In a related study, measurements of hydrogen peroxide (HO) were obtained over the N. Atlantic Ocean during ASTEX/MAGE in conjunction with a research group from France. HO is a significant component of reactions significant to ozone production and destruction.
HO was found to be uncorrelated with other chemistries except during Lagrangian #2, in which air was sampled which had originated over Europe a few days previous; during that episode HO was low (due to competing reactions from HNO formation). The application of HO as a clean air indicator, to complement black carbon and Radon, was also investigated (Martin et al., 1995).
1993 North Atlantic Cruise
In 1993, OCD organized a cruise in the North Atlantic (Iceland to Miami). In the accompanying graphic, the concentration of ozone as measured aboard the R/V Malcolm Baldrige during a cruise in the North Atlantic during September of 1993 (Carsey, et al., 1994b). Ozone concentrations averaged 31.7 ppbv (range 3.9 to 59.8 ppbv). Rapid elevations of ozone (and other concentrations) were observed at the onset of continental plumes on 6-Sept, 10-Sept, and 12-Sept. A complete description of the cruise data, including cruise information, sampling and analytical descriptions, and graphical and tabular data lists, is given in a data report (Carsey et al., 1995b). Chemical and aerosol results are currently being prepared for additional publications.
1995 Atlantic / Indian Ocean Cruise
OCD co-organized and participated in a research cruise in the North and South Atlantic Oceans and western Indian Ocean during winter / spring of 1995. The cruise track was designed to study the South Atlantic while biomass burning is at a minimum, as well as the Indian Ocean prior to monsoon development. Ozone has been measured beginning with departure from Miami in February and continuing for all legs of the cruise. During selected legs of the cruise, ozone and nitrogen dioxides were also measured, as well as ozone profiles using sondes (with R. Dickerson, U. Md.).
Carsey, T. P., M. L. Farmer, C. J. Fischer, A. Mendez, A. A. Pszenny, V. Ross III, P.-Y. Whung, M. Springer-Young, and M. P. Zetwo. Atmospheric Chemistry Measurements from the 1992 ASTEX/MAGE Cruise, 30-May-1992 through 21-July 1992, Cruise Number 91-126. NOAA Data Report ERL AOML-26, 1994.
Carsey, T. P., M. L. Farmer, C. J. Fischer, A. Mendez, Victor B. Ross, M. Springer-Young, and M.P. Zetwo. Atmospheric Chemistry Measurements during Leg 4, 1993 North Atlantic Cruise, R/V Malcolm Baldrige. NOAA Data Report, NOAA Data Report ERL AOML-28, 1996.
Carsey, T. P., D. D. Churchill, M. L. Farmer, C. J. Fischer, A. A. Pszenny, V. B Ross, E. S. Saltzman, M Springer-Young, and B. Bonsang. Nitrogen Oxides and Ozone Production in the North Atlantic Marine Boundary Layer. J. Geophys. Res. 102, 10653-10665, 1997.
Piotrowicz, S. R., H. Bezdek, G. Harvey, and M. Springer-Young. On the ozone minimum over the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. 96, 18679-18687, 1991.
Pszenny, A. A., T. P. Carsey, P. Y. Whung, M. P. Zetwo, M. L. Farmer, and C. J. Fischer. Measurements of various chemical concentrations in the marine boundary layer during the 1992 ASTEX/MAGE experiment. Presented at the 1994 AGU Spring Meeting, May 25, 1994 (Eos 75, 89, 1994).
Martin, D., M. Tsivou, B. Bonsang, C.Abonnel, T. Carsey, M. Springer-Young, and A. Pszenny. H2O2 in the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer during the ASTEX/MAGE experiment in the eastern subtropical North Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res. 102, 6003-6015, 1997.
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