|Greg Tripoli (UWisc)||Observer|
|Randy Tebeest, Mike Silah, Barry Choy||Pilots|
|Joe Kippel||Flight Engineer|
|Martin Mayeaux||Flight Director|
|Terry Lynch, Damon San Souci, Ray Tong||Engineers|
Mission Plan :
The NOAA P3 will leave MacDill AFB,FL at 11:00 AM EDT and fly a single figure-4 pattern, beginning on the northwest side, with 105 nm leg lengths. An HRD sonde would be dropped at Key West and in each eyewall quadrant. NHC has requested a drop in the northwest eyewall. The aircraft would also do an overflight of Key West, for comparison of the tail radar Doppler velocities with Key West velocity/azimuth displays (VADs). The aircraft would fly at 8000 ft. and will recover at MacDill AFB, FL at 3:00 PM EDT.
Mission Summary :
Rita was upgraded to a hurricane this morning. It has gotten better-organized on satellite imagery (Fig. 1), with deep convection surrounding the core and the suggestion of an eye forming. The eye shows up clearly on coastal radar (Fig. 2). Rita is moving through the Florida Straits, crossing the Florida Keys as a Category 1 hurricane. The deep-layer steering flow (Fig. 3) indicates that Rita will continue this general westward motion and emerge into the southeastern Gulf of Mexico. Environmental conditions remain favorable, with light-to-moderate shear (Fig. 4) combining with high SSTŐs and low-level moisture to provide a favorable environment for continued intensification.The NOAA P3 left MacDill AFB,FL at 11:00 AM EDT. The pattern was flown as planned, with a modification to account for the proximity of the storm to Cuba (Fig. 5). During the flight the storm was getting better organized. The surface wind maximum was 90 kt on the southeast side of the storm. There was a marked asymmetry in SFMR-derived winds between the northwest and the southeast side, as peak SFMR-derived winds on the northwest side were 65 kt and peak SFMR-derived winds on the southeast side were 90 kt. The eyewall was open on the
Figure 2. WSR-88D radar for Key West valid 1300 UTC September 20..
Figure 3. CIMSS-derived 250-850 hPa layer-averaged wind (shaded, kt) valid 09 UTC September 20.
Figure 4. CIMSS-derived 850-200 hPa vertical shear (shaded, kt) valid 09 UTC September 20.
Figure 5. Plot of flight track for N43RF on September 20.
north side, as indicated by both lower fuselage and Key West 88D radar (Fig. 6). The slope of the eyewall on the southeast side was nearly vertical, while on the northwest side it was more horizontally-sloped. The combination of the surface wind asymmetry, lower fuselage radar pattern, and differences in the slopes of the southeast and northwest eyewall all suggest the possibility that the storm is experiencing some easterly or southeasterly shear. Also evident on the Key West radar is a principal rainband spiraling in from the southeast, around to the north side of the storm. The rain in the band is predominantly stratiform on the north side of the storm but is mostly convective on the upwind side of the band (i.e., east side of the storm). Multiple bands were also evident on the southwest side of the storm. The initial pass through the storm showed a double eyewall structure, with the outer eyewall open on the north side and the inner eyewall open on the east and southeast side. On subsequent passes the outer eye became more elliptical, rotating cyclonically as the flight progressed. The MSLP dropped to 976 hPa, and the peak surface winds (as observed by the SFMR) was 90 kt on the southeast side of the storm. N43RF recovered at MacDill AFB, FL at 3:22 PM EDT.
A total of 6 HRD sondes was dropped, included one in each eyewall pass and one at Key West. This was a successful mission, as it accomplished the objectives of the tasking and sampled a storm that was complex and highly-evolving. The presence of the principal rainband on the northeast side and the multiple bands in the south are both possible targets for a joint IFEX/RAINEX research mission planned for the following day.
There were no significant problems on this mission. All 9 GPS sondes worked well. SFMR compared favorably with drops and visually. There may have been an initial 10-kt high bias, but the sonde on the southeast side compared quite well with the SFMR. The cloud physics probes worked well.
Mission Data :
Temperature and Moisture
Wind and Atlitude