Jul TX, C1 1 979 80 Claudette
2003 Sep NC, 2; VA, 1 2 957 90 Isabel
2004 Aug * NC, 1 1 972 70 Alex
2004 Aug FL, SW4, SE1, NE1; SC, 1; NC, 1 4 941 130 Charley
2004 Aug SC, 1 1 985 65 Gaston
2004 Sep FL, SE2, SW1 2 960 90 Frances
2004 Sep AL, 3; FL, NW3 3 946 105 Ivan
2004 Sep FL, SE3, SW1, NW1 3 950 105 Jeanne
2005 Jul LA, 1 1 991 65 Cindy
2005 Jul FL, NW3; I-AL 1 3 946 105 Dennis
2005 Aug FL, SE1, SW1; LA, 3; MS, 3; AL, 1 3 920 110 Katrina
2005 Sep * NC, 1 1 982 65 Ophelia
2005 Sep FL, SW1; LA, 3; TX, N2 3 937 100 Rita
2005 Oct FL, SW3; FL, SE2 3 950 105 Wilma
2006 None
2007 Sep TX, N1; LA, 1 1 985 80 Humberto
2008 Jul TX, S1 1 967 75 Dolly
2008 Sep LA, 2 2 954 90 Gustav
2008 Sep TX, N2; LA, 1 2 950 95 Ike
2009 None
2010s
2010 None
2011 Aug NC, 1 1 952 75 Irene
2012 Aug LA, 1 1 966 70 Isaac
2012 Oct * NY, 1 1 942 65 Sandy
2013 None

Notes:

States Affected and Category by States Affected: The impact of the hurricane on individual U.S. states based upon the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale (through the estimate of the maximum sustained [1-min] surface [10 m] winds at each state). TX S-South Texas, TX C-Central Texas, TX N-North Texas, LA-Louisiana, MS-Mississippi, AL-Alabama, FL NW-Northwest Florida, FL SW-Southwest Florida, FL SE-Southeast Florida, FL NE-Northeast Florida, GA-Georgia, SC-South Carolina, NC-North Carolina, VA-Virginia, MD-Maryland, DE-Delaware, NJ-New Jersey, NY-New York, PA-Pennsylvania, CT-Connecticut, RI-Rhode Island, MA-Massachusetts, NH-New Hampshire, ME-Maine. In Texas, south refers to the area from the Mexican border to Corpus Christi; central spans from north of Corpus Christi to Matagorda Bay and north refers to the region from north of Matagorda Bay to the Louisiana border. In Florida, the north-south dividing line is from Cape Canaveral [28.45N] to Tarpon Springs [28.17N]. The dividing line between west-east Florida goes from 82.69W at the north Florida border with Georgia, to Lake Okeechobee and due south along longitude 80.85W.) Occasionally, a hurricane will cause a hurricane impact (estimated maximum sustained surface winds) in an inland state. To differentiate these cases versus coastal hurricane impacts, these inland hurricane strikes are denoted with an "I" prefix before the state abbreviation. States that have been so impacted at least once during this time period include Alabama (IAL), Georgia (IGA), North Carolina (INC), Virginia (IVA), and Pennsylvania (IPA). The Florida peninsula, by the nature of its relatively landmass, is all considered as coastal in this database.

Highest U.S. Saffir-Simpson Category: The highest Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale impact in the United States based upon estimated maximum sustained (1-min) surface (10 m) winds produced at the coast. ("TS" indicates that the system caused only tropical storm conditions in the United States, though it was a hurricane at landfall. See "&" below.)

Central Pressure: The observed or estimated central pressure of the hurricane at landfall.

Maximum Winds: Estimated maximum sustained (1-min) surface (10 m) winds to occur along the U. S. coast. Winds are estimated to the nearest 10 kt for the period of 1851 to 1885 and to the nearest 5 kt for the period of 1886 to date. (1 kt = 1.15 mph.)

* - Indicates that the hurricane center did not make a U.S. landfall (or substantially weakened before making landfall), but did produce the indicated hurricane-force winds over land. In this case, central pressure is given for the time that the hurricane winds along the coast were the strongest.

& - Indicates that the hurricane center did make a direct landfall, but that the strongest winds likely remained offshore. Thus the winds indicated here are lower than in HURDAT.

# - Indicates that the hurricane made landfall over Mexico, but also caused sustained hurricane force surface winds in Texas. The strongest winds at landfall impacted Mexico, while the weaker maximum sustained winds indicated here were conditions estimated to occur in Texas. Indicated central pressure given is that at Mexican landfall.

Additional Note: Because of the sparseness of towns and cities before 1900 in some coastal locations along the United States, the above list is not complete for all states. Before the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic coasts became settled, hurricanes may have been underestimated in their intensity or missed completely for small-sized systems (i.e., 2004's Hurricane Charley). The following list provides estimated dates when accurate tropical cyclone records began for specified regions of the United States based upon U.S Census reports and other historical analyses. Years in parenthesis indicate possible starting dates for reliable records before the 1850s that may be available with additional research: Texas-south > 1880, Texas-central > 1851, Texas-north > 1860, Louisiana > 1880, Mississippi > 1851, Alabama < 1851 (1830), Florida-northwest > 1880, Florida-southwest > 1900, Florida-southeast > 1900, Florida-northeast > 1880, Georgia < 1851 (1800), South Carolina < 1851 (1760), North Carolina < 1851 (1760), Virginia < 1851 (1700), Maryland < 1851 (1760), Delaware < 1851 (1700), New Jersey < 1851 (1760), New York < 1851 (1700), Connecticut < 1851 (1660), Rhode Island < 1851 (1760), Massachusetts < 1851 (1660), New Hampshire < 1851 (1660), and Maine < 1851 (1790).


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