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GOOS Center Mission Statement
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States Department of Commerce has inaugurated a Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Center at NOAA\'s Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML). The initital objectives of the Center are (1) directed at coordinating NOAA\'s global and regional observing network efforts in order to maximize the quality and quantity of data available to users and (2) evaluating new observing methods for incorporation into existing networks.
NOAA\'s present global operations include AOML managed: (1) Volunteer Observing Ship (VOS) network that provides surface marine meteorological observations; (2) VOS network that provides upper ocean temperature data; and (3) surface drifter array that provides surface current, temperature and meteorological data.
Regional networks include the TOGA TAO array, operated by NOAA\'s Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, that provides upper ocean and surface meteorological data in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Spatial coverage provided by the individual networks is provided on attached figures. The average number of observations provided by these systems per month is also summarized on an attached figure.
The data provided by these networks are used by NOAA\'s weather and climate forecast groups. Thus, the GOOS Center will direct it\'s efforts at the real-time, in situ, upper ocean and surface meteorological data needed by the NOAA forecasters. The Center activities will require that the operators of the individual networks continue to collect, quality control and disseminate their data.
Specific Center objectives include:
The NOAA global observing networks provide considerable data in the Atlantic Ocean. Extensive coordination with any EUROGOOS effort in this basin is critical to insure maximum benefits from the typically limited resources available to individual network operators. Historical precedence for this cooperation has been established through the WOCE program for instance. Within WOCE, bodies for coordinating VOS activities were established to maximize the data available from an expendable bathythermograph, upper ocean temperature data collection effort.
|YEAR||GLOBAL DRIFTER CENTER (GDC)||UPPER OCEAN THERMAL CENTER (UOTC)||GOOS CENTER|
|1972||AOML begins satellite drifting buoy experiments using EOLE and RAMS tracking methods|| || |
|1979||Service ARGOS used initially at AOML for EPOCS|| || |
|1980|| ||NOAA and Navy begin joint support of long-term XBT monitoring program at Scripps|| |
|1982||Data center-like activities begin at AOML with EPOCS data products forwarded to CDC, Peru, and Ecuador||NOAA/NOS begins global VOS program using SEAS|| |
|1983|| ||AOML initiated XBT program in SE Pacific using vessels from regional countries|| |
|1987||AOML established theData Acquisition Center to provide uniform and timely data for International TOGA Program|| || |
|1989|| ||AOML and NOS begin cooperative operation of Atlantic VOS program|| |
|1990|| ||Transition Pacific SIO XBT program to NOS|| |
|1991||TOGA/Pacific Program transitioned to WOCE Global Drifter Program.|| || |
|1994||Transfer operational tasks from SIO to AOML|| || |
|1998|| ||NOS VOS program transferred to AOML||GOOS Center formed combining functions of GDC and UOTC|