The C-SCAT antenna is a microstrip phased array whose main lobe can be pointed at 20°, 30°, 40°, and 50° off nadir, and the antenna is rotated in azimuth at 30 rpm. Thus, conical scans of the ocean surface are repeated every 2 s (0.25 km at 125 m/s ground speed).
Example: Time- azimuth representation of NRCS for a W-E pass
(bottom-top) through the eye of Hurricane Tina on Sept 21, 1992
C-SCAT. High NRCS values are associated with capillary wave
scattering in the upwind and downwind directions (upwind slightly
higher than downwind). Low NRCS values are associated with
cross-wind directions. Flight-level wind direction is
superimposed and wind speed shown in the left panel. The eye is
indicated by the dip in NRCS values at 1927 GMT, the white
regions at 1923 and 1931 indicate the maximum wind locations. A
secondary wind maximum and shift in surface wind direction is
indicated at 1914 GMT.